FacultyFaculty/Author Profile
Judith E. Kramer

Judith E. Kramer

Fortney & Scott, LLC

Washington, DC, USA

Ms. Kramer has a broad-based practice in labor and employment law.  She had 25 years of experience with the United States Department of Labor, where she served for 16 years as Deputy Solicitor for Planning and Coordination, the highest-ranking career position in the Office of the Solicitor.  Ms. Kramer oversaw a staff of approximately 500 attorneys, many of whom were engaged in enforcing and administering the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).  She reviewed appellate briefs in FLSA cases and advised the Solicitor of Labor regarding the appeal of FLSA cases to the federal courts of appeals.  Ms. Kramer provided legal advice to the Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division and other high-ranking Department of Labor officials on matters relating to the enforcement of wage and hour laws and other federal statutes.
Ms. Kramer has extensive experience in Wage Hour matters.  She has been involved in cases and regulations addressing the determination of compensable hours, the applicability of statutory exemptions, FLSA coverage of religious institutions and tribal enterprises, issues regarding the status of independent contractors and volunteers, and a wide range of other Wage-Hour issues. 

Ms. Kramer served as Acting Solicitor of Labor on several occasions during both Republican and Democratic Administrations.  She is the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the Philip Arnow Award, the highest award conferred by the Department of Labor.  Before joining the Department of Labor, Ms. Kramer served as a trial and appellate attorney in the Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice.  She argued a number of cases before various courts of appeals in cases arising under the Fair Housing Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act, and other federal civil rights statutes.

Since joining FortneyScott, Ms. Kramer has advised numerous clients regarding wage and hour compliance with the FLSA.  She has conducted comprehensive analyses of employers’ classification and compensation practices and has represented employers in Wage-Hour audits.  Additionally, Ms. Kramer served on a panel addressing the impact of the 2004 white-collar regulations.  She has also served as an expert witness in FLSA cases in federal district courts, and is the author of a number of articles on a wide range of Wage-Hour issues.

Practice Areas:
Employment Law, Labor Law, and Appellate Litigation

Admitted to Practice:
District of Columbia

Supreme Court of the United States

Various U.S. Courts of Appeals


Northwestern University School of Law (J.D. 1972, cum laude) (Northwestern University Law Review, Order of the Coif)

University of Illinois (B.S. in Journalism, 1969, summa cum laude)(Bronze Tablet Scholar (upper 2% of class))


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