TreatiseTreatise

Bankruptcy Deskbook (5th Edition)

 by Hon. William C. Hillman, Margaret M. Crouch
 
 Copyright: 2014-2017
 Last Updated: September 2017

 Product Details >> 

Product Details

  • ISBN Number: 9781402421716
  • Page Count: 1278
  • Number of Volumes: 1
  •  

Bankruptcy Deskbook, Fifth Edition, provides you with practical guidance to help clients achieve fair remedies and to ensure you avoid legal problems along the way.

Among the topics covered in Bankruptcy Deskbook are:

  • Major demands on Chapter 7 debtors — including means testing, discharge restrictions, and debtor education and credit counseling rules
  • Tough rules for Chapter 11 small business debtors — in such areas as filing, disclosure, and reorganization plans
  • Extensive requirements for Chapter 13 individual debtors — including discharge limits, greater payment pressures after filing, and more mandated content in reorganization plans
  • Compliance burdens on attorneys — including strict certification requirements and fee-arrangement disclosure rules that, if unmet, can lead to harsh sanctions
Authored by William C. Hillman and Margaret M. Crouch, a judge and law clerk, respectively, of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts, Bankruptcy Deskbook keeps you up-to-date on legal developments, analyzing recent Supreme Court, court of appeals and bankruptcy court decisions. It also guides you step-by-step through the bankruptcy laws, clarifying the purpose, features, mechanics, advantages, and drawbacks of Chapters 7, 11, 12 and 13 in the era of BAPCPA. Volume 2 also includes a massive collection of forms, charts, and checklists, including more than thirty ready-to-use official forms prescribed by the U.S. Judicial Conference, and more than one hundred adaptable pleading forms, most of them taken directly from actual cases.

  Preface to the Fifth Edition
  Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Bankruptcy System; and Appendix 1A
  • § 1:1 : Overview of the Bankruptcy Code1-2
    • § 1:1.1 : Format and Chapter Content1-2
      • [A] : Chapters 1, 3, and 5: General Provisions, Case Administration, and Definitions1-2
        • [A][1] : Chapter 11-3
        • [A][2] : Chapter 31-3
        • [A][3] : Chapter 51-3
      • [B] : Chapters 7,9, 11, 12, 13, and 15: The “Operative Chapters”1-3
        • [B][1] : Chapter 71-4
        • [B][2] : Chapter 91-4
        • [B][3] : Chapter 111-4
        • [B][4] : Chapter 121-4
        • [B][5] : Chapter 131-5
        • [B][6] : Chapter 151-5
  • § 1:2 : Definitions, General Provisions in Chapter 11-5
  • § 1:3 : The Players1-9
    • § 1:3.1 : Debtors1-10
      • [A] : Individual Debtors1-10
      • [B] : Business Debtors1-10
    • § 1:3.2 : Creditors1-11
      • [A] : Unsecured Creditors1-12
      • [B] : Secured Creditors1-12
      • [C] : Priority Creditors1-12
    • § 1:3.3 : Equity Security Holders1-13
    • § 1:3.4 : Trustees1-13
    • § 1:3.5 : U.S. Trustees1-14
    • § 1:3.6 : Bankruptcy Petition Preparers1-14
    • § 1:3.7 : Patient Care Ombudsman1-16
    • § 1:3.8 : Consumer Privacy Ombudsman1-17
  • § 1:4 : Ethical Considerations1-17
  • § 1:5 : Alternatives to Consider1-18
    • § 1:5.1 : Options Under the Bankruptcy Code1-18
    • § 1:5.2 : Alternatives to Bankruptcy1-19
      • [A] : Workout1-19
      • [B] : State Insolvency Proceedings1-21
      • [C] : Walkaway1-22
  • § 1:6 : Recusal of Bankruptcy Judge1-22
  • Appendix 1A : Summary of EligibilityApp. 1A-1
Chapter 2: Jurisdiction and Related Topics
  • § 2:1 : Jurisdiction2-1
    • § 2:1.1 : Background2-1
    • § 2:1.2 : The Current Jurisdictional Scheme2-2
      • [A] : Overview2-2
      • [B] : Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction2-3
        • [B][1] : Generally2-3
        • [B][2] : The Rooker-Feldman Doctrine2-3
      • [C] : Core/Non-Core Matters2-5
        • [C][1] : Stern v. Marshall2-12
        • [C][2] : Supplemental Jurisdiction2-20
      • [D] : Personal Injury and Wrongful Death Claims2-21
      • [E] : Abstention2-22
        • [E][1] : Abstention Under Section 1334(c)2-23
        • [E][2] : Dismissal or Suspension Under Section 3052-26
      • [F] : Withdrawal of the Reference2-27
      • [G] : Procedures Governing Withdrawal of the Reference, Abstention, and Proposed Findings2-32
      • [H] : Removal and Remand2-33
      • [I] : Procedures Governing Removal2-35
  • § 2:2 : Jury Trials2-37
  • § 2:3 : Venue2-41
  • § 2:4 : Sovereign Immunity2-44
  • § 2:5 : The Barton Doctrine2-47
Chapter 3: Initiating, Converting, or Dismissing Chapter 7 and Chapter 11 Cases
  • § 3:1 : Introduction3-2
  • § 3:2 : The Timing of Case Filings and the Effect of Prior Filings3-2
  • § 3:3 : Voluntary Chapter 7 Cases3-4
    • § 3:3.1 : Eligibility3-4
      • [A] : Pre-Filing Credit Counseling3-5
      • [B] : Means Testing and Other Prerequisites3-11
        • [B][1] : Prior Discharges3-13
        • [B][2] : Potential Debtor’s “Current Monthly Income” (CMI)3-13
        • [B][3] : Median Family Income3-16
        • [B][4] : Presumed Deductions3-19
        • [B][5] : Applying the Presumption3-22
      • [C] : Dismissal for Abuse3-25
      • [D] : Chapter 7 Filing Requirements and Debtor’s Duties3-28
    • § 3:3.2 : Considerations3-36
      • [A] : Advantages3-36
      • [B] : Disadvantages3-38
  • § 3:4 : Voluntary Chapter 113-41
    • § 3:4.1 : Eligibility3-41
    • § 3:4.2 : Considerations3-41
      • [A] : Advantages3-41
      • [B] : Disadvantages3-44
      • [C] : Filing Requirements3-45
  • § 3:5 : Involuntary Chapter 7 and Chapter 11 Petitions3-47
    • § 3:5.1 : Eligibility3-47
    • § 3:5.2 : Considerations3-52
      • [A] : Deciding Whether and When to File Involuntary Petition3-52
      • [B] : Chapter 7 Versus Chapter 113-54
      • [C] : Disadvantages in Involuntary Cases3-55
      • [D] : Dismissal of Petition3-56
  • § 3:6 : Conversion3-60
    • § 3:6.1 : Introduction3-60
    • § 3:6.2 : Conditions3-60
    • § 3:6.3 : Effects of Conversion3-70
  • § 3:7 : Dismissal3-73
    • § 3:7.1 : Chapter 73-73
    • § 3:7.2 : Chapter 113-77
    • § 3:7.3 : Effects of Dismissal3-82
  • § 3:8 : Closing and Reopening Cases3-84
Chapter 4: Examination of the Debtor and Other Parties
  • § 4:1 : Meeting of Creditors4-1
    • § 4:1.1 : Generally4-1
      • [A] : Scheduling and Deadlines4-2
      • [B] : Required Documentation4-3
      • [C] : Nature and Scope of Proceeding4-4
    • § 4:1.2 : Examining a Business Debtor4-5
      • [A] : Relationships with Insiders4-6
      • [B] : Relationships with Creditors4-7
      • [C] : Plans to Reorganize or to Liquidate Business4-7
    • § 4:1.3 : Examining a Consumer Debtor4-8
    • § 4:1.4 : Transfers of Property4-8
    • § 4:1.5 : Eligibility4-10
  • § 4:2 : Examination Under Rule 20044-10
    • § 4:2.1 : Scope of Examination4-10
    • § 4:2.2 : Procedure4-13
    • § 4:2.3 : Who May Participate4-14
    • § 4:2.4 : Objections4-14
  • § 4:3 : Privileges4-15
    • § 4:3.1 : Attorney-Client Privilege4-15
    • § 4:3.2 : Privilege Against Self-Incrimination4-16
Chapter 5: The Automatic Stay
  • § 5:1 : Purpose of the Automatic Stay5-2
  • § 5:2 : The Scope of the Stay (Section 362(a))5-3
  • § 5:3 : Violations of the Automatic Stay5-10
  • § 5:4 : Exceptions to the Stay (Section 362(b))5-19
    • § 5:4.1 : Generally5-19
    • § 5:4.2 : Specific Exceptions to the Stay5-19
      • [A] : Criminal Actions (Section 362(b)(1))5-19
      • [B] : Domestic Relations Matters (Section 362(b)(2))5-21
      • [C] : Perfecting Pre-Petition Interests (Section 362(b)(3))5-24
      • [D] : Police and Regulatory Powers (Section 362(b)(4))5-25
      • [E] : Subsections 362(b)(6), (7), (8), (12), and (13)5-29
      • [F] : Tax Proceedings (Section 362(b)(9))5-29
      • [G] : Terminated Nonresidential Leases (Section 362(b)(10))5-30
      • [H] : Presentment and Protest of Negotiable Instruments (Section 362(b)(11))5-30
      • [I] : Withholding of Income from Wages Used for Repayment of Loans from Retirement Plans (Section 362(b)(19))5-31
      • [J] : Enforcement of Liens Arising from In Rem Orders (Section 362(b)(20))5-32
      • [K] : Enforcement of Liens in Cases Filed in Violation of Section 109(g) or a Court Order (Section 362(b)(21))5-33
      • [L] : Exception for Residential Eviction Proceedings (Section 362(b)(22))5-33
      • [M] : Endangerment of Property or the Illegal Use of Controlled Substances (Section 362(b)(23))5-35
      • [N] : Non-Avoidable Transfers (Section 362(b)(24))5-36
      • [O] : Securities Regulation (Section 362(b)(25))5-36
      • [P] : Income Tax Refunds (Section 362(b)(26))5-37
      • [Q] : Subsections 362(b)(27) and (28)5-37
  • § 5:5 : Duration of the Stay and the Effect of Prior Filings (Section 362(c))5-38
    • § 5:5.1 : Generally5-38
    • § 5:5.2 : Effect of Prior Filings5-38
      • [A] : One Previous Case (Section 362(c)(3))5-39
      • [B] : More Than One Previous Case (Section 362(c)(4))5-43
  • § 5:6 : Comfort Orders (Section 362(j))5-46
  • § 5:7 : Pre-Petition Waiver of Stay5-46
  • § 5:8 : Multiple Filings by Small Business Debtors: The Stay May Not Apply (Section 362(n))5-47
  • § 5:9 : Duration of the Stay and Duties of Individual Debtors (Section 362(h))5-48
    • § 5:9.1 : Section 521(a)(2) Duties: Claims Secured by Personal Property of the Estate5-48
    • § 5:9.2 : Section 521(a)(6) Duties: Purchase Money Secured Claims5-51
    • § 5:9.3 : Section 521(d) and Ipso Facto Clauses5-52
  • § 5:10 : Relief from the Stay5-53
    • § 5:10.1 : Generally5-53
      • [A] : Status As a “Party in Interest”5-53
      • [B] : Right of a Servicer to Bring a Motion for Relief from Stay5-54
      • [C] : Grounds for Relief5-55
    • § 5:10.2 : Termination of the Stay After the Filing of a Motion (Section 362(e)(1))5-58
      • [A] : Duration of the Stay After the Filing of a Motion Where the Debtor Is an Individual (Section 362(e)(2))5-58
      • [B] : Emergency Relief from Stay (Section 362(f))5-60
    • § 5:10.3 : Motions for Relief from Stay Under Section 362(d)(1) for Cause5-60
      • [A] : Real Estate and Personal Property Cases5-61
      • [B] : Relief to Pursue Pending Litigation5-62
    • § 5:10.4 : Motions for Relief Under Section 362(d)(2)5-65
    • § 5:10.5 : Motions for Relief Under Section 362(d)(3)5-67
    • § 5:10.6 : Motions for Relief Under Section 362(d)(4)5-69
  • § 5:11 : Burden of Proof (Section 362(g))5-70
  • § 5:12 : Adequate Protection (Section 361)5-70
Chapter 6: Avoidance Powers
  • § 6:1 : Introduction to the Avoidance Powers6-2
    • § 6:1.1 : General Concepts6-2
    • § 6:1.2 : Who May Exercise Avoidance Powers6-3
  • § 6:2 : The Strong-Arm Clause6-6
  • § 6:3 : Powers As Successor in Interest of Unsecured Creditors6-10
    • § 6:3.1 : Avoidance Under State Law6-10
    • § 6:3.2 : Marshaling6-13
  • § 6:4 : Avoidance of Particular Types of Transactions6-13
    • § 6:4.1 : Statutory Liens6-13
    • § 6:4.2 : Preferences6-16
      • [A] : General Concepts and Venue6-16
      • [B] : Background and Elements6-18
      • [C] : Exceptions and Defenses6-27
        • [C][1] : Substantially Contemporaneous Exchange6-30
        • [C][2] : Ordinary-Course Transfers6-32
        • [C][3] : Purchase Money Security Interests6-34
        • [C][4] : Subsequent New Value6-35
        • [C][5] : “Floating Lien” Collateral—Improvement in Position6-38
        • [C][6] : Statutory Lien6-39
        • [C][7] : Alimony, Maintenance, and Support Payments6-39
        • [C][8] : Small Preferences in a Consumer Case6-39
        • [C][9] : Small Preferences in Cases Without Substantial Consumer Debt6-40
    • § 6:4.3 : Avoidance of Fraudulent Transfers6-40
      • [A] : Elements of Fraud6-45
      • [B] : Less Than Reasonably Equivalent Value6-47
      • [C] : Self-Settled Trusts6-52
      • [D] : Liens for Good-Faith Transferees6-52
      • [E] : Leveraged Buyouts6-54
      • [F] : Ponzi Schemes6-55
  • § 6:5 : Post-Petition Transfers6-58
  • § 6:6 : Set-Off and Recoupment6-61
    • § 6:6.1 : Introduction6-61
    • § 6:6.2 : Pre-Petition Set-Offs6-62
    • § 6:6.3 : Post-Petition Set-Offs6-64
  • § 6:7 : Limitations on Avoidance Powers6-66
    • § 6:7.1 : Limitations on Time to File6-66
    • § 6:7.2 : Liability of Transferees of Avoided Transfers and Preservation of Liens6-70
    • § 6:7.3 : Reclamation Rights6-73
    • § 6:7.4 : Warehouseman’s Lien6-74
  • § 6:8 : Preservation of Avoided Transfer6-74
Chapter 7: Collection, Disposition, and Distribution of Property of the Estate
  • § 7:1 : What Constitutes Property of the Estate7-2
    • § 7:1.1 : Marital Issues7-10
    • § 7:1.2 : Exclusions from Property of the Estate7-12
      • [A] : Restrictions on Transfers and Ipso Facto Clauses7-14
      • [B] : Retirement, Education, and Employment Benefit Plans7-15
      • [C] : Pawned Goods7-17
      • [D] : Social Security and Other Benefits7-17
  • § 7:2 : Collection of Property of the Estate7-18
    • § 7:2.1 : Turnover7-18
      • [A] : Custodians7-19
      • [B] : Non-Custodians7-21
      • [C] : Turnover Procedure7-22
    • § 7:2.2 : Avoidance Powers7-23
    • § 7:2.3 : Pursuing the Debtor’s Causes of Action and Extensions of Time Under Section 1087-23
    • § 7:2.4 : Assumption of Executory Contracts and Unexpired Leases7-25
    • § 7:2.5 : Alter Ego, Veil Piercing, Reverse Veil Piercing7-26
    • § 7:2.6 : Substantive Consolidation7-28
  • § 7:3 : Disposition of Property of the Estate7-30
  • § 7:4 : Exemptions7-32
    • § 7:4.1 : Section 522(d) Exemptions7-46
    • § 7:4.2 : Exemptions Other Than Under Section 522(d)7-51
    • § 7:4.3 : Application of Exemptions to Taxes and Domestic Support Obligations7-51
    • § 7:4.4 : Creation of Exemptible Property7-52
      • [A] : Debtor’s Right to Avoid Liens7-52
      • [B] : Debtor’s Right to Exempt Property Recovered by Trustee or That Could Be Recovered by Trustee7-57
    • § 7:4.5 : Surcharge of Exempt Property7-58
    • § 7:4.6 : Procedure for Exempting Property and Objecting to Exemptions7-59
    • § 7:4.7 : Amendment of Exemptions7-61
  • § 7:5 : Abandonment7-62
  • § 7:6 : Redemption7-63
  • § 7:7 : Sale, Use, or Lease of Property Outside the Ordinary Course of Business7-64
  • § 7:8 : Sale of Property in Which the Estate and Others Have an Interest7-67
    • § 7:8.1 : Sale Free and Clear of Interests in Property7-67
    • § 7:8.2 : Sales Involving Co-Owners7-69
  • § 7:9 : Assignment of Executory Contracts and Unexpired Leases7-70
  • § 7:10 : Rejection of Executory Contracts and Unexpired Leases7-71
  • § 7:11 : Distribution of Property of the Estate7-71
Chapter 8: Claims and Interests
  • § 8:1 : Types of Claims and Interests8-1
    • § 8:1.1 : Claims8-1
      • [A] : Secured Claims8-5
      • [B] : Priority and Non-Priority Unsecured Claims8-11
    • § 8:1.2 : Interests8-24
  • § 8:2 : Filing Proofs of Claim or Interest8-24
    • § 8:2.1 : Generally8-24
    • § 8:2.2 : Timely Filing of Formal Proof of Claim8-26
    • § 8:2.3 : Informal Proofs of Claim8-31
  • § 8:3 : Disallowance of Claims or Interests8-33
  • § 8:4 : Allowance of Administrative Expense Claims8-40
    • § 8:4.1 : General Procedures8-40
    • § 8:4.2 : Types of Administrative Expenses Allowed8-42
  • § 8:5 : Estimation of Claims8-48
  • § 8:6 : Determination of Tax Liability8-48
  • § 8:7 : Subordination and Recharacterization8-50
  • § 8:8 : Interest on Tax Claims8-55
  • § 8:9 : Claims and Stern v. Marshall8-56
  • § 8:10 : Claims Against Trustees8-57
Chapter 9: Discharge and Dischargeability
  • § 9:1 : Introduction9-2
  • § 9:2 : Who Is Entitled to a Discharge?9-3
    • § 9:2.1 : Individuals9-3
      • [A] : Requirements for Issuance of Discharge9-4
      • [B] : Waiver of Discharge9-6
    • § 9:2.2 : Corporations and Partnerships9-7
    • § 9:2.3 : Chapter 12 Debtors9-7
  • § 9:3 : Effect of a Discharge9-7
  • § 9:4 : Reaffirmation, Redemption, and Surrender9-13
    • § 9:4.1 : Reaffirmation9-14
    • § 9:4.2 : Redemption9-20
    • § 9:4.3 : Surrender9-21
  • § 9:5 : Discharge Orders9-24
  • § 9:6 : Objection to an Individual Debtor’s Discharge9-25
    • § 9:6.1 : Introduction9-25
    • § 9:6.2 : Procedure and Time for Objections9-25
    • § 9:6.3 : Grounds for Denial of Discharge9-28
      • [A] : Fraudulent Transfer, Concealment, or Destruction of Property9-29
      • [B] : Failure to Keep or Destruction of Records9-30
      • [C] : False Oath or Claim9-31
      • [D] : Bribery9-32
      • [E] : Failure to Cooperate with Officers of the Estate9-32
      • [F] : Failure to Explain Loss of Assets9-33
      • [G] : Failure to Follow Valid Orders9-33
      • [H] : Forbidden Acts in Another Bankruptcy Case9-34
      • [I] : Personal Financial Management Training9-34
      • [J] : Prior Discharge; Other Grounds9-35
    • § 9:6.4 : Burden of Proof9-36
  • § 9:7 : Revocation of Discharge9-36
  • § 9:8 : Dischargeability of Debts9-39
    • § 9:8.1 : Introduction9-39
    • § 9:8.2 : Procedure and Time for Objections9-42
    • § 9:8.3 : Burden of Proof9-44
    • § 9:8.4 : Non-Dischargeable Debts Under Section 523(c)9-46
      • [A] : Debts Created by Fraud9-46
        • [A][1] : False Pretenses, False Representations, and Actual Fraud9-46
        • [A][2] : False Statements of Financial Condition9-51
        • [A][3] : “Loading Up” Consumer Debts and Credit Card Debts9-53
      • [B] : Fiduciary’s Fraud or Fiduciary’s Defalcation and Embezzlement or Larceny9-54
      • [C] : Willful and Malicious Injury9-59
    • § 9:8.5 : Non-Dischargeable Debts Other Than Under Section 523(c)9-64
      • [A] : Gap Claims9-64
      • [B] : Eighth Priority and Other Taxes9-64
        • [B][1] : Three-Year Taxes9-65
        • [B][2] : 240-Day Taxes9-67
        • [B][3] : Unassessed but Assessable Taxes9-67
        • [B][4] : Property Taxes9-68
        • [B][5] : Trust Fund Taxes9-68
        • [B][6] : Employee Benefit Plan Taxes9-68
        • [B][7] : Excise Taxes and Customs Duties9-68
        • [B][8] : Unfiled and Late-Filed Returns9-69
        • [B][9] : Tax Fraud9-69
      • [C] : Unlisted or Unscheduled Debts9-70
      • [D] : Domestic Support Obligations and Other Divorce-Related Claims9-72
      • [E] : Fines and Penalties9-76
      • [F] : Student Loans9-79
      • [G] : Claims Arising from Driving Under the Influence of Drugs or Alcohol9-85
      • [H] : Debtor Previously Not Granted a Discharge9-86
      • [I] : Loans from Retirement Plans9-86
      • [J] : Miscellaneous9-86
  • § 9:9 : Settlement of Section 523 and Section 727 Adversary Proceedings9-89
    • § 9:9.1 : Settlement of Section 523 Proceedings9-89
    • § 9:9.2 : Settlement of Section 727 Proceedings9-89
  • § 9:10 : Money Judgments9-90
Chapter 10: Ethical Considerations and the Employment and Compensation of Professionals
  • § 10:1 : Introduction10-2
  • § 10:2 : Duties of Debtors’ Attorneys in Consumer Cases Under Chapters 7 and 1310-2
    • § 10:2.1 : Disclosure of Compensation Statements10-2
    • § 10:2.2 : Limitation of Representation10-3
    • § 10:2.3 : Certifications and Sanctions Under Section 707(b) and Rule 901110-6
    • § 10:2.4 : Debt Relief Agencies10-8
      • [A] : Requirements for Debt Relief Agencies10-9
      • [B] : Debt Relief Agency Disclosures10-10
      • [C] : Restrictions on Debt Relief Agencies10-13
  • § 10:3 : Requirements Governing the Employment of Professionals Under Sections 327 and 32910-16
    • § 10:3.1 : Debtor’s Counsel in Chapter 7, Chapter 12, and Chapter 13 Cases10-20
    • § 10:3.2 : Special Considerations in Chapter 11 Cases10-21
    • § 10:3.3 : Full and Complete Disclosure10-23
    • § 10:3.4 : Post Facto Employment of Professionals10-24
  • § 10:4 : Compensation of Professionals10-26
    • § 10:4.1 : Retainers10-29
      • [A] : Types of Retainers10-29
      • [B] : Contents of Retainer Agreements10-31
      • [C] : Sources of Retainers10-31
      • [D] : Indemnification Agreements10-32
    • § 10:4.2 : Contingent Fees10-32
    • § 10:4.3 : Fee Application Standards10-34
    • § 10:4.4 : Fee Application Procedures10-39
  • § 10:5 : Sanctions for Professional Misconduct10-40
    • § 10:5.1 : Sanctions Under Bankruptcy Rule 901110-40
    • § 10:5.2 : Contempt Under Section 105 and Bankruptcy Rule 902010-44
    • § 10:5.3 : Inherent-Power Sanctions10-47
    • § 10:5.4 : Removal of Trustee or Examiner10-49
Chapter 11: Chapter 11; and Appendix 11A
  • § 11:1 : The Debtor in Possession11-3
    • § 11:1.1 : Powers11-4
    • § 11:1.2 : Duties11-5
    • § 11:1.3 : Employment of Professionals11-6
  • § 11:2 : Other Participants in Chapter 1111-12
    • § 11:2.1 : Creditors’ Committee11-12
    • § 11:2.2 : Equity Security Holders and Other Committees11-17
    • § 11:2.3 : Trustee11-18
      • [A] : Grounds for Appointment11-18
      • [B] : Qualification11-20
      • [C] : Duties and Powers11-20
      • [D] : Compensation11-23
    • § 11:2.4 : The Examiner11-24
    • § 11:2.5 : The U.S. Trustee11-24
  • § 11:3 : Conducting Business11-25
    • § 11:3.1 : Transactions in the Ordinary Course of Business11-25
    • § 11:3.2 : Transactions Outside the Ordinary Course of Business11-26
      • [A] : First-Day Orders11-26
        • [A][1] : Extensions of Time to File Schedules and Statement of Financial Affairs11-27
        • [A][2] : Joint Administration11-27
        • [A][3] : Payment of Pre-Petition Employee Compensation11-28
        • [A][4] : Critical Vendor Motions11-29
        • [A][5] : Reclamation Claims and Twenty-Day Claims11-31
        • [A][6] : Pre-Petition Customer Service Programs11-33
        • [A][7] : Employment of Professionals11-34
        • [A][8] : Pre-Petition Bank Accounts11-34
        • [A][9] : Utilities11-34
        • [A][10] : Financing Orders11-36
      • [B] : Post-Petition Financing11-36
        • [B][1] : Use of Cash Collateral11-36
        • [B][2] : Obtaining Credit11-41
        • [B][3] : Controversial Provisions in Financing Orders11-44
          • [B][3][a] : Cross-Collateralization11-44
          • [B][3][b] : Findings of Fact Regarding the Validity, Perfection, Priority, or Amount of the Secured Party’s Liens11-45
          • [B][3][c] : Waivers of Rights and Defenses11-46
          • [B][3][d] : Liens in Avoidance Actions11-46
          • [B][3][e] : Drop-Dead Clauses11-47
          • [B][3][f] : Carve-Outs11-47
          • [B][3][g] : Miscellaneous Provisions11-48
      • [C] : Use, Sale, or Lease of Property11-48
        • [C][1] : The Business-Judgment Test and All-Asset Sales11-50
        • [C][2] : Sales Procedures11-52
    • § 11:3.3 : Employee Issues11-57
      • [A] : Retention, Bonus, and Severance Programs11-57
      • [B] : Retirement Benefits11-60
    • § 11:3.4 : Assumption and Rejection of Executory Contracts and Leases11-61
      • [A] : Definitions11-62
      • [B] : Procedure11-65
        • [B][1] : Timing11-65
          • [B][1][a] : Residential Real Property and Personal Property11-65
          • [B][1][b] : Nonresidential Real Property11-66
        • [B][2] : Motion Practice11-67
        • [B][3] : The Confusion About Section 365(d)(3)11-67
        • [B][4] : Rejection11-70
          • [B][4][a] : Considerations11-70
          • [B][4][b] : Grounds11-71
        • [B][5] : Assumption11-72
        • [B][6] : Assignment11-76
      • [C] : Termination by the Non-Debtor11-78
      • [D] : Claims from Rejection11-78
      • [E] : Special Contracts11-81
        • [E][1] : Collective Bargaining Agreements11-81
        • [E][2] : Contracts for Lease or Sale of Real Property or Timeshare Interests11-84
        • [E][3] : Intellectual Property Contracts11-85
  • § 11:4 : Formulation of a Chapter 11 Plan11-88
    • § 11:4.1 : Introduction and Summary11-88
    • § 11:4.2 : Who Can Propose a Plan?11-89
    • § 11:4.3 : Contents of a Plan11-90
      • [A] : Mandatory Provisions11-90
      • [B] : Discretionary Provisions11-94
    • § 11:4.4 : Classification of Claims and Interests11-97
      • [A] : Secured Creditors11-98
      • [B] : Unsecured Creditors11-101
      • [C] : Equity Security Holders11-101
      • [D] : Other Classifications11-101
    • § 11:4.5 : Types of Plans11-101
    • § 11:4.6 : Treatment of Claims and Interests11-105
  • § 11:5 : Disclosure Statement11-109
  • § 11:6 : Acceptance of the Plan11-112
  • § 11:7 : Confirmation of the Plan11-114
    • § 11:7.1 : The Hearing on Confirmation11-114
    • § 11:7.2 : Standards for Confirmation11-116
      • [A] : General11-116
      • [B] : The Cramdown11-122
        • [B][1] : Secured Claims11-123
        • [B][2] : Unsecured Creditors11-124
        • [B][3] : Holders of Interests11-125
        • [B][4] : The Absolute Priority Rule11-125
      • [C] : The Section 1111(b) Election11-126
    • § 11:7.3 : Effect of Confirmation11-129
      • [A] : Third-Party Releases11-133
  • § 11:8 : Modification of the Plan11-136
  • § 11:9 : Revocation of an Order of Confirmation11-138
  • § 11:10 : Consummation of the Plan11-139
    • § 11:10.1 : Implementation11-139
    • § 11:10.2 : Retention of Jurisdiction11-139
    • § 11:10.3 : Distribution and Final Decree11-141
  • § 11:11 : Conversion and Dismissal11-142
  • § 11:12 : The Small Business Case11-146
    • § 11:12.1 : Attaining Small Business Status11-146
    • § 11:12.2 : Responsibilities of the U.S. Trustee and the Small Business Debtor11-147
    • § 11:12.3 : Plan Confirmation for the Small Business Case11-149
  • § 11:13 : The Individual Chapter 11 Debtor11-150
  • Appendix 11A : Operating Guidelines and Reporting Requirements for Chapter 11 CasesApp. 11A-1
Chapter 12: Adjustment of Debts of a Family Farmer or Fisherman with Regular Annual Income
  • § 12:1 : Introduction12-2
    • § 12:1.1 : Definitions and Eligibility12-2
      • [A] : Family Farmer12-4
      • [B] : Family Fishermen12-7
    • § 12:1.2 : Voluntary Nature12-8
    • § 12:1.3 : Considerations12-8
      • [A] : Advantages12-8
      • [B] : Disadvantages12-9
      • [C] : Filing Requirements12-10
  • § 12:2 : Operating Under Chapter 1212-11
    • § 12:2.1 : The Principal Players12-11
    • § 12:2.2 : The Debtor and Debtor in Possession12-12
    • § 12:2.3 : The Chapter 12 Trustee12-13
    • § 12:2.4 : Creditors12-15
  • § 12:3 : Property of the Estate12-16
  • § 12:4 : Stay of Actions12-16
  • § 12:5 : Adequate Protection12-17
  • § 12:6 : Sales Free of Interests12-18
  • § 12:7 : The Plan12-20
  • § 12:8 : Modification of the Plan12-25
  • § 12:9 : Confirmation12-27
  • § 12:10 : Effect of Confirmation12-33
  • § 12:11 : Payments12-35
  • § 12:12 : Revocation of Confirmation12-36
  • § 12:13 : Tax Provisions12-36
  • § 12:14 : Discharge12-36
  • § 12:15 : Conversion and Dismissal12-37
Chapter 13: Chapter 13; and Appendix 13A
  • § 13:1 : Initiating a Chapter 13 Case13-4
    • § 13:1.1 : Introduction13-4
    • § 13:1.2 : Eligibility13-4
    • § 13:1.3 : Filing Considerations13-13
      • [A] : The Chapter 13 Discharge13-13
        • [A][1] : Student Loans13-17
        • [A][2] : Post-Petition Interest13-18
      • [B] : Timing Considerations13-19
      • [C] : Advantages and Disadvantages13-20
    • § 13:1.4 : Filing Requirements13-28
      • [A] : Initial Filing Requirements13-28
      • [B] : Obligations to File Tax Returns13-32
      • [C] : The Plan13-35
  • § 13:2 : Operating Under Chapter 1313-35
    • § 13:2.1 : Property of the Estate13-35
    • § 13:2.2 : The Automatic Stay and the Co-Debtor Stay13-38
    • § 13:2.3 : The Debtor and the Debtor’s Attorney13-40
    • § 13:2.4 : The Chapter 13 Trustee13-43
    • § 13:2.5 : Secured Creditors13-47
    • § 13:2.6 : Unsecured Creditors13-48
    • § 13:2.7 : Chapter 13 Debtors’ Right to Sue and Avoidance and Recovery Powers13-49
  • § 13:3 : Considerations in Formulating and Obtaining Confirmation of a Chapter 13 Plan13-51
    • § 13:3.1 : General Criteria: Sections 1322 and 132513-51
      • [A] : Plan Contents: Mandatory Provisions13-51
      • [B] : Plan Contents: Discretionary Provisions13-53
        • [B][1] : Section 1322(b)(1)13-54
        • [B][2] : Section 1322(b)(2)13-56
        • [B][3] : Section 1322(b)(3)–(11)13-56
      • [C] : Plan Duration13-60
      • [D] : Retirement Accounts13-64
      • [E] : Practical Considerations13-66
    • § 13:3.2 : Confirmation Requirements13-67
      • [A] : The Confirmation Hearing13-67
      • [B] : General Requirements: Section 1325(a)(1) and (2)13-68
      • [C] : Good Faith: Section 1325(a)(3) and (7)13-68
      • [D] : The Best-Interests Test: Section 1325(a)(4)13-74
      • [E] : Feasibility: Section 1325(a)(6)13-75
      • [F] : Domestic Support Obligations and Tax Returns: Section 1325(a)(8) and (9)13-76
    • § 13:3.3 : Treatment of Priority Claims13-78
    • § 13:3.4 : Treatment of Unsecured Claims13-81
      • [A] : Filing Proofs of Claim13-81
      • [B] : Classification13-82
      • [C] : Chapter 13 Criteria for Payment of Unsecured Creditors: The Best-Efforts Test13-84
        • [C][1] : Introduction13-84
        • [C][2] : Issues13-92
          • [C][2][a] : Is Projected Disposable Income the Same As Disposable Income?13-92
          • [C][2][b] : Is an Ownership Expense for an Unencumbered Automobile Owned by an Above-Median-Income Debtor a Reasonably Necessary Expense?13-95
          • [C][2][c] : Can an Above-Median-Income Debtor Calculate His Chapter 13 Plan Payment by Deducting from His Income the Full Listed Amount of an “Applicable” IRS Local Standard Expense Even Though the Debtor’s Actual Expense Is Substantially Less?13-98
          • [C][2][d] : Is the Debtor Allowed a Deduction for Secured Debt Payments When the Collateral Is Being Surrendered?13-99
          • [C][2][e] : Is the Applicable Commitment Period Temporal or Monetary?13-101
          • [C][2][f] : Should the Bankruptcy Courts Refer to the Internal Revenue Manual for Determining Expenses Under Section 707(b)(2)(A)(ii)(I) and May Debtors Take an “Old Car” Expense?13-104
        • [C][3] : Other Unsettled Topics Involving Debtors’ Income and Expenses13-105
          • [C][3][a] : Expense Deductions for Multiple Vehicles13-105
          • [C][3][b] : Double-Dipping13-105
          • [C][3][c] : Educational Expenses and Other Income and Expense Issues13-106
    • § 13:3.5 : Treatment of Secured Claims13-107
      • [A] : In General13-107
        • [A][1] : The Bar to Balloon Payments: Section 1325(a)(5)(B)(iii)(I)13-116
        • [A][2] : The Hanging Paragraph13-119
          • [A][2][a] : What Happens When the Vehicle Is Surrendered?13-120
          • [A][2][b] : Is a 910 Claim a Secured Claim and If Bifurcation Is Not Permitted Can the Interest Rate and Term of the Loan Be Modified?13-122
          • [A][2][c] : Can the Debtor Bifurcate a 910 Claim in His Plan If the Creditor Does Not Object?13-125
          • [A][2][d] : What Is a “Purchase Money Security Interest” for Purposes of the Hanging Paragraph?13-126
          • [A][2][e] : How Do You Count the 910-Day Period?13-129
          • [A][2][f] : What Is a “Motor Vehicle”?13-130
          • [A][2][g] : When Is a Vehicle “Acquired for the Personal Use of the Debtor”?13-131
          • [A][2][h] : The Clause “Or if collateral for that debt consists of any other thing of value”13-133
      • [B] : Practical Considerations and Hybrid Plans13-134
      • [C] : Residential Real Property13-138
      • [D] : Unsecured Junior Mortgages13-143
        • [D][1] : Issues13-147
          • [D][1][a] : Can Unsecured Mortgages Be Stripped in “Chapter 20” Cases?13-147
          • [D][1][b] : Is An Adversary Proceeding Necessary?13-149
          • [D][1][c] : When Is Value Determined?13-150
        • [D][2] : Curing Defaults13-150
    • § 13:3.6 : Post-Petition Claims13-153
  • § 13:4 : Confirmation of the Plan13-154
    • § 13:4.1 : General Principles13-154
      • [A] : Procedure13-154
      • [B] : Due Process13-155
      • [C] : Payments and the Effects of Conversion and Dismissal13-156
      • [D] : Payments “Outside the Plan”13-160
    • § 13:4.2 : Plan Modification Prior to Confirmation13-161
    • § 13:4.3 : Effect of Confirmation13-162
    • § 13:4.4 : Post-Confirmation Plan Modifications13-167
    • § 13:4.5 : The Chapter 13 Discharge13-177
      • [A] : The Chapter 13 Discharge upon Completion of Payments13-177
      • [B] : The Hardship Discharge13-179
    • § 13:4.6 : Personal Property Leases13-181
  • § 13:5 : Conversion and Dismissal13-181
    • § 13:5.1 : Conversion to Chapter 13 from Chapter 713-181
    • § 13:5.2 : Conversion from Chapter 13 to Chapter 7,11, or 12, and Dismissal13-182
  • § 13:6 : Proofs of Claim13-190
  • § 13:7 : Attorney Fees, Costs, and Other Charges Incurred by Mortgage Lenders13-196
    • § 13:7.1 : Rule 3002.113-199
  • Appendix 13A : Comparison of Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 Discharge ProvisionsApp. 13A-1
Chapter 14: Litigation and Appeals
  • § 14:1 : Litigation in the Bankruptcy Court14-2
    • § 14:1.1 : Adversary Proceedings14-4
      • [A] : Scope14-4
      • [B] : Commencing an Adversary Proceeding14-6
      • [C] : Process; Service of Summons and Complaint14-7
        • [C][1] : Service by First-Class Mail14-7
        • [C][2] : Service by Publication and Other Rules Governing Service14-9
        • [C][3] : Pleadings14-12
        • [C][4] : Discovery14-17
        • [C][5] : General14-17
  • Table 14-1 : Unassigned Bankruptcy Rule Numbers14-21
    • § 14:1.2 : Contested Matters14-23
    • § 14:1.3 : Litigation in Consumer Cases14-25
      • [A] : Unfair or Predatory Lending Practices14-25
      • [B] : Class Actions14-32
      • [C] : Arbitration Claims14-34
    • § 14:1.4 : Litigation in Business Cases14-37
    • § 14:1.5 : Defenses14-38
      • [A] : In Pari Delicto14-38
      • [B] : Judicial Estoppel14-40
      • [C] : Standing14-41
      • [D] : Defenses of the Estate (Section 558)14-43
    • § 14:1.6 : Compromises and Settlements of Adversary Proceedings and Contested Matters14-43
    • § 14:1.7 : Motions for Amendment of Judgments and Motions for Relief from Judgments or Order14-45
  • § 14:2 : Appeals14-47
    • § 14:2.1 : Appealable Orders14-49
      • [A] : Final Versus Interlocutory Orders14-49
      • [B] : Appealable Interlocutory Orders14-53
        • [B][1] : The Collateral Order Doctrine14-54
        • [B][2] : Discretionary Appeal Under Section 158(a)14-55
        • [B][3] : The Forgay-Conrad Doctrine14-56
    • § 14:2.2 : Appellate Standing14-57
    • § 14:2.3 : Where to Appeal14-60
    • § 14:2.4 : Direct Appeals to the Court of Appeals14-61
    • § 14:2.5 : Effect of Appeal on Jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court14-64
    • § 14:2.6 : Rules for Appeals14-66
      • [A] : Manner and Time for Filing14-66
      • [B] : Service of Notice of Appeal14-71
      • [C] : Stay Pending Appeal14-72
        • [C][1] : Automatic Stay of Enforcement of Judgment14-72
        • [C][2] : Motion for Stay Pending Appeal14-72
        • [C][3] : Equitable Mootness Doctrine14-74
  Table of Authorities
  Index

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