38038_TOC_Sack_on_Defamation_Rel. #2

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Table of Cases

(References are to pages.)

9-5 Fashions, Inc. v. Spurney, 538 So. 2d 228 (La. 1989)

13-38, 13-39

30 River Court E. Urban Renewal Co. v. Capograsso, 383 N.J. Super. 470, 892 A.2d 711 (App. Div. 2006)

2-88, 8-60

50-Off Stores, Inc. v. Banque Paribas (Suisse) S.A., 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11136 (W.D. Tex. 1997)

8-18, 16-3

164 Mulberry St. Corp. v. Columbia Univ., 4 A.D.3d 49, 771 N.Y.S.2d 16 (1st Dep’t 2004)

13-48

600 W. 115th St. v. Van Gutfield, 80 N.Y.2d 130, 603 N.E.2d 930, 589 N.Y.S.2d 825, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1811 (1992), cert. denied, 508 U.S. 910 (1993)

4-26

7547 Corp. v. Parker & Parsley Dev. Partners, L.P., 38 F.3d 211 (5th Cir. 1994)

16-49

A

A Fisherman’s Best v. Recreational Fishing Alliance, 310 F.3d 183 (4th Cir. 2002), cert. denied, 539 U.S. 926 (2003)

3-13

Aafco Heating & Air Conditioning Co. v. Nw. Publ’ns, Inc., 162 Ind. App. 671, 321 N.E.2d 580 (1974), cert. denied, 424 U.S. 913 (1976)

6-11

A&B-Abell Elevator Co. v. Columbus/Cent. Ohio Bldg. & Constr. Trades Council, 73 Ohio St. 3d 1, 651 N.E.2d 1283 (1995)

9-3, 9-32, 9-33, 9-47, 9-48, 9-54, 13-26, 13-42

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A&E Prods. Grp. L.P. v. Accessory Corp., 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20245 (S.D.N.Y. 2001)

6-19

Abbott v. Nat’l Bank of Commerce, 20 Wash. 552, 56 P. 376, aff’d, 175 U.S. 409 (1899)

8-20

Abdel-Hafiz v. ABC, Inc., 240 S.W.2d 492 (Tex. Ct. App. 2007)

15-39

Abdul-Jabbar v. Gen. Motors Corp., 75 F.3d 1391 (9th Cir. 1996)

12-87

Abercrombie v. McClung, 55 Haw. 595, 525 P.2d 594 (1974)

8-30

Abiomed, Inc. v. Turnbull, 379 F. Supp. 2d 90 (D. Mass. 2005)

15-35

Abood v. Detroit Bd. of Educ., 431 U.S. 209 (1977)

5-129

Abrams v. United States, 250 U.S. 616 (1919)

3-3, 4-13, 10-3, 16-66

Abrofreka v. Alston Tobacco Co., 288 S.C. 122, 341 S.E.2d 622 (1986)

2-167

Acciardo v. Millennium Sec. Corp., 83 F. Supp. 2d 413 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)

8-57

ACLU v. Johnson, 4 F. Supp. 2d 1029 (D.N.M. 1998)

14-38

Acoustical Mfg. Co. v. Audio Times, Inc., 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2057 (D.C. Super. Ct. 1977)

13-2, 13-9, 13-11, 13-44, 13-45

Action Repair, Inc. v. Am. Broad. Cos., 776 F.2d 143, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1398 (7th Cir. 1985)

2-69, 2-72, 4-9

Adam v. Ward, [1917] A.C. 309

9-54

Adams v. Frontier Broad. Co., 555 P.2d 556, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1166 (Wyo. 1976)

5-28, 5-97, 5-101, 6-5, 7-4, 7-16, 7-17, 16-25, 16-31, 16-41

Adams v. Maas, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1188 (S.D. Tex. 1981)

5-105

====== TOC-3 ======

Adams v. WFTV, Inc., 691 So. 2d 557, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2242 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1997)

2-150

Adamson v. Bonesteele, 295 Or. 815, 671 P.2d 693, 41 A.L.R.4th 1103 (1983)

8-30

Addington v. Texas, 441 U.S. 418 (1979)

1-36, 1-37, 5-126, 5-127

Adler v. Conde Nast Publ’ns, Inc., 643 F. Supp. 1558, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1409 (S.D.N.Y. 1986)

5-35, 5-104

Advance Music Corp. v. Am. Tobacco Co., 183 Misc. 645, 50 N.Y.S.2d 287 (N.Y. Cnty. 1944)

13-45, 13-64

Advance Music Corp. v. Am. Tobacco Co., 296 N.Y. 79, 70 N.E.2d 401 (1946)

13-43

Advanced Training Sys., Inc. v. Caswell Equip. Co., 352 N.W.2d 1, 42 A.L.R.4th 299 (Minn. 1984)

10-61, 13-21, 13-23, 13-27

Aequitron Med., Inc. v. CBS, Inc., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9485, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1025 (S.D.N.Y. 1995)

14-11

Aequitron Med., Inc. v. CBS, Inc., 964 F. Supp. 704, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1897 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

13-41, 13-57

Affolter v. Baugh Constr. Or., Inc., 183 Or. App. 198, 51 P.3d 642 (2002)

4-35

Afftrex, Ltd. v. Gen. Elec. Co., 555 N.Y.S.2d 903, 161 A.D.2d 855 (3d Dep’t 1990)

2-157

Afro-Am. Publ’g Co. v. Jaffe, 366 F.2d 649 (D.C. Cir. 1966)

1-12, 2-23, 2-43, 4-69, 4-71, 10-6, 10-9, 12-14, 12-56

Ag-Chem Equip. Co. v. Hahn, Inc., 480 F.2d 482 (8th Cir. 1973)

10-41

Agarwal v. Johnson, 81 Cal. App. 3d 513, 146 Cal. Rptr. 521 (1978), aff’d on opinion of court of appeal, 25 Cal. 3d 932, 603 P.2d 58, 160 Cal. Rptr. 141 (1979)

9-20

====== TOC-4 ======

Agee v. Huggins, 888 F. Supp. 1573 (N.D. Ga. 1995)

2-100, 8-55

Agnant v. Shakur, 30 F. Supp. 2d 420 (S.D.N.Y. 1998)

2-27, 2-138

Agnew v. Hiatt, 466 N.E.2d 781, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2389 (Ind. Ct. App. 1984)

2-115

Agora, Inc. v. Axxess, Inc., 90 F. Supp. 2d 697, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2017 (D. Md. 2000), aff’d, 248 F.3d 1133 (4th Cir. 2001)

4-51

Agriss v. Roadway Express, Inc., 334 Pa. Super. 295, 483 A.2d 456 (1984)

2-120

Aguilar v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 174 Cal. App. 3d 384, 219 Cal. Rptr. 891, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1485 (1985)

2-162

A.H. Belo Corp. v. Rayzor, 620 S.W.2d 756 (Tex. Civ. App. 1981)

10-41

A.H. Belo Corp. v. Rayzor, 644 S.W.2d 71, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2425 (Tex. Ct. App. 1982)

10-29, 10-44, 10-47, 13-21, 13-22

A.H. Belo Corp. v. Sanders, 632 S.W.2d 145 (Tex. 1982)

13-21, 13-22

AIDS Counseling & Testing Ctrs. v. Grp. W Television, Inc., 903 F.2d 1000, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1893 (4th Cir. 1990)

2-157, 10-50, 12-15

Aikens v. Wisconsin, 195 U.S. 194 (1904)

13-43

Airlie Found., Inc. v. Evening Star Newspaper Co., 337 F. Supp. 421 (D.D.C. 1972)

2-27, 5-81, 5-85, 5-100, 10-6

Aisenson v. Am. Broad. Cos., 220 Cal. App. 3d 146, 269 Cal. Rptr. 379, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1881 (1990)

2-47, 4-53, 4-57

Aken v. Plains Elec. Generation & Transmission Coop., Inc., 132 N.M. 401, 49 P.3d 662 (2002)

10-20

Akins v. Altus Newspapers, Inc., 609 P.2d 1263, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (Okla. 1977), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 1010 (1980)

2-133, 3-19, 5-5, 5-11

Akron-Canton Waste Oil Co. v. Safety-Kleen Oil Serv., Inc., 1 Ohio App. 3d 591, 611 N.E.2d 955 (1992)

2-4

====== TOC-5 ======

Ala. Ride Co. v. Vance, 178 So. 438 (Ala. 1938)

2-42

Albert v. Loksen, 239 F.3d 256 (2d Cir. 2001)

2-4, 2-16, 2-92, 2-114, 6-18, 9-18

Alberts v. Wickes Lumber Co., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 919 (N.D. Ill. 1995)

8-11

Albertson v. Raboff, 46 Cal. 2d 375, 295 P.2d 405 (1956)

8-23, 12-26, 13-5, 13-25

Albin v. Cosmetics Plus N.Y. Ltd., 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15217 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

2-31

Albright v. Morton, 321 F. Supp. 2d 130, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1769 (D. Mass. 2004), aff’d sub nom. Amrak Prods., Inc. v. Morton, 410 F.3d 69 (1st Cir. 2005)

2-33

Aldoupolis v. Globe Newspaper Co., 398 Mass. 731, 500 N.E.2d 794, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1779 (1986)

4-33, 4-64

Alexander v. Vann, 180 N.C. 187, 104 S.E. 360 (1920)

9-2

Alexander & Alexander v. Fritzen, 68 N.Y.2d 968, 510 N.Y.S.2d 546, 503 N.E.2d 102 (1986)

13-66

Alford v. Ga.-Pac. Corp., 331 So. 2d 558 (La. Ct. App.), writ denied, 334 So. 2d 427 (La. 1976)

9-16

Alfred A. Altimont, Inc. v. Chatelain, Samperton & Nolan, 374 A.2d 284 (D.C. 1977)

9-29, 9-30

Algarin v. Town of Wallkill, 421 F.3d 137 (2d Cir. 2005)

2-150

Ali v. Douglas Cable Commc’ns, 929 F. Supp. 1362 (D. Kan. 1996)

13-60

Ali v. Giant Food LLC, 595 F. Supp. 2d 618 (D. Md. 2009)

8-55

Ali v. Moore, 984 S.W.2d 224 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1998)

2-11, 2-106

Aligo v. Time-Life Books, Inc., 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1315 (N.D. Cal. 1994)

12-86, 16-3

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Alioto v. Cowles Commc’ns, Inc., 430 F. Supp. 1363, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1801 (N.D. Cal. 1977), aff’d, 623 F.2d 616, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1573 (9th Cir. 1980), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 1102 (1981)

2-9, 5-13, 5-81, 5-87, 10-30, 10-45, 10-56

Allan & Allan Arts Ltd. v. Rosenblum, 615 N.Y.S.2d 410, 201 A.D.2d 136 (2d Dep’t 1994), cert. denied, 516 U.S. 914 (1995)

8-36

Alleman v. Vermilion Publ’g Corp., 316 So. 2d 837 (La. Ct. App. 1975)

6-21

Allen v. Men’s World Outlet, Inc., 679 F. Supp. 360, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1001 (S.D.N.Y. 1988)

12-88, 13-31

Allen v. Ortez, 802 P.2d 1307 (Utah 1990)

2-104

Allen v. Pioneer-Press Co., 40 Minn. 117, 41 N.W. 936 (1889)

11-7, 11-13

Allen & Rocks, Inc. v. Dowell, 252 Va. 439, 477 S.E.2d 741 (1996)

2-45

Allied Mktg. Grp., Inc. v. Paramount Pictures Corp., 111 S.W.3d 168, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1762 (Tex. Ct. App. 2003)

2-160

Allis-Chalmers Corp. v. Lueck, 471 U.S. 202 (1985)

8-55

Allstate Ins. Co. v. Hague, 449 U.S. 302 (1981)

15-50

Allstate Ins. Co. v. Shupack, 335 So. 2d 620 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1976)

8-21

Alm v. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 134 Ill. App. 3d 716, 480 N.E.2d 1263 (1985)

13-63

Alpha Therapeutic Corp. v. Nippon Hoso Kyokai, 199 F.3d 1078, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (9th Cir. 1999), opinion withdrawn pursuant to stipulation of the parties, 237 F.3d 1007 (9th Cir. 2001)

8-63, 12-94

Alpine Constr. Co. v. Demaris, 358 F. Supp. 422 (N.D. Ill. 1973)

5-99

Alpine Indus., Inc. v. Feyk, 22 P.3d 445 (Alaska 2001)

8-48

Alpo Petfoods, Inc. v. Ralston Purina Co., 913 F.2d 958 (D.C. Cir. 1990)

13-31, 13-34

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Alsteen v. Gehl, 21 Wis. 2d 349, 124 N.W.2d 312 (1963)

13-46, 13-47, 13-50

Alszeh v. Home Box Office, 67 Cal. App. 4th 1456, 80 Cal. Rptr. 2d 16 (Ct. App. 1998)

16-32

Altoona Clay Prod., Inc. v. Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., 286 F. Supp. 899 (W.D. Pa.), rev’d on other grounds, 438 F.2d 433 (3d Cir. 1968), cert. denied, 404 U.S. 898 (1971)

10-40

Altschuler v. Univ. of Pa. Law Sch., 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3248 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

2-69, 2-100, 7-7, 15-59

Alvarado v. K-III Magazine Corp., 610 N.Y.S.2d 241, 203 A.D.2d 135, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2094 (1st Dep’t 1994)

2-138

Alvarado v. KOB-TV, L.L.C., 493 F.3d 1210, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2025 (10th Cir. 2007)

12-46, 12-55, 16-7

Alves v. Hometown Newspapers, Inc., 857 A.2d 743 (R.I. 2004)

16-19

Alvord-Polk, Inc. v. F. Schumacher & Co., 37 F.3d 996 (3d Cir. 1994), cert. denied, 514 U.S. 1063 (1995)

2-153

Amato v. Fellner, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1552 (Wis. Cir. Ct. 1978)

14-16

Amcor Inv. Corp. v. Cox Ariz. Publ’ns, Inc., 158 Ariz. 566, 764 P.2d 327, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1059 (Ct. App. 1988)

4-9, 13-16, 16-5

Am. Benefit Life Ins. Co. v. McIntyre, 375 So. 2d 239, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1124 (Ala. 1979)

5-46

Am. Broad. Cos. v. Gill, 6 S.W.3d 19, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2569 (Tex. Ct. App. 1999)

5-37

Am. Bus. Interiors v. Haworth, Inc., 798 F.2d 1135 (8th Cir. 1986)

10-46

Am. Commc’ns Network, Inc. v. Williams, 264 Va. 336, 568 S.E.2d 683 (2002)

4-16, 12-102

Am. Dist. Tel. Co. v. Brink’s, Inc., 380 F.2d 131 (7th Cir. 1967)

7-26

====== TOC-8 ======

Am. Family Mut. Ins. Co. v. Edgar, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1555 (Wis. Cir. Ct. 1995)

5-40, 5-50, 5-53

Am. Future Sys. v. Better Bus. Bureau, 872 A.2d 1202 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2005), appeal granted, 2005 Pa. LEXIS 2524 (Pa. Nov. 21, 2005)

9-24

Am. Future Sys., Inc. v. Better Bus. Bureau of E. Pa., 592 Pa. 66, 923 A.2d 389, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2386 (2007)

5-38, 5-70, 9-52

Am. Home Prods. Corp. v. Johnson & Johnson, 577 F.2d 160 (2d Cir. 1978), cert. denied, 498 U.S. 816 (1990)

13-30, 13-33

Am. Int’l Hosp. v. Chi. Tribune Co., 136 Ill. App. 3d 1019, 483 N.E.2d 965, 91 Ill. Dec. 479, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1268 (1985)

2-69

Am. Land Program, Inc. v. Bonaventura Witgevers Maatschappij, N.V., 710 F.2d 1449, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1874 (10th Cir. 1983)

15-27

Am. Malting Co. v. Keitel, 209 F. 351 (2d Cir. 1913)

10-59

Am. Online, Inc. v. Anonymous Publicly Traded Co., 261 Va. 350, 542 S.E.2d 377, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1442 (2001)

14-35

Am. Pet Motels, Inc. v. Chi. Veterinary Med. Ass’n, 106 Ill. App. 3d 626, 435 N.E.2d 1297, 62 Ill. Dec. 325, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1993 (1982)

13-41

Am. Petroleum Inst. v. Technomedia Int’l, Inc., 699 F. Supp. 2d 258 (D.D.C. 2010)

2-93, 16-6

Am. Radio Ass’n, AFL-CIO v. A.S. Abell Co., 58 Misc. 2d 483, 296 N.Y.S.2d 21 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1968)

15-5, 15-8

Am. Rd. Serv. v. Inmon, 394 So. 2d 361 (Ala. 1981)

13-46, 13-48

Am. Soc’y of Mech. Eng’rs v. Hydrolevel Corp., 456 U.S. 556 (1982)

2-169, 10-32

Am. Transmission, Inc. v. Channel 7 of Detroit, Inc., 239 Mich. App. 695, 609 N.W.2d 607, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1823 (2000)

12-97

AMI Affiliates v. U.S. Dep’t of Hous. & Urban Dev., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18783 (E.D. Pa. 1995)

8-33, 8-35

Ammerman v. Hubbard Broad., Inc., 89 N.M. 307, 551 P.2d 1354 (1976)

14-22

====== TOC-9 ======

Ampex Corp. v. Cargle, 128 Cal. App. 4th 1569, 27 Cal. Rptr. 3d 863 (2005)

16-11

Amrak Prods., Inc. v. Morton, 410 F.3d 69 (1st Cir. 2005)

2-19, 2-33

Amway Corp. v. Procter & Gamble Co., 346 F.3d 180, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2441 (6th Cir. 2003)

7-26

Amway Corp. v. Procter & Gamble Distrib. Co., 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14455 (W.D. Mich. 2001)

13-42

Anaya v. CBS Broad. Inc., 626 F. Supp. 2d 1158 (D.N.M. 2008)

5-41

Anders v. Newsweek, Inc., 727 F. Supp. 1065, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1281 (S.D. Miss. 1989), aff’d, 949 F.2d 1159 (5th Cir. 1991)

16-42

Anderson v. Augusta Chronicle, 355 S.C. 461, 585 S.E.2d 506, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1393 (Ct. App. 2003), aff’d, 365 S.C. 589, 619 S.E.2d 428 (2005)

1-30, 2-62, 5-73

Anderson v. Beach, 386 Ill. App. 3d 246, 897 N.E.2d 361, 325 Ill. Dec. 113 (2008)

8-47

Anderson v. City of Troy, 316 Mont. 39, 68 P.3d 805 (2003)

2-32

Anderson v. Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., 543 F.2d 732 (10th Cir. 1976)

9-22

Anderson v. Fisher Broad. Cos., 300 Or. 452, 712 P.2d 803, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1604 (1986)

12-9, 12-34, 12-71, 12-75, 12-86

Anderson v. Indep. Sch. Dist., 357 F.3d 806 (8th Cir. 2003)

2-91, 2-93

Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2297 (1986)

1-37, 5-81, 5-128, 16-23, 16-24, 16-29, 16-34, 16-35, 16-36, 16-37, 16-40, 16-41, 16-42, 16-50, 16-51

====== TOC-10 ======

Anderson v. Low Rent Hous. Comm’n, 304 N.W.2d 239, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1726 (Iowa), cert. denied, 454 U.S. 1086 (1981)

5-53, 16-59

Anderson v. Mergenhagen, 283 Ga. App. 546, 642 S.E.2d 105 (2007)

12-92

Anderson v. Nixon, 444 F. Supp. 1195, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1687 (D.D.C. 1978)

14-42

Anderson v. Rocky Mountain News, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2058 (10th Cir. 1988)

5-110, 6-11, 16-25, 16-37

Anderson v. Romero, 42 F.3d 1121 (7th Cir. 1994)

2-165

Anderson v. Stanco Sports Library, Inc., 542 F.2d 638 (4th Cir. 1976)

3-17, 16-38

Anderson v. Vanden Dorpel, 268 Ill. App. 3d 907, 206 Ill. Dec. 245, 667 N.E.2d 1296 (1994), aff’d on other grounds, 172 Ill. 2d 399, 217 Ill. Dec. 720, 667 N.E.2d 1296 (1996)

2-69, 9-14, 13-40

Anderson v. Watchtower Bible & Tract Soc’y of N.Y., Inc., 2007 Tenn. App. LEXIS 29 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2007)

4-75

Anderson v. WROC-TV, 109 Misc. 2d 904, 441 N.Y.S.2d 220, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1987 (N.Y. Cnty. 1981)

12-95

Anderson Dev. Co. v. Tobias, 116 P.3d 323 (Utah 2005)

16-20

Andreescu v. Lane, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1290 (Colo. Dist. Ct. 1979)

6-23

Andren v. Knight-Ridder Newspapers Sales, Inc., 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2109 (E.D. Mich. 1984)

12-24

Andrews v. Stallings, 119 N.M. 478, 892 P.2d 611 (Ct. App. 1995)

2-37, 2-64, 2-146, 4-16, 4-33, 12-20, 13-45, 13-52, 16-5

====== TOC-11 ======

Andrews v. Time, Inc., 690 F. Supp. 362 (E.D. Pa. 1988)

2-103

Angelotta v. Am. Broad. Cos., 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1491 (N.D. Ohio 1985), aff’d, 820 F.2d 806, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1185 (6th Cir. 1987)

13-52

Anheuser-Busch, Inc. v. Philpot, 317 F.3d 1264 (11th Cir. 2003)

2-78

Annbar Assocs. v. Am. Express Co., 565 S.W.2d 701 (Mo. Ct. App. 1978)

13-23

Annette F. v. Sharon S., 119 Cal. App. 4th 1146, 15 Cal. Rptr. 3d 100 (2004)

5-36

Anonsen v. Donahue, 857 S.W.2d 700 (Tex. Ct. App. 1993)

12-50

Anonymous Online Speakers v. U.S. Dist. Court (In re Anonymous Online Speakers), 661 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 2011)

14-41

Anonymous Online Speakers, In re, 661 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 2011)

14-41, 14-42

Anschutz Entm’t Grp., Inc. v. Snepp, 171 Cal. App. 4th 598, 90 Cal. Rptr. 3d 133, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1605 (2009)

2-10, 11-3, 11-5, 11-11

Anselmi v. Denver Post, Inc., 552 F.2d 316, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1530 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 432 U.S. 911 (1977)

5-28, 7-5, 15-6, 15-21

Anthony v. Runyon, 76 F.3d 210 (8th Cir. 1996)

8-27, 8-34

Antwerp Diamond Exch., Inc. v. Better Bus. Bureau, 130 Ariz. 523, 637 P.2d 733 (1981)

5-47, 6-21

Anyanwu v. Columbia Broad. Sys., Inc., 887 F. Supp. 690 (S.D.N.Y. 1995)

2-152

Apicella v. McNeil Labs., Inc., 66 F.R.D. 78 (E.D.N.Y. 1975), cert. denied, 481 U.S. 1015 (1987)

14-4

Appel v. Burman, 159 Cal. App. 3d 1209, 206 Cal. Rptr. 259 (1984)

13-22

Appleby v. Daily Hampshire Gazette, 395 Mass. 32, 478 N.E.2d 721, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2372 (1985)

5-106, 6-8, 7-13, 16-46

====== TOC-12 ======

Appleyard v. Transamerican Press, Inc., 539 F.2d 1026 (4th Cir. 1976)

10-51

April v. Reflector-Herald, Inc., 46 Ohio App. 3d 95, 546 N.E.2d 466, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2455 (1988)

7-57

Aquino v. Bulletin Co., 190 Pa. Super. 528, 154 A.2d 422 (1959)

12-55, 12-58, 12-60, 12-67

Arctic Co., Ltd. v. Loudoun Times Mirror, 624 F.2d 518, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1433 (4th Cir. 1980), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 1102 (1981)

5-15, 5-41

Ariz. Biochemical Co. v. Hearst Corp., 302 F. Supp. 412 (S.D.N.Y. 1969)

5-92

Armenian Assembly of Am., Inc. v. Cafesjian, 597 F. Supp. 2d 128 (D.D.C. 2009)

2-74, 2-75, 2-89, 2-93

Armistead v. Minor, 815 So. 2d 1189, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2369 (Miss. 2002)

2-82

Armstrong v. H&C Commc’ns, Inc., 575 So. 2d 280, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1845 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1991)

13-53

Armstrong v. Simon & Schuster, Inc., 85 N.Y.2d 373, 649 N.E.2d 825, 625 N.Y.S.2d 477, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1532 (1995)

2-23, 2-73, 4-60

Army Times Publ’g Co. v. Watts, 730 F.2d 1398, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1774 (11th Cir. 1984)

15-21

Arnheiter v. Random House, Inc., 578 F.2d 804, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1174 (9th Cir. 1978)

5-8, 5-14

Arno v. Stewart, 245 Cal. App. 2d 955, 54 Cal. Rptr. 392 (1966)

2-10, 5-117

Arnold v. Air Midwest, Inc., 877 F. Supp. 1452 (D. Kan. 1995)

8-56

Arnold v. Sharpe, 296 N.C. 533, 251 S.E.2d 452 (1979)

2-130

AroChem Int’l, Inc. v. Buirkle, 968 F.2d 266 (2d Cir. 1992)

15-56

====== TOC-13 ======

Aronson v. Kinsella, 58 Cal. App. 4th 254, 68 Cal. Rptr. 2d 305 (1997)

8-11, 8-12

Aronson v. Wiersma, 65 N.Y.2d 592, 483 N.E.2d 1138, 493 N.Y.S.2d 1006 (1985)

2-136

Aroonsakul v. Shannon, 279 Ill. App. 3d 345, 664 N.E.2d 1094, 216 Ill. Dec. 166 (1996)

2-145, 12-17

Arrington v. N.Y. Times Co., 55 N.Y.2d 433, 434 N.E.2d 1319, 449 N.Y.S.2d 941, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1351 (1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 1146 (1983)

12-99, 12-100, 12-101

Arrington v. Palmer, 971 P.2d 669 (Colo. Ct. App. 1998)

4-31

Arroyo v. Rosen, 102 Md. App. 101, 648 A.2d 1074 (Ct. Spec. App. 1994)

5-88, 8-36, 12-40

Arsenault v. Allegheny Airlines, Inc., 485 F. Supp. 1373 (D. Mass.), aff’d without opinion, 636 F.2d 1199 (1st Cir. 1980), cert. denied, 454 U.S. 821 (1981)

2-100

Arthur v. Offit, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21946, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1508 (E.D. Va. 2010)

16-7

A.S. Abell Co. v. Barnes, 258 Md. 56, 265 A.2d 207 (1970), cert. denied, 403 U.S. 921 (1971)

5-28

A.S. Abell Co. v. Kirby, 227 Md. 267, 176 A.2d 340, 90 A.L.R.2d 1264 (1961)

4-4, 4-42, 4-48, 4-61, 4-69

Asahi Metal Indus. Co. v. Superior Court, 480 U.S. 102 (1987)

15-17, 15-37

Ascherman v. Natanson, 23 Cal. App. 3d 861, 100 Cal. Rptr. 656 (1972)

8-41

Ashby v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 802 F.2d 856, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1416 (6th Cir. 1986)

16-44

====== TOC-14 ======

Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937 (2009)

2-64, 2-65, 2-93, 5-4, 16-6, 16-7

Ashton v. Commonwealth, 405 S.W.2d 562 (Ky. 1965), rev’d on other grounds, 384 U.S. 195 (1966)

5-81

Ashton v. Kentucky, 384 U.S. 195 (1966)

3-4

Ashton-Blair v. Merrill, 187 Ariz. 315, 928 P.2d 1244 (Ct. App. 1996)

8-2

Associated Press v. Cook, 17 S.W.3d 447, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2065 (Tex. Ct. App. 2000)

4-27, 8-30

Astro Music, Inc. v. Eastham, 564 F.2d 1236 (9th Cir. 1977)

13-8, 13-21

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe R.R. v. Lopez, 216 Kan. 108, 531 P.2d 455 (1975)

12-60

Atkins v. Indus. Telecomms. Ass’n, Inc., 660 A.2d 885 (D.C. Ct. App. 1995)

2-94

Atkins v. Friedman, 374 N.Y.S.2d 11, 49 A.D.2d 852 (1st Dep’t 1975)

5-30

Atkinson v. Affronti, 369 Ill. App. 3d 828, 861 N.E.2d 251, 308 Ill. Dec. 186 (2006)

8-12

Atkinson v. Equitable Life Assurance Soc’y, 519 F.2d 1112 (5th Cir. 1975)

10-41

Atkinson v. John E. Doherty & Co., 121 Mich. 372, 80 N.W. 285 (1899)

12-8

Atkinson v. McLaughlin, 343 F. Supp. 2d 868 (D.N.D. 2004)

3-15, 15-34

Atkinson v. McLaughlin, 462 F. Supp. 2d 1038 (D.N.D. 2006)

2-105, 7-7, 7-8

Atlanta Humane Soc’y v. Harkins, 278 Ga. 451, 603 S.E.2d 289 (2004)

16-19

Atlanta Humane Soc’y v. Mills, 274 Ga. App. 159, 618 S.E.2d 18 (2005)

2-147

Atlanta Journal-Constitution v. Jewell, 251 Ga. App. 808, 555 S.E.2d 175, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2537 (2001), cert. denied, 537 U.S. 814 (2002)

5-33, 14-16

Atlas Food Sys. & Servs., Inc. v. Crane Nat’l, 99 F.3d 587 (4th Cir. 1996)

10-18

====== TOC-15 ======

Audition Div., Ltd. v. Better Bus. Bureau, 120 Ill. App. 3d 254, 458 N.E.2d 115, 75 Ill. Dec. 947, 50 A.L.R.4th 733 (1983)

9-24

Auersberg v. von Bulow, 811 F.2d 136, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2041 (2d Cir.)

14-4

Ault v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1657 (D. Or. 1986), aff’d, 860 F.2d 877, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2205 (9th Cir. 1988), cert. denied, 489 U.S. 1080 (1989)

4-10, 12-18, 12-85, 13-55, 13-57

Austin v. Crystaltech Web Hosting, 211 Ariz. 569, 125 P.3d 389 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2005)

7-11, 8-53, 15-37

Austin v. Howard Univ., 267 F. Supp. 2d 22 (D.D.C. 2003)

2-94

Austin v. Inet Techs., Inc., 118 S.E.3d 491 (Tex. Ct. App. 2003)

2-99

Austin v. Neal, 933 F. Supp. 444 (E.D. Pa. 1996)

13-68, 13-69

Auvil v. CBS “60 Minutes,” 800 F. Supp. 928, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1361 (E.D. Wash. 1992)

7-4, 7-9, 13-13, 15-45

Auvil v. CBS “60 Minutes,” 836 F. Supp. 740, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2059 (E.D. Wash. 1993), aff’d on other grounds, 67 F.3d 816, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2454 (9th Cir. 1995), cert. denied, 517 U.S. 1167 (1996)

3-25, 4-45, 13-13, 16-42

Averitt v. Rozier, 119 N.C. App. 216, 458 S.E.2d 26 (1995)

9-47

Aversa v. United States, 99 F.3d 1200, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1033 (1st Cir. 1996)

8-28

Aviation Charter, Inc. v. Aviation Research Grp./US, 416 F.3d 864 (8th Cir. 2005)

4-18, 4-30, 4-52

Avins v. White, 627 F.2d 637 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 982 (1980)

5-52

====== TOC-16 ======

Axelrod v. Califano, 357 So. 2d 1048 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1978)

9-21

Ayala v. Washington, 679 A.2d 1057 (D.C. 1996)

3-8, 3-12, 6-26, 10-24, 10-27

Ayash v. Dana-Farber Cancer Inst., 443 Mass. 367, 822 N.E.2d 667, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1513 (2005)

10-51, 14-31, 14-32

Ayers v. Lee Enters., Inc., 277 Or. 527, 561 P.2d 998, 86 A.L.R.3d 72 (1977)

12-61

B

B., Inc. v. Miller Brewing Co., 663 F.2d 545 (5th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 498 U.S. 817 (1990)

15-43

Babb v. Minder, 806 F.2d 749 (7th Cir. 1986)

2-72, 10-12

Bach v. First Union Nat’l Bank, 149 Fed. Appx. 354 (6th Cir. 2005)

10-45

Bachchan v. India Abroad Publ’ns Inc., 585 N.Y.S.2d 661, 154 Misc. 2d 228, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1051 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1992)

15-64

Badri v. Huron Hosp., 691 F. Supp. 2d 744 (N.D. Ohio 2010)

8-54

Baggett v. Bullitt, 377 U.S. 360 (1964)

12-32

Bagley v. Iowa Beef Processors, Inc., 797 F.2d 632, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1113 (8th Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1088 (1987)

6-22

Bagwell v. Peninsula Reg’l Med. Ctr., 106 Md. App. 470, 665 A.2d 297 (1995)

12-17

Bahr v. Ettinger, 88 Or. App. 419, 745 P.2d 807 (1987)

3-18

Bailey v. Dell Publ’g Co., 790 F. Supp. 101, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1257 (W.D. Pa.), aff’d, 983 F.2d 1049 (3d Cir. 1992)

5-100, 7-22

====== TOC-17 ======

Bailey v. Gulf Ins. Co., 389 F.2d 889 (10th Cir. 1968)

10-32

Bailey v. Turbine Design, Inc., 86 F. Supp. 2d 790 (W.D. Tenn. 2000)

15-34

Bair v. Palm Beach Newspapers, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2028 (Fla. Cir. Ct. 1982), aff’d, 444 So. 2d 1131, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1624 (Dist. Ct. App. 1984)

7-56

Baird v. Roussin, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1555 (D. Mass. 1980)

4-32, 5-77

Baker v. Charles, 919 F. Supp. 41 (D. Me. 1996)

8-32, 9-45

Baker v. F&F Inv., 470 F.2d 778 (2d Cir. 1972), cert. denied, 411 U.S. 966 (1973)

14-15, 14-30

Baker v. L.A. Herald Examiner, 42 Cal. 3d 254, 721 P.2d 87, 228 Cal. Rptr. 206, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1159 (1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1032 (1987)

4-10, 4-63, 16-32

Baker v. Lafayette Coll., 516 Pa. 291, 532 A.2d 399 (1987)

2-27

Baker v. Tremco Inc., 917 N.E.2d 650 (Ind. 2009)

2-115

Baker v. Vantage Parts, Inc., 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3504 (D. Or. 1997)

2-104

Balabanoff v. Fossani, 192 Misc. 615, 81 N.Y.S.2d 732 (Kings Cnty. 1948)

7-9

Balboa Island Vill. Inn, Inc. v. Lemen, 40 Cal. 4th 1141, 57 Cal. Rptr. 3d 320, 156 P.3d 339 (2007)

10-62

Balderman v. Am. Broad. Cos., 292 A.D.2d 67, 738 N.Y.S.2d 462, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1729 (4th Dep’t 2002)

4-51, 13-57

Balderre v. Beeman, 837 S.W.2d 309 (Mo. Ct. App. 1992)

2-32, 2-115

Baldine v. Sharon Herald Co., 280 F. Supp. 440 (W.D. Pa. 1966), aff’d, 391 F.2d 703 (3d Cir. 1968)

4-69

Ball v. D’Lites Enters., 65 So. 3d 637 (Fla. Ct. App. 2011)

8-15

Ball v. E.W. Scripps Co., 801 S.W.2d 684, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1545 (Ky. 1990), cert. denied, 499 U.S. 976 (1991)

5-81, 5-85, 16-58

====== TOC-18 ======

Ball v. Taylor, 416 F.3d 915 (8th Cir. 2005)

2-154

Ballard v. Wagner, 2005 ME 86, 877 A.2d 1083 (2005)

2-129, 4-28, 4-30, 5-14

Bals v. Verduzco, Inc., 600 N.E.2d 1353 (Ind. 1992)

2-99, 2-100, 2-101, 2-102, 9-24, 9-26, 9-27, 9-41, 9-45

B&A Marine Co. v. Am. Foreign Shipping Co., 23 F.3d 709 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 961 (1994)

8-35, 8-61

Bandelin v. Pietsch, 98 Idaho 337, 563 P.2d 395, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1600, cert. denied, 434 U.S. 891 (1977)

5-39, 5-63, 5-96, 7-24, 16-41

Bander v. Metro. Life Ins. Co., 313 Mass. 337, 47 N.E.2d 595 (1943)

2-11

Bandido’s, Inc. v. Journal Gazette Co., 575 N.E.2d 324, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1178 (Ind. Ct. App. 1991), corrected at 575 N.E.2d 324, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1479 (Ind. Ct. App. 1991), aff’d on relevant ground, 712 N.E.2d 446, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2089 (Ind.), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1005, 528 U.S. 1005 (1999)

1-29, 5-110

Bank of Am. Nev. v. Bourdeau, 982 P.2d 474 (Nev. 1999)

9-9

Bank of Or. v. Indep. News, Inc., 298 Or. 434, 693 P.2d 35, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1313, cert. denied, 474 U.S. 826 (1985)

5-40, 5-42, 5-46, 5-47, 6-4, 6-6

Banks v. King Features Syndicate, Inc., 30 F. Supp. 352 (S.D.N.Y. 1930)

12-57

Bannum, Inc. v. Citizens for a Safe Ward Five, 383 F. Supp. 2d 32 (D.D.C. 2005)

5-31

Bantam Books, Inc. v. Sullivan, 372 U.S. 58 (1963)

1-42, 5-129, 10-4, 10-59

Banville v. Schmidt, 37 Cal. App. 3d 92, 112 Cal. Rptr. 126 (1974)

13-62, 13-63

====== TOC-19 ======

Bar-Meir v. Walker, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7850 (D. Minn. 2002)

15-9

Barakat v. Matz, 271 Ill. App. 3d 662, 648 N.E.2d 1033, 208 Ill. Dec. 111 (1995)

2-18

Baravati v. Josephthal Lyon & Ross, Inc., 834 F. Supp. 1023 (N.D. Ill. 1993), aff’d, 28 F.3d 704 (7th Cir. 1994)

8-38, 8-39, 8-57, 9-15

Barber v. Daly, 185 A.D.2d 567, 586 N.Y.S.2d 398 (3d Dep’t 1992)

2-89

Barber v. Time, Inc., 348 Mo. 1199, 159 S.W.2d 291 (1942)

12-44, 12-57, 12-68, 12-72, 12-74, 12-92, 12-96

Barbieri v. News-Journal Co., 56 Del. 67, 189 A.2d 773 (1963)

12-8, 12-54, 12-59, 12-60, 12-64

Barden v. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 863 F. Supp. 41, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2343 (D. Mass. 1994)

13-65

Barge v. Ransom, 30 S.W.3d 889, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2566 (Mo. Ct. App. 2000)

8-41

Barger v. Courier-Journal & Louisville Times Co., 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1189 (Ky. Ct. App. 1991)

12-36

Barger v. Playboy Enters., Inc., 564 F. Supp. 1151, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1656 (N.D. Cal. 1983), aff’d, 732 F.2d 163, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1527 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 469 U.S. 853 (1984)

2-152, 2-156, 5-104

Barker v. Huang, 610 A.2d 1341 (Del. 1992)

13-57

Barkhorn v. Adlib Assocs., Inc., 203 F. Supp. 121 (D. Haw. 1962)

13-5, 13-21

Barlow v. Int’l Harvester Co., 95 Idaho 881, 522 P.2d 1102 (1974)

3-27

Barlow v. Sipes, 744 N.E.2d 1 (Ind. Ct. App. 2001)

10-59

====== TOC-20 ======

Bar-Meir v. Walker, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7850 (D. Minn. 2002)

15-9

Barnako v. Foto Kirsch, Ltd., 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2373 (D.D.C. 1987)

12-83

Barnes v. Horan, 841 So. 2d 472 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2002)

4-49, 4-51

Barnes v. Yahoo!, Inc., 570 F.3d 1096, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1705 (9th Cir. 2009)

2-90, 7-11, 8-54, 12-74

Barnett v. Denver Publ’g Co., 36 P.3d 145 (Colo. Ct. App. 2001), cert. denied, 535 U.S. 1056 (2002)

3-15

Barnett v. Denver Publ’g Co., 2001 Colo. LEXIS 1015 (Colo. Ct. App. 2001)

16-5

Barnett v. Hitching Post Lodge, Inc., 101 Ariz. 488, 421 P.2d 507 (1966)

13-16, 13-17

Barnette v. Wilson, 706 So. 2d 1164 (Ala. 1997)

2-111

Barnhart v. Paisano Publ’ns, LLC, 457 F. Supp. 2d 590, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2574 (D. Md. 2006)

12-42

Barr v. Matteo, 360 U.S. 564 (1959)

1-7, 8-4, 8-25, 8-32, 8-33, 8-34, 8-44, 8-46, 8-47, 8-50

Barr v. S. Bell Tel. & Tel. Co., 13 N.C. App. 388, 185 S.E.2d 714 (1972)

12-74

Barreca v. Nickolas, 683 N.W.2d 111 (Iowa 2004)

2-115, 5-76, 9-43, 9-56

Barres v. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., 131 N.J. Super. 371, A.2d 38 (1974), aff’d, 141 N.J. Super. 563, 359 A.2d 501 (1976), aff’d, 716 N.J. 461, 378 A.2d 1148 (1977)

7-6

Barrett v. Baylor, 457 F.2d 119 (7th Cir. 1972)

13-66

Barrett v. Catacomb Press, 64 F. Supp. 2d 440, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2493 (E.D. Pa. 1999)

2-106

Barrett v. Harrington, 130 F.3d 246 (6th Cir. 1997), cert. denied, 523 U.S. 1075 (1998)

8-3

====== TOC-21 ======

Barrett v. Intelisoft Multimedia, Inc., 343 Ill. App. 3d 1184, 799 N.E.2d 916, 279 Ill. Dec. 113 (2003)

7-10, 8-53

Barrett v. Rosenthal, 40 Cal. 4th 33, 146 P.3d 510, 51 Cal. Rptr. 3d 55 (2006)

7-10, 7-11, 8-53

Barry v. Time, Inc., 584 F. Supp. 1110, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1809 (N.D. Cal. 1984)

5-16, 5-38, 7-3, 7-55

Barry Harlem Corp. v. Kraff, 273 Ill. App. 3d 388, 652 N.E.2d 1077, 210 Ill. Dec. 101 (1995)

2-127

Bartimo v. Horsemen’s Benevolent Ass’n, 771 F.2d 894, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1567 (5th Cir. 1985)

16-62

Bartnicki v. Vopper, 532 U.S. 514 (2001)

12-98

Barto v. Felix, 250 Pa. Super. 262, 378 A.2d 927 (1977)

8-17

Bartow v. Smith, 149 Ohio St. 301, 37 Ohio Op. 10, 78 N.E.2d 735, 15 A.L.R.2d 94 (1948)

2-45

Basarich v. Rodeghero, 24 Ill. App. 3d 889, 321 N.E.2d 739 (1974)

5-16

Bass v. Planned Mgmt. Servs., 761 P.2d 566 (Utah 1988)

13-21, 13-22

Bates v. City of Little Rock, 361 U.S. 516 (1960)

14-38

Bates v. State Bar, 433 U.S. 350, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2097 (1977)

5-130, 13-29

Batson v. Shiflett, 325 Md. 684, 602 A.2d 1191 (1992)

5-75, 5-86, 5-87, 5-90

Batson v. Time, Inc., 298 So. 2d 100 (La. Ct. App. 1974)

16-36

Battaglia v. Adams, 164 So. 2d 195 (Fla. 1964)

12-22

Batzel v. Smith, 333 F.3d 1018 (9th Cir. 2003), cert. denied, 541 U.S. 1085 (2004)

7-11, 8-53, 8-65, 16-16, 16-70

====== TOC-22 ======

Bauer v. Ford Motor Credit Co., 149 F. Supp. 2d 1106 (D. Minn. 2001)

12-92

Bauer v. Gannett Co., 557 N.W.2d 608 (Minn. Ct. App. 1997)

14-17, 14-19, 14-26

Bauer v. Murphy, 191 Wis. 2d 518, 530 N.W.2d 1 (Ct. App. 1995)

2-48, 2-117

Bauer v. State of Minnesota, 511 N.W.2d 447 (Minn. 1994)

8-38, 9-5

Baugh v. CBS, Inc., 828 F. Supp. 745, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2065 (N.D. Cal. 1993)

12-45, 12-55, 12-57, 12-83, 12-96, 16-30

Bausewine v. Norristown Herald, Inc., 351 Pa. 634, 41 A.2d 736, cert. denied, 326 U.S. 724 (1945)

4-73

Bavarian Motor Works Ltd. v. Manchester, 61 Misc. 2d 309, 305 N.Y.S.2d 593 (N.Y. Cnty. 1969)

5-46

Baxter, In re, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26001, 2001 WL 34806203 (W.D. La. Dec. 20, 2001)

14-39

Baxter v. Scott, 847 So. 2d 225 (La. Ct. App. 2003)

16-18

Bay View Packing Co. v. Taff, 198 Wis. 2d 654, 543 N.W.2d 522, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1289 (Ct. App. 1995)

5-38, 5-39, 5-64

Beach Aircraft Corp. v. Nat’l Aviation Underwriters, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1401 (D. Kan. 1984)

5-46

Beacon Journal Publ’g Co. v. Landsdowne, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1094 (Ohio Ct. Com. Pl. 1984)

11-8

Beamer v. Nishiki, 66 Haw. 572, 670 P.2d 1264, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1171 (1983)

2-32, 16-26

Beary v. W. Publ’g Co., 763 F.2d 66, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2114 (2d Cir. 1985)

7-41

Beasley v. St. Mary’s Hosp., 200 Ill. App. 3d 1024, 558 N.E.2d 677, 142 Ill. Dec. 232 (1989)

4-17

Beattie v. Fleet Nat’l Bank, 746 A.2d 717 (R.I. 2000)

4-18, 4-29, 4-31, 4-49, 4-51, 4-58

Beauharnais v. Illinois, 343 U.S. 250 (1952)

3-4

====== TOC-23 ======

Beauharnais v. Pittsburgh Courier Publ’g Co., 243 F.2d 705 (7th Cir. 1957)

2-22, 2-44, 4-42, 4-52, 4-69, 4-72, 4-73

Beaumont v. Brown, 401 Mich. 80, 257 N.W.2d 522 (1977)

12-9, 12-39, 12-58, 12-67

Beauvoir v. Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Med. Ctr., 137 Ill. App. 3d 294, 484 N.E.2d 841, 92 Ill. Dec. 110 (1985)

9-5

Bebo v. Delander, 632 N.W.2d 732 (Minn. Ct. App. 2001)

2-47

Beck v. Lone Star Broad. Co., 970 S.W.2d 610, 1998 Tex. App. LEXIS 2059 (Tex. Ct. App. 1998)

5-9

Beck v. Tribert, 312 N.J. Super. 335, 711 A.2d 951 (1998)

8-60

Becker v. Clardy, __ S.W.3d __, 2011 Tex. App. LEXIS 10138 (Tex. Ct. App. 2011)

4-75

Becker v. Kroll, 494 F.3d 904 (10th Cir. 2007)

8-62, 9-33

Becker v. Zellner, 292 Ill. App. 3d 116, 684 N.E.2d 1378, 226 Ill. Dec. 175 (1997)

13-7

Beckley Newspapers Corp. v. Hanks, 389 U.S. 81 (1967)

1-7, 1-26, 1-31, 5-101

Beckman v. Dunn, 276 Pa. Super. 527, 419 A.2d 583 (1980)

9-37

Beeching v. Nat’l Educ. Ass’n, 764 N.E.2d 669 (Ind. Ct. App. 2002)

5-9

Beedle v. Wilson, 422 F.3d 1059 (10th Cir. 2005)

2-164, 10-73

Beekmans v. J.P. Morgan & Co., 945 F. Supp. 90 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

15-41

Behrendt v. Times-Mirror Co., 30 Cal. App. 2d 77, 90, 85 P.2d 949 (1938)

10-2, 10-40

Behrens v. Pelletier, 516 U.S. 299 (1996)

8-64

Belcher v. Little, 315 N.W.2d 734 (Iowa 1982)

2-94, 2-96

====== TOC-24 ======

Belcher v. Schilling, 349 So. 2d 185 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1977), cert. denied, 358 So. 2d 128 (Fla. 1978)

9-29

Belcher v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 211 W. Va. 712, 568 S.E.2d 19 (2002)

8-19

Bell, Ex parte, 978 So. 2d 33 (Ala. 2007)

3-5

Bell v. Associated Press, 584 F. Supp. 128, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1489 (D.D.C. 1984)

5-29, 7-22

Bell v. Courier-Journal & Louisville Times Co., 402 S.W.2d 84 (Ky. 1966)

3-18, 12-47, 12-59

Bell v. Nat’l Republican Cong. Comm., 187 F. Supp. 2d 605 (S.D. W. Va. 2002)

2-55, 5-43

Bell v. Rogers, 698 So. 2d 749 (La. Ct. App. 1997)

2-100

Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007)

2-64, 2-65, 2-93, 5-4, 16-6, 16-7

Bellamy v. Arno Press, Inc., 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1420 (E.D.N.C. 1982)

5-13

Bellemead, LLC v. Stoker, 280 Ga. 635, 631 S.E.2d 693 (2006)

2-128

Belli v. Orlando Daily Newspapers, Inc., 389 F.2d 579 (5th Cir. 1967), cert. denied, 393 U.S. 825 (1968)

10-10

Belli v. Roberts Bros. Furs, 240 Cal. App. 2d 284, 49 Cal. Rptr. 625 (1966)

2-102

Belmonte v. Rubin, 68 Ill. App. 3d 700, 386 N.E.2d 904, 25 Ill. Dec. 430, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2248 (1979)

2-149

Ben Ezra, Weinstein & Co. v. Am. Online, Inc., 206 F.3d 980, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2185 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 531 U.S. 824 (2000)

8-53

Benassi v. Ga.-Pac., 62 Or. App. 698, 662 P.2d 760, modified, 63 Or. App. 672, 667 P.2d 532 (1983)

10-48

Benavidez v. Anheuser-Busch, Inc., 873 F.2d 102, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1733 (5th Cir. 1989)

12-11

Bencomo v. Morgan, 210 So. 2d 236 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1968)

8-23

Bender v. City of Seattle, 99 Wash. 2d 582, 664 P.2d 492, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2101 (1983)

9-33, 9-39, 9-47, 9-55

====== TOC-25 ======

Benjamin v. Cowles Publ’g Co., 37 Wash. App. 916, 684 P.2d 739, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1970 (1984)

2-53

Bennett v. Computer Assocs. Int’l, 932 S.W.2d 595 (Tex. Ct. App. 1996)

8-14

Bennett Enters., Inc. v. Domino’s Pizza, Inc., 45 F.3d 493 (D.C. Cir. 1995)

13-39

Ben-Oliel v. Press Publ’g Co., 251 N.Y. 250, 167 N.E. 432 (1929)

2-62, 2-77, 2-134

Benson v. Hall, 339 So. 2d 570 (Miss. 1976)

9-20

Bensusan Rest. Corp. v. King, 937 F. Supp. 295 (S.D.N.Y. 1996), aff’d, 126 F.3d 25 (2d Cir. 1997)

15-34, 15-35

Bentkowski v. Scene Magazine, 637 F.3d 689, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1654 (6th Cir. 2011)

4-29

Bentley v. Bunton, 94 S.W.3d 561 (Tex. 2002)

3-15, 5-72, 5-85

Benz v. Wash. Newspaper Publ’g Co., LLC, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 71827, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2368 (D.D.C. 2006)

2-32, 12-41, 12-57

Beresky v. Teschner, 64 Ill. App. 3d 848, 21 Ill. Dec. 532, 381 N.E.2d 979, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1919 (1978)

2-149, 2-157, 12-55, 12-68

Berg v. Minneapolis Star & Tribune Co., 79 F. Supp. 957 (D. Minn. 1948)

12-55, 12-59

Berger v. Gilbert, 65 A.D.2d 882, 410 N.Y.S.2d 427 (1978)

9-20

Bergman v. Hupy, 64 Wis. 2d 747, 221 N.W.2d 898 (1974)

9-9

Berkery v. Estate of Lyle Stuart, 412 N.J. Super. 76, 988 A.2d 1201, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1465

5-53

Berkery v. Kinney, 397 N.J. Super. 222, 936 A.2d 1010 (App. Div. 2007)

5-32, 5-48

Berkey v. Delia, 287 Md. 302, 413 A.2d 170 (1980)

16-40

====== TOC-26 ======

Berkos v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 161 Ill. App. 3d 476, 515 N.E.2d 668, 113 Ill. Dec. 683, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1833 (1987)

2-34

Berlin v. E.C. Publ’ns, Inc., 329 F.2d 541 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 379 U.S. 822 (1964)

2-60, 5-121

Bernson v. Browning-Ferris Indus. of Cal., 7 Cal. 4th 926, 873 P.2d 613, 30 Cal. Rptr. 2d 440, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2065 (1994)

2-105, 2-107

Bernstein v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 129 F. Supp. 817 (D.D.C. 1955), aff’d, 232 F.2d 369 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 352 U.S. 945 (1956)

12-8, 12-41, 12-55, 12-63, 12-64, 12-68, 12-76

Beroiz v. Tonywahl, 84 Cal. App. 4th 485, 100 Cal. Rptr. 2d 905 (2000)

8-19, 8-20

Berry v. Moench, 8 Utah 2d 191, 331 P.2d 814, 73 A.L.R.2d 315 (1958)

9-32

Berry v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 480 F.2d 428 (8th Cir. 1973), cert. dismissed, 418 U.S. 911 (1974)

12-17

Berry v. N.Y. Ins. Co., 210 Ala. 369, 98 So. 290 (1923)

2-90

Berryhill v. Ga. Cmty. Support & Solutions, Inc., 281 Ga. 439, 638 S.E.2d 278 (2006)

16-19

Bertotti v. Philbeck, Inc., 827 F. Supp. 1005 (S.D. Ga. 1993)

9-10

Bertsch v. Commc’ns Workers of Am., Local 4302, 101 Ohio App. 3d 186, 655 N.E.2d 243 (1995)

5-134

Bertsch v. Duemeland, 2002 ND 32, 639 N.W.2d 455 (2002)

2-21, 2-74

Best Van Lines v. Walker, 490 F.3d 239 (2d Cir. 2007)

15-8, 15-9, 15-12

Best W. Int’l, Inc. v. Doe, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 56014, 2006 WL 2091695 (D. Ariz. July 25, 2006)

14-39, 14-41

Bettinger v. Field Container Co., 221 Wis. 2d 221, 584 N.W.2d 233 (Ct. App. 1998)

2-95

====== TOC-27 ======

Beuster v. Equifax Info. Servs., 435 F. Supp. 2d 471 (D. Md. 2006)

9-23

Beverley v. Choices Women’s Med. Ctr., 78 N.Y.2d 745, 587 N.E.2d 275, 579 N.Y.S.2d 637, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1724 (1991)

12-99

Beverly v. Powers, 666 So. 2d 806 (Miss. 1995)

8-61

Beverly Enters., Inc. v. Trump, 182 F.3d 183 (3d Cir. 1999), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1078 (2000)

2-15, 2-45, 2-74, 2-115, 2-124

Beverly Hills Foodland, Inc. v. United Food & Commercial Workers Union, 39 F.3d 191 (8th Cir. 1994)

2-53, 5-134, 13-41, 13-42

Beyl v. Capper Publ’ns, Inc., 180 Kan. 525, 305 P.2d 817 (1957)

2-44

Bichler v. Union Bank & Trust Co., 745 F.2d 1006, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2393 (6th Cir. 1984)

12-26

Bickel v. Mackie, 447 F. Supp. 1376 (N.D. Iowa), aff’d, 590 F.2d 341 (8th Cir. 1978)

13-66

Bickling v. Kent Gen. Hosp., Inc., 872 F. Supp. 1299 (D. Del. 1994)

2-93, 2-96, 9-39, 9-44

Bigelow v. Virginia, 421 U.S. 809 (1975)

5-130

Bihari v. Gross, 119 F. Supp. 2d 309 (S.D.N.Y. 2000)

10-58, 10-59, 10-60, 13-34

Billiot v. B.P. Oil Co., 645 So. 2d 604 (La. 1994)

10-10

Bilney v. Evening Star Newspaper Co., 43 Md. App. 560, 406 A.2d 652, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1931 (1979)

12-48

Biltcliffe v. Hailey’s Harbor, Inc., 2005 Tenn. App. LEXIS 676 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2005)

2-75

Binder v. Or. Bank, 284 Or. 89, 585 P.2d 655 (1978)

8-23

Binder v. Triangle Publ’ns, Inc., 442 Pa. 319, 275 A.2d 53 (1971)

7-20, 7-35, 7-39, 7-41

====== TOC-28 ======

Bindrim v. Mitchell, 92 Cal. App. 3d 61, 155 Cal. Rptr. 29, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1113, cert. denied, 444 U.S. 984 (1979)

2-61, 2-62, 2-160, 2-163, 4-31, 4-64, 5-76, 5-101, 5-104, 5-112, 5-118, 5-119, 5-120

Bingham v. Struve, 184 A.D.2d 85, 591 N.Y.S.2d 156, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2226 (1st Dep’t 1992)

10-59, 10-60

Biospherics, Inc. v. Forbes, Inc., 151 F.3d 180 (4th Cir. 1998)

4-12, 4-20, 4-45

Bippes v. Hershey Chocolate U.S.A., 180 F.R.D. 386 (D. Or. 1998)

10-47

Birnbaum v. United States, 436 F. Supp. 967 (E.D.N.Y. 1977), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, 588 F.2d 319 (2d Cir. 1978)

12-93

Bisbee v. John C. Conover Agency, Inc., 186 N.J. Super. 335, 452 A.2d 689, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1298 (1982)

12-42

Bishop v. Latimer, [1882] 4 L.T. (N.S.) 775

2-41

Bishop v. N.Y. Times Co., 233 N.Y. 446, 135 N.E. 845 (1922)

2-51

Bishop v. Wometco Enters., Inc., 235 So. 2d 759 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App.), cert. denied, 240 So. 2d 813 (Fla. 1970)

5-10

Bitsie v. Walston, 85 N.M. 655, 515 P.2d 659 (Ct. App. 1973)

12-67

Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971)

8-3, 13-67

Black v. Cleveland Police Dep’t, 96 Ohio App. 3d 84, 644 N.E.2d 682 (1994), cert. denied, 514 U.S. 1115 (1995)

9-26

Blackburn v. Gengelbach, 873 So. 2d 713 (La. Ct. App. 2004)

2-20, 16-38

Blair v. Nev. Landing P’ship, RBG, LP, 307 Ill. Dec. 511, 369 Ill. App. 3d 318, 859 N.E.2d 1188, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1289 (2006)

12-89

Blair v. Walker, 64 Ill. 2d 1, 349 N.E.2d 385 (1976)

8-45

====== TOC-29 ======

Blakey v. Cont’l Airlines, Inc., 164 N.J. 38, 751 A.2d 538 (2000)

15-34, 15-35

Blanche v. First Nationwide Mortg. Corp., 74 S.W.3d 444 (Tex. Ct. App. 2002)

9-24

Bland v. Verser, 299 Ark. 490, 774 S.W.2d 124 (1989)

4-11

Blatty v. N.Y. Times Co., 42 Cal. 3d 1033, 232 Cal. Rptr. 542, 728 P.2d 1177, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1928 (1986), cert. denied, 485 U.S. 934 (1988)

2-141, 2-146, 12-5, 13-9, 13-12, 13-41, 13-56

Bleau v. Greater Lynn Mental Health & Retardation Ass’n, 371 F. Supp. 2d 1 (D. Mass. 2005)

2-66, 16-6

Bleich v. Ortiz, 196 Conn. 498, 493 A.2d 236 (1985)

9-53

Bloch v. Temple Univ., 939 F. Supp. 387 (E.D. Pa. 1996)

8-60

Block v. Benton, 44 Misc. 2d 1053, 255 N.Y.S.2d 767 (Sup. Ct. Sullivan Cnty. 1964)

2-137, 13-10

Block v. Gehring Publ’g Co., 180 N.Y.S. 194 (Sup. Ct. 1920)

2-48

Blouin v. Anton, 139 Vt. 618, 431 A.2d 489, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1714 (1981)

2-45

Blount v. T D Publ’g Corp., 77 N.M. 384, 423 P.2d 421 (1967)

12-66, 12-73

Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Ala., Ex parte, 773 So. 2d 475 (Ala. 2000)

9-2, 9-4, 9-29, 9-30, 9-38

Blue Ridge Bank v. Veribanc, Inc., 755 F.2d 371 (4th Cir. 1985)

15-31

Blue Ridge Bank v. Veribanc, Inc., 866 F.2d 681, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1122 (4th Cir. 1989)

2-110, 5-40, 5-46, 5-47, 5-50

Blumenthal v. Drudge, 992 F. Supp. 44, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1717 (D.D.C. 1998)

7-11, 8-53, 14-4, 15-12, 15-35

BMW of N. Am. v. Gore, 517 U.S. 559 (1996)

10-17, 10-18, 10-19

====== TOC-30 ======

BMW of N. Am. v. Gore, 701 So. 2d 507 (Ala. 1997)

10-20, 10-21

Bd. of Educ. v. Farmingdale Classroom Teachers Ass’n, 38 N.Y.2d 397, 343 N.E.2d 278, 380 N.Y.S.2d 635 (1975)

13-45

Bd. of Regents of the Univ. of Minn. v. Reid, 522 N.W.2d 344 (Minn. Ct. App. 1994)

8-44

Bochetto v. Gibson, 580 Pa. 245, 860 A.2d 67, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2474 (2004)

8-16

Bock v. Plainfield Courier-News, 45 N.J. Super. 302, 132 A.2d 523 (1957)

7-37, 10-10, 11-14

Bodah v. Lakeville Motor Express, Inc., 663 N.W.2d 550, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1884 (Minn. 2003) 663 N.W.2d 554

12-17, 12-36, 12-37, 12-39

Boddie v. Am. Broad. Cos., 881 F.2d 267, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2038 (6th Cir. 1989), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 1028 (1990)

12-91

Boese v. Paramount Pictures Corp., 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1084, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12445 (N.D. Ill. 1994)

15-29

Boettger v. Loverro, 526 Pa. 510, 587 A.2d 712, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2017 (1991)

12-60

Bogash v. Elkins, 405 Pa. 437, 176 A.2d 677 (1962)

2-13

Boice v. Unisys Corp., 50 F.3d 1145 (2d Cir. 1995)

8-21, 8-43, 8-64, 8-65, 16-69

Bolger v. Youngs Drug Prods. Corp., 463 U.S. 60 (1983)

5-131

Bollea v. World Championship Wrestling, Inc., 271 Ga. App. 555, 610 S.E.2d 92, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1827 (2005)

5-121, 5-122, 5-124, 12-15

Bollow v. Fed. Reserve Bank, 650 F.2d 1093 (9th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 455 U.S. 948 (1982)

9-16

Bolton v. Dep’t of Human Servs., 540 N.W.2d 523 (Minn. Ct. App. 1995)

2-59, 13-60

Bon Air Hotel, Inc. v. Time, Inc., 426 F.2d 858 (5th Cir. 1970)

1-14, 2-30, 16-25, 16-30

====== TOC-31 ======

Bongiovi v. Sullivan, 138 P.3d 433 (Nev. 2006)

5-33, 5-41

Bonkowski v. Arlan’s Dep’t Store, 383 Mich. 90, 174 N.W.2d 765 (1970)

2-89

Bonner v. Griggs, 99 Or. App. 565, 783 P.2d 36, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1159 (1989)

2-74

Bono v. David, 147 Cal. App. 4th 1055, 54 Cal. Rptr. 3d 837 (2007)

10-68

Booth v. Colgate-Palmolive Co., 362 F. Supp. 343 (S.D.N.Y. 1973)

2-137

Booth v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 15 A.D.2d 343, 223 N.Y.S.2d 737 (1st Dep’t), aff’d, 11 N.Y.2d 907, 228 N.Y.S.2d 468, 182 N.E.2d 812 (1962)

12-86

Borawski v. Henderson, 265 F. Supp. 2d 475 (D.N.J. 2003)

8-28

Borden, Inc. v. Wallace, 570 S.W.2d 445 (Tex. Civ. App. 1978)

8-60

Border Collie Rescue, Inc. v. Ryan, 418 F. Supp. 2d 1330 (M.D. Fla. 2006)

13-7

Bordoni v. N.Y. Times Co., 400 F. Supp. 1223 (S.D.N.Y. 1975)

2-17, 2-72

Borg v. Boas, 231 F.2d 788 (9th Cir. 1956)

7-23

Borquez v. Robert C. Ozer, P.C., 923 P.2d 166 (Colo. Ct. App. 1995), rev’d on other grounds, 940 P.2d 371 (Colo. 1997)

12-39, 12-58

Borrell v. Weinstein Supply Corp., 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13741 (E.D. Pa. 1994)

2-65

Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc., 57 F.R.D. 528 (D. Mass. 1973)

13-21, 13-23

Bose Corp. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc., 529 F. Supp. 357 (D. Mass. 1981), rev’d on other grounds, 692 F.2d 189, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2391 (1st Cir. 1982), aff’d, 466 U.S. 485, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1625 (1984)

1-20, 1-46, 1-47, 1-48, 2-83, 4-3, 5-76, 5-77, 5-78, 5-82, 5-83, 5-86, 5-90, 5-91, 5-93, 5-110, 5-126, 10-42, 10-51, 12-5, 13-19, 13-28, 13-29, 16-34, 16-50, 16-52, 16-53, 16-54, 16-55, 16-58, 16-62, 16-63, 16-66, 16-67

====== TOC-32 ======

Bosley v. Home Box Office, Inc., 59 F. Supp. 2d 1147 (D. Kan. 1999)

6-3, 6-14

Boswell v. Phoenix Newspapers, Inc., 152 Ariz. 9, 730 P.2d 186, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1785 (1986)

11-13

Botchie v. O’Dowd, 315 S.C. 126, 432 S.E.2d 458 (1993)

5-10, 5-54

Boucher v. Valus, 6 Conn. Cir. 661, 298 A.2d 238 (1972)

13-62

Boule v. Hutton, 328 F.3d 84, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1793 (2d Cir. 2003)

13-7, 13-34

Bouley v. City of New Bedford, 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 30922 (D. Mass. 2005)

8-61

Boutsicaris v. Akron Gen. Med. Ctr., 1997 Ohio App. LEXIS 2041 (1997)

2-71

Bowerman v. Detroit Free Press, 287 Mich. 443, 283 N.W. 642, 120 A.L.R. 1230 (1939)

2-167

Bowes v. Magna Concepts, Inc., 166 A.D.2d 347, 561 N.Y.S.2d 16, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1303 (1st Dep’t 1990)

2-72

Bowie v. Murphy, 271 Va. 126, 624 S.E.2d 74 (2006)

4-77

Bowling v. Pow, 293 Ala. 178, 301 So. 2d 55 (1974)

2-133

Bowman v. Heller, 420 Mass. 517, 651 N.E.2d 369, cert. denied, 516 U.S. 1032 (1995)

5-29, 5-40, 5-70, 13-56

Boyles v. Kerr, 855 S.W.2d 593 (Tex. 1993)

13-62

Boyles v. Mid-Fla. Television Corp., 431 So. 2d 627, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1774 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1983), approved, 467 So. 2d 282 (1985)

13-57

Bozicevich v. Am. Airlines, Inc., 54 A.D.2d 542, 387 N.Y.S.2d 120 (1st Dep’t 1976)

3-14

Brackin v. Trimmier Law Firm, 897 So. 2d 207 (Ala. 2004)

2-100, 9-38

====== TOC-33 ======

Bradford v. Am. Media Operations, Inc., 882 F. Supp. 1508, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1941 (E.D. Pa. 1995)

2-103, 2-105, 7-5

Bradley v. Computer Scis. Corp., 643 F.2d 1029 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 454 U.S. 940 (1981)

9-32

Bradley v. Fisher, 80 U.S. 335 (1872)

8-8

Bradley v. Hartford Accident & Indem. Co., 30 Cal. App. 3d 818, 106 Cal. Rptr. 718 (1973)

8-8, 8-21

Brady v. Cox Enters., Inc., S.W.2d 272, 17 Media L. Rep. 1273 (Tex. Ct. App. 1989)

7-49

Brady v. Ottaway Newspapers, Inc., 84 A.D.2d 226, 445 N.Y.S.2d 786, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1671 (2d Dep’t 1981)

2-154

Brady v. Pace, 108 S.W.3d 54 (Mo. Ct. App. 2003)

2-154, 4-75

Brafman v. Houghton Mifflin Co., 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1354 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1984)

2-162

Bram v. M. Weingold & Co., 2000 Ohio App. LEXIS 1375 (Ohio Ct. App. 2000)

2-119

Brancaleone v. Mesagna, 290 A.D.2d 467, 736 N.Y.S.2d 685 (2d Dep’t 2002)

13-57

Brandreth v. Lance, 8 Paige N.Y. Chanc. 24 (1839)

10-58

Branson v. Fawcett Publ’ns, Inc., 124 F. Supp. 429 (E.D. Ill. 1954)

12-41

Brantley v. Heller, 101 Ga. App. 16, 112 S.E.2d 685 (1960)

2-94

Brantley v. Zantop Int’l Airlines, Inc., 617 F. Supp. 1032 (E.D. Mich. 1985)

2-100

Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665 (1972)

3-11, 14-13, 14-14, 14-15

Brasher v. Carr, 743 S.W.2d 674 (Tex. Ct. App. 1987), rev’d, 776 S.W.2d 567, 16 Media L. Rep. 1942 (Tex. 1989)

7-50

Bratt v. Int’l Bus. Machs. Corp., 392 Mass. 508, 467 N.E.2d 126 (1984)

9-40, 9-49, 12-11

====== TOC-34 ======

Brauer v. Globe Newspaper Co., 351 Mass. 53, 217 N.E.2d 736 (1966)

12-24, 12-41

Braun v. Armour Co., 254 N.Y. 514, 173 N.E. 845 (1930)

2-134

Braun v. Chronicle Publ’g Co., 52 Cal. App. 4th 1036, 61 Cal. Rptr. 2d 58, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1594 (1997)

10-72, 16-14

Braun v. Flynt, 726 F.2d 245, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1497 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 469 U.S. 883 (1984)

10-40, 10-41, 12-23

Braun v. Soldier of Fortune Magazine, Inc., 968 F.2d 1110, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1777 (11th Cir. 1992), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 1071 (1993)

13-65

Bray v. Providence Journal Co., 101 R.I. 111, 220 A.2d 531 (1966)

2-44

Brayton v. Crowell-Collier Publ’g Co., 205 F.2d 644 (2d Cir. 1953)

2-127

Brech v. Seacat, 84 S.D. 264, 170 N.W.2d 348 (1969)

8-9

Bremmer v. Journal-Tribune Publ’g Co., 247 Iowa 817, 76 N.W.2d 762 (1956)

12-9

Brennan v. Granite Equip. Leasing Corp., 60 A.D.2d 877, 401 N.Y.S.2d 275 (2d Dep’t 1978)

3-14

Brennan v. Kadner, 351 Ill. App. 3d 963, 814 N.E.2d 951, 286 Ill. Dec. 725 (2004)

4-36, 12-13

Brenton v. Metabolife Int’l, Inc., 116 Cal. App. 4th 679, 10 Cal. Rptr. 2d 702 (2004)

16-13

Bressler v. Fortune Magazine, 971 F.2d 1226, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1873 (6th Cir. 1992), cert. denied, 507 U.S. 973 (1993)

2-85, 3-15, 5-79, 5-88, 5-94, 5-108

Brewer v. Hearst Publ’g Co., 185 F.2d 846 (7th Cir. 1950)

2-127, 2-152, 4-66, 4-69, 4-71

Brewer v. Memphis Publ’g Co., 626 F.2d 1238, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2025 (5th Cir. 1980), cert. denied, 452 U.S. 962 (1981)

4-9, 5-48, 5-56, 5-68, 5-69, 15-11

====== TOC-35 ======

Brewer v. Rogers, 211 Ga. App. 343, 439 S.E.2d 77, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1180 (1993)

2-11, 5-9, 5-17

Brian v. Richardson, 87 N.Y.2d 46, 660 N.E.2d 1126, 637 N.Y.S.2d 347, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1543 (1995)

4-16, 4-26, 4-27, 4-33, 4-35, 7-61

Briarcliff Lodge Hotel, Inc. v. Citizen-Sentinel Publishers, Inc., 260 N.Y. 106, 183 N.E. 193 (1932)

3-26, 4-73

Bridges v. California, 314 U.S. 252 (1941)

1-13, 5-126

Briggs v. Eden Council for Hope & Opportunity, 19 Cal. 4th 1106, 969 P.2d 564, 81 Cal. Rptr. 2d 471 (1999)

16-10

Briggs v. Newton, 984 P.2d 1113 (Alaska 1999)

9-28, 9-45

Briggs v. Rosenthal, 73 N.C. App. 672, 327 S.E.2d 308 (1985)

13-52

Briggs & Stratton Corp. v. Nat’l Catholic Reporter, 978 F. Supp. 1195 (D. Wis. 1997)

4-75

Briscoe v. LaHue, 460 U.S. 325 (1983)

8-3

Briscoe v. Reader’s Digest Ass’n, 1 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1852 (C.D. Cal. 1972)

5-83, 11-10, 12-27, 12-41, 12-64, 12-65, 12-70

British Overseas Airways Corp. v. Tours & Travel of Houston, Inc., 568 S.W.2d 888 (Tex. Ct. Civ. App. 1978)

9-22

Britton v. Koep, 470 N.W.2d 518, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1208 (Minn. 1991)

5-12, 5-53, 5-70, 6-4

Britton v. Winfield Publ’g Library, 101 Ill. App. 3d 546, 428 N.E.2d 650, 57 Ill. Dec. 546 (1981)

2-73

Brocato v. Miss. Publishers Corp., 503 So. 2d 241, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2080 (Miss. 1987)

7-29, 11-7

Brock v. Thompson, 1997 OK 127, 948 P.2d 279 (1997)

2-153, 8-30, 8-31, 13-66

====== TOC-36 ======

Brockelesby v. United States, 767 F.2d 1288 (9th Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 474 U.S. 1101 (1986)

13-66

Brodsky v. Journal Publ’g Co., 73 S.D. 343, 42 N.W.2d 855 (1950)

2-127, 2-142

Brody v. Montalbano, 87 Cal. App. 3d 725, 151 Cal. Rptr. 206 (1978), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 844 (1979)

8-37, 12-73

Brogan v. Passaic Daily News, 22 N.J. 139, 123 A.2d 473 (1956)

11-8

Brooks v. Am. Broad. Cos., 932 F.2d 495, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2121 (6th Cir. 1991)

2-82

Brooks v. Am. Broad. Cos., 999 F.2d 167, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1756 (6th Cir. 1993)

6-7

Brooks v. Binderup, 39 Cal. App. 4th 1287, 46 Cal. Rptr. 2d 501 (1995)

8-24

Brooks v. Doherty, Rumble & Butler, 481 N.W.2d 120 (Minn. Ct. App. 1992)

9-55

Brooks v. Paige, 773 P.2d 1098, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2353 (Colo. Ct. App. 1988)

13-49, 13-57

Brooks v. Stone, 170 Ga. App. 457, 317 S.E.2d 277, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1517, aff’d, 253 Ga. 565, 322 S.E.2d 728 (1984)

2-52

Broome v. Biondi, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1431 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

2-88

Brown v. Blaine, 833 A.2d 1166 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2003)

15-42

Brown v. Boney, 46 N.C. App. 636, 255 S.E.2d 784, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1395 (1979)

12-17

Brown v. Coleman Co., 220 F.3d 1180 (10th Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 531 U.S. 1192 (2001)

10-69

Brown v. Collins, 402 F.2d 209 (D.C. Cir. 1968)

9-31

====== TOC-37 ======

Brown v. Courier Herald Publ’g Co., 700 F. Supp. 534, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2350 (S.D. Ga. 1988)

5-106, 7-13, 15-44

Brown v. Du Frey, 1 N.Y.2d 190, 134 N.E.2d 469, 151 N.Y.S.2d 649 (1956)

2-137

Brown v. Elec. Arts, Inc., 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 131387 (C.D. Cal. 2009)

12-90

Brown v. First Nat’l Bank of Mason City, 193 N.W.2d 547 (Iowa 1972)

2-111

Brown v. Gatti, 195 Or. App. 695, 99 P.3d 299, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2505 (2004)

8-15, 14-23

Brown v. Gatti, 341 Or. 452, 145 P.3d 130, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1001 (2006)

2-22, 2-75, 2-76

Brown v. Hearst Corp., 54 F.3d 21, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1984 (1st Cir. 1995)

2-34, 2-40, 6-3, 7-60, 12-18, 16-45

Brown v. Hearst Corp., 862 F. Supp. 622, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2204 (D. Mass. 1994), aff’d, 54 F.3d 21, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1984 (1st Cir. 1995)

2-10, 7-36, 12-11, 12-25

Brown v. Herald Co., 698 F.2d 949, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1149 (8th Cir. 1983)

5-94

Brown v. Kelly Broad. Co., 48 Cal. 3d 711, 771 P.2d 406, 257 Cal. Rptr. 708, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1625 (1989)

6-3, 9-34

Brown v. Kitterman, 443 S.W.2d 146 (Mo. 1969)

2-117, 5-12, 5-13

Brown v. K.N.D. Corp., 205 Conn. 8, 529 A.2d 1292, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1757 (1987)

16-62

Brown v. News-World Publ’g Corp., 245 So. 2d 430 (La. Ct. App. 1971)

2-18, 2-28

Brown v. Petrolite Corp., 965 F.2d 38 (5th Cir. 1992)

2-27, 5-81, 5-86, 5-87, 5-90, 6-22, 10-27, 10-34, 10-36, 10-39, 10-40, 10-47, 10-60, 16-33

====== TOC-38 ======

Brown v. Presbyterian Healthcare Servs., 101 F.3d 1324 (10th Cir. 1996)

8-54

Brown v. Skaggs-Albertson’s Props., Inc., 563 F.2d 983 (10th Cir. 1977)

9-23

Brown v. Tallahassee Democrat, Inc., 440 So. 2d 588 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1983)

2-56

Brown v. Tucker, 330 Ark. 435, 954 S.W.2d 262 (1997)

2-4

Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Jacobson, 713 F.2d 262, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1936 (7th Cir. 1983)

2-26, 2-115, 5-45, 7-20, 7-29, 13-39, 13-40, 13-43

Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Jacobson, 827 F.2d 1119, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1497 (7th Cir. 1987), cert. denied, 485 U.S. 993 (1988)

5-39, 5-80, 5-88, 10-8, 10-10, 10-43, 10-52, 16-56, 16-59

Browne v. Avvo Inc., 525 F. Supp. 2d 1249, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1444 (W.D. Wash. 2007)

4-52

Browning v. Birmingham News, 348 So. 2d 455 (Ala. 1977)

8-51

Browning-Ferris Indus. of Vt., Inc. v.Kelco Disposal, Inc., 492 U.S. 257 (1989)

10-15, 10-19

Bruce v. First U.S.A. Bank, N.A., 103 F. Supp. 2d 1135 (E.D. Mo. 2000)

9-23

Brueggemeyer v. Am. Broad. Cos., 684 F. Supp. 452, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (N.D. Tex. 1988)

5-39, 5-107, 5-108

Brumfield v. Sanders, 232 F.3d 376 (3d Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 532 U.S. 958 (2001)

2-168, 8-27

Brunnemann v. Terra Int’l, Inc., 975 F.2d 175 (5th Cir. 1992)

10-52

Bruno & Stillman, Inc. v. Globe Newspaper Co., 633 F.2d 583, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2057 (1st Cir. 1980)

5-25, 5-47, 5-126, 14-16, 14-17

Brush-Moore Newspapers, Inc. v. Pollitt, 220 Md. 132, 151 A.2d 530 (1959)

4-68

Bryan v. Brown, 339 So. 2d 577 (Ala. 1976), cert. denied, 431 U.S. 954 (1977)

6-21

====== TOC-39 ======

Bryan v. Eichenwald, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9920 (D. Kan. 2001)

13-70

Bryan v. MBC Partners, L.P., 246 Ga. App. 549, 541 So. 2d 124 (2000)

10-59

Bryant v. Associated Press, 595 F. Supp. 814, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1090 (D.V.I. 1984)

5-110

Bryant v. Cox Enters., Inc., 311 Ga. App. 230, 715 S.E.2d 458, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2081 (2011)

7-44, 14-16

Bryks v. Canadian Broad. Corp., 906 F. Supp. 204, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1236 (S.D.N.Y. 1995)

5-106, 7-13, 7-14, 8-63, 15-52

Bryson v. News Am. Publ’ns, Inc., 174 Ill. 2d 77, 672 N.E.2d 1207, 220 Ill. Dec. 195, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1321 (1996)

2-67, 2-129

Buchanan v. Associated Press, 398 F. Supp. 1196 (D.D.C. 1975)

5-39

Buchanan v. Minn. State Dep’t of Health, 573 N.W.2d 733 (1998)

8-44

Bucher v. Roberts, 198 Colo. 1, 595 P.2d 239 (1979)

2-47, 4-10, 4-73, 6-23

Buckey v. Los Angeles Cnty., 968 F.2d 791, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1163 (9th Cir. 1992)

13-69

Buckley v. Beaumont Enter., 232 F. Supp. 986 (E.D. La. 1964)

15-6

Buckley v. Cnty. of DuPage, 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 162 (N.D. Ill. 1996)

8-48, 13-55

Buckley v. Fitzsimmons, 509 U.S. 259 (1993)

8-17

Buckley v. Littell, 394 F. Supp. 918 (S.D.N.Y. 1975), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds, 539 F.2d 882 (2d Cir. 1976), cert. denied, 429 U.S. 1062 (1977)

1-40, 2-87, 3-15, 4-43, 5-80, 10-6, 10-10

Buckley v. McGraw-Hill, Inc., 782 F. Supp. 1042, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1425 (W.D. Pa. 1991), aff’d, 968 F.2d 12, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1264 (3d Cir. 1992)

15-56

====== TOC-40 ======

Buckley v. N.Y. Post Corp., 373 F.2d 175, 20 A.L.R.3d 942 (2d Cir. 1967)

1-44, 15-5, 15-6, 15-24

Buckley v. N.Y. Times Co., 338 F.2d 470 (5th Cir. 1964)

15-8, 15-16, 15-26

Buendorf v. Nat’l Pub. Radio, Inc., 822 F. Supp. 6, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1842 (D.D.C. 1993)

5-13

Bueno v. Denver Publ’g Co., 32 P.3d 491 (Colo. Ct. App. 2000)

12-33

Bufalino v. Associated Press, 692 F.2d 266, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2384 (2d Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 462 U.S. 1111 (1983)

5-19, 7-41

Bufalino v. Detroit Magazine, Inc., 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1597 (Mich. Ct. App. 1987)

5-104

Bujol v. Ward, 778 So. 2d 1175 (La. Ct. App. 2001)

2-153

Bularz v. Prudential Ins. Co. of Am., 93 F.3d 372 (7th Cir. 1996)

2-92, 2-109, 10-54

Bullard v. Life Magazine, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2305 (S.D. Ind. 1987)

15-29

Buller v. Pulitzer Publ’g Co., 684 S.W.2d 473, 52 A.L.R.4th 403, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1289 (Mo. Ct. App. 1984)

2-57

Bullock v. City of San Rafael, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15907 (N.D. Cal. 1994)

8-49

Bullock v. Jeon, 226 Ga. App. 875, 487 S.E.2d 692 (1997)

2-45

Bunton v. Bentley, 176 S.W.3d 18 (Tex. Ct. App. 2003), remanded on other grounds, 153 S.W.3d 50 (Tex. 2004), after remand, 176 S.W.3d 21 (Tex. Ct. App. 2005)

10-22, 10-24

Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz, 471 U.S. 462 (1985)

15-14, 15-17, 15-23, 15-25, 15-26, 15-38

Burgess v. Reformer Publ’g Corp., 146 Vt. 612, 508 A.2d 1359, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1856 (1986), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1005 (1999)

2-42, 2-43

====== TOC-41 ======

Burke v. Deiner, 97 N.J. 465, 479 A.2d 393 (1984)

8-50, 9-47

Burke v. Greene, 963 P.2d 1119 (Colo. Ct. App. 1998)

8-19, 9-9

Burks v. Rushmore, 534 N.E.2d 1101 (Ind. 1989)

2-104

Burnett v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 144 Cal. App. 3d 991, 193 Cal. Rptr. 206, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1921 (1983), appeal dismissed, 465 U.S. 1014 (1984)

5-55, 10-24, 10-43

Burney v. S. Ry., 276 Ala. 637, 165 So. 2d 726 (1964)

2-90

Burns v. Denver Post, Inc., 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1105 (Colo. Dist. Ct.), aff’d, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2004 (Colo. 1979)

4-64

Burns v. McGraw-Hill Broad. Co., 659 P.2d 1351, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1257 (Colo. 1983)

2-16, 2-26, 4-19, 4-48, 10-41, 10-52

Burns v. Reed, 500 U.S. 478 (1991)

8-10, 8-11

Burns v. Rice, 157 Ohio App. 3d 620, 813 N.E.2d 25 (2004)

5-87, 5-93

Burns v. Times Argus Ass’n, 139 Vt. 381, 430 A.2d 773, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1212 (1981)

5-36, 7-56, 7-60

Burroughs v. FFP Operating Partners, L.P., 28 F.3d 543 (5th Cir. 1994)

3-12, 13-47, 13-48, 13-51

Burt v. Bd. of Regents, 757 F.2d 242 (10th Cir.), cert. granted, 474 U.S. 1004 (1985), cert. vacated, 475 U.S. 1063 (1986)

15-10, 15-30, 15-39

Burton v. Crowell Publ’g Co., 82 F.2d 154 (2d Cir. 1936)

2-13, 2-55, 2-57, 5-123, 5-124, 8-59, 15-47

Busch v. Bates, 323 Ill. App. 3d 823, 753 N.E.2d 1184, 257 Ill. Dec. 558 (2001)

8-47

Busch v. Viacom Int’l, Inc., 477 F. Supp. 2d 764 (N.D. Tex. 2007)

15-39

Buschel v. Metrocorp, 957 F. Supp. 595 (E.D. Pa. 1996)

8-13, 12-26

====== TOC-42 ======

Busey v. P.W. Supermarkets, Inc., 368 F. Supp. 2d 1045 (N.D. Cal. 2005)

8-55

Bush v. Barnett Bank, 916 F. Supp. 1244 (M.D. Fla. 1996)

2-92

Bustos v. A&E Television Networks, 646 F.3d 762, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2049 (10th Cir. 2011)

2-81, 2-83, 3-18, 3-21

Butcher v. SEM Newspapers, Inc., 190 Mich. App. 309, 475 N.W.2d 380, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2047 (1991)

7-19, 7-27, 7-36

Butler v. Del. Otsego Corp., 203 A.D.2d 783, 610 N.Y.S.2d 664 (3d Dep’t 1994)

13-57, 13-62

Butler v. Hearst-Argyle Television, Inc., 345 Ark. 462, 49 S.W.3d 116, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2210 (2001)

7-25

Butler v. Lilly, 533 S.W.2d 130 (Tex. Ct. Civ. App. 1976)

8-8

Butler v. Town of Argo, 871 So. 2d 1, 2003 Ala. LEXIS 198 (Ala. 2003)

2-117, 8-44, 9-33, 12-16, 12-37

Butz v. Economou, 438 U.S. 478 (1978)

8-3, 8-33, 8-34, 8-39

Byam v. Collins, 111 N.Y. 143 (1888)

9-5, 9-25

Byars v. Kolodziej, 48 Ill. App. 3d 1015, 363 N.E.2d 628, 6 Ill. Dec. 814, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2327 (1977)

2-16, 2-113

Byers v. Se. Newspaper Corp., 161 Ga. App. 717, 288 S.E.2d 698, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1597 (1982)

5-8

C

Cabaniss v. Hipsley, 114 Ga. App. 367, 151 S.E.2d 496 (1966)

12-66

Cabin v. Cmty. Newspapers, Inc., 27 A.D.2d 543, 275 N.Y.S.2d 396 (2d Dep’t 1966)

5-9

Cable News Network, In re, 106 F. Supp. 2d 1000 (N.D. Cal. 2000)

11-10

====== TOC-43 ======

Cabrera v. Alam, 197 Cal. App. 4th 1077, 129 Cal. Rptr. 3d 74 (2011)

5-31, 16-11

CACI Premier Tech., Inc. v. Rhodes, 536 F.3d 280, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2121 (4th Cir. 2008)

3-18, 5-24, 5-31, 16-41

Cahill v. Hawaiian Paradise Park Corp., 56 Haw. 522, 543 P.2d 1356 (1975)

6-2, 6-3, 6-6, 6-24

Cahill v. Russell Cnty. Newspapers, 1995 Ky. App. LEXIS 190, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1501 (Ky. Ct. App. 1995)

4-33

Cain v. Hearst Corp., 878 S.W.2d 577, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2161 (Tex. 1994)

12-11, 12-15, 12-32, 12-33

Calder v. Jones, 465 U.S. 783, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1401 (1984)

1-38, 1-44, 1-45, 15-13, 15-17, 15-19, 15-23, 15-25, 15-26, 15-28, 15-30, 15-34, 16-37

Caldor, Inc. v. Bowden, 330 Md. 632, 625 A.2d 959 (1993)

2-58, 9-9

Caldwell v. Crowell-Collier Publ’g Co., 161 F.2d 333 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 332 U.S. 766 (1947)

15-50

Caldwell v. Fed. Express Corp., 908 F. Supp. 29 (D. Me. 1995)

10-67

Calero v. Del Chem. Corp., 68 Wis. 2d 487, 228 N.W.2d 737 (1975)

6-23, 6-24, 9-40

Calhoun v. Cooper, 206 A.D.2d 497, 614 N.Y.S.2d 762 (2d Dep’t 1994)

10-36

Cal. Software, Inc. v. Reliability Research, 631 F. Supp. 1356 (C.D. Cal. 1986)

15-32

Callahan v. Westinghouse Broad. Co., 372 Mass. 582, 363 N.E.2d 240, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2226 (1977)

5-12, 5-127

Callarama v. Assocs. Disc. Corp., 69 Misc. 2d 287, 329 N.Y.S.2d 711 (Sup. Ct. Monroe Cnty. 1972)

13-48, 13-50

Calvin Klein Trademark Trust v. Wachner, 129 F. Supp. 2d 248 (S.D.N.Y. 2001)

5-66

Camer v. Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 45 Wash. App. 29, 723 P.2d 1195, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1481 (1986), cert. denied, 482 U.S. 916 (1987)

4-9

====== TOC-44 ======

Cameron v. Beard, 864 P.2d 538 (Alaska 1993)

13-46, 13-47, 13-50

Cammarano v. United States, 358 U.S. 498 (1959)

5-130

Cammaroto v. Anson, 70 A.D.2d 649, 416 N.Y.S.2d 824, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1190 (2d Dep’t 1979)

12-31

Campanelli v. Regents of the Univ. of Cal., 44 Cal. App. 4th 572, 51 Cal. Rptr. 2d 891 (1996)

4-64

Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (1994)

5-118, 5-129

Campbell v. Citizens for an Honest Gov’t, Inc., 255 F.3d 560 (8th Cir. 2001)

3-26

Campbell v. City of San Antonio, 43 F.3d 973 (5th Cir. 1995)

9-9

Campbell v. LoPucki, 345 So. 2d 860 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1977)

8-10

Campbell v. N.Y. Evening Post, Inc., 245 N.Y. 320, 157 N.E. 153, 52 A.L.R. 1432 (1927)

7-26

Campbell v. Robinson, 1997 Tenn. App. LEXIS 202 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1997)

5-16

Campbell v. Seabury Press, 614 F.2d 395, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2612 (5th Cir. 1980)

12-45, 12-46, 12-48, 12-50, 12-53, 12-77

Campbell v. Willmark Serv. Sys., Inc., 123 F.2d 204 (3d Cir. 1945)

9-17

Campo Lindo for Dogs, Inc. v. N.Y. Post Corp., 65 A.D.2d 650, 409 N.Y.S.2d 453, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1826 (3d Dep’t 1978)

6-19, 7-59, 16-48

CanaRx Servs., Inc. v. LIN Television Corp., 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 42236 (S.D. Ind. 2008)

16-20

Cancer Treatment Ctrs. of Am., Inc. v. Winn, 3:92-CV-1574-C (N.D. Tex. 1992)

15-30

Cangelosi v. Schwegmann Bros., 390 So. 2d 196 (La. 1980)

2-4

Canino v. N.Y. News, Inc., 96 N.J. 189, 475 A.2d 528, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1852 (1984)

2-166

====== TOC-45 ======

Cantor Fitzgerald, L.P. v. Peaslee, 88 F.3d 152 (2d Cir. 1996)

13-41

Cantrell v. Forest City Publ’g Co., 419 U.S. 245 (1974)

2-170, 5-109, 12-21, 12-30

Cantu v. Flanigan, 705 F. Supp. 2d 220 (E.D.N.Y. 2010)

10-36, 10-38, 10-39, 10-46

Cantu v. Flanigan, 341 F. App’x 694 (2d Cir. 2009)

10-38, 10-39

Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U.S. 296 (1940)

4-76

Caplan v. Winslett, 218 A.D.2d 148, 637 N.Y.S.2d 967 (1st Dep’t 1996)

8-13

Capobianco v. Pulitzer Publ’g Co., 812 S.W.2d 852, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2290 (Mo. Ct. App. 1991)

2-71, 2-122

Caprotti v. Town of Woodstock, 94 N.Y.2d 73, 699 N.Y.S.2d 707, 721 N.E.2d 957 (1999), cert. denied, 529 U.S. 108 (2000)

8-53

Capuano v. Outlet Co., 579 A.2d 469, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1030 (R.I. 1990)

5-38, 6-4, 14-12, 16-59

Cardiff v. Brooklyn Eagle, Inc., 190 Misc. 730, 75 N.Y.S.2d 222 (Kings Cnty. 1947)

2-14

Cardillo v. Doubleday & Co., 518 F.2d 638 (2d Cir. 1975)

2-81

Cardone v. Empire Blue Cross & Blue Shield, 884 F. Supp. 838 (S.D.N.Y. 1995)

2-157

Cards v. Fuschetto, 193 Wis. 2d 429, 535 N.W.2d 11 (Ct. App. 1995)

11-11

Cardtoons, L.C. v. Major League Baseball Players Ass’n, 208 F.3d 885 (10th Cir. 2000)

9-36, 16-17

Care Plus Ins. Mktg. v. Conn. Gen’l Life Ins. Co., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 134892 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

2-65

Carey v. Hume, 492 F.2d 631 (D.C. Cir.), cert. dismissed, 417 U.S. 938 (1974)

14-9, 14-15, 14-16, 14-20, 14-21

Carey v. Mt. Desert Island Hosp., 910 F. Supp. 7 (D. Me. 1995)

2-90, 2-94

====== TOC-46 ======

Cargill Inc. v. Progressive Dairy Solutions, Inc., 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 46972 (E.D. Cal. 2008)

8-16

Carlisle v. Fawcett Publ’ns, Inc., 201 Cal. App. 2d 733, 20 Cal. Rptr. 2d 405 (1962)

12-42, 12-45, 12-53

Carlson v. Hillman Periodicals, Inc., 3 A.D.2d 987, 163 N.Y.S.2d 21 (1st Dep’t 1957)

2-56

Carr v. Bankers Trust Co., 546 N.W.2d 901 (Iowa 1996)

3-15, 5-13, 5-53, 16-30

Carr v. Brasher, 776 S.W.2d 567, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1942 (Tex. 1989)

4-27, 16-25

Carr v. Forbes, Inc., 259 F.3d 273, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2238 (4th Cir. 2001)

5-24, 5-30, 5-50

Carrelli v. Ginsberg, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1613 (S.D. Ohio 1989)

7-38

Carriere v. Sears, Roebuck & Co., 893 F.2d 98 (5th Cir.)

15-43

Carroll v. Parks, 755 F.2d 1455 (11th Cir. 1985)

13-68

Carroll v. Princess Anne, 393 U.S. 175 (1968)

10-59

Carson v. Allied News Co., 482 F. Supp. 406, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2646 (N.D. Ill. 1979)

16-25

Carson v. Allied News Co., 529 F.2d 206 (7th Cir. 1976)

5-28, 5-68, 5-76, 5-80, 10-30

Carter v. Catfish Cabin, 316 So. 2d 517 (La. Ct. App. 1975)

9-13, 9-28

Carter v. Duke Univ. Med. Ctr., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16145 (M.D.N.C. 1995)

2-66, 2-67

Carter v. Innisfree Hotel, Inc., 661 So. 2d 1174 (Ala. 1995)

12-91

Carter v. Willert Home Prods., 714 S.W.2d 506 (Mo. 1986), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 968 (1999)

9-46

Cartwright v. Golub Corp., 51 A.D.2d 407, 381 N.Y.S.2d 901 (3d Dep’t 1976)

13-45

Cartwright v. Wilbanks, 247 Ga. App. 187, 541 S.E.2d 393 (2000)

2-99, 2-100

Caruso v. Local Union No. 690, 100 Wash. 2d 343, 670 P.2d 240 (1983)

6-22

====== TOC-47 ======

Carver v. Bonds, 135 Cal. App. 4th 328, 37 Cal. Rptr. 3d 480, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1257 (2005)

16-11

Casale v. Dooner Lab., Inc., 343 F. Supp. 917 (D. Md. 1972), aff’d in part, 503 F.2d 303 (4th Cir. 1973)

10-41

Casano v. WDSU-TV, Inc., 313 F. Supp. 1130 (S.D. Miss. 1970), aff’d, 464 F.2d 3 (5th Cir. 1972)

15-22

Cash v. Empire Gas Corp., 547 S.W.2d 830 (Mo. Ct. App. 1976)

9-15

Cason v. Baskin, 155 Fla. 198, 20 So. 2d 243 (1944)

12-40, 12-66, 12-68, 12-74

Cason v. Baskin, 159 Fla. 31, 30 So. 2d 635 (1947)

12-49

Cassidy v. Merin, 244 N.J. Super. 466, 582 A.2d 1039 (1990)

4-27, 4-65

Casso v. Brand, 776 S.W.2d 551, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1929 (Tex. 1989)

5-53, 6-22, 16-24, 16-25, 16-31, 16-37, 16-42

Casteel v. News-Record, Inc., 875 P.2d 21, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2153 (Wyo. 1994)

7-36

Castello v. City of Seattle, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 127648, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1591 (W.D. Wash. 2010)

16-20

Catalano v. Capital Cities Broad. Corp., 63 Misc. 2d 595, 313 N.Y.S.2d 52 (Sup. Ct. Albany Cnty. 1970)

13-44, 13-45

Catalano v. Pechous, 69 Ill. App. 3d 797, 25 Ill. Dec. 838, 387 N.E.2d 714, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2094 (1978), aff’d, 83 Ill. 2d 146, 50 Ill. Dec. 242, 419 N.E.2d 350, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2511 (1980), cert. denied, 451 U.S. 911 (1981)

2-18, 2-127, 4-60, 4-64, 7-54, 8-48, 16-41

Cates v. Barb, 650 P.2d 1159 (Wyo. 1982)

13-21

====== TOC-48 ======

Cates v. Taylor, 428 So. 2d 637 (Ala. 1983)

12-8

Catsouras v. Dep’t of Cal. Highway Patrol, 181 Cal. App. 4th 856, 104 Cal. Rptr. 3d 352, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1708 (2010)

12-36, 13-46, 13-51, 13-61

Caudle v. Thomason, 942 F. Supp. 635 (D.D.C. 1996)

2-109, 2-110, 2-157, 2-158, 8-32

Cavallaro v. Pozzi, 28 A.D.3d 1075, 814 N.Y.S.2d 462 (4th Dep’t 2006)

8-7

Caveman Adventures Unlimited v. Elecs. Cave, 633 N.W.2d 757, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2297 (Iowa 2001)

10-23

Cavin Mem’l Corp. v. Requa, 5 Cal. App. 3d 345, 85 Cal. Rptr. 107 (1970)

13-5, 13-15, 13-24

Cedar Rapids Lodge & Suites, LLC v. JFS Dev., Inc., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73687 (N.D. Iowa 2010)

16-7

Celebrezze v. Dayton Newspapers, Inc., 41 Ohio App. 3d 343, 535 N.E.2d 755, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1589 (1988)

16-42

Celebrezze v. Netzley, 51 Ohio St. 3d 89, 554 N.E.2d 1292, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1971 (1990)

16-68

Cellamare v. Millbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy LLP, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 22336 (E.D.N.Y. 2003)

9-14

Celle v. Filipino Reporter Enters., Inc., 209 F.3d 163 (2d Cir. 2000)

2-4, 2-20, 2-21, 2-72, 2-73, 2-126, 3-15, 4-26, 4-27, 5-20, 5-34, 5-69, 5-74, 5-86, 5-89, 5-101, 10-49, 13-55

Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317 (1986)

16-24, 16-25

Celotex Corp. v. Meehan, 523 So. 2d 141 (Fla. 1988)

15-51

Cent. Freight Lines, Inc. v. Kackley, 1997 Tex. App. LEXIS 2326 (Tex. Ct. App. 1997)

9-39

Cent. Hudson Gas & Elec. Corp. v. Pub. Serv. Comm’n of N.Y., 447 U.S. 557, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1497 (1980)

5-129, 5-130, 5-131, 13-34

====== TOC-49 ======

Cent. of Ga. Ry. v. Sheftall, 118 Ga. 865, 45 S.E. 687 (1903)

2-124

Cepeda v. Cowles Magazines & Broad., Inc., 328 F.2d 869 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 379 U.S. 844 (1964)

1-12, 2-109, 5-29, 7-2, 7-3

Cera v. Gannett Co., 47 A.D.2d 797, 365 N.Y.S.2d 99 (4th Dep’t 1975)

5-32

Cerasani v. Sony Corp., 991 F. Supp. 343 (S.D.N.Y. 1998)

2-81

Ceravolo v. Brown, 364 So. 2d 1155 (Ala. 1978)

2-17

Cerrito v. Time, Inc., 302 F. Supp. 1071 (N.D. Cal. 1969), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, 449 F.2d 306 (9th Cir. 1971)

14-21

Cervantes v. Time, Inc., 464 F.2d 986 (8th Cir. 1972), cert. denied, 409 U.S 1125 (1973)

14-18, 14-19, 14-20, 14-35

CFTC v. Vartuli, 228 F.3d 94 (2d Cir. 2000)

15-32

Cha v. Korean Presbyterian Church of Wash., 262 Va. 604, 553 S.E.2d 511 (2001)

4-76

Chadha v. Charlotte Hungerford Hosp., 272 Conn. 776, 865 A.2d 1163 (2005)

8-40

Chaffin v. Lynch, 83 Va. 106, 1 S.E. 803 (1887)

5-67

Chafin v. Gibson, 213 W. Va. 167, 578 S.E.2d 361 (2003)

16-24, 16-28

Chafoulias v. Peterson, 668 N.W.2d 642, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2377 (Minn. 2003)

5-62, 5-66, 5-70, 5-97

Chagnon v. Union Leader Corp., 103 N.H. 426, 174 A.2d 825, cert. denied, 369 U.S. 830 (1961)

3-6

Chaiken v. VV Publ’g Corp., 119 F.3d 1018, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2025 (2d Cir. 1997), cert. denied, 522 U.S. 1149 (1998)

6-15, 6-16, 15-18, 15-22, 15-34

Chaiken v. VV Publ’g Corp., 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1485 (S.D.N.Y. 1992)

2-156

====== TOC-50 ======

Chaiken v. VV Publ’g Corp., 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16530 (S.D.N.Y. 1994)

17-9

Chaiken v. VV Publ’g Corp., 907 F. Supp. 689, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (S.D.N.Y. 1995), aff’d, 119 F.3d 1018, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2025 (2d Cir. 1997), cert. denied, 522 U.S. 1149 (1998)

2-36

Chalkley v. Atl. Coast Line R.R. Co., 150 Va. 301, 143 S.E. 631 (1928)

2-90

Chaloner v. Wash. Post Co., 36 App. D.C. 231 (1911)

2-18

Chamberlain v. Mathis, 151 Ariz. 551, 729 P.2d 905 (1986)

8-51

Chambers v. Travelers Cos., 764 F. Supp. 2d 1071 (D. Minn. 2011)

2-113, 2-120

Chandok v. Klessig, 632 F.3d 803 (2d Cir. 2011)

9-13, 9-16, 9-28, 9-39, 16-21

Chang v. Michiana Telecasting Corp., 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1889 (N.D. Ind. 1987)

2-19

Chang v. Michiana Telecasting Corp., 900 F.2d 1085, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1768 (7th Cir. 1990)

5-88, 5-98

Channel 4, KGBT v. Briggs, 759 S.W.2d 939, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1789 (Tex. 1988)

13-57

Chapadeau v. Utica Observer-Dispatch, Inc., 38 N.Y.2d 196, 379 N.Y.S.2d 61, 341 N.E.2d 569 (1975)

2-138, 5-16, 6-9, 6-14, 6-15, 6-16, 6-17, 6-18, 7-59, 9-11, 9-30, 9-39, 15-58, 16-48

Chapin v. Greve, 787 F. Supp. 557, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2161 (E.D. Va. 1992), aff’d, 993 F.2d 1087, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (4th Cir. 1993)

2-13, 2-36, 4-16

Chapin v. Knight-Ridder, Inc., 993 F.2d 1087, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (4th Cir. 1993)

2-53, 2-54, 4-19, 4-49, 4-51, 4-56, 5-38, 7-20, 7-23, 7-31, 7-43, 7-47

====== TOC-51 ======

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, 315 U.S. 568 (1942)

5-74

Chapman v. Byrd, 124 N.C. App. 13, 475 S.E.2d 734 (1996)

2-152, 13-54

Chapman v. Journal Concepts, Inc., 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 91621 (D. Haw. 2007)

5-28, 5-29

Chapman v. Journal Concepts, Inc., 528 F. Supp. 2d 1081 (D. Haw. 2007)

5-28, 5-29

Chapski v. Copley Press, Inc., 92 Ill. 2d 344, 442 N.E.2d 195, 65 Ill. Dec. 884, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2403 (1982)

2-69, 2-149

Chard v. Galton, 277 Or. 109, 559 P.2d 1280 (1977)

8-14

Charles v. State Dep’t of Children, 914 So. 2d 1 (Fla. Ct. App. 2005)

8-58

Charles Atlas, Ltd. v. Time-Life Books, Inc., 570 F. Supp. 150 (S.D.N.Y. 1983)

10-8, 13-9, 13-20, 13-23

Charles Parker Co. v. Silver City Crystal Co., 142 Conn. 605, 116 A.2d 440 (1955)

2-11

Charter Bank & Trust, N.A. v. Fabbrini, 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 58 (N.D. Ill. 1995)

9-27, 9-46

Chase Sec. Corp. v. Donaldson, 325 U.S. 304 (1945)

2-105

Chase v. Daily Record, Inc., 83 Wash. 2d 37, 515 P.2d 154 (1973)

16-31, 16-38, 16-42

Chastain v. Sundquist, 833 F.2d 311 (D.C. Cir. 1987), cert. denied, 487 U.S. 1240 (1988)

8-26, 8-31

Chatterton v. Sec’y of State for India in Council, [1895] 2 Q.B. 189 (C.A.)

8-32

Chaves v. Johnson, 230 Va. 112, 335 S.E.2d 97 (1985)

4-11, 4-16

Chen v. United States, 854 F.2d 622 (2d Cir. 1988)

13-44

Cherry v. Des Moines Leader, 114 Iowa 298, 86 N.W. 323 (1901)

4-5, 4-8, 4-67, 5-74

Chesapeake Ferry Co. v. Hudgins, 155 Va. 874, 156 S.E. 429 (1931)

9-19

Chesapeake Publ’g Corp. v. Williams, 339 Md. 285, 661 A.2d 1169 (1995)

2-25, 2-62, 2-74

Chester v. Indianapolis Newspapers, Inc., 553 N.E.2d 137, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1903 (Ind. Ct. App. 1990)

16-41

====== TOC-52 ======

Chicago v. Loyola Univ. Med. Ctr.,787 F. Supp. 2d 797 (N.D. Ill. 2011)

4-24, 15-52, 16-17

Chi. City Day Sch. v. Wade, 297 Ill. App. 3d 465, 697 N.E.2d 389, 231 Ill. Dec. 835, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2483 (1998)

2-24, 2-70

Chinwuba v. Larsen, 142 Md. App. 327, 790 A.2d 83 (2002)

8-45

Chisholm v. Foothill Capital Corp., 940 F. Supp. 1273 (N.D. Ill. 1996)

12-38

Chizmar v. Mackie, 896 P.2d 196 (Alaska 1995)

13-60

Cholowsky v. Civiletti, [16 Misc. 3d 1138[A], 851 N.Y.S.2d 57 (Sup. Ct. Suffolk Cnty. 2007), aff’d, 69 A.D.3d 110, 887 N.Y.S.2d 592, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2437 (2d Dep’t 2009)]

16-21

Chowdhry v. NLVH, Inc., 109 Nev. 478, 851 P.2d 459 (1993)

2-76

Christian Research Inst. v. Alnor, 148 Cal. App. 4th 71, 55 Cal. Rptr. 3d 600 (2007)

3-15, 5-75, 16-14

Christoff v. Nestlé USA, Inc., 47 Cal. 4th 468, P.3d 132, 97 Cal. Rptr. 3d 798, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2089 (2009)

7-5, 12-88, 12-89

Christopher Lisa Matthew Policano, Inc. v. N. Am. Precis Syndicate, Inc., 129 A.D.2d 488, 514 N.Y.S.2d 239, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2343 (1st Dep’t 1987)

10-9, 13-44

Christy v. Stauffer Publ’ns, Inc., 437 S.W.2d 814 (Tex. 1969)

2-11

Chrysler Credit Corp. v. Ostly, 42 Cal. App. 3d 663, 117 Cal. Rptr. 167 (1974)

13-4, 13-5

Chung v. Better Health Plan, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9627 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

3-19

Chung v. McCabe Hamilton & Renny Co., 109 Haw. 520, 128 P.3d 833 (2006)

8-55

Church of Scientology v. Adams, 584 F.2d 893, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1986 (9th Cir. 1978)

15-5, 15-21, 15-28

====== TOC-53 ======

Church of Scientology v. Cazares, 455 F. Supp. 420, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1651 (M.D. Fla. 1978), aff’d, 638 F.2d 1272, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1668 (5th Cir. 1981)

2-45, 5-52

Church of Scientology v. Flynn, 578 F. Supp. 266 (D. Mass. 1984)

2-156, 2-157

Church of Scientology v. Johnson-Smith, [1972] Q.B. 522, [1972] 1 All E.R. 378, [1971] 3 W.L.R. 434

8-24

Church of Scientology v. Minn. State Med. Ass’n Found., 264 N.W.2d 152, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2177 (Minn. 1978)

2-17, 2-22, 7-9

Church of Scientology v. Siegelman, 475 F. Supp. 950, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2021 (S.D.N.Y. 1979)

4-74

Church of Scientology v. Wollersheim, 42 Cal. App. 4th 628 (1996)

10-73

Church of Scientology, Inc. v. Green, 354 F. Supp. 800 (S.D.N.Y. 1973)

15-52

Church of Scientology Int’l v. Behar, 238 F.3d 168 (2d Cir.), aff’g Church of Scientology Int’l v. Time Warner, 903 F. Supp. 637, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1044 (S.D.N.Y. 1995), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 814 (2001)

4-74, 5-5, 5-80, 5-88, 5-90, 10-7, 10-66, 16-4

Church of Scientology Int’l v. Time Warner, 806 F. Supp. 1157, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2047 (S.D.N.Y. 1992)

2-155, 2-156

Church of Scientology Int’l v. Time Warner, 903 F. Supp. 637, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1044 (S.D.N.Y. 1995), 932 F. Supp. 589, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2081 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

5-80, 5-88

Churchey v. Adolph Coors Co., 759 P.2d 1336 (Colo. 1988)

2-93, 2-94, 2-96, 9-19

Churchill v. State, 378 N.J. Super. 471, 876 A.2d 311 (App. Div. 2005)

7-8

Chuy v. Phila. Eagles Football Club, 431 F. Supp. 254 (E.D. Pa. 1979), aff’d, 595 F.2d 1265, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2537 (3d Cir. 1979)

2-14, 2-168, 5-29, 5-52, 5-63, 5-110, 12-14, 13-46, 13-47, 13-50, 13-51, 13-53

====== TOC-54 ======

Cianci v. New Times Publ’g Co., 639 F.2d 54, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1625 (2d Cir. 1980)

4-13, 4-35, 4-62, 7-49, 7-52, 7-60

Cibenko v. Worth Publishers, Inc., 510 F. Supp. 761, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1298 (D.N.J. 1981)

2-13, 2-37, 2-53, 3-26, 12-18, 12-28, 15-52

Cicconi v. McGinn, Smith & Co., 27 A.D.2d 59, 808 N.Y.S.2d 604 (1st Dep’t 2005)

8-57

Ciecierski v. Avondale Shipyards, Inc., 572 So. 2d 834 (La. Ct. App.), writ denied, 574 So. 2d 1256 (La. 1991)

10-28

Ciemniecki v. Parker McCay P.A., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 55661 (D.N.J. 2010)

16-7

Cinel v. Connick, 15 F.3d 1338, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1945 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 513 U.S. 868 (1994)

12-47, 12-54, 13-70

Cipriani Builders, Inc. v. Madden, 389 N.J. Super. 154, 912 A.2d 152 (App. Div. 2006)

2-48

City of Chicago v. Tribune Co., 307 Ill. 595, 139 N.E. 86 (1923)

2-163

City of Cincinnati v. Discovery Network, Inc., 507 U.S. 410, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1161 (1993)

13-29, 13-34

City of Columbia v. Omni Outdoor Adver., Inc., 499 U.S. 365 (1991)

16-17

City of Lancaster v. Chambers, 883 S.W.2d 650 (Tex. 1994)

8-47, 12-70

City of Miami v. Wardlow, 403 So. 2d 414 (Fla. 1981)

8-46

City of Philadelphia v. Wash. Post Co., 482 F. Supp. 897, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2221 (E.D. Pa. 1979)

2-163

City of Tempe v. Pilot Props., Inc., 22 Ariz. App. 356, 527 P.2d 515 (1974)

13-2, 13-26, 13-27

Clampitt v. Am. Univ., 957 A.2d 23 (D.C. 2008)

2-59

====== TOC-55 ======

Clardy v. Cowles Publ’g Co., 81 Wash. App. 53, 912 P.2d 1078, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2153 (1996)

5-25, 5-38

Clark v. Allen, 415 Pa. 484, 204 A.2d 42 (1964)

2-51, 4-43

Clark v. Am. Broad. Cos., 684 F.2d 1208, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2049 (6th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 460 U.S. 1040 (1983)

2-75, 5-24, 5-59

Clark v. Celeb Publ’g, Inc., 530 F. Supp. 979, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1261 (S.D.N.Y. 1981)

10-37

Clark v. Cnty. of Tulare, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 136455 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

8-49

Clark v. Molyneux, [1877] 3 Q.B. 237

9-44

Clark v. N. Am. Co., 203 Pa. 346, 53 A. 237 (1902)

11-2

Clark v. Pearson, 248 F. Supp. 188 (D.D.C. 1965)

3-16, 3-24

Clark v. Spokesman-Review, 163 P.3d 216, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1737 (Idaho 2007)

2-62, 16-23

Classic III, Inc. v. Ely, 954 S.W.2d 650 (Mo. Ct. App. 1997)

14-16

Clawson v. Longview Publ’g Co., 91 Wash. 2d 408, 589 P.2d 1223, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2163 (1979)

1-18, 5-13, 5-18, 5-27

Clawson v. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 906 A.2d 308, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2217 (D.C. 2006)

2-27

Clay v. Lagiss, 143 Cal. App. 2d 441, 299 P.2d 1025 (1956)

2-77

Clemens v. McNamee, 608 F. Supp. 2d 811 (S.D. Tex. 2009), aff’d, 615 F.3d 374, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2323 (5th Cir. 2010), cert. denied, 131 S. Ct. 3091 (2011)

15-18, 15-23, 15-38

====== TOC-56 ======

Clements v. Gannett Co., 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1657 (Sup. Ct. Monroe Cnty. 1979)

5-28

Cliff v. Naragansett Television, L.P., 688 A.2d 805 (R.I. 1996)

12-24, 13-51, 13-60

Clinton Cmty. Hosp. Corp. v. S. Md. Med. Ctr., 374 F. Supp. 450 (D. Md. 1974), aff’d, 510 F.2d 1037 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 422 U.S. 1048 (1975)

12-28, 12-29

Cloud v. McKinney, 228 S.W.3d 326 (Tex. Ct. App. 2007)

5-53, 8-47

Cloyd v. Press, Inc., 629 S.W.2d 24, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1589 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1981)

5-36

Club Members for an Honest Election v. Sierra Club, 45 Cal. 4th 309, 196 P.3d 1094, 86 Cal. Rptr. 3d 288, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1001 (2008)

16-12

Clyburn v. News World Commc’ns, Inc., 903 F.2d 29, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1888 (D.C. Cir. 1990)

5-23, 5-39, 5-57, 5-60, 5-64, 5-103, 14-21

CNN & Time Magzine “Operation Tailwind” Litig., In re, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31732 (N.D. Cal. 2006)

11-10

Coastal Abstract Serv., Inc. v. First Am. Title Ins. Co., 173 F.3d 725 (9th Cir. 1999)

10-49, 13-33, 13-35

Cobb v. Garlington, 193 S.W. 463 (Tex. Civ. App. 1917)

2-111

Cobb v. Time, Inc., 278 F.3d 629, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1339 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 537 U.S. 878 (2002)

5-98

Cobb v. Univ. of Va., 84 F. Supp. 2d 740 (W.D. Va. 2000)

2-100

Cobb’s Auto Sales, Inc. v. Coleman, 353 So. 2d 922 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1978)

8-46

====== TOC-57 ======

Coca-Cola Co. v. Tropicana Prods., Inc., 690 F.2d 312 (2d Cir. 1982)

13-32

Cochran v. Indianapolis Newspapers, Inc., 175 Ind. App. 548, 372 N.E.2d 1211, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2131 (1978)

2-23, 2-76, 3-24, 5-32, 5-75, 5-87, 5-101

Codd v. Velger, 429 U.S. 624 (1977)

13-68

Cody v. Harris, 409 F.3d 853, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1974 (7th Cir. 2005)

2-92, 2-129

Cofield v. Advertiser Co., 486 So. 2d 434, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2039 (Ala. 1986)

2-82

Cohen v. Bowdoin, 288 A.2d 106 (Me. 1972)

8-43

Cohen v. Cowles Media Co., 501 U.S. 663, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2273 (1991)

12-73, 12-95, 14-10

Cohen v. Marx, 94 Cal. App. 2d 704, 211 P.2d 322 (1949)

12-48

Cohen v. N.Y. Times Co., 153 A.D. 242, 138 N.Y.S. 206 (2d Dep’t 1912)

2-14

Cohn v. Am-Law, Inc., 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2367 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1980)

2-158

Cohn v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1999 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1978), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds, 67 A.D.2d 140, 414 N.Y.S.2d 906, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2533 (1st Dep’t 1979), aff’d, 50 N.Y.2d 885, 430 N.Y.S.2d 265, 408 N.E.2d 672, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1398, cert. denied, 449 U.S. 1022 (1980)

2-158, 12-31, 13-66

Colbert v. World Publ’g Co., 747 P.2d 286, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2188 (Okla. 1987)

12-31

====== TOC-58 ======

Cole v. Brehmer & Rosen, 581 N.W.2d 364, 1998 Minn. App. LEXIS 812 (Minn. Ct. App. 1998)

7-13, 8-36, 10-70

Cole v. Chandler, 752 A.2d 1189 (Me. 2000)

2-97, 9-19, 10-67, 12-38

Cole Fischer Rogow, Inc. v. Carl Ally, Inc., 29 A.D.2d 423, 288 N.Y.S.2d 556 (1st Dep’t 1968), aff’d on other grounds, 25 N.Y.2d 943, 305 N.Y.S.2d 154, 252 N.E.2d 633 (1969)

2-43, 2-124, 2-137, 4-67, 4-70, 7-13, 8-36, 10-70

Coleman v. MacLennan, 78 Kan. 711, 98 P. 281 (1908)

1-3, 1-7, 1-32, 4-5, 4-68, 4-72, 5-22, 9-43

Coleman v. Newark Morning Ledger Co., 29 N.J. 357, 149 A.2d 193 (1959)

2-8, 4-53, 4-66, 9-56

Coleman v. Southwick, 9 Johns. 45 (1812)

10-42

Coliniatis v. Dimas, 965 F. Supp. 511 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

5-37, 5-42, 5-98, 5-100, 7-53

Coll. Sav. Bank v. Fla. Prepaid Postsecondary Educ. Expense Bd., 919 F. Supp. 756 (D.N.J. 1996), aff’d, 131 F.3d 353 (3d Cir. 1997)

2-163, 13-12, 13-34

Collins v. Brown, 268 F. Supp. 198 (D.D.C. 1967)

10-35

Collins v. Creative Loafing Savannah, Inc., 264 Ga. App. 675, 592 S.E.2d 170 (2003)

2-57

Collins v. Nuzzo, 244 F.3d 246 (1st Cir. 2001)

2-105

Collins v. Purdue Univ., 703 F. Supp. 2d 862, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1481 (N.D. Ind. 2010)

2-12, 16-7

Collins v. Red Roof Inns, Inc., 24 W. Va. 458, 566 S.E.2d 595 (2002)

8-11

Collins v. Troy Publ’g Co., 213 A.D.2d 879, 623 N.Y.S.2d 663, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2150 (3d Dep’t 1995)

14-33

Collins & Aikman Prods. Co. v. Bldg. Sys., Inc., 58 F.3d 16 (2d Cir. 1995)

10-68

Colodny v. Inverson, Yoakum, Papiano & Hatch, 936 F. Supp. 917 (M.D. Fla. 1996)

4-33, 4-56, 5-35

====== TOC-59 ======

Colombo v. Times-Argus Ass’n, 135 Vt. 454, 380 A.2d 80, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1451 (1977)

5-5, 5-11

Colorado v. Ryan, 806 P.2d 935 (Colo.), cert. denied, 502 U.S. 860 (1991)

3-4

Colo. Real Estate & Dev., Inc. v. Sternberg, 164 Colo. 184, 433 P.2d 341 (1967)

13-16

Colquhoun v. Webber, 684 A.2d 405 (Me. 1996)

13-2, 13-4

Columbia Broad. Sys., Inc. v. Democratic Nat’l Comm., 412 U.S. 94 (1973)

3-9, 6-27

Columbia First Bank v. Ferguson, 665 A.2d 650 (D.C. 1995)

9-9, 9-38, 9-41

Columbia Ins. Co. v. Seescandy.com, 185 F.R.D. 573 (N.D. Cal. 1999)

14-35

Columbia Sussex Corp. v. Hay, 627 S.W.2d 270, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2424 (Ky. Ct. App. 1981)

2-3, 6-23, 6-24

Comaford v. Wired USA, Ltd., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7278 (N.D. Ill. 1995)

15-41

Commercial Publ’g Co. v. Smith, 149 F. 704 (6th Cir. 1907)

2-41

Commonwealth v. Armao, 446 Pa. 325, A.2d 626 (1972)

3-5

Commonwealth v. Wiseman, 356 Mass. 251, 249 N.E.2d 610 (1969), cert. denied, 398 U.S. 960 (1970)

12-11, 12-74, 12-95

Commonwealth Motor Parts, Ltd. v. Bank of Nova Scotia, 44 A.D.2d 375, N.Y.S.2d 138 (1974), aff’d, 37 N.Y.2d 824, 339 N.E.2d 888, 377 N.Y.S.2d 482 (1975)

3-2

Cmty. for Creative Non-Violence v. Pierce, 814 F.2d 663 (D.C. Cir. 1987)

10-58

Cmty. Title v. Roosevelt Fed. Sav. & Loan, 796 S.W.2d 369 (Mo. 1990)

13-39

CompuServe, Inc. v. Patterson, 89 F.3d 1257 (6th Cir. 1996)

15-32

Computerized Thermal Imaging, Inc. v. Bloomberg, L.P., 312 F.3d 1292 (10th Cir. 2002)

2-122

ComputerXpress v. Jackson, 93 Cal. App. 4th 993, 113 Cal. Rptr. 2d 625 (2001)

16-11

====== TOC-60 ======

Compuware Corp. v. Moody’s Investors Servs., 499 F.3d 520 (6th Cir. 2007)

2-40, 4-59, 5-46, 8-60, 13-71

Conard v. Dillingham, 23 Ariz. 596, 206 P. 166 (1922)

10-35

Condit v. Clermont Cnty. Review, 93 Ohio App. 3d 166, 638 N.E.2d 96 (1994)

16-39

Condit v. Clermont Cnty. Review, 110 Ohio App. 3d 755, 675 N.E.2d 475 (1996)

2-47, 4-53

Conkle v. Jeong, 73 F.3d 909 (9th Cir. 1995)

8-60, 9-15

Conklin v. Sloss, 86 Cal. App. 3d 241, 150 Cal. Rptr. 121, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1998 (1978)

12-65, 12-73

Conlay v. Baylor Coll. of Med., 688 F. Supp. 2d 586 (S.D. Tex. 2010)

8-58

Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41 (1957), aff’d without opinion, 2009 U.S. App. LEXIS 8668 (D.C. Cir. 2009)

2-65

Connaughton v. Harte-Hanks Commc’ns, Inc., 842 F.2d 825, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2209 (6th Cir. 1988), aff’d on other grounds, 491 U.S. 657, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1881 (1989)

1-29, 1-30, 5-84

Connelly v. Nw. Publ’ns, Inc., 448 N.W.2d 901, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1205 (Minn. Ct. App. 1989)

5-111

Connick v. Myers, 461 U.S. 138 (1983)

1-21, 3-8, 3-9, 6-27, 10-11, 10-23

Connolly v. Stone, 807 So. 2d 979 (La. Ct. App. 2002)

8-35

Connor v. Archdiocese of Phila., 975 A.2d 1084 (Pa. 2009)

4-76

Conrad v. Roberts, 95 Kan. 180, 147 P. 795 (1915)

8-52

Conroy v. Fall River Herald News Publ’g Co., 306 Mass. 488, 28 N.E.2d 729, 132 A.L.R. 927 (1940)

9-10, 9-11, 10-57

Consol. Rail Corp. v. Gottshall, 512 U.S. 532 (1994)

13-58

====== TOC-61 ======

Constant v. Spartanburg Steel Prods., 316 S.C. 86, 447 S.E.2d 194, cert. denied, 513 U.S. 1017 (1994)

9-43, 10-41

Consumers Union of United States, Inc., In re, 495 F. Supp. 582, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1681 (S.D.N.Y. 1980)

14-11

Container Mfg. Inc. v. CIBA-Geigy Corp., 870 F. Supp. 1225 (D.N.J. 1994)

2-164, 13-64, 13-65

Conte v. Newsday, Inc., 703 F. Supp. 2d 126 (E.D.N.Y. 2010)

16-7

Contemporary Mission, Inc. v. N.Y. Times Co., 842 F.2d 612, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1180 (2d Cir. 1988)

2-43, 5-24, 5-27

Contemporary Servs. Corp. v. Staff Pro Inc., 152 Cal. App. 4th 1043, 61 Cal. Rptr. 3d 434 (2007)

16-13

Conterras v. Vill. of Woodridge, 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3991 (N.D. Ill. 1995)

8-47

ContiCommodity Servs., Inc. v. Ragan, 63 F.3d 438 (5th Cir. 1995)

3-31

Cont’l Cablevision, Inc. v. Storer Broad. Co., 653 F. Supp. 451 (D. Mass. 1986)

5-46

Cont’l Nut Co. v. Robert L. Berner Co., 345 F.2d 395 (7th Cir. 1965), cert. denied, 393 U.S. 923 (1968)

2-164, 10-48, 13-8, 13-10, 13-23

Cont’l Trend Res., Inc. v. OXY USA, Inc., 101 F.3d 634 (10th Cir. 1996), cert. denied, 520 U.S. 1241 (1997)

10-18, 10-20

Converters Equip. Corp. v. Condes Corp., 80 Wis. 2d 257, 258 N.W.2d 712 (1977)

8-13, 9-12

Cook v. United Dairy Farmers, Inc., 2005 Ohio 1539, 2005 Ohio App. LEXIS 1490 (Mar. 31, 2005)

5-32

Cook v. Winfrey, 141 F.3d 322, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1586 (7th Cir. 1998)

4-36, 4-62, 13-49

Cook, Perkiss & Liehe v. N. Cal. Collection Serv., Inc., 911 F.2d 242 (9th Cir. 1990)

13-33

Cooksey v. Stewart, 938 So. 2d 1206 (La. Ct. App. 2006)

4-23

Coonan v. Holder, 602 F. Supp. 2d 25 (D.D.C. 2009)

8-27

====== TOC-62 ======

Copp v. Ramirez, 62 A.D.3d 23, 874 N.Y.S.2d 52, 37 Media L. Rep. 1563 (1st Dep’t 2009)

15-5

Cooper v. Del. Valley Med. Ctr., 539 Pa. 620, 654 A.2d 547 (1995)

9-28

Cooper v. Greeley, 1 Denio 347 (N.Y. 1845)

2-21

Cooper v. Parker-Hughey, 894 P.2d 1096 (Okla. 1995)

8-5

Cooper v. Rockford Newspapers, Inc., 50 Ill. App. 3d 247, 365 N.E.2d 744, 8 Ill. Dec. 506, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2287 (1977)

2-23, 5-13

Cooper Indus., Inc. v. Leatherman Tool Grp., Inc., 532 U.S. 424 (2001)

10-20

Copeland v. Carpenter, 203 Ga. 18, 45 S.E.2d 197 (1947)

13-2

Copeland v. Hubbard Broad., Inc., 526 N.W.2d 402 (Minn. Ct. App. 1995)

12-96

Coplin v. Fairfield Pub. Access Television Comm., 111 F.3d 1395, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1737 (8th Cir. 1997)

12-78

Copp v. Paxton, 45 Cal. App. 4th 829, 52 Cal. Rptr. 2d 831 (1996)

5-34, 8-50

Corabi v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 441 Pa. 432, 273 A.2d 899 (1971)

2-127, 3-14, 3-28, 5-81, 10-54

Corbett v. Register Publ’g Co., 33 Conn. Supp. 4, 356 A.2d 472 (Super. Ct. New Haven Cnty. 1975)

5-42, 6-19

Cordell v. Detective Publ’ns, Inc., 307 F. Supp. 1212 (E.D. Tenn. 1968), aff’d, 419 F.2d 989 (6th Cir. 1969)

12-9, 12-12, 12-17, 12-24, 12-59, 12-60

Core-Vent Corp. v. Nobel Indus. AB, 11 F.3d 1482 (9th Cir. 1993)

15-18, 15-23

Coronado Credit Union v. KOAT Television, Inc., 99 N.M. 233, 656 P.2d 896, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1031 (Ct. App. 1982)

2-71, 5-46

Corporate Training Unlimited, Inc. v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 868 F. Supp. 501 (E.D.N.Y. 1994)

7-30

====== TOC-63 ======

Corradi v. Emmco Corp., 1996 Ohio App. LEXIS 510 (Ohio Ct. App. 1996)

2-91, 2-168

Corrigan v. Bobbs-Merrill Co., 228 N.Y. 58, 126 N.E. 260 (1920)

2-159, 10-25

Cort v. Ash, 422 U.S. 66 (1975)

13-39

Cortez v. Shirley, 555 So. 2d 577 (La. Ct. App. 1989)

11-2

Cosgrove Studio & Camera Shop, Inc. v. Pane, 408 Pa. 314, 182 A.2d 751 (1962)

2-15

Costello v. Capital Cities Commc’ns, Inc., 125 Ill. 2d 402, 532 N.E.2d 790, 126 Ill. Dec. 919, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2407 (1988)

2-69, 2-73, 5-98

Costello v. Capital Cities Commc’ns, Inc., 153 Ill. App. 3d 956, 505 N.E.2d 701, 106 Ill. Dec. 154 (1987), rev’d on liability, 125 Ill. 2d 402, 532 N.E.2d 790, 126 Ill. Dec. 919, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2407 (1988)

10-37, 10-38, 10-44

Costello v. Capital Cities Media, Inc., 111 Ill. App. 3d 1009, 445 N.E.2d 13, 67 Ill. Dec. 721, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1434 (1982)

2-50, 10-44

Costello v. Hardy, 864 So. 2d 129 (La. 2004)

2-6, 2-15, 2-132

Costello v. Ocean City Observer, 136 N.J. 594, 643 A.2d 1012, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2129 (1994)

5-10, 5-100, 7-21, 7-26, 7-37

Cottom v. Meredith Corp., 65 A.D.2d 165, 411 N.Y.S.2d 53, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1916 (4th Dep’t 1978)

6-19, 7-59, 16-48

Cottrell v. NCAA, 975 So. 2d 306 (Ala. 2007)

2-115, 5-38

Coughlin v. Westinghouse Broad. & Cable, Inc., 603 F. Supp. 377, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1681 (E.D. Pa.), aff’d, 780 F.2d 340, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1529 (3d Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 476 U.S. 1187, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2263 (1986)

1-20, 1-25, 2-34, 5-10, 5-83, 5-94, 13-48, 16-37

====== TOC-64 ======

Council on Am. Islamic Relations, Inc. v. Ballenger, 366 F. Supp. 2d 28 (D.D.C. 2005)

8-29

Cnty. Vanlines, Inc. v. Experian Info. Solutions, Inc., 317 F. Supp. 2d 383 (S.D.N.Y. 2004)

9-21, 9-22, 9-23

Coursey v. Greater Niles Twp. Publ’g Corp., 40 Ill. 2d 257, 239 N.E.2d 837 (1968)

5-10

Covey v. Detroit Lakes Printing Co., 490 N.W.2d 138, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1671 (Minn. Ct. App. 1992)

13-62

Covino v. Hagemann, 627 N.Y.S.2d 894 (Sup. Ct. Richmond Cnty. 1995)

2-47, 4-53

Cowan v. Time, Inc., 41 Misc. 2d 198, 245 N.Y.S.2d 723 (Sup. Ct. Nassau Cnty. 1963)

2-73

Cowley v. Pulsifer, 137 Mass. 392 (1884)

7-22, 7-24

Cox v. Galazin, 460 F. Supp. 2d 380 (D. Conn. 2006)

5-36, 5-134

Cox v. Hatch, 761 P.2d 556, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1366 (Utah 1988)

2-13, 2-74, 6-4, 6-22, 6-26, 12-10, 12-22, 12-83, 16-5

Cox v. L.A. Herald-Examiner, 234 Cal. App. 3d 1618, 286 Cal. Rptr. 419, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1469 (1991)

7-27

Cox v. Nasche, 70 F.3d 1030 (9th Cir. 1995)

8-60

Cox Broad. Corp. v. Cohn, 420 U.S. 469 (1975)

1-50, 2-57, 7-42, 12-5, 12-30, 12-60, 12-61, 12-62, 12-63, 12-64, 12-76, 12-77

Cox Enters., Inc. v. Gilreath, 142 Ga. App. 297, 235 S.E.2d 633, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1031 (1977)

7-6

Cox Tex. Newspapers, L.P. v. Penick, 219 S.W.3d 425, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (Tex. Ct. App. 2007)

2-141

Craig v. Moore, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1402 (Fla. Cir. Ct. Duval Cnty. 1978)

2-49, 2-72, 2-73, 4-56

====== TOC-65 ======

Crain v. Lightner, 178 W. Va. 765, 364 S.E.2d 778 (1987)

2-169

Crall v. Gannett Satellite Info. Network, Inc., 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1987 (S.D. Ohio 1992)

2-42

Cranberg v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc., 756 F.2d 382, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2099 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 474 U.S. 850 (1985)

2-159

Crane v. Ariz. Republic, 729 F. Supp. 698, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (C.D. Cal. 1989), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds, 972 F.2d 1511, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1649 (9th Cir. 1992)

7-53, 12-5, 13-57

Crane v. Ariz. Republic, 972 F.2d 1511, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1649 (9th Cir. 1992)

5-8, 5-11, 5-90, 7-19, 7-32, 7-33, 7-36, 10-53

Crane v. N.Y. World Tel. Corp., 308 N.Y. 470, 126 N.E.2d 753, 52 A.L.R.2d 1169 (1955)

3-29

Crawford v. ITT Consumer Fin. Corp., 653 F. Supp. 1184 (S.D. Ohio 1986)

13-47

Creel v. Crown Publishers, Inc., 115 A.D.2d 414, 496 N.Y.S.2d 219, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1558 (App. Div. 1st Dep’t 1985)

12-101

Crinkley v. Dow Jones & Co., 119 Ill. App. 3d 147, 456 N.E.2d 138, 74 Ill. Dec. 636, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2248 (1983)

2-69

Crinkley v. Dow Jones & Co., 67 Ill. App. 3d 869, 385 N.E.2d 714, 24 Ill. Dec. 573 (1978)

13-40

Cripe v. Bd. of Regents, 358 So. 2d 244 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1978)

8-46

Crosby v. Bradstreet Co., 312 F.2d 483 (2d Cir. 1963)

10-58

Croslan v. Hous. Auth. for the City of New Britain, 974 F. Supp. 161 (D. Conn. 1997)

2-66

====== TOC-66 ======

Cross v. Guy Gannett Publ’g Co., 151 Me. 491, 121 A.2d 355 (1956)

2-20, 2-27

Crowley v. N. Am. Telecomms. Ass’n, 691 A.2d 1169 (D.C. 1997)

2-67

Cruey v. Gannett Co., 64 Cal. App. 4th 356, 76 Cal. Rptr. 2d 670 (1998)

8-19, 9-13

Crump v. Beckley Newspapers, Inc., 173 W. Va. 699, 320 S.E.2d 70, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2225 (1984)

2-6, 2-55, 6-5, 7-20, 9-45, 12-10, 12-16, 12-26, 12-31, 12-83

Crumrine v. Harte-Hanks Television, Inc., 37 S.W.3d 124 (Tex. Ct. App. 2001)

12-45

Cruz v. HSBC, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 75197 (D.N.J. 2010)

9-56

Cubby, Inc. v. CompuServe, Inc., 776 F. Supp. 135, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1525 (S.D.N.Y. 1991)

7-10, 7-14

Cuccioli v. Jekyll & Hyde Neuemetropol Bremen Theater Produktion GmbH, 150 F. Supp. 2d 566 (S.D.N.Y. 2001)

12-26, 12-99

Cullen v. Grove Press, Inc., 276 F. Supp. 727 (S.D.N.Y. 1967)

12-75

Cullen v. Se. Coal Co., 685 S.W.2d 187 (Ky. Ct. App. 1983)

2-124

Culliton v. Mize, 403 N.W.2d 853, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1122 (Minn. Ct. App. 1987)

6-23

Cull’um v. White, __ S.E.3d __, 2011 Tex. App. LEXIS 9733 (Tex. App. 2011)

2-133

Culpepper v. Pearl St. Bldg., Inc., 877 P.2d 877 (Colo. 1994)

13-60

Culver v. Merrill Lynch & Co., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10017 (S.D.N.Y. 1995)

5-4, 9-19, 9-38, 9-55

Cummings v. Kirby, 216 Neb. 314, 343 N.W.2d 747 (1984)

8-15

Curran v. Amazon.com, Inc., 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12479, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1641 (S.D. W. Va. 2008)

12-82

====== TOC-67 ======

Curran v. Phila. Newspapers, Inc., 497 Pa. 163, 439 A.2d 652, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2513 (1981)

5-100, 16-37

Curran v. Phila. Newspapers, Inc., 376 Pa. Super. 508, 546 A.2d 639, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1745 (1988)

5-88

Currier v. W. Newspapers, Inc., 175 Ariz. 290, 855 P.2d 1351, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1874 (1993)

3-18, 3-20, 5-74, 5-82, 5-87, 5-89

Curry v. Roman, 217 A.D.2d 314, 635 N.Y.S.2d 391 (App. Div. 4th Dep’t 1995)

5-39, 5-47

Curry v. Walter, 126 Eng. Rep. 1046 (C.P. 1796)

7-21

Curtis v. Iseman, 137 Ky. 796, 127 S.W. 150 (1910)

2-124

Cusano v. Klein, 264 F.3d 936 (9th Cir. 2001)

7-6

Cuthbert v. Nat’l Org. for Women, 207 A.D.2d 624, 615 N.Y.S.2d 534 (3d Dep’t 1994)

2-143

Cutler v. Klass, Whicher & Mishne, 473 N.W.2d 178 (Iowa 1991)

13-48, 13-50, 13-58

Curtis Publ’g Co. v. Birdsong, 360 F.2d 344 (5th Cir. 1966)

2-31, 2-46, 2-51

Curtis Publ’g Co. v. Butts, 388 U.S. 130 (1967)

1-2, 1-10, 1-11, 1-12, 1-13, 1-15, 1-19, 1-26, 1-27, 1-29, 1-33, 1-34, 1-48, 2-87, 2-139, 3-33, 4-3, 5-3, 5-38, 5-49, 5-56, 5-72, 5-83, 5-87, 5-100, 6-14, 10-50, 16-43, 16-60

Cweklinsky v. Mobil Chem. Co., 267 Conn. 210, 837 A.2d 759 (2004)

2-94, 2-96, 2-97, 9-17, 10-57

Cybersell, Inc. v. Cybersell, Inc., 130 F.3d 414 (9th Cir. 1997)

15-36

Cypress Ins. Co. v. Clark, 144 F.3d 1435 (11th Cir. 1998)

13-69

Cyprien v. Bd. of Supervisors, 5 So. 3d 862 (La. 2009)

2-4

====== TOC-68 ======

D

Dacey v. Conn. Bar Ass’n, 170 Conn. 520, 368 A.2d 125 (1976)

5-127

Daetwyler Corp. v. Input Graphics, Inc., 545 F. Supp. 165 (E.D. Pa. 1982)

13-30

D’Agrosa v. Newsday, Inc., 158 A.D.2d 229, 558 N.Y.S.2d 961 (2d Dep’t 1990)

2-72, 6-16

Daigle v. Computrac, 835 F. Supp. 903 (E.D. La. 1993)

2-94

Daily Times Democrat v. Graham, 276 Ala. 380, 162 So. 2d 474 (1964)

12-43, 12-57, 12-68

Dairy Stores, Inc. v. Sentinel Publ’g Co., 104 N.J. 125, 516 A.2d 220, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1594 (1986)

4-27, 4-70, 5-47, 5-53, 6-12, 6-21, 6-23, 9-2, 9-9, 9-47, 13-11, 13-20, 13-26, 16-24, 16-30, 16-42

Dalbec v. Gentleman’s Companion, Inc., 828 F.2d 921, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1705 (2d Cir. 1987)

2-79, 2-142, 2-144, 2-145, 2-170, 6-17

Dale v. Ohio Civil Serv. Emps. Ass’n, 57 Ohio St. 3d 112, 567 N.E.2d 253 (1991)

6-22

Dale Sys., Inc. v. Gen. Teleradio, Inc., 105 F. Supp. 745 (S.D.N.Y. 1952)

15-46

D’Alfonso v. A.S. Abell Co., 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1663 (D. Md. 1984), aff’d, 765 F.2d 138, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2117 (4th Cir. 1985)

7-20, 15-49

Dalitz v. Penthouse Int’l, Ltd., 168 Cal. App. 3d 468, 214 Cal. Rptr. 254, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2153 (1985)

14-42

Dall v. Pearson, 246 F. Supp. 812 (D.D.C. 1963), cert. denied, 380 U.S. 965 (1965)

4-62

Dall v. Time, Inc., 252 A.D. 636, 300 N.Y.S. 680, aff’d, 278 N.Y. 635, 16 N.E.2d 297 (1937)

5-123

====== TOC-69 ======

Dallas Indep. Sch. Dist. v. Finlan, 27 S.W.3d 220 (Tex. Ct. App. 2000), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 949 (2001)

8-16

Dallas Morning News Co. v. Garcia, 822 S.W.2d 675, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2033 (Tex. Ct. App. 1991)

14-15, 14-16, 14-17

Dalton v. Meister, 52 Wis. 2d 173, 188 N.W.2d 494 (1971), cert. denied, 405 U.S. 934 (1972)

5-81, 10-10

D’Ambrosio v. D’Ambrosio, 45 Va. App. 323, 610 S.E.2d 876 (2005)

10-58

Dameron v. Wash. Magazine, Inc., 779 F.2d 736, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1508 (D.C. Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 476 U.S. 1141 (1986)

5-62, 5-64, 5-67, 7-42

Damon v. Moore, 520 F.3d 98, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2322 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 175 (2008)

2-14, 2-28

Danawala v. Houston Lighting & Power Co., 14 F.3d 251 (5th Cir. 1993)

9-18

Dancer v. Bergman, 246 A.D.2d 573, 668 N.Y.S.2d 213 (2d Dep’t 1998)

5-29

Dangerfield v. Star Editorial, Inc., 817 F. Supp. 833 (C.D. Cal.), mandamus denied, 7 F.3d 856, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2281 (9th Cir. 1993)

14-16, 14-17

Danias v. Fakis, 261 A.2d 529 (Del. Super. Ct. 1969)

2-26, 10-8

Daniel v. Dow Jones & Co., 137 Misc. 2d 94, 520 N.Y.S.2d 334, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1995 (Civ. Ct. 1987)

13-63, 13-65

Daniels v. Metro Magazine Holding Co., L.L.C., 634 S.E.2d 586, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2363 (N.C. Ct. App. 2006)

4-17

====== TOC-70 ======

Daniels v. Sanitarium Ass’n, 59 Cal. 2d 602, 30 Cal. Rptr. 828, 381 P.2d 652 (1963)

2-164

Darakjian v. Hanna, 366 N.J. Super. 238, 840 A.2d 959, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1594 (App. Div. 2004)

7-29

Darby v. Ciraso, 2000 Ohio App. LEXIS 4372 (Ohio Ct. App. 2000)

2-125

D.A.R.E. Am. v. Rolling Stone Magazine, 101 F. Supp. 2d 1270 (C.D. Cal. 2000), aff’d, 270 F.3d 793 (9th Cir. 2001)

5-104, 5-106, 5-109

Dattner v. Pokoik, 81 A.D.2d 572, 437 N.Y.S.2d 425, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1636 (2d Dep’t 1981)

10-44

Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharm., Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993)

4-45

Davenport v. Garcia, 834 S.W.2d 4 (Tex. 1992)

12-5

David v. Nat’l Lampoon, Inc., 432 F. Supp. 1097 (D.S.C. 1977)

15-22

David L. Aldridge Co. v. Microsoft Corp., 995 F. Supp. 728 (S.D. Tex. 1998)

2-90

David L. Threlkeld & Co. v. Metallgesellschaft Ltd., 923 F.2d 245 (2d Cir.), cert. dismissed, 501 U.S. 1267 (1991)

10-68, 10-69

Davidson v. Rogers, 281 Or. 219, 574 P.2d 624, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2030 (1978)

11-7, 11-13

Davis v. Borskey, 660 So. 2d 17 (La. 1995)

5-13, 5-53, 5-98

Davis v. Consol. Freightways, 29 Cal. App. 4th 354, 34 Cal. Rptr. 2d 438 (1994)

2-93

Davis v. Costa-Gavras, 580 F. Supp. 1082, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1257 (S.D.N.Y. 1984)

2-89, 2-111, 5-100, 15-5, 15-8, 15-55

====== TOC-71 ======

Davis v. Costa-Gavras, 619 F. Supp. 1372, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1281 (S.D.N.Y. 1985)

2-74, 2-149

Davis v. Costa-Gavras, 654 F. Supp. 653, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2112 (S.D.N.Y. 1987)

5-98, 5-120, 5-121

Davis v. Hearst, 160 Cal. 143, 116 P. 530 (1911)

2-8

Davis v. Hildyard, 34 Kan. App. 2d 22, 113 P.3d 827 (2005)

9-28

Davis v. Int’l Union, UAW, 392 F.3d 834 (6th Cir. 2004)

8-55

Davis v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 320 F. Supp. 1070 (E.D. La. 1970), aff’d, 447 F.2d 981 (5th Cir. 1971)

2-111

Davis v. Res. for Human Dev., Inc., 2001 Pa. Super. 73, 770 A.2d 353 (2001)

2-90

Davis v. Ross, 754 F.2d 80 (2d Cir. 1985)

2-22, 2-31

Davis v. Schuchat, 510 F.2d 731 (D.C. Cir. 1975)

5-52, 5-80, 6-22, 6-25, 10-30

Davis v. Shavers, 269 Ga. 75, 495 S.E.2d 23, cert. denied, 525 U.S. 872 (1998)

8-32

Davis v. Tennessean, 83 S.W.3d 125, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2468 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2001)

2-82

Davita, Inc. v. Nephrology Assocs., 253 F. Supp. 2d 1370 (D. Ga. 2003)

13-11

Davric Me. Corp. v. U.S. Postal Serv., 238 F.3d 58 (1st Cir. 2001)

8-27, 8-28, 13-67

Dawson v. N.Y. Life Ins. Co., 932 F. Supp. 1509 (N.D. Ill. 1996), rev’d on other grounds, 135 F.3d 1158 (7th Cir. 1998)

7-61, 8-57, 9-4, 9-15, 9-40, 13-40, 13-54

De Carvalho v. daSilva, 414 A.2d 806 (R.I. 1980)

5-53

====== TOC-72 ======

De Falco v. Anderson, 209 N.J. Super. 99, 506 A.2d 1280, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2125 (1986)

2-37

De Husson v. Hearst Corp., 204 F.2d 234 (7th Cir. 1953)

2-42

De Leo v. Anthony A. Nunes, Inc., 546 A.2d 1344 (R.I. 1988), cert. denied, 489 U.S. 1074 (1989)

13-18

De Maria v. Josephs, 41 A.D.2d 655, 340 N.Y.S.2d 707 (2d Dep’t 1973)

2-148

De Moya v. Walsh, 441 So. 2d 1120, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2527 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1983)

2-45

De Prins v. Van Damme, 953 S.W.2d 7 (Tex. Ct. App. 1997)

15-40

De Roburt v. Gannett Co., 507 F. Supp. 880, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2473 (D. Haw. 1981)

14-31

De Witte v. Kearney & Trecker Corp., 265 Wis. 132, 60 N.W.2d 748 (1953)

2-141

Dean v. Dearing, 263 Va. 485, 561 S.E.2d 686 (2002)

2-154, 2-155

Dean v. Guard Publ’g Co., 73 Or. App. 656, P.2d 1158 (1985)

12-9

DeAngelis v. Hill, 180 N.J. 1, 847 A.2d 1261 (2004)

2-45, 5-11

Death v. Salem, 143 A.D.2d 253, 532 N.Y.S.2d 285 (2d Dep’t 1988)

10-32

DeBlasio v. N. Shore Univ. Hosp., 213 A.D.2d 584, 624 N.Y.S.2d 263 (2d Dep’t 1995)

2-143

Decker v. Princeton Packet, Inc., 116 N.J. 418, 561 A.2d 1122, 85 A.L.R.4th 797, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2194 (1989)

2-14, 2-74, 13-56, 13-61

DeCoe v. Gen. Motors Corp., 32 F.3d 212 (6th Cir. 1994)

8-55

Deeb v. Univ. of Minn., 60 F.3d 423 (8th Cir. 1995)

9-18, 9-44

====== TOC-73 ======

Deghand v. Wal-Mart Stores, 926 F. Supp. 1002 (D. Kan. 1996)

2-109

Del Papa v. Mahan, 42 P.3d 233 (Nev. 2002)

9-10, 9-11

Delaney v. Int’l Union UAW Local No. 94, 675 N.W.2d 832, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1454 (Iowa 2004)

2-57, 5-134

Delfino v. Agilent Techs., Inc., 145 Cal. App. 4th 790, 52 Cal. Rptr. 3d 376 (2006)

7-10, 8-53

Delis v. Sepsis, 9 Ill. App. 3d 217, 292 N.E.2d 138 (1972)

2-49

Delloma v. Consol. Coal Co., 996 F.2d 168 (7th Cir. 1993)

9-14

DelloRusso v. Monteiro, 47 Mass. App. Ct. 475, 714 N.E.2d 362 (1999)

8-58

DeLong v. Yu Enters., Inc., 334 Or. 166, 47 P.3d 8 (2002)

9-9

Delta Air Lines, Inc. v. Morris, 949 S.W.2d 422 (Tex. Ct. App. 1997)

6-22

DeLuca v. N.Y. News, Inc., 109 Misc. 2d 341, 438 N.Y.S.2d 199, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1302 (N.Y. Cnty. 1981)

16-49

DeLuca v. N.Y. News, Inc., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2312 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1978)

2-43

DeMary v. Latrobe Printing & Publ’g Co., 2000 PA Super. 339, 762 A.2d 758, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1337 (2000)

7-20, 7-29, 7-36, 7-41

Demby v. English, 667 So. 2d 350 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1995)

5-12

DeMeo v. Goodall, 640 F. Supp. 1115 (D.N.H. 1986)

13-57

Demers v. Meuret, 266 Or. 252, 512 P.2d 1348 (1973)

8-38

DeMorais v. Wisniowski, 81 Conn. App. 595, 841 A.2d 226 (2004)

2-121

Dempsey v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 687 F. Supp. 692, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2193 (D. Me. 1988)

12-22

====== TOC-74 ======

Demuth Dev. Corp. v. Merck & Co., 432 F. Supp. 990, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1092 (E.D.N.Y. 1977)

13-65

Den Norske Ameriekalinje Actiesselskabet v. Sun Printing & Publ’g Ass’n, 226 N.Y. 1, 122 N.E. 463 (1919)

10-36

DeNardo v. Bax, 147 P.3d 672 (Alaska 2006)

9-20, 9-47

Dendrite Int’l v. Doe, 342 N.J. Super. 134, 775 A.2d 756 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 2001)

14-35, 14-36, 14-37, 14-39

Denman v. Star Broad. Co., 28 Utah 2d 50, 497 P.2d 1378 (1972)

7-16

Denmark v. Tzimas, 871 F. Supp. 261 (E.D. La. 1994), aff’d mem., 78 F.3d 582 (5th Cir. 1996)

15-15, 15-18, 15-40, 15-41

Denney v. Lawrence, 22 Cal. App. 4th 927, 27 Cal. Rptr. 2d 556, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1434 (1994)

5-63, 5-70

Denny v. Mertz, 84 Wis. 2d 654, 267 N.W.2d 304, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1153 (1978)

2-16, 2-31, 2-76, 2-120

Denny v. Mertz, 106 Wis. 2d 636, 318 N.W.2d 141, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1369, cert. denied, 459 U.S. 883 (1982)

5-53, 6-5, 6-23

Denovich v. Twin Valu Stores, 1995 Ohio App. LEXIS 661 (1995)

8-19, 9-49

Denver Publ’g Co. v. Bueno, 54 P.3d 893 (Colo. 2002)

12-11, 12-13, 12-14, 12-15, 12-16, 12-32, 12-33, 12-40

Derry v. Handly, 16 L.T.R. 263 (1867)

2-112

Desai v. Hersh, 719 F. Supp. 670, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2314 (N.D. Ill. 1989)

15-56

Desai v. Hersh, 954 F.2d 1408, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1893 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 865 (1992)

5-14, 14-8, 14-18

====== TOC-75 ======

Desperado Motor Racing & Motorcycles, Inc. v. Robinson, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 69711 (S.D. Tex. 2010)

16-7

Deupree v. Iliff, 860 F.2d 300, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2225 (8th Cir. 1988)

13-56

Deutsch v. Birmingham Post Co., 603 So. 2d 910, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1483 (Ala. 1992)

3-15

Deutsche Bank Sec., Inc. v. Mont. Bd. of Invs., 7 N.Y.3d 65, 850 N.E.2d 1140, 818 N.Y.S.2d 164 (2006)

15-9

Devany v. Shulman, 184 Misc. 613, 53 N.Y.S.2d 401 (Bronx Cnty. 1944), aff’d, 269 A.D. 1022, 59 N.Y.S.2d 401 (1st Dep’t 1945)

4-56, 4-69, 4-71, 4-73

Dev. Direction, Inc. v. Zachary, 430 F. Supp. 783 (S.D.N.Y. 1976)

15-8

DeVito v. Gollinger, 133 Ohio App. 3d 51, 726 N.E.2d 1048 (Ohio Ct. App. 1999)

4-29

Devlin v. Greiner, 147 N.J. Super. 446, 371 A.2d 380 (1977)

8-22, 12-9, 12-12

Dewing v. Blodgett, 124 Cal. App. 100, 11 P.2d 1105 (1932)

2-144

Di Miceli v. Klieger, 58 Wis. 2d 359, 206 N.W.2d 184 (1973)

8-41

Diapulse Corp. of Am. v. Birtcher Corp., 362 F.2d 736 (2d Cir.), cert. dismissed, 385 U.S. (1966)

13-8, 13-15, 13-23

Dias v. Bogins, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18651 (D.N.H. 1994)

15-46

Diaz v. NBC Universal, Inc., 536 F. Supp. 2d 337, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1419 (S.D.N.Y. 2008), aff’d, 337 F. App’x 94, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1993 (2d Cir. 2009)

2-153

Diaz v. Oakland Tribune, Inc., 139 Cal. App. 3d 118, 188 Cal. Rptr. 762, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1121 (1983)

10-40, 12-57

DiBella v. Hopkins, 403 F.3d 102, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1979 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 428 (2005)

3-15, 5-35

====== TOC-76 ======

Dible v. Haight Ashbury Free Clinics, Inc., 170 Cal. App. 4th 843, 88 Cal. Rptr. 3d 464 (2009)

2-97

Dice v. Johnson, 711 F. Supp. 2d 340 (E.D. Pa. 2010)

9-50

Dickenson v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19459 (W.D. Va. 1997)

2-100

Dickerson v. Int’l Auto Workers Union, 98 Ohio App. 3d 171, 648 N.E.2d 40 (1994)

13-58

Dickerson v. Raphael, 222 Mich. App. 185, 564 N.W.2d 85 (1997)

12-91

Dickey v. CBS, Inc., 441 F. Supp. 1133, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1691 (E.D. Pa. 1977), aff’d, 583 F.2d 1221, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (3d Cir. 1978)

5-100

Dickey v. CBS, Inc., 583 F.2d 1221, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (3d Cir. 1978)

5-103, 7-50

Dickson v. Am. Red Cross Nat’l Headquarters, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4838 (N.D. Tex. 1997)

9-38

Diefenderfer v. Totman, 73 Wyo. 409, 280 P.2d 284 (1955)

13-21

Diehl v. Fred Weber, Inc., 309 S.W.3d 309 (Mo. App. 2010)

16-22

Diehl v. Kintz, 162 S.W.3d 152 (Mo. Ct. App. 2005)

2-64, 4-59, 13-66

Diesen v. Hessburg, 455 N.W.2d 446, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1849 (Minn. 1990), cert. denied, 498 U.S. 1119 (1991)

2-35, 2-37, 3-24, 5-97

Dietemann v. Time, Inc., 449 F.2d 245 (9th Cir. 1971)

12-91, 12-92, 12-93, 12-95

Digital Design Grp., Inc. v. Info. Builders, Inc., 24 P.3d 834 (Okla. Ct. App. 2001)

2-104

Digital Equip. Corp. v. AltaVista Tech., Inc., 960 F. Supp. 456 (D. Mass. 1997)

15-32

DiLeo v. Davis, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1756, 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4118 (E.D. La. 1995)

10-46, 13-65

====== TOC-77 ======

DiLeo v. Koltnow, 200 Colo. 119, 613 P.2d 318, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2011 (1980)

5-126, 16-30, 16-41

Dillard Dep’t Stores v. Felton, 276 Ark. 304, 634 S.W.2d 135 (1982)

9-20

Dilling v. Ill. Publ’g & Printing Co., 340 Ill. App. 303, 91 N.E.2d 635 (1950)

2-22, 2-44

Dillon v. Waller, 1995 Ohio App. LEXIS 5860 (Ohio Ct. App. 1995)

2-91

DiLorenzo v. N.Y. News, Inc., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2230 (Kings Cnty. 1979)

5-92

DiLorenzo v. N.Y. News, Inc., 81 A.D.2d 844, 432 N.Y.S.2d 483, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1452 (2d Dep’t 1981)

5-110, 5-112

Dilworth v. Dudley, 75 F.3d 307 (7th Cir. 1996)

2-49, 4-51, 4-58, 4-63, 5-30

Dineen v. Daughan, 381 A.2d 663 (Me. 1978)

8-5

Dinkel v. Lincoln Publ’g (Ohio), Inc., 93 Ohio App. 3d 344, 638 N.E.2d 611, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2378 (1994)

7-36

Dion v. Kiev, 566 F. Supp. 1387, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2105 (E.D. Pa. 1983)

15-29

Diplomat Elec., Inc. v. Westinghouse Elec. Supply Co., 378 F.2d 377 (5th Cir. 1967)

15-51

Direct Imp. Buyer’s Ass’n v. K.S.L., Inc., 572 P.2d 692, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1715 (Utah 1977)

13-15, 13-16, 13-20, 13-29

Dirkes v. Borough of Runnemede, 936 F. Supp. 235 (D.N.J. 1996)

12-4

DiSalle v. P.G. Publ’g Co., 375 Pa. Super. 510, 544 A.2d 1345, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1873 (1988), appeal denied, 521 Pa. 620, 557 A.2d 724, cert. denied, 492 U.S. 906 (1989)

5-17, 5-81, 10-25, 10-52

Ditton v. Legal Times, 947 F. Supp. 227 (E.D. Va. 1996), aff’d, 1997 U.S. App. LEXIS 29869 (4th Cir. 1997)

7-42

====== TOC-78 ======

Diver v. Peterson, 524 N.W.2d 288 (Minn. Ct. App. 1994)

8-63

Diversified Mgmt., Inc. v. Denver Post, Inc., 653 P.2d 1103, 33 A.L.R.4th 193, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2505 (1982)

6-10, 6-11

Dixon v. Econ. Co., 477 So. 2d 353 (Ala. 1985)

2-99

Dixon v. Int’l Bhd. of Police Officers, 504 F.3d 73 (1st Cir. 2007)

5-17

Dixon v. Ogden Newspapers Inc., 416 S.E.2d 237, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1169 (W. Va.), cert. denied, 506 U.S. 916 (1992)

2-63, 2-74

Dixon v. Superior Court, 30 Cal. App. 4th 733, 36 Cal. Rptr. 2d 687, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1663 (1994)

8-32

Dixson v. Newsweek, Inc., 562 F.2d 626, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1123 (10th Cir. 1977)

2-109, 2-167, 5-37, 5-42, 7-2, 7-53, 10-35, 10-55

Dobbyn v. Nelson, 2 Kan. App. 2d 358, 579 P.2d 721, aff’d, 225 Kan. 56, 587 P.2d 315 (1978)

9-20, 9-42

Dobson v. Harris, 352 N.C. 77, 530 S.E.2d 829 (2000)

9-13, 9-44

Doctor’s Convalescent Ctr., Inc. v. E. Shore Newspapers, Inc., 104 Ill. App. 2d 271, 244 N.E.2d 373 (1968)

5-12

Dodd v. Fawcett Publ’ns, Inc., 329 F.2d 82 (10th Cir. 1964)

15-43

Dodd v. Pearson, 277 F. Supp. 469 (D.D.C. 1967)

16-26

Dodds v. Am. Broad. Co., 145 F.3d 1053, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1705 (9th Cir. 1998), cert. denied, 525 U.S. 1102 (1999)

2-39, 5-13, 5-78, 5-117

Dodge v. Henriod, 21 Utah 2d 277, 444 P.2d 753 (1968)

8-9

====== TOC-79 ======

Dodrill v. Ark. Democrat Co., 265 Ark. 628, 590 S.W.2d 840, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1385 (1979), cert. denied, 444 U.S. 1076 (1980)

6-3, 12-31

Dodson v. Dicker, 306 Ark. 108, 812 S.W.2d 97, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1124 (1991)

3-12, 4-17, 4-19, 4-20

Doe v. 2TheMart.com Inc., 140 F. Supp. 2d 1088 (W.D. Wash. 2001)

14-38

Doe v. Am. Broad. Cos., 152 A.D.2d 482, 543 N.Y.S.2d 455, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1958 (1st Dep’t 1989)

13-52

Doe v. Am. Online, Inc., 783 So. 2d 1010 (Fla.), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 981 (2001)

8-54

Doe v. Berkeley Publishers, 329 S.C. 412, 496 S.E.2d 636 (1998)

12-53

Doe v. Cahill, 884 A.2d 451, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2411 (Del. 2005)

14-37, 14-39, 14-41, 14-42

Doe v. Doe, 941 F.2d 280, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1705 (5th Cir.), modified and reh’g denied, in part, 949 F.2d 736 (5th Cir. 1991)

7-20, 7-37

Doe v. Edward A. Sherman Publ’g Co., 593 A.2d 457, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1028 (R.I. 1991)

12-60

Doe v. Friendfinder Network, Inc., 540 F. Supp. 2d 288 (D.N.H. 2008)

7-10, 7-12

Doe v. Grant, 839 So. 2d 408 (La. Ct. App. 2003)

9-28

Doe v. Kohn Nast & Graf, P.C., 862 F. Supp. 1310 (E.D. Pa. 1994)

2-59

Doe v. McMillan, 412 U.S. 306 (1973)

8-25, 8-26

Doe v. Methodist Hosp., 690 N.E.2d 681, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1289 (Ind. 1997)

3-13, 12-9, 12-34, 12-38, 12-39

====== TOC-80 ======

Doe v. Mills, 212 Mich. App. 73, 536 N.W.2d 824 (1995)

12-67, 12-68

Doe v. Mobile Video Tapes, Inc., 43 S.W.3d 40, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1398 (Tex. Ct. App. 2001)

12-71

Doe v. Roe, 638 So. 2d 826, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1427 (Ala. 1994)

12-53

Doe v. United States, 83 F. Supp. 2d 833 (S.D. Tex. 2000)

8-61, 12-73, 13-51

Doe v. Univision Television Grp., Inc., 717 So. 2d 63 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1998)

12-73, 12-95

Doe 2 v. Associated Press, 331 F.3d 417, 31 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1819 (4th Cir. 2003)

12-42

Dolatowski v. Life Printing & Publ’g Co., 197 Ill. App. 3d 23, 554 N.E.2d 692, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1838 (1990)

7-38

Dolcefino v. Randolph, 19 S.W.3d 906, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2189 (Tex. Ct. App. 2000)

3-23, 7-44

Dombey v. Phoenix Newspapers, Inc., 150 Ariz. 476, 724 P.2d 562, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1282 (1986)

5-75, 5-87, 5-89, 5-112, 6-26, 16-41

Dombrowski v. Pfister, 380 U.S. 479 (1965)

16-27, 16-68

Domchick v. Greenbelt Consumer Servs., Inc., 200 Md. 36, 87 A.2d 831 (1952)

3-28, 3-29

Dominguez v. Babcock, 727 P.2d 362 (Colo. 1986)

9-46

Dominguez v. Davidson, 266 Kan. 926, 974 P.2d 112 (1999)

2-104, 9-43

Dominiak v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 439 Pa. 222, 266 A.2d 626 (1970)

2-103

Don King Prods., Inc. v. Douglas, 742 F. Supp. 778 (S.D.N.Y. 1990)

3-12, 4-16, 4-17

Don King Prods., Inc. v. Walt Disney Co., 40 So. 3d 40, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2516 (Fla. Ct. App. 2010)

5-75

Don’s Porta Signs, Inc. v. City of Clearwater, 485 U.S. 981 (1988)

16-61

====== TOC-81 ======

Donaldson v. Wash. Post Co., 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1436 (D.C. Super. 1977)

5-39

Donato v. Moldow, 374 N.J. Super. 475, 865 A.2d 711 (App. Div. 2005)

7-10, 8-53

Donnelly v. United Fruit Co., 4 A.D.2d 855, 166 N.Y.S.2d 392 (1st Dep’t 1957)

10-59

Donoghue v. Hayes [1831], Hayes, Irish Exch. 265

2-60

Don’s Porta Signs, Inc. v. City of Clearwater, 485 U.S. 981 (1988)

16-61

Dorn v. Astra USA, 975 F. Supp. 388 (D. Mass. 1997)

2-65

Dorr v. United States, 195 U.S. 138 (1904)

2-41

Dorsey v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 952 F.2d 250, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1673 (9th Cir. 1991)

7-32

Dorsey v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 973 F.2d 1431, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1745 (9th Cir. 1992)

2-14, 7-38, 16-29

Dostert v. Wash. Post Co., 531 F. Supp. 165, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1170 (N.D. W. Va. 1982)

2-44

Doubleday & Co. v. Rogers, 674 S.W.2d 751, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2173 (Tex. 1984)

5-85, 5-93, 10-27

Dougherty v. Boyertown Times, 377 Pa. Super. 462, 547 A.2d 778, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2433 (1988)

2-28

Dougherty v. Capital Cities Commc’ns, Inc., 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2535 (E.D. Mich. 1981)

15-44

Douglas Asphalt Co. v. QORE, Inc., 657 F.3d 1146 (11th Cir. 2011)

13-11

Douglass v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 769 F.2d 1128, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2264 (7th Cir. 1985), cert. denied, 475 U.S. 1094 (1986)

5-109, 10-2, 10-32, 10-35, 10-36, 10-40, 10-43, 10-51, 12-23

Dove Audio, Inc. v. Rosenfeld, Meyer & Susman, 47 Cal. App. 4th 777, 54 Cal. Rptr. 2d 830 (1996)

8-12

====== TOC-82 ======

Dow Jones & Co. v. Superior Court, 364 Mass. 317, 303 N.E.2d 847 (1973)

14-2, 14-12

Dowd v. Calabrese, 577 F. Supp. 238, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1208 (D.D.C. 1983)

14-16, 14-33

Dowd v. Calabrese, 589 F. Supp. 1206, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2017 (D.D.C. 1984)

13-67

Downing v. Abercrombie & Fitch, 265 F.3d 994, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2390 (9th Cir. 2001)

12-84, 12-85

Downing v. Burna, 348 S.W.3d 415 (Tex. Ct. App. 2011)

2-132

Downing v. Monitor Publ’g Co., 120 N.H. 383, 415 A.2d 683, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1193 (1980)

14-17, 14-31

Downs v. Roman Catholic Archbishop of Balt., 111 Md. App. 616, A.2d 808 (1996)

4-75

Downs v. Waremart, Inc., 137 Or. App. 119, 903 P.2d 888 (1995), rev’d on other grounds, 324 926 P.2d 314 (1996)

2-94, 2-96, 2-97

Draghetti v. Chmielewski, 416 Mass. 808, 626 N.E.2d 862, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1456 (1994)

2-26, 2-76, 9-33, 10-37

Dragonas v. Sch. Comm. of Melrose, 64 Mass. App. Ct. 429, 833 N.E.2d 679 (2005)

9-46

Dresbach v. Doubleday & Co., 518 F. Supp. 1285, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2105 (D.D.C. 1981)

5-44, 5-63, 12-13, 12-31, 12-35, 12-50, 12-51, 12-53, 12-54, 12-80, 16-44

Drew v. KATV Television, Inc., 293 Ark. 555, 739 S.W.2d 680, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2078 (1987)

5-12, 16-41

Drillis-Elzis v. Vill. of Orland Hills, 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2409 (N.D. Ill. 1995)

8-61

====== TOC-83 ======

Dring v. Sullivan, 423 F. Supp. 2d 540 (D. Md. 2006)

15-32

Drug Research Corp. v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 7 N.Y.2d 435, 199 N.Y.S.2d 33, 166 N.E.2d 319 (1960)

13-8, 13-10, 13-15, 13-16, 13-21, 13-22

Drury v. Feeney, 505 So. 2d 111, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1604 (La. Ct. App. 1987)

3-20

Drury v. Sanofi-Synthelabo, Inc., 292 F. Supp. 2d 1068 (N.D. Ill. 2003)

2-48

Dube v. Likins, 216 Ariz. 406, 167 P.3d 93 (Ct. App. 2007)

2-104

Dubinsky v. United Airlines Master Exec. Council, 303 Ill. App. 3d 317, 708 N.E.2d 441, 236 Ill. Dec. 855 (1999)

4-23, 4-60

Dubree v. Ass’n of Trial Lawyers, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1158 (D. Vt. 1980)

12-12

DuBree v. Commonwealth, 481 Pa. 540, 393 A.2d 293 (1978)

8-49

Dubrovin v. Marshall Field’s & Co. Employee’s Credit Union, 180 Ill. App. 3d 992, 129 Ill. Dec. 750, 536 N.E.2d 800 (1989)

2-60

Duchesnaye v. Munro Enters., Inc., 125 N.H. 244, 480 A.2d 123 (1984)

6-4, 6-7

Duci v. Daily Gazette Co., 102 A.D.2d 940, 477 N.Y.S.2d 760, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1900 (3d Dep’t 1984)

2-73

Dudley v. Farmers Branch Daily Times, 550 S.W.2d 99 (Tex. Civ. App. 1977)

7-40

Duffy v. Leading Edge Prods., Inc., 44 F.3d 308, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1455 (5th Cir. 1995)

2-95, 5-89, 9-19, 9-38, 9-46

Duffy v. N.Y. Evening Post Co., 109 A.D. 471, 96 N.Y.S. 629 (1st Dep’t 1905)

2-87

Dugan v. Mittal Steel USA Inc., 929 N.E.2d 184 (Ind. 2010)

2-12, 2-102, 2-126

Duke of Brunswick v. Harmer, 14 Q.B. 185, 117 Eng. Rep. 75 (1845)

7-5, 15-61

====== TOC-84 ======

Dulgarian v. Stone, 420 Mass. 843, 652 N.E.2d 603 (1995)

2-53, 4-19, 4-57, 16-46

Dulude v. Fletcher Allen Health Care, Inc., 174 Vt. 74, 807 A.2d 390 (2002)

2-104

Dun & Bradstreet v. Greenmoss Builders, Inc., 472 U.S. 749, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2417 (1985), aff’g on other grounds, 143 Vt. 66, 461 A.2d 414, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1902 (1983)

1-20, 1-21, 1-22, 1-23, 1-25, 1-39, 1-42, 2-123, 3-8, 3-9, 3-11, 4-25, 5-4, 5-51, 5-52, 5-56, 5-129, 5-130, 6-2, 6-20, 6-21, 6-23, 6-25, 6-26, 6-27, 9-21, 10-4, 10-6, 10-7, 10-9, 10-11, 10-12, 10-22, 10-23, 10-29, 10-34, 10-64, 13-10, 16-43, 16-44

Dun & Bradstreet, Inc. v. O’Neil, 456 S.W.2d 896 (Tex. 1970)

9-46

Dun & Bradstreet, Inc. v. Robinson, 233 Ark. 168, 345 S.W.2d 34 (1961)

9-23, 10-56

Dunagan v. Upham, 214 Ark. 66, 214 S.W.2d 786 (1948)

10-54

Duncan v. Knoxville Journal Corp., 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1391 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1992)

7-27

Duncan v. Peterson, 359 Ill. App. 3d 1034, 835 N.E.2d 411, 296 Ill. Dec. 377 (2005)

4-76

Dunlap v. Phila. Newspapers, Inc., 301 Pa. Super. 475, 448 A.2d 6, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1974 (1982)

2-35, 3-24, 5-11

Dunlap v. Wayne, 105 Wash. 2d 529, 716 P.2d 842 (1986)

6-22, 16-42

Dunn v. Air Line Pilots Ass’n, 193 F.3d 1185 (11th Cir. 1999), cert. denied, 530 U.S. 1204 (2000)

2-24, 5-133

Dunn v. Gannett N.Y. Newspapers, Inc., 833 F.2d 446, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1871 (3d Cir. 1987)

5-93, 16-62

Dupler v. Mansfield Journal Co., 64 Ohio St. 2d 116, 18 Ohio Op. 3d 354, 413 N.E.2d 1187, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2362 (1980), cert. denied, 452 U.S. 962 (1981)

5-92, 5-111, 16-46

====== TOC-85 ======

Durham v. McElynn, 565 Pa. 163, 772 A.2d 68 (2001)

8-49

Duro Sportswear, Inc. v. Cogen, 131 N.Y.S.2d 20 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1954), aff’d, 285 A.D. 867, 137 N.Y.S.2d 829 (1st Dep’t 1955)

13-62

Durocraft Corp. v. Holmes Prods. Corp., 427 Mass. 156, 691 N.E.2d 935 (1998)

10-72, 16-8

Dweck Law Firm, L.L.P. v. Mann, 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19535 (S.D.N.Y. 2003)

8-7

Dworkin v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 634 F. Supp. 727, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2162 (D. Wyo. 1986)

5-37, 15-45

Dworkin v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 668 F. Supp. 1408, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1673 (C.D. Cal. 1987), aff’d, 867 F.2d 1188, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1113 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 812 (1989)

4-32, 4-34, 5-37, 13-46, 13-55, 13-57

Dworkin v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 867 F.2d 1188, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1113 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 812 (1989)

5-77, 12-15

Dworkin v. L.F.P., Inc., 839 P.2d 903, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2001 (Wyo. 1992)

3-9, 4-20, 16-31

Dyer v. MacDougall, 93 F. Supp. 484 (E.D.N.Y. 1950)

8-52

Dymond v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 559 F. Supp. 734, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1811 (D. Del. 1983)

15-59

Dyson v. Stein, 401 U.S. 200 (1971)

1-8

E

Eagles v. Liberty Weekly, Inc., 137 Misc. 575, 244 N.Y.S. 430 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1930)

2-159, 2-165

Eagles Eye, Inc. v. Ambler Fashion Shop, Inc., 627 F. Supp. 856 (E.D. Pa. 1985)

13-20

Easley v. Moss, 9 Ala. 266 (1846)

9-4

====== TOC-86 ======

Eason v. Fed. Broad. Co., 697 So. 2d 435 (Miss. 1997)

5-44

E. Canton Educ. Ass’n v. McIntosh, 85 Ohio St. 3d 465, 709 N.E.2d 468 (1999)

5-9

E. River S.S. Corp. v. Transamerica Delaval, Inc., 476 U.S. 858 (1986), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1118 (2000)

15-59

Easter Seal Soc’y for Crippled Children & Adults, Inc. v. Playboy Enters., Inc., 530 So. 2d 643, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2384 (La. Ct. App. 1988)

12-9

E. Milk Producers v. Milkweed, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2100 (N.D.N.Y. 1982)

7-29

E. R.R. Presidents Conference v. Noerr Motor Freight, Inc., 365 U.S. 127 (1961)

16-17

Eastern Railroad Presidents Conference v. Noerr Motor Freight, Inc., 365 U.S. 127 (1961), cert. denied, 540 S. Ct. 1142 (2004)

9-36

Easton v. Pub. Citizen, Inc., 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1882 (S.D.N.Y. 1991), aff’d mem., 969 F.2d 1043 (2d Cir. 1992)

7-29, 7-33

Eastwood v. Cascade Broad. Co., 106 Wash. 2d 466, 722 P.2d 1295, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1136 (1986)

12-10, 12-13, 12-14, 12-27

Eastwood v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 123 F.3d 1249, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2198 (9th Cir. 1997)

1-49, 5-86, 5-91, 16-57

Eberle v. Mun. Court, 55 Cal. App. 3d 423, Cal. Rptr. 594 (1976)

3-5

Eckman v. Cooper Tire & Rubber Co., 893 So. 2d 1049 (Miss. 2005)

9-52

Ed Schory & Sons, Inc. v. Francis, 75 Ohio St. 3d 433, 1996 Ohio 194, 662 N.E.2d 1074 (1996)

3-14

Edelman v. Fed. Hous. Admin., 251 F. Supp. 715 (E.D.N.Y. 1966), aff’d, 382 F.2d 594 (2d Cir. 1967)

13-66

EDIAS Software Int’l v. BASIS Int’l, 947 F. Supp. 413 (D. Ariz. 1996)

15-32

Edison v. Viva Int’l, Ltd., 70 A.D.2d 379, 421 N.Y.S.2d 203, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2055 (1st Dep’t 1979)

2-62

====== TOC-87 ======

Edmonds v. Delta Democrat Publ’g Co., 230 Miss. 583, 93 So. 2d 171 (1957)

4-5, 4-42, 4-69, 4-71, 4-73

Edmonds v. United States, 436 F. Supp. 2d 28 (D.D.C. 2006)

8-27

Edsell v. Indep. Freightway, Inc., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8670 (N.D.N.Y. 1995)

9-30

Edwards v. Associated Press, 512 F.2d 258 (5th Cir. 1975)

15-5, 15-6

Edwards v. Hall, 234 Cal. App. 3d 886, 285 Cal. Rptr. 810, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1969 (1991)

4-19, 4-68

Edwards v. Nat’l Audubon Soc’y, 556 F.2d 113, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1849 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 1002 (1977)

2-50, 2-125, 4-36, 5-100, 7-2, 7-47, 7-51, 7-52, 7-53, 7-54, 7-55, 7-56, 7-57, 7-58, 7-60, 7-62

Edwards v. Paddock Publ’ns, Inc., 327 Ill. App. 3d 553, 763 N.E.2d 328, 261 Ill. Dec. 358 (2001)

5-90, 6-7

Egiazaryan v. Zalmayev, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 140851 (S.D.N.Y. 2011)

5-14, 7-35, 16-22

Ehrenfeld v. Bin Mahfouz, 9 N.Y.3d 501, 881 N.E.2d 830 (2007)

15-62

Ehrenfeld v. Bin Mahfouz, 489 F.3d 542 (2d Cir. 2007)

15-62

Eimann v. Soldier of Fortune Magazine, Inc., 880 F.2d 830, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2148 (5th Cir. 1989), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 1024 (1990)

13-65

Eitler v. St. Joseph Reg’l Med. Ctr., 789 N.E.2d 497 (Ind. Ct. App. 2003)

8-60

El Amin v. Miami Herald Publ’g Co., 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1079 (Fla. Cir. Ct. 1983)

7-57

El Paso Times, Inc. v. Kerr, 706 S.W.2d 797, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1049 (Tex. Ct. App. 1986), cert. denied, 480 U.S. 932 (1987)

4-11

Elder v. Anderson, 205 Cal. App. 2d 326, 23 Cal. Rptr. 48 (1962)

8-45

Elder v. Gaffney Ledger, 341 S.C. 108, 533 S.E.2d 899, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2295 (2000)

5-97

====== TOC-88 ======

Elder v. Holland, 208 Va. 15, 155 S.E.2d 369 (1967)

8-41

Elec. Furnace Corp. v. Deering Miliken Research Corp., 383 F.2d 352 (6th Cir. 1967), cert. denied, 390 U.S. 949 (1968)

10-48

Elec., Inc. v. Ind. Dep’t of Labor, 825 N.E.2d 16 (Ind. Ct. App. 2005)

8-35

Elerbee, In re, 177 B.R. 731 (N.D. Ga. 1995)

10-66

El-Hadad v. Embassy of U.A.E., 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21491 (D.D.C. 2006)

11-12

El-Hadad v. United Arab Emirates, 216 F.3d 29 (D.C. Cir. 2000)

8-62

Eli Research, Inc. v. Idapat Corp., 312 F. Supp. 2d 748 (M.D.N.C. 2004)

2-130

Ellerbee v. Mills, 262 Ga. 516, 422 S.E.2d 539, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2095 (1992), cert. denied, 507 U.S. 1025 (1993)

5-9, 10-60

Ellert v. Lutz, 1996 Tex. App. LEXIS 1720 (Tex. Ct. App. 1996)

2-106

Ellis v. Brockton Publ’g Co., 198 Mass. 538, 84 N.E. 1018 (1908)

10-30

Ellis v. N. Star Co., 326 N.C. 219, 388 S.E.2d 127 (1990)

2-130

ELM Med. Lab., Inc. v. RKO Gen., Inc., 403 Mass. 779, 532 N.E.2d 675 (1989)

7-22, 7-31, 7-38, 12-11

El-Shifa Pharm. Indus. Co. v. United States, 607 F.3d 836 (D.C. Cir. 2010)

8-63

Elstrom v. Indep. Sch. Dist. No. 20, 533 N.W.2d 51 (Minn. Ct. App. 1995)

5-16

Embrey v. Holly, 293 Md. 128, 442 A.2d 966, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1409 (1982)

10-32

Emerito Estrada Rivera-Isuzu de P.R., Inc. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc.,233 F.3d 24 (1st Cir. 2000)

2-141, 2-146, 2-147, 2-156, 13-14

Emery v. Ne. Ill. Reg’l Commuter R.R. Corp., 377 Ill. App. 3d 1013, 880 N.E.2d 1002, 317 Ill. Dec. 10 (2007)

2-95

====== TOC-89 ======

Empire Printing Co. v. Roden, 247 F.2d 8 (9th Cir. 1957)

2-41, 10-41

England v. Automatic Canteen Co., 349 F.2d 989 (6th Cir. 1965)

2-71

England v. Daily Gazette Co., 143 W. Va. 700, 104 S.E.2d 306 (1958)

4-73

Engler v. Winfrey, 201 F.3d 680, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1481 (5th Cir. 2000)

13-13

Englezos v. Newspress & Gazette Co., 980 S.W.2d 25, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1161 (Mo. Ct. App. 1998)

6-4, 6-9, 7-18, 7-49

English Boiler & Tube, Inc. v. W.C. Rouse & Son, Inc., 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15941 (E.D.N.C. 1997)

2-108

Erdberg v. Freeman, 90 Misc. 2d 797, 396 N.Y.S.2d 315 (N.Y.C. Civ. Ct. 1977)

9-26

Erdmann v. SF Broad. of Green Bay, Inc., 229 Wis. 2d 156, 599 N.W.2d 1 (Ct. App. 1999)

5-64

Erickson v. Jones St. Publishers, LLC, 368 S.C. 444, 629 S.E.2d 653, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1610 (2006)

2-131, 5-15, 5-43, 5-70, 5-85

Erickson v. Pulitzer Publ’g Co., 797 S.W.2d 853, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1446 (Mo. Ct. App. 1990)

7-27

Erlich v. Etner, 224 Cal. App. 2d 69, 36 Cal. Rptr. 256 (1964)

13-8, 13-10, 13-21, 13-22

Ertel v. Patriot-News Co., 544 Pa. 93, 674 A.2d 1038 (1996)

2-169, 16-24

Eselin-Bullock & Assocs. v. Nat’l Gen. Ins., 604 So. 2d 236 (Miss. 1992)

2-4

Eskew v. Plantation Foods, Inc., 905 S.W.2d 461 (Tex. Ct. App. 1995)

2-150

Esposito-Hilder v. SFX Broad., Inc., 236 A.D.2d 186, 665 N.Y.S.2d 697, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1541 (3d Dep’t 1997)

2-52, 13-53

Espree v. Tobacco Plus, Inc., 772 So. 2d 389 (La. Ct. App. 2000)

9-18

====== TOC-90 ======

Estate of Hemingway v. Random House, Inc., 23 N.Y.2d 341, 296 N.Y.S.2d 771, 244 N.E.2d 250 (1968)

12-53

Estill v. Hearst Publ’g Co., 186 F.2d 1017 (7th Cir. 1951)

2-21, 10-56, 15-50

Estiverne v. La. State Bar Ass’n, 863 F.2d 371, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1481 (5th Cir. 1989)

2-6

Ethridge v. N. Miss. Commc’ns, Inc., 460 F. Supp. 347, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1767 (N.D. Miss. 1978)

16-30

Eubanks v. N. Cascades Broad., 115 Wash. App. 113, 61 P.3d 368 (2003)

5-13, 5-27, 16-24

Eubanks v. Smith, 292 S.C. 57, 354 S.E.2d 898 (1987)

2-36

Evans v. District of Columbia, 391 F. Supp. 2d 160 (D.D.C. 2005)

2-167, 8-38

Evans v. Dolcefino, 986 S.W.2d 69 (Tex. Ct. App. 1999)

13-41

Evans v. Evans, 162 Cal. App. 4th 1157, 76 Cal. Rptr. 3d 859, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1814 (2008)

10-60

Evans v. Keystone Consol. Indus., Inc., 884 F. Supp. 1209 (C.D. Ill. 1995)

8-55

Evans v. Phila. Newspapers, Inc., 411 Pa. Super. 244, 601 A.2d 330, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1868 (1991)

13-41

Evans v. Rite Aid Corp., 452 S.E.2d 9 (S.C. Ct. App. 1994)

13-64

Evans v. Smith, 21 Ky. (5 T.B. Mon.) 363 (1827)

7-2

Evarts v. Downey, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2449 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1989)

2-46

Evening News Co. v. Bowie, 154 Md. 604, 141 A. 416 (1928)

7-40

Evers v. Jardins, 191 Wis. 2d 830, 532 N.W.2d 146 (Ct. App. 1995)

2-64

E.W. Scripps Co. v. Cholmondelay, 569 S.W.2d 700, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2462 (Ky. Ct. App. 1978)

2-129, 5-43

====== TOC-91 ======

Ewald v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 139 F.3d 619 (8th Cir. 1998)

9-18, 9-19

Ewing v. Cargill, Inc., 324 Ark. 217, 919 S.W.2d 507 (1996)

2-118, 2-125

Ex parte Bell, 978 So. 2d 33 (Ala. 2007)

3-5

Ex parte Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Ala., 773 So. 2d 475 (Ala. 2000)

9-2, 9-4, 9-29, 9-30, 9-38

Ex parte Sparrow, 14 F.R.D. 351 (D. Ala. 1953)

14-28

Exner v. Am. Med. Ass’n, 12 Wash. App. 215, 529 P.2d 863, 75 A.L.R.3d 603 (1974)

5-34

Expeditions Unlimited Aquatic Enters., Inc. v. Smithsonian Inst., 566 F.2d 289 (D.C. Cir. 1977), cert. denied, 438 U.S. 915 (1978)

8-33, 8-61

Experience Hendrix, L.L.C. v. Hendrix Licensing.Com, 766 F. Supp. 2d 1122, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1449 (W.D. Wash. 2011)

9-36, 12-88, 16-17

Express One Int’l, Inc. v. Galland, Kharasch, Morse & Garfinkle, P.C., 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15627 (N.D. Tex. 1999)

2-95

Express Publ’g Co. v. Lancaster, 270 S.W. 229 (Tex. Civ. App. 1925), aff’d, 285 S.W. 810 (Tex. Comm’n App. 1926), superseded, 2 S.W.2d 833 (Tex. Comm’n App. 1928)

2-41

Eyal v. Helen Broad. Corp., 411 Mass. 426, 583 N.E.2d 228, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1989 (1991)

2-142, 2-144, 2-156

Ezrailson v. Rohrich, 65 S.W.3d 373 (2001)

4-45

F

Faan v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2362 (Cal. 2d Dist. Ct. App., Div. 1, 1978)

13-71

Faber v. Byrle, 171 Kan. 38, 229 P.2d 718, 25 A.L.R.2d 1379 (1951)

9-32

====== TOC-92 ======

Factors Etc., Inc. v. Pro Arts, Inc., 579 F.2d 215, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1144 (2d Cir. 1978), cert. denied, 440 U.S. 908 (1979)

12-100

Fadell v. Minneapolis Star & Tribune Co., 425 F. Supp. 1075, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1961 (N.D. Ind. 1976), aff’d, 557 F.2d 107, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2198 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 966, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1432 (1977)

5-13, 5-98, 5-102, 16-26, 16-39

Faigin v. Kelly, 978 F. Supp. 420 (D.N.H. 1997), aff’d on other grounds, 184 F.3d 67 (1st Cir. 1999)

5-38, 5-57

Fair Hous. Council v. Roommates.com, LLC, 521 F.3d 1157, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1545 (9th Cir. 2008)

7-12

Fairbanks Publ’g Co. v. Pitka, 445 P.2d 685 (Alaska 1968)

3-17

Fairfield v. Am. Photocopy Equip. Co., 138 Cal. App. 2d 82, 291 P.2d 194 (1955)

12-66

Fairley v. Peekskill Star Corp., 445 N.Y.S.2d 156, 83 A.D.2d 294 (1981)

2-27

Fairneny v. Savogran Co., 422 Mass. 469, 664 N.E.2d 5 (1996)

8-56

Falls v. Sporting News Publ’g Co., 714 F. Supp. 843 (E.D. Mich. 1989), aff’d, 899 F.2d 1221 (6th Cir. 1990)

5-35

Falls v. Sporting News Publ’g Co., 834 F.2d 611 (6th Cir. 1987)

4-10

Faloona v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 799 F.2d 1000, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (5th Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1088 (1987)

12-23, 12-42

Faltas v. State Newspaper, Inc., 928 F. Supp. 637, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2057 (D.S.C. 1996)

4-36, 5-34

Falwell v. Penthouse Int’l, Ltd., 521 F. Supp. 1204, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1891 (W.D. Va. 1981)

12-10

F&J Enters., Inc. v. Columbia Broad. Sys., Inc., 373 F. Supp. 292 (N.D. Ohio 1974)

16-30

====== TOC-93 ======

Fanelle v. Lojack Corp., 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1513, 2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17767 (E.D. Pa. 2000)

2-34

Farber, In re, 78 N.J. 259, 394 A.2d 330, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1360 (1978), cert. denied, 439 U.S. 997, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1864 (1979)

14-7, 14-30

Farber v. Cornils, 94 Idaho 326, 487 P.2d 689 (1971)

2-141

Farley v. Wis. Evangelical Lutheran Synod, 821 F. Supp. 1286 (D. Minn. 1993)

4-74

Farmers Educ. & Coop. Union v. WDAY, Inc., 360 U.S. 525 (1959)

8-53

Farnsworth v. Tribune Co., 43 Ill. 2d 286, N.E.2d 408 (1969)

3-9

Farrakhan v. N.Y.P. Holdings, 168 Misc. 2d 536, 638 N.Y.S.2d 1002 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1995)

5-93

Farrell v. Triangle Publ’ns, Inc., 399 Pa. 102, 159 A.2d 734 (1960)

2-150

Fashion 21 v. Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights, 117 Cal. App. 4th 1138, 12 Cal. Rptr. 3d 493 (2004)

16-15

Fashion Boutique of Short Hills, Inc. v. Fendi USA, Inc., 1998 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7491 (S.D.N.Y. 1998)

8-60, 13-9

Fashion Boutique of Short Hills, Inc. v. Fendi USA, Inc., 314 F.3d 48 (2d Cir. 2002)

2-110, 13-21, 13-32

Fasi v. Gannett Co., 930 F. Supp. 1403 (D. Haw. 1995)

2-52

Faulkner v. Ark. Children’s Hosp., 347 Ark. 941, 69 S.W.3d 393 (2002)

2-78, 4-20

Fawcett Publ’ns, Inc. v. Morris, 377 P.2d 42 (Okla. 1962), cert. denied, 376 U.S. 513 (1964)

2-150, 2-153, 2-154

Fazekas v. Crane Commc’ns, Inc., 583 F. Supp. 110, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1513 (S.D. Ind. 1984)

16-30

F.D.I.C. v. S. Prawer & Co., 829 F. Supp. 439 (D. Me. 1993)

2-100

FEC v. Florida for Kennedy Comm., 681 F.2d 1281 (11th Cir. 1982)

14-39

====== TOC-94 ======

Fellhauer v. City of Geneva, 142 Ill. 2d 495, 568 N.E.2d 870, 154 Ill. Dec. 649 (1991)

13-39

Fellows v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 42 Cal. 3d 234, 721 P.2d 97, 228 Cal. Rptr. 215, 57 A.L.R.4th 223, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1305 (1986)

12-13, 12-15, 12-24, 12-25, 12-26, 12-27, 12-32

Felsher v. Univ. of Evansville, 755 N.E.2d 589, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2581 (Ind. 2001)

12-8, 12-34, 12-89

Ferber v. Citicorp Mortg., 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1210 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

2-102, 7-5, 7-7

Fergerstrom v. Hawaiian Ocean View Estates, 50 Haw. 374, 441 P.2d 141 (1968)

12-10

Ferguson v. Park Newspapers of Ga., Inc., 148 Ga. App. 848, 253 S.E.2d 231, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1191 (1979)

2-52

Ferguson v. Union City Daily Messenger, Inc., 845 S.W.2d 162, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2159 (Tenn. 1992)

5-13

Ferguson v. Watkins, 448 So. 2d 271 (Miss. 1984)

4-8

Ferlauto v. Hamsher, 74 Cal. App. 4th 1394, 88 Cal. Rptr. 2d 843, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2364 (1999)

2-46, 4-40, 4-58

Fernandez v. Med. Coll., 1996 Wis. App. LEXIS 359 (Wis. Ct. App. 1996)

9-21

Fernandez v. Tenbruggencate, 65 Haw. 226, 649 P.2d 1144, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2577 (1982)

2-42, 16-37

Ferrell v. Cross, 543 N.W.2d 111 (Minn. Ct. App. 1996)

13-47

Ferrell v. Cross, 557 N.W.2d 560 (Minn. 1997)

8-56, 9-5

Ferreri v. Plain Dealer Publ’g Co., 142 Ohio App. 3d 629, 756 N.E.2d 712 (2001)

4-33, 4-34

====== TOC-95 ======

Fetler v. Houghton Mifflin Co., 364 F.2d 650 (2d Cir. 1966)

2-144, 2-148

Fiacco v. Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity, 484 F. Supp. 2d 158 (D. Me. 2007), aff’d, 528 F.3d 94 (1st Cir. 2008)

5-8, 13-56

Fiber Sys. Int’l, Inc. v. Roehrs, 470 F.3d 1150 (5th Cir. 2006)

2-31

Fid. & Deposit Co. v. United States, 187 U.S. 315 (1902)

16-33

Field v. Kirton, 856 F. Supp. 88 (D. Conn. 1994)

8-17

Field Research Corp. v. Patrick, 30 Cal. App. 3d 603, 106 Cal. Rptr. 473, cert. denied, 414 U.S. 922 (1973)

5-81

Fielding v. Hubert Burda Media, Inc., 415 F.3d 419, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2108 (5th Cir. 2005)

15-23

Filippo v. Lee Publ’ns, Inc., 485 F. Supp. 2d 969, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1646 (N.D. Ind. 2007)

5-31

Fillmore v. Maricopa Water Processing Sys., Inc., 120 P.3d 697 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2005), depublished by Arizona Supreme Court, 129 P.3d 937 (Ariz. 2006)

2-150, 16-5

Finck v. City of Tea, 443 N.W.2d 632 (S.D. 1989)

4-11

Finebaum v. Coulter, 854 So. 2d 1120 (Ala. 2003)

4-59

Finger v. Omni Publ’ns Int’l, 77 N.Y.2d 138, 566 N.E.2d 141, 564 N.Y.S.2d 1014, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1555 (1990)

12-99, 12-100, 12-101

Fink v. Oshins, 49 P.3d 640 (Nev. 2002)

8-6, 8-7, 8-11

Finkelstein, Thompson & Loughran v. Hemispherx Biopharma, Inc., 774 A.2d 332 (D.C. 2001)

8-12, 8-64

Finklea v. Jacksonville Daily Progress, 742 S.W.2d 512 (Tex. Ct. App. 1987)

2-82, 3-17, 7-38

====== TOC-96 ======

Fiori v. Truck Drivers, Local 170, 354 F.3d 84 (1st Cir. 2004)

10-39, 10-43, 10-48, 10-51, 10-53

Firestone v. Time, Inc., 460 F.2d 712 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 409 U.S. 875 (1972)

3-14, 3-15

First Act, Inc. v. Brook Mays Music Co., 311 F. Supp. 2d 258 (D. Mass. 2004)

15-35

First Lehigh Bank v. Cowen, 700 A.2d 498, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1075 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1997)

7-26

First Nat’l Bank v. Bellotti, 435 U.S. 765, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2105 (1978)

3-11, 5-51, 5-130, 10-22

First United Church v. Udofia, 223 Ga. App. 849, 479 S.E.2d 146 (1996)

2-168, 4-75

Firth v. State of New York, 184 Misc. 2d 105, 706 N.Y.S.2d 835 (Ct. Cl. 2000), aff’d, 731 N.Y.S.2d 244, 287 A.D.2d 771 (3d Dep’t 2001), aff’d, 98 N.Y.2d 365, 775 N.E.2d 463, 747 N.Y.S.2d 69, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2085 (2002)

7-5, 7-8

Fischer v. Bar Harbor Banking & Trust Co., 857 F.2d 4 (1st Cir. 1988), cert. denied, 489 U.S. 1018 (1989)

13-26

Fischer v. Brockway Co., 218 N.Y.S.2d 309, 14 A.D.2d 632 (3d Dep’t 1961)

2-87

Fischer v. Maloney, 43 N.Y.2d 553, 402 N.Y.S.2d 991, 373 N.E.2d 1215 (1978)

13-48

Fisher v. Wash. Post Co., 212 A.2d 335 (D.C. 1965)

4-43, 4-44, 4-53, 4-66, 4-69, 4-70, 4-71

Fitch v. Voit, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1045 (Ala. Cir. Ct. 1993)

12-36

Fite v. Okla. Publ’g Co., 146 Okla. 150, 293 P. 1073 (1930)

2-133

====== TOC-97 ======

Fitts v. Kolb, 779 F. Supp. 1502, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1033 (D.S.C. 1991)

3-3, 3-4

Fitzgerald v. Penthouse Int’l, Ltd., 691 F.2d 666, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2340 (4th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 460 U.S. 1024 (1983)

5-24, 5-25, 5-59, 13-66

Fitzgerald v. Tucker, 737 So. 2d 706 (La. 1999)

2-37, 2-68

Fitzjarrald v. Panhandle Publ’g Co., 149 Tex. 87, 228 S.W.2d 499 (1950)

2-21

Fitzpatrick v. Age-Herald Publ’g Co., 184 Ala. 510, 63 So. 980 (1913)

11-7

Flake v. Greensboro News Co., 212 N.C. 780, 195 S.E. 55 (1937)

2-130, 12-10

Flamm v. Am. Ass’n of Univ. Women, 201 F.3d 144, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1329 (2d Cir. 2000)

3-8, 3-12, 4-12, 4-25, 4-26, 4-27, 4-35, 4-61, 4-69, 5-52

Flamm v. Van Nierop, 56 Misc. 2d 1059, 291 N.Y.S.2d 189 (Sup. Ct. Westchester Cnty. 1968)

13-47, 13-48

Flanders v. Associated Newspapers, Ltd., 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1669 (D. Minn. 1983)

15-9

Fleck Bros. Co. v. Sullivan, 385 F.2d 223 (7th Cir. 1967)

2-70, 10-41

Fleckenstein v. Friedman, 266 N.Y. 19, 193 N.E. 537 (1934)

3-19

Fleming v. Moore, 221 Va. 884, 275 S.E.2d 632, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1313 (1981)

2-129, 10-26

Fleming v. Rose, 350 S.C. 488, 567 S.E.2d 857 (2002)

5-11

Flentye v. Kathrein, 485 F. Supp. 2d 903 (D. Ill. 2007)

2-66

Fletcher v. San Jose Mercury News, 216 Cal. App. 3d 172, 264 Cal. Rptr. 699, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1321 (1989), cert. denied, 498 U.S. 813 (1990)

5-97

====== TOC-98 ======

Fleury v. Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 698 F.2d 1022, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1200 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 464 U.S. 846 (1983)

15-49

Florez v. Delbovo, 939 F. Supp. 1341 (N.D. Ill. 1996)

10-20

Fla. Med. Ctr., Inc. v. N.Y. Post Co., 568 So. 2d 454, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1224 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1990)

4-17

Fla. Publ’g Co. v. Fletcher, 340 So. 2d 914, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1088 (Fla. 1976), cert. denied, 431 U.S. 930 (1977)

12-91, 12-96

Fla. Star v. B.J.F., 491 U.S. 524, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1801 (1989)

1-49, 3-7, 10-22, 12-5, 12-52, 12-60, 12-61, 12-62, 12-77

Flotech, Inc. v. E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co., 814 F.2d 775, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1135 (1st Cir. 1987)

9-12

Flowers v. Carville, 310 F.3d 1118 (9th Cir. 2002)

5-32, 7-2, 12-15, 12-18, 12-20, 15-59

Floyd v. Barker, 77 Eng. Rep. 1305 (Star Chamber 1607)

8-8

Flugge v. Wagner, 532 N.W.2d 419 (S.D. 1995)

8-7, 8-41

Fluor Corp. v. Jeppesen & Co., 170 Cal. App. 3d 468, 216 Cal. Rptr. 68 (1985)

13-66

Flynn v. Higham, 149 Cal. App. 3d 677, 197 Cal. Rptr. 145 (1983)

2-165, 12-24, 12-36, 13-57

Fodor v. Berglas, 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12245, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1498 (S.D.N.Y. 1995)

2-106, 5-30, 5-94, 5-104

Fodor v. Fuchs, 79 N.J.L. 529, 76 A. 1081 (1910)

3-28

Fogel v. Forbes, Inc., 500 F. Supp. 1081, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1941 (E.D. Pa. 1980)

12-22, 12-26

Fogg v. Boston & Lowell R.R., 148 Mass. 513, 20 N.E.2d 109 (1889)

2-91

====== TOC-99 ======

Fogus v. Capital Cities Media, Inc., 111 Ill. App. 3d 1060, 444 N.E.2d 1100, 67 Ill. Dec. 616, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1141 (1982)

7-53, 7-54, 7-60

Foley v. Lowell Sun Publ’g Co., 404 Mass. 9, 533 N.E.2d 196, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1302 (1989)

2-44

Foley v. Polaroid Corp., 400 Mass. 82, 508 N.E.2d 72 (1987)

9-15, 9-44

Foley v. WCCO Television, Inc., 449 N.W.2d 497 (Minn. Ct. App. 1989), cert. denied, 497 U.S. 1038 (1990)

16-30

Follendorf v. Brei, 51 Misc. 2d 363, 273 N.Y.S.2d 128 (S. Ct. Wyo. Cnty. 1966)

8-48

Fontani v. Wells Fargo Invs., LLC, 129 Cal. App. 4th 719, 28 Cal. Rptr. 3d 833 (2005), overruled on other grounds, Kibler v. N. Inyo Cnty. Local Hosp. Dist., 39 Cal. 4th 192, 138 P.3d 193, 46 Cal. Rptr. 3d 41 (2006)

8-57, 16-11

Food Lion v. Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., 887 F. Supp. 811, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1673 (M.D.N.C. 1995)

12-93

Food Lion, Inc. v. Melton, 250 Va. 144, 458 S.E.2d 580 (1995)

2-88, 2-89

Fopay v. Noveroske, 31 Ill. App. 3d 182, 334 N.E.2d 79 (1975)

5-12, 5-85

Forbes, Inc. v. Granada Biosciences, Inc., 124 S.W.3d 167 (Tex. 2003)

5-93, 5-111

Ford v. Brown, 319 F.3d 1302 (11th Cir. 2003)

15-41

Ford v. Levinson, 90 A.D.2d 464, 454 N.Y.S.2d 846 (1st Dep’t 1982)

7-34

Ford v. Roland, 562 So. 2d 731, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2121 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1990)

2-60

Ford Motor Credit Co. v. Holland, 367 A.2d 1311 (D.C. 1977)

9-23

====== TOC-100 ======

Foreman v. Lesher Commc’ns, Inc., 13 Cal. App. 4th 903, 16 Cal. Rptr. 2d 670, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1090 (1993)

11-6, 12-15

Foretich v. Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., 37 F.3d 1541, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2353 (4th Cir. 1994)

5-44, 5-65, 5-66, 5-67, 9-10

Foretich v. CBS, Inc., 619 A.2d 48, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1001 (D.C. 1993)

10-50, 13-56, 15-52, 16-3

Foretich v. Glamour, 753 F. Supp. 955, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1256 (D.D.C. 1990)

2-109, 2-111, 13-48, 13-50

Foretich v. Glamour, 753 F. Supp. 955, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1672 (D.D.C. 1990)

13-53

Foretich v. Lifetime Cable, 777 F. Supp. 47, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1795 (D.D.C. 1991)

12-49

Fornshill v. Ruddy, 891 F. Supp. 1062 (D. Md. 1995), aff’d mem., 89 F.3d 828, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1986 (4th Cir. 1996)

2-145, 2-146, 15-51, 16-30

Forrest v. Lynch, 347 So. 2d 1255, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1187 (La. Ct. App.), cert. denied, 351 So. 2d 168 (La. 1977), cert. denied, 435 U.S. 971 (1978)

2-41, 5-41

Forsher v. Bugliosi, 26 Cal. 3d 792, 608 P.2d 716, 163 Cal. Rptr. 628, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1097 (1980)

12-34, 12-46, 12-49, 12-50, 12-80

Forster v. W. Dakota Veterinary Clinic, Inc., 2004 ND 207, 689 N.W.2d 366 (2004)

2-89, 10-54, 10-58

Fort Worth Press v. Davis, 96 S.W.2d 416 (Tex. Civ. App. 1936)

3-20

Fortenbaugh v. N.J. Press, Inc., 317 N.J. Super. 439, 722 A.2d 568, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1975 (App. Div. 1999)

7-33, 7-37

Forth v. Kroger Co., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 106089 (E.D. Mich. 2010)

2-93

====== TOC-101 ======

Fortson v. Colangelo, 434 F. Supp. 2d 1369 (S.D. Fla. 2006)

2-48, 4-34

Forum Publ’ns, Inc. v. P.T. Publishers, Inc., 700 F. Supp. 236 (E.D. Pa. 1988)

10-9

Foster v. Churchill, 87 N.Y.2d 744, 665 N.E.2d 153, 642 N.Y.S.2d 583 (1996)

9-26, 9-45

Foster v. Laredo Newspapers, Inc., 541 S.W.2d 809 (Tex. 1976), cert. denied, 429 U.S. 1123 (1977)

5-15, 6-2, 6-4, 6-6, 6-24

Foster v. Pearcy, 270 Ind. 533, 387 N.E.2d 446 (1979)

8-47

Fotochrome, Inc. v. N.Y. Herald Tribune, Inc., 61 Misc. 2d 226, 305 N.Y.S.2d 168 (Queens Cnty. 1969)

5-46

Founding Church of Scientology v. Verlag, 536 F.2d 429 (D.C. Cir. 1976)

15-27

Fountain v. Mojo, 687 P.2d 496 (Colo. Ct. App. 1989)

13-22

Fouts v. Fawcett Publ’ns, Inc., 116 F. Supp. 535 (D. Conn. 1953)

12-26

Fowler v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 182 F.2d 377 (D.C. Cir. 1950)

2-152, 2-158

Fowler v. S. Bell Tel. & Tel. Co., 343 F.2d 150 (5th Cir. 1965)

12-93

Fox v. Kahn, 421 Pa. 563, 221 A.2d 181, cert. denied, 385 U.S. 935 (1966)

5-81

Fox Tree v. Harte-Hanks Commc’ns, Inc., 398 Mass. 845, 501 N.E.2d 519, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1090 (1986)

12-11

Fram v. Yellow Cab Co., 380 F. Supp. 1314 (W.D. Pa. 1974)

2-51

France v. St. Clare’s Hosp. & Health Ctr., 82 A.D.2d 1, 441 N.Y.S.2d 79, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2242 (1st Dep’t 1981)

2-78, 6-19

Franchise Realty Interstate Corp. v. S.F. Local Joint Executive Bd. of Culinary Workers, 542 F.2d 1076 (9th Cir. 1976)

2-66

Francis v. Emery Constr. Mgmt. Co., Civ. No. 1974-382 (D.V.I. 1974)

2-47

Francis v. Lake Charles Am. Press, 262 La. 875, 265 So. 2d 206 (1972)

11-2

====== TOC-102 ======

Frank v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 119 A.D.2d 252, 506 N.Y.S.2d 869, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1801 (2d Dep’t 1986)

5-114

Frank B. Hall & Co. v. Buck, 678 S.W.2d 612 (Tex. Ct. App. 1984), cert. denied, 472 U.S. 1009 (1985)

10-41

Frank Pisano & Assocs. v. Taggart, 29 Cal. App. 3d 1, 105 Cal. Rptr. 414 (1972)

13-4, 13-5, 13-21, 13-22, 13-25

Frankhouser v. Findlay Publ’g Co., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2437 (Hancock Cnty., Ohio 1979)

5-10

Franklin v. Blank, 86 N.M. 585, P.2d 945 (Ct. App. 1974)

3-18

Franklin v. Dynamic Details, Inc., 116 Cal. App. 4th 375, 10 Cal. Rptr. 3d 429 (2004)

4-21

Franklin v. Lodge 1108, B.P.O.E., 97 Cal. App. 3d 915, 159 Cal. Rptr. 131, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1977 (1979)

5-16

Franklin Prescriptions, Inc. v. N.Y. Times Co., 424 F.3d 336, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2254 (3d Cir. 2005)

2-113, 2-132

Franks v. Lima News, 24 Media L. Rep. 1762, 1996 Ohio App. LEXIS 535 (Ct. App. 1996)

16-44

Franzon v. Massena Mem’l Hosp., 89 F. Supp. 2d 270 (N.D.N.Y. 2000)

5-37

Free v. Am. Home Assurance Co., 902 S.W.2d 51 (Tex. Ct. App. 1995)

8-59, 9-15

Freedom Commc’ns, Inc. v. Brand, 907 S.W.2d 614 (Tex. Ct. App. 1995)

5-98

Freedom Commc’ns, Inc. v. Coronado, 296 S.W.3d 790 (Tex. Ct. App. 2009)

12-54

Freedom Newspapers of Tex. v. Cantu, 126 S.W.3d 185, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1555 (Tex. Ct. App. 2003)

3-20

Freedom Newspapers of Tex. v. Cantu, 168 S.W.3d 847, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1907 (Tex. 2005)

5-95, 5-96, 5-108

Freedom Newspapers, Inc. v. Superior Court, 4 Cal. 4th 652, 842 P.2d 138, 14 Cal. Rptr. 2d 839, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2209 (1992)

11-5

====== TOC-103 ======

Freeman v. Cooper, 390 So. 2d 1355 (La. Ct. App. 1980), aff’d, 414 So. 2d 355 (La. 1982)

2-78, 8-8

Freeman v. Johnston, 84 N.Y.2d 52, 637 N.E.2d 268, 614 N.Y.S.2d 377 (1994)

16-41

Freer v. M&I Marshall & Ilsley Corp., 2004 WI App. 201, 688 N.W.2d 756 (Ct. App. 2004)

2-119, 2-130

Freeze Right Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Servs., Inc. v. City of New York, 101 A.D.2d 175, 475 N.Y.S.2d 383, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2032 (1st Dep’t 1984)

6-18, 7-19, 7-29, 7-32, 7-33, 16-5, 16-48

Frega v. N. N.J. Mortg. Ass’n, 51 N.J. Super. 331, 143 A.2d 885 (1958)

13-5, 13-6, 13-22, 13-24

Freier v. Indep. Sch. Dist. No. 197, 356 N.W.2d 724 (Minn. Ct. App. 1984)

8-38

Freihofer v. Hearst Corp., 65 N.Y.2d 135, 480 N.E.2d 349, 490 N.Y.S.2d 735, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1056 (1985)

12-99, 13-43, 13-44, 13-45, 13-46, 13-48, 13-52

French v. Jadon, Inc., 911 P.2d 20 (Alaska 1996)

2-125, 2-126

French v. Safeway Stores, Inc., 247 Or. 554, 430 P.2d 1021 (1967)

12-38

Freyd v. Whitfield, 972 F. Supp. 940 (D. Md. 1997)

5-34

Frick v. Boyd, 350 Mass. 259, 214 N.E.2d 460 (1966)

12-53

Fridovich v. Fridovich, 598 So. 2d 65 (Fla. 1992)

9-9

Friedan v. Friedan, 414 F. Supp. 77 (S.D.N.Y. 1976)

12-53

====== TOC-104 ======

Friedman v. Boston Broads., Inc., 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1742 (Mass. Super. Ct.),rev’d on other grounds, 402 Mass. 376, 522 N.E.2d 959 (1988), cited with approval in Newton v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 930 F.2d 662, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1001 (9th Cir. 1990), cert. denied, 502 U.S. 866 (1991)

6-9

Friedman v. Boston Broads., Inc., 402 Mass. 376, 522 N.E.2d 959 (1988)

4-10

Friedman v. Israel Labour Party, 957 F. Supp. 701, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2153 (E.D. Pa. 1997)

5-14, 7-30, 15-20

Frigon v. Morrison-Maierle, Inc., 233 Mont. 113, 760 P.2d 57 (1988)

4-10

Frisk v. News Co., 361 Pa. Super. 536, 523 A.2d 347, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1835 (1986)

10-54

Frith v. Associated Press, 176 F. Supp. 671 (E.D.S.C. 1959)

12-54, 12-60

Frobose v. Am. S&L Ass’n, 152 F.3d 602 (7th Cir. 1998)

12-37

Froelich v. Adair, 213 Kan. 357, 516 P.2d 993 (1973)

12-9

From v. Tallahassee Democrat, Inc., 400 So. 2d 52, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1811 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1981), petition denied, 412 So. 2d 465 (Fla. 1982)

4-9

Fudge v. Penthouse Int’l, Ltd., 840 F.2d 1012, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2353 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 488 U.S. 821 (1988)

4-10, 12-23, 12-28, 13-52, 16-3

Fuente Cigar v. Opus One, 985 F. Supp. 1448 (M.D. Fla. 1997)

13-35

Fuji Photo Film U.S.A., Inc. v. McNulty, 669 F. Supp. 2d 405 (S.D.N.Y. 2009)

7-35

Fuller v. Bissell, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1191 (D.N.J. 1989)

13-68

Fullerton v. Thompson, 123 Minn. 136, 143 N.W. 260 (1913)

2-151

====== TOC-105 ======

Fulton v. Advertiser Co., 388 So. 2d 533, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1351 (Ala. 1980), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 1125 (1981)

7-34, 9-54

Fulton v. Miss. Publishers Corp., 498 So. 2d 1215, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1746 (Miss. 1986)

2-22

Fuqua Homes, Inc. v. Beattie, 388 F.3d 618, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2548 (8th Cir. 2004)

15-51

Furgason v. Clausen, 109 N.M. 331, 785 P.2d 242, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1369 (Ct. App. 1989)

7-28, 7-38

Fuste v. Riverside Healthcare Ass’n, Inc., 265 Va. 127, 575 S.E.2d 858 (2003)

2-64, 4-8, 4-41, 9-39

Fyffe v. Wright, 93 P.3d 444 (Alaska 2004)

13-48

G

Gadach v. Benton Cnty. Coop. Ass’n, 236 Minn. 507, 53 N.W.2d 230 (1952)

2-17

Gadsden Cnty. Times, Inc. v. Horne, 426 So. 2d 1234, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1290 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App.), petition denied, 441 So. 2d 631 (Fla. 1983)

14-16

Gaeta v. N.Y. News, Inc., 62 N.Y.2d 340, 465 N.E.2d 802, 477 N.Y.S.2d 82, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1966 (1984)

6-15

Gaetano v. Sharon Herald Co., 426 Pa. 179, 231 A.2d 753 (1967)

2-90

Gagnon v. Dist. Court, 632 P.2d 567, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1755 (Colo. 1981)

14-12

Galardi v. Steele-Inman, 266 Ga. App. 515, 597 S.E.2d 571 (2004)

2-169

Galarneau v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc., 504 F.3d 189 (1st Cir. 2007)

8-57, 10-25

Gale v. Value Line, Inc., 640 F. Supp. 967, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1198 (D.R.I. 1986)

13-63

Galella v. Onassis, 487 F.2d 986 (2d Cir. 1973)

12-92, 12-95, 12-100

====== TOC-106 ======

Gallagher v. Connell, 123 Cal. App. 4th 1260, 20 Cal. Rptr. 3d 673, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1173 (2004)

16-15

Gallagher v. Johnson, 188 Mont. 117, 611 P.2d 613, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1793 (1980)

2-17, 2-133

Gallant v. City of Carson, 128 Cal. App. 4th 705, 27 Cal. Rptr. 3d 318 (2005)

16-9

Gallo v. Barile, 284 Conn. 459, 935 A.2d 103 (2007)

8-5, 9-9

Gallo v. Princeton Univ., 281 N.J. Super. 134, 656 A.2d 1267 (1995)

9-11, 9-30

Galvin v. Gallagher, 81 Ill. App. 3d 927, 401 N.E.2d 1243, 37 Ill. Dec. 150, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1030 (1980)

2-18, 13-48

Gambardella v. Apple Health Care, Inc., 291 Conn. 620, 969 A.2d 736 (2009)

2-102, 9-45

Gang v. Hughes, 111 F. Supp. 27 (D. Cal. 1953), aff’d, 218 F.2d 432 (9th Cir. 1954)

2-13

Gannett Co. v. Kanaga, 750 A.2d 1174, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1697 (Del. 2000)

6-9, 10-27, 10-39

Gannett Co. v. Re, 496 A.2d 553, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2327 (Del. 1985)

5-57, 6-3, 10-24, 10-40, 10-44

Gantry Constr. Co. v. Am. Pipe & Constr. Co., 49 Cal. App. 3d 186, 122 Cal. Rptr. 834 (1975)

3-2

Garamendi v. Golden Eagle Ins. Co., 128 Cal. App. 4th 452, 27 Cal. Rptr. 3d 239 (2005)

8-37

Garcia v. Burris, 961 S.W.2d 603 (Tex. Ct. App. 1997)

2-95, 2-102, 9-27

Gardner v. Martino, 563 F.3d 981 (9th Cir. 2009)

4-34

Gardner v. West-Col, Inc., 136 Vt. 381, 392 A.2d 383 (1978)

13-21

Garland v. State, 211 Ga. 44, 46, 84 S.E.2d 9 (1954)

2-74

====== TOC-107 ======

Garland v. Torre, 259 F.2d 545 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 358 U.S. 910 (1958)

14-13, 14-14, 14-15

Garley v. Sandia Corp., 236 F.3d 1200 (10th Cir. 2001)

8-55

Garrett v. Tandy Corp., 295 F.3d 94 (1st Cir. 2002)

4-14, 4-31

Garrison v. Louisiana, 379 U.S. 64 (1964)

1-25, 1-26, 1-31, 1-32, 1-38, 2-7, 3-3, 3-4, 3-5, 3-6, 3-9, 3-11, 5-3, 5-7, 5-17, 5-22, 5-73, 6-10, 12-76, 12-77, 16-38

Garvelink v. Detroit News, 206 Mich. App. 604, 522 N.W.2d 883, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2503 (1994)

2-48, 4-33, 4-34, 5-116

Gary v. Crouch, 867 So. 2d 310 (Ala. 2003)

2-88, 9-39

Gary Null & Assoc. v. Phillips, 29 Misc. 3d 245, 906 N.Y.S.2d 449 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 2010)

15-12

Garza v. Hearst Corp., 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1733 (W.D. Tex. 1995)

6-8, 16-45

Garziano v. E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co., 818 F.2d 380 (5th Cir. 1987)

2-78, 9-19

Gasperini v. Ctr. for Humanities, Inc., 518 U.S. 415 (1998)

10-42, 10-46

Gast v. Brittain, 277 Ga. 340, 589 S.E.2d 63 (2003)

4-22

Gates v. Discovery Commc’ns, Inc., 34 Cal. 4th 679, 101 P.3d 552 (2004)

12-64

Gates v. N.Y. Recorder Co., 155 N.Y. 228, 49 N.E. 769 (1898)

2-26

Gautier v. Pro-Football, Inc., 304 N.Y. 354, 107 N.E.2d 485 (1952)

12-82, 12-85

Gawel v. Chi. Am. Publ’g Co., 1 Ill. App. 3d 481, 274 N.E.2d 628 (1971)

7-28

Gay v. Carlson, 60 F.3d 83 (2d Cir. 1995)

8-55, 8-56, 9-5

Gay v. Williams, 486 F. Supp. 12, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1785 (D. Alaska 1979)

5-97, 6-14

====== TOC-108 ======

Gazette, Inc. v. Harris, 229 Va. 1, 325 S.E.2d 713, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1609, cert. denied, 472 U.S. 1032 (1985)

2-142, 3-16, 6-4, 10-26, 10-37, 10-41, 10-45, 10-51, 16-61

Gearhart v. WSAZ, Inc., 150 F. Supp. 98 (E.D. Ky. 1957), aff’d, 254 F.2d 242 (6th Cir. 1958)

2-75

Geary v. Goldstein, 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11288 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

2-24, 2-25, 2-61, 12-99

Gee v. Pima City, 126 Ariz. 116, 612 P.2d 1079 (Ct. App. 1980)

13-21

Gehrke v. Janowitz, 55 Mich. App. 643, 223 N.W.2d 107 (1974)

13-16, 13-17

Geiger v. Dell Publ’g Co., 719 F.2d 515, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2420 (1st Cir. 1983)

13-64

Geisler v. Petrocelli, 616 F.2d 636, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1023 (2d Cir. 1980)

2-141, 2-145, 2-158, 5-118, 12-17

Geller v. Randi, 40 F.3d 1300, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1401 (D.C. Cir. 1994)

10-70

Gen. Elec. Co. v. Sargent & Lundy, 916 F.2d 1119 (6th Cir. 1990)

13-3, 13-21, 13-25

Gen. Motors Corp. v. Mendicki, 367 F.2d 66 (10th Cir. 1966)

8-54

Gen. Motors Corp. v. Piskor, 277 Md. 165, 352 A.2d 810 (1976)

2-59, 9-20

Gen. Prods. Co. v. Meredith Corp., 526 F. Supp. 546, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2257 (E.D. Va. 1981)

13-20

Genesis Publ’ns, Inc. v. Goss, 437 So. 2d 169, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2149 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1983)

10-24

Gengler v. Phelps, 92 N.M. 465, 589 P.2d 1056 (1978)

8-61

Gentry v. Nebraska, 174 Neb. 515, 118 N.W.2d 643 (1962)

13-28

George v. Fabri, 345 S.C. 440, 548 S.E.2d 868 (2001)

4-43, 16-24

====== TOC-109 ======

Ga. Soc’y of Plastic Surgeons, Inc. v. Anderson, 257 Ga. 710, 363 S.E.2d 140, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2065 (1987)

13-10

Geraci v. Eckankar, 526 N.W.2d 391 (Minn. Ct. App. 1995)

4-20

Geraci v. Probst, 15 N.Y.3d 336, 912 N.Y.S.2d 484, 938 N.E.2d 917 (2010)

2-110, 2-138

Gernander v. Winona State Univ., 428 N.W.2d 473 (Minn. Ct. App. 1988)

4-10

Gersh v. Ambrose, 291 Md. 188, 434 A.2d 547 (1981)

8-37

Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc., 418 U.S. 323 (1974)

1-13, 1-14, 1-17, 1-18, 1-19, 1-20, 1-21, 1-23, 1-29, 1-33, 1-34, 1-35, 1-40, 1-42, 1-43, 1-48, 1-50, 2-6, 2-57, 2-60, 2-80, 2-82, 2-87, 2-128, 2-131, 2-138, 2-139, 2-140, 2-143, 2-144, 2-162, 2-163, 2-170, 3-2, 3-3, 3-6, 3-7, 3-9, 3-32, 4-5, 4-6, 4-7, 4-16, 4-55, 5-3, 5-19, 5-20, 5-21, 5-26, 5-27, 5-39, 5-44, 5-45, 5-48, 5-50, 5-54, 5-55, 5-56, 5-57, 5-60, 5-61, 5-62, 5-66, 5-68, 5-69, 5-72, 5-100, 5-124, 6-1, 6-2, 6-6, 6-12, 6-19, 6-20, 6-21, 6-23, 6-24, 6-25, 6-26, 6-27, 7-13, 7-14, 7-16, 7-17, 7-20, 7-43, 7-50, 7-58, 7-60, 9-49, 9-50, 9-51, 10-4, 10-5, 10-7, 10-11, 10-12, 10-13, 10-14, 10-22, 10-23, 10-29, 10-34, 10-35, 10-36, 10-42, 10-64, 10-65, 12-18, 12-30, 12-31, 12-46, 15-49, 15-57, 16-42, 16-43, 16-44, 16-45, 16-60, 16-61

Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc., 680 F.2d 527, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1769 (7th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 1226 (1983)

5-87, 5-89, 10-40

Gettner v. Fitzgerald, 297 Ga. App. 258, 677 S.E.2d 149 (2009)

4-61, 5-41

Geyer v. Faiella, 279 N.J. Super. 386, 652 A.2d 1245 (1995)

9-9

====== TOC-110 ======

Ghafur v. Bernstein, 131 Cal. App. 4th 1230, 32 Cal. Rptr. 3d 626 (2005)

5-9

Giant Screen Sports v. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, 553 F.3d 527 (7th Cir. 2009)

2-113

Gibson v. Mut. Life Ins. Co. of N.Y., 121 N.C. App. 284, 465 S.E.2d 56 (1996)

2-25, 2-106, 2-108, 2-122

Gibson v. Overnite Transp. Co., 267 Wis. 2d 429, 671 N.W.2d 388 (Ct. App. 2003)

9-16

Gilbert v. Med. Econ. Co., 665 F.2d 305, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2372 (10th Cir. 1981)

12-46, 12-50, 12-56, 12-77

Gilbert v. Nat’l Enquirer, Inc., 43 Cal. App. 4th 1135, 51 Cal. Rptr. 2d 91 (1996)

10-58

Gilbert v. Sykes, 147 Cal. App. 4th 13, 53 Cal. Rptr. 3d 752 (2007)

5-32, 5-41, 16-10

Gilbert Shoe Co. v. Rumpf Publ’g Co., 112 F. Supp. 228 (D. Mass. 1953)

2-156

Gilbrook v. City of Westminster, 177 F.3d 839 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1061 (1999)

4-21

Gill v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 38 Cal. 2d 273, 239 P.2d 630 (1952)

12-12, 12-21, 12-43

Gill v. Del. Park, LLC, 294 F. Supp. 2d 638 (D. Del. 2003)

2-50, 4-62

Gill v. Hearst Publ’g Co., 40 Cal. 2d 224, 253 P.2d 441 (1953)

12-43, 12-58, 12-67

Gill v. Hughes, 227 Cal. App. 3d 1299, 278 Cal. Rptr. 306 (1991)

4-17

Gill v. Montgomery Ward & Co., 284 A.D. 36, 129 N.Y.S.2d 288, 49 A.L.R.2d 1452 (3d Dep’t 1954)

10-33

Gillan v. City of San Marino, 147 Cal. App. 4th 1033, 55 Cal. Rptr. 3d 158 (2007)

8-49, 8-50

Gilliam v. Am. Broad. Cos., 538 F.2d 14 (2d Cir. 1976)

2-62

Gillikin v. Bell, 254 N.C. 244, 118 S.E.2d 609 (1961)

2-165

====== TOC-111 ======

Ginsburg v. Agora, Inc., 915 F. Supp. 733, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1850 (D. Md. 1995)

13-39, 13-63, 13-64

Gintert v. Howard Publ’ns, Inc., 565 F. Supp. 829, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1793 (N.D. Ind. 1983)

2-158, 13-14, 16-30

Gitlow v. New York, 268 U.S. 652 (1925)

1-4, 16-66

Giusto v. Ashland Chem. Co., 994 F. Supp. 587 (E.D. Pa. 1998)

8-18, 9-50

Glass v. Gulf Oil Corp., 12 Cal. App. 3d 412, 96 Cal. Rptr. 902 (1970)

13-4, 13-5, 13-6, 13-22, 13-23

Glass v. Jackson, 65 Ill. App. 3d 732, 382 N.E.2d 709, 22 Ill. Dec. 389 (1978)

8-48

Glazer v. Lampkin, 201 Mich. App. 432, 506 N.W.2d 570, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2311 (1993)

6-4

Gleason v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2183 (D.N.J. 1981)

12-24

Gleichenhaus v. Carlyle, 226 Kan. 167, 597 P.2d 611, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1602 (1979)

16-39

Gleichenhaus v. Carlyle, 3 Kan. App. 2d 146, 591 P.2d 635, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2553, rev’d on other grounds, Kan. 167, 597 P.2d 611, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1602 (1979)

5-30

Glenn K. Jackson, Inc. v. Roe, 273 F.3d 1192 (9th Cir. 2001)

2-164, 9-45

Glennon v. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., 83 F.3d 132 (6th Cir. 1996)

8-57, 9-15

Global Relief Found. v. N.Y. Times Co., 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2485, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17081 (N.D. Ill. 2002)

3-14, 3-23, 7-44, 15-21, 15-49

Global Telemedia Int’l, Inc. v. Bentley-Stevens, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1261, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1385 (C.D. Cal. 2001)

14-38, 16-10

Glover v. Herald Co., 549 S.W.2d 858, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1846 (Mo.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 965 (1977)

5-12, 5-92

====== TOC-112 ======

Glover v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 594 F.2d 715, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2386 (8th Cir. 1979)

2-127

Gnapinsky v. Goldyn, 23 N.J. 243, 128 A.2d 697 (1957)

2-117, 2-144

Gnat v. Universal C.I.T. Credit Corp., 254 S.C. 112, 173 S.E.2d 658 (1970)

12-38

Gobin v. Globe Publ’g Co., 216 Kan. 223, 531 P.2d 76 (1975)

6-3, 6-8

Gobin v. Globe Publ’g Co., 229 Kan. 1, 620 P.2d 1163, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2398 (1980)

10-54

Gobin v. Globe Publ’g Co., 232 Kan. 1, 649 P.2d 1239, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2191 (1982)

2-122

Godbehere v. Phoenix Newspapers, Inc., 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2050 (Ariz. Super. Ct. 1988)

7-52, 7-57

Godbehere v. Phoenix Newspapers, Inc., 162 Ariz. 335, 783 P.2d 781, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1925 (1989)

12-8, 12-13, 12-14, 12-17, 12-19, 12-20, 12-21, 12-32

Godbout v. Cousens, 396 Mass. 254, 485 N.E.2d 940 (1985)

16-40

Goddard v. Protective Life Corp., 82 F. Supp. 2d 545 (E.D. Va. 2000)

13-50

Gohari v. Darvish, 363 Md. 42, 767 A.2d 321 (2001)

9-27, 9-55

Gold v. Harrison, 88 Haw. 94, 962 P.2d 353, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2313 (1998)

2-4, 2-50, 4-48, 10-70

Gold Seal Chinchillas, Inc. v. State, 69 Wash. 2d 828, 420 P.2d 698 (1966)

8-45

Goldberg v. Brooks, 409 Ill. App. 3d 106, 948 N.E.2d 1108, 350 Ill. Dec. 601 (2011)

8-47

Goldblatt v. Seaman, 225 A.D.2d 585, 639 N.Y.S.2d 438 (2d Dep’t 1996)

5-102

Goldblum v. Nat’l Broad. Corp., 584 F.2d 904, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1718 (9th Cir. 1978)

12-28

====== TOC-113 ======

Golden v. Mullen, 295 Ill. App. 3d 865, 693 N.E.2d 385, 230 Ill. Dec. 256 (1997)

8-15

Golden Bear Distrib. Sys., Inc. v. Chase Revel, Inc., 708 F.2d 944, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1857 (5th Cir. 1983)

2-34, 2-158, 4-65, 5-47, 5-110

Golden N. Airways, Inc. v. Tanana Publ’g Co., 218 F.2d 612 (9th Cir. 1954)

2-148, 2-149, 2-150, 2-164, 2-166

Golden Palace, Inc. v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 386 F. Supp. 107 (D.D.C. 1974), aff’d, 530 F.2d 1094 (D.C. Cir. 1976)

2-164

Goldhirsh Grp., Inc. v. Alpert, 107 F.3d 105 (2d Cir. 1997)

13-39

Goldwater v. Ginzburg, 261 F. Supp. 784 (S.D.N.Y. 1966), aff’d, 414 F.2d 324 (2d Cir. 1969), cert. denied, 396 U.S. 1049 (1970)

4-4, 4-64, 5-22, 10-7, 10-29, 16-39

Goldwater v. Ginzburg, 414 F.2d 324 (2d Cir. 1969), cert. denied, 396 U.S. 1049 (1970)

3-15, 5-81, 5-86, 5-107, 10-30

Golub v. Enquirer/Star Grp., Inc., 89 N.Y.2d 1074, 681 N.E.2d 1282, 659 N.Y.S.2d 836, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1863 (1997)

2-14

Golub v. Esquire Publ’g, Inc., 124 A.D.2d 528, N.Y.S.2d 188, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1687 (1st Dep’t 1986)

13-44

Gomba v. McLaughlin, 180 Colo. 232, 504 P.2d 337 (1972)

3-18, 3-19, 3-21

Gonsalves v. Nissan Motor Corp. Haw., Ltd., 58 P.3d 1196 (Haw. 2002)

2-94

Gonzales v. Atlanta Constitution, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2146 (N.D. Ill. 1979)

15-24

Gonzales v. Hearst Corp., 930 S.W.2d 275, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1267 (Tex. Ct. App. 1996)

5-107, 5-110

Gonzales v. Times Herald Printing Co., 513 S.W.2d 124 (Tex. Civ. App. 1974)

2-165

====== TOC-114 ======

Gonzalez v. Gray, 69 F. Supp. 2d 561 (S.D.N.Y. 1999), aff’d, 216 F.3d 1072 (2d Cir. 2000)

4-32, 7-29

Gonzalez v. Sessom, 137 P.3d 1245 (Okla. Civ. Ct. App. 2006)

2-143

Gooch v. Md. Mech. Sys., Inc., 81 Md. App. 376, 567 A.2d 954 (1990)

2-4

Good Gov’t Grp., Inc. v. Superior Court, 22 Cal. 3d 672, 150 Cal. Rptr. 258, 586 P.2d 572, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2082 (1978), cert. denied, 441 U.S. 961 (1979)

2-28, 2-31, 4-52, 4-64, 5-112, 16-29, 16-32

Good Hope Indus., Inc. v. Ryder Scott Co., 378 Mass. 1, 389 N.E.2d 76 (1979)

15-2, 15-4

Goodman v. Carr, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1418 (Mass. Super. 1992)

2-82

Goodman v. Temple Shir Ami, Inc., 712 So. 2d 775 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1998)

4-75

Goodrich v. Waterbury Republican-Am., Inc., 188 Conn. 107, 448 A.2d 1317, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2329 (1982)

3-18, 3-19, 3-26, 4-10, 4-37, 12-8, 12-14, 12-17, 12-19, 12-31

Goodrick v. Gannett Co., 500 F. Supp. 125, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2165 (D. Del. 1980)

5-14

Goolsby v. Forum Printing Co., 23 N.D. 30, 135 N.W. 661 (1912)

11-8

Goolsby v. Wilson, 146 Ga. App. 288, 246 S.E.2d 371 (1978)

8-51

Gordon v. Boyles, 9 P.3d 1106, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2409 (Colo. 2000)

14-17, 14-25

Gordon v. Boyles, 99 P.3d 75 (Colo. Ct. App. 2004)

2-10, 2-32, 2-127, 2-129, 13-70

Gordon & Breach Sci. Publishers S.A. v. Am. Inst. of Physics, 859 F. Supp. 1521 (S.D.N.Y. 1994)

13-32, 13-34

====== TOC-115 ======

Gordy v. Daily News LP, 95 F.3d 829, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2301 (9th Cir. 1996)

15-20, 15-24, 15-28

Gore v. Health-Tex, Inc., 567 So. 2d 1307 (Ala. 1990)

2-94

Gore v. Trans World Airlines, 210 F.3d 944 (8th Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 532 U.S. 921 (2001)

2-4, 8-55

Gorman v. Swaggart, 524 So. 2d 915, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2107 (La. Ct. App. 1988), cert. denied, 489 U.S. 1017 (1989)

2-159, 12-29

Gorst v. Ferguson, 431 F. Supp. 125 (W.D. Okla. 1977)

8-33

Gosden v. Louis, 116 Ohio App. 3d 195, 687 N.E.2d 481 (1996)

2-112, 10-7, 10-34, 10-53, 10-54, 13-66

Gosling v. Conagra, Inc., 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5356 (N.D. Ill. 1996)

2-24, 2-47

Gottschalk v. State, 575 P.2d 289 (Alaska 1978)

2-33, 3-4

Gough v. Tribune-Journal Co., 75 Idaho 502, 275 P.2d 663 (1954)

2-20

Gould v. Md. Sound Indus., Inc., 31 Cal. App. 4th 1137, 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 718 (1995)

2-25, 9-18, 16-4

Gov’t Micro Res., Inc. v. Jackson, 271 Va. 29, 624 S.E.2d 63 (2006)

10-26

Govito v. W. Jersey Health Sys., Inc., 332 N.J. Super. 293, 753 A.2d 716 (App. Div. 2000)

9-52

Grab v. Poughkeepsie Newspapers, Inc., 91 Misc. 2d 1003, N.Y.S.2d 97 (Dutchess Cnty. 1977)

3-21

Grafton v. Am. Broad. Cos., 70 Ohio App. 2d 205, 435 N.E.2d 1131, 24 Ohio Op. 3d 259, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1134 (1980)

7-34

Graham v. Contract Transp., Inc., 220 F.3d 910 (8th Cir. 2000)

8-55

====== TOC-116 ======

Graham v. N.Y. News, Inc., 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2356 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1977)

2-137, 5-10

Granada Biosciences, Inc. v. Forbes, Inc., 49 S.W.3d 610, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2281 (Tex. Ct. App. 2001)

8-2, 13-19

Grand Park Surgical Ctr., Inc. v. Inland Steel Co., 930 F. Supp. 1214 (N.D. Ill. 1996)

8-56

Granger v. Time, Inc., 174 Mont. 42, 568 P.2d 535, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1021 (1977)

2-141, 2-142, 2-148, 2-151

Grant v. Reader’s Digest Ass’n, 151 F.2d 733 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 326 U.S. 797 (1945)

15-49

Grass v. News Grp. Publ’ns, Inc., 570 F. Supp. 178, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2129 (S.D.N.Y. 1983)

5-26, 15-54

Grau v. Kleinschmidt, 31 Ohio St. 84, 509 N.E.2d 399, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (1987)

16-50, 16-52

Gravel v. United States, 408 U.S. 606 (1972)

8-25, 8-26

Graves v. City of Durant, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20335 (N.D. Iowa 2010)

9-56

Graves v. Man Grp. USA, Inc., 479 F. Supp. 2d 850 (N.D. Ill. 2007)

2-66

Gray v. Allison Div., Gen. Motors Corp., 52 Ohio App. 2d 348, 6 Ohio Op. 3d 396, 370 N.E.2d 747 (1977)

6-24, 9-20

Gray v. Am. Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corp., 22 Ill. 2d 432, 176 N.E.2d 761 (1961)

15-4

Gray v. AT&T Corp., 357 F.3d 763 (8th Cir. 2004)

2-100

Gray v. Cent. Bank & Trust Co., 562 S.W.2d 656 (Ky. Ct. App. 1978)

8-44

Gray v. Press Commc’ns, LLC, 342 N.J. Super. 1, 775 A.2d 678, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2078 (2001)

2-33

Gray v. St. Martin’s Press, Inc., 221 F.3d 243 (1st Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 531 U.S. 1075 (2001)

2-4, 4-22, 4-31, 4-41, 5-30, 5-94, 5-100, 7-52, 14-16

====== TOC-117 ======

Gray v. State, 624 A.2d 479 (Me. 1993), aff’d, 1995 U.S. App. LEXIS 7750 (1st Cir. 1995)

13-58

Gray v. Udevitz, 656 F.2d 588, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1872 (10th Cir. 1981)

5-8, 5-10

Grayson v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 72 Wash. 2d 999, 436 P.2d 756 (1967)

1-12, 5-30

Great Coastal Express, Inc. v. Ellington, 230 Va. 142, 334 S.E.2d 846, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1100 (1985)

6-22, 9-45, 9-54, 10-23, 10-34

Great Lakes Capital, Ltd. v. Plain Dealer Publ’g Co., 2008 Ohio 6495, P. 23 (2008)

5-30

Grebner v. Runyon, 132 Mich. App. 327, 347 N.W.2d 741, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1719 (1984)

5-109

Green v. CBS, Inc., 286 F.3d 281, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1701 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 537 U.S. 887 (2002)

2-40, 3-23, 7-44, 12-41

Green v. Chi. Tribune Co., 286 Ill. App. 3d 1, 675 N.E.2d 249, 221 Ill. Dec. 342 (1996)

12-23, 12-37, 12-57, 12-68, 13-54

Green v. Kinsella, 36 A.D.2d 677, 319 N.Y.S.2d 780 (4th Dep’t 1971)

9-53

Green v. N. Publ’g Co., 655 P.2d 736, 38 A.L.R.4th 817, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2515 (Alaska 1982), cert. denied, 463 U.S. 1208 (1983)

5-12, 16-37

Green v. Rogers, 234 Ill. 2d 478, 917 N.E.2d 450, 334 Ill. Dec. 624 (2009)

2-67

Green v. USF&G Corp., 772 F. Supp. 1258 (S.D. Fla. 1991)

15-29

Green Acres Trust v. London, 141 Ariz. 609, 688 P.2d 617 (1984)

7-34, 8-2, 8-6, 8-9, 8-15, 8-21

Green Valley Sch. Inc. v. Cowles Fla. Broad., Inc., 327 So. 2d 810 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1976)

12-92, 12-96

====== TOC-118 ======

Greenbelt Coop. Publ’g Ass’n v. Bresler, 398 U.S. 6 (1970)

1-7, 1-13, 1-26, 1-28, 1-33, 1-41, 2-31, 2-44, 2-52, 2-86, 2-87, 4-13, 4-43, 4-48, 5-26, 5-38, 5-74, 5-78, 5-114, 5-124, 16-53

Greenberg v. CBS, Inc., 69 A.D.2d 693, 419 N.Y.S.2d 988, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1470 (2d Dep’t 1979)

6-9, 6-18, 7-59, 14-33, 16-49

Greenberg v. Dow Jones & Co., N.Y.L.J., Apr. 5, 1978, col. 1 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1978)

2-48, 2-137

Greenfield v. Schmidt Baking Co., 199 W. Va. 447, 485 S.E.2d 391 (1997)

8-56

Greenky v. Toussaint, 2010 N.Y. Slip Op. 30214U, 2010 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 1183 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 2010)

2-48

Greenwood Trust Co. v. Conley, 938 P.2d 1141 (Colo. 1997)

9-24

Gregoire v. Biddle, 177 F.2d 579 (2d Cir. 1949), cert. denied, 339 U.S. 949 (1950)

8-2, 8-4

Gregoire v. G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 298 N.Y. 119, 81 N.E.2d 45 (1948)

2-102, 2-105, 7-5

Gregory v. McDonnell Douglas Corp., 17 Cal. 3d 596, 552 P.2d 425, 131 Cal. Rptr. 641 (1976)

2-51, 4-32, 4-52, 4-64

Gregory v. McDonnell Douglas Corp., 552 P.2d 425, 17 Cal. 3d 596, 131 Cal. Rptr. 641 (1976)

4-55

Gregory’s, Inc. v. Haan, 1996 S.D. 35, 545 N.W.2d 488 (1996)

13-4, 13-25, 13-26

Grein v. La Poma, 54 Wash. 2d 844, 340 P.2d 766 (1950)

2-12

Griffis v. Luban, 646 N.W.2d 527 (Minn. 2002)

15-20, 15-34, 15-35

Grigorenko v. Pauls, 297 F. Supp. 2d 446 (D. Conn. 2003)

12-37, 12-38

Grillo v. John Alden Life Ins. Co., 939 F. Supp. 1685 (D. Minn. 1996)

2-48

Grillo v. Smith, 144 Cal. App. 3d 868, 193 Cal. Rptr. 414 (1983)

2-47

====== TOC-119 ======

Grimsby v. Samson, 85 Wash. 2d 52, 530 P.2d 291 (1975)

13-50

Grimsley v. Guccione, 703 F. Supp. 903, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1659 (M.D. Ala. 1988)

2-17, 2-42

Grist v. Upjohn Co., 16 Mich. App. 452, 168 N.W.2d 389 (1969)

2-93, 2-94, 2-96

Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479 (1965)

12-4

Grobe v. Three Vill. Herald, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1829 (Suffolk Cnty. 1978), aff’d, 69 A.D.2d 175, 420 N.Y.S.2d 3, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1769 (2d Dep’t 1979), aff’d, 49 N.Y.2d 932, 406 N.E.2d 491, 428 N.Y.S.2d 676, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1367 (1980)

5-42, 6-18

Groden v. Random House, Inc., 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2257, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11794 (S.D.N.Y. 1994), aff’d, 61 F.3d 1045, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2203 (2d Cir. 1995)

3-30, 4-18, 4-45, 4-57, 4-64, 5-133, 12-86, 12-87, 13-34

Grogan v. KOKH, LLC, 256 P.3d 1021, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1641 (Okla. Ct. App. 2011)

5-79

Gross v. N.Y. Times Co., 82 N.Y.2d 146, 623 N.E.2d 1163, 603 N.Y.S.2d 813, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2142 (1993)

4-26, 4-31, 4-33, 4-48, 4-62, 5-14

Grossman v. Carnes, 254 Ark. 987, 497 S.W.2d 47 (1973)

5-8

Grossman v. Smart, 807 F. Supp. 1404 (C.D. Ill. 1992)

3-7, 5-8, 5-16, 6-27, 10-11

Grotti v. Belo Corp., 188 S.W.3d 768 (Tex. Ct. App. 2006)

3-14, 3-23

Grove v. Morgan, 576 P.2d 1155, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2053 (Okla. 1978)

2-148

====== TOC-120 ======

Grower v. State, 23 A.D.2d 506, 255 N.Y.S.2d 135 (3d Dep’t 1965), aff’d, 19 N.Y.2d 625, 224 N.E.2d 899, 278 N.Y.S.2d 408 (1967)

4-72

Gruschus v. Curtis Publ’g Co., 342 F.2d 775 (10th Cir. 1965)

2-165, 12-23, 12-24

Gruss v. Zwirn, 276 F.R.D. 115 (S.D.N.Y. 2011)

6-17

Grzelak v. Calumet Publ’g Co., 543 F.2d 579 (7th Cir. 1975)

5-12, 16-36

Guam Fed’n of Teachers, Local 1581, A.F.T. v. Ysrael, 492 F.2d 438 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 419 U.S. 872 (1974)

16-29, 16-51

Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am. v. Am. Guardian Life Assurance Co., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18772 (E.D. Pa. 1995)

13-34

Guardian Royal Exch. Assurance, Ltd. v. English China Clays, P.L.C., 815 S.W.2d 223 (Tex. 1991)

15-15

Guccione v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 800 F.2d 298, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1316 (2d Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1091 (1987)

2-81, 3-17

Guerrero v. Carva, 10 A.D.3d 105, 779 N.Y.S.2d 12 [1st Dep’t 2004]

16-21

Gugliuzza v. KCMC, Inc., 606 So. 2d 790, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1866 (La. 1992)

2-165

Guilford Transp. Indus. v. Wilner, 760 A.2d 580 (D.C. 2000)

2-112, 4-32, 4-33, 16-30

Guinn v. Church of Christ, 1989 OK 8, 775 P.2d 766 (1989)

4-77

Guitar v. Westinghouse Elec. Corp., 396 F. Supp. 1042 (S.D.N.Y. 1975), aff’d without opinion, 538 F.2d 309 (2d Cir. 1976)

16-25

Guldberg v. Greenfield, 259 Iowa 873, 146 N.W.2d 298 (1966)

13-16

Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert, 330 U.S. 501 (1947)

15-42

====== TOC-121 ======

Gulf Publ’g Co. v. Lee, 434 So. 2d 687, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1865 (Miss. 1983)

5-110

Gulrajaney v. Petricha, 381 N.J. Super. 241, 885 A.2d 496 (App. Div. 2005)

5-15

Gunduz v. N.Y. Post Co., 188 A.D.2d 294, 590 N.Y.S.2d 494, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2071 (1st Dep’t 1992)

2-43, 2-44

Gunsberg v. Roseland Corp., 34 Misc. 2d 220, 225 N.Y.S.2d 1020 (Sup. Ct. Queens Cnty. 1962)

2-47

Gurda v. Orange Cnty. Newspapers, 56 N.Y.2d 705, 436 N.E.2d 1326, 451 N.Y.S.2d 724, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1120 (1982), rev’g 81 A.D.2d 120, 439 N.Y.S.2d 417, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2000 (2d Dep’t 1981)

3-21, 7-19, 7-39

Guthrie v. Annabel, 50 Ill. App. 3d 969, 365 N.E.2d 1367, 8 Ill. Dec. 905, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1152 (1977)

5-28, 5-96, 5-97

Gutierrez de Martinez v. Lamagno, 515 U.S. 417 (1995)

8-27

Gutter v. Dow Jones & Co., 22 Ohio St. 3d 286, 490 N.E.2d 898, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1999 (1986)

13-64, 13-65

Gyonlekaj v. Sot, 308 A.D.2d 471, 764 N.Y.S.2d 278, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1156 (2d Dep’t 2003)

2-29

H

Haas v. Gill, 527 So. 2d 368, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2323 (La. Ct. App. 1988)

4-35

Haas v. Painter, 62 Or. App. 719, 662 P.2d 768, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1665, review denied, 295 Or. 297, 668 P.2d 381 (1983)

4-11

====== TOC-122 ======

Haberstroh v. Crain Publ’ns, Inc., 189 Ill. App. 3d 267, 545 N.E.2d 295, 136 Ill. Dec. 771, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2423 (1989)

2-49, 2-52, 2-69, 4-33

Hagberg v. Cal. Fed. Bank FSB, 32 Cal. 4th 350, 7 Cal. Rptr. 3d 803 (2004)

8-19

Hagendorf v. Brown, 699 F.2d 478 (9th Cir.), amended, 707 F.2d 1018 (1983)

8-13

Haggerty v. Globe Newspaper Co., 383 Mass. 406, 419 N.E.2d 844, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1615 (1981)

12-11, 12-48

Hagler v. Procter & Gamble Mfg. Co., 884 S.W.2d 771 (Tex. 1994)

9-47

Haguewood v. Gannett River States Publ’g Corp., 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 47508 (D. Miss. 2007)

5-9

Hahn v. City of Kenner, 984 F. Supp. 436 (E.D. La. 1997)

8-30, 8-31, 16-49

Hahn v. Kotten, 43 Ohio St. 2d 237, 331 N.E.2d 713 (1975)

9-3, 9-5, 9-8

Hahnemannian Life Ins. Co. v. Beebe, 48 Ill. 87 (1868)

4-64

Hailey v. KTBS, Inc., 935 S.W.2d 857 (Tex. Ct. App. 1996)

5-10

Hailstone v. Martinez, 169 Cal. App. 4th 728, 87 Cal. Rptr. 3d 347 (2008)

16-10

Hakky v. Wash. Post Co., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 63065 (M.D. Fla. 2010)

16-7

Halbert v. City of Sherman, 33 F.3d 526 (5th Cir. 1994)

9-9

Halco v. Davey, 919 A.2d 626 (Me. 2007)

12-18

Hale v. City of Billings, 986 P.2d 413, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1321 (Mont. 1999)

16-47

Haley v. Casa del Rey Homeowners Ass’n, 153 Cal. App. 4th 863, 63 Cal. Rptr. 3d 514 (2007)

2-90

Hall v. Piedmont Publ’g Co., 46 N.C. App. 760, 266 S.E.2d 397, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1333 (1980)

5-14

====== TOC-123 ======

Hall v. Post, 323 N.C. 259, 372 S.E.2d 711, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2329 (1988)

12-10, 12-76

Hall v. Smith, 214 Ariz. 309, 152 P.3d 1192 (Ct. App. 2007)

8-6

Hallmark Builders, Inc. v. Gaylord Broad. Co., 733 F.2d 1461, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1981 (11th Cir. 1984)

2-75

Halpern v. News-Sun Broad. Co., 53 Ill. App. 3d 644, 368 N.E.2d 1062, 11 Ill. Dec. 454, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1536 (1977)

7-29, 10-30

Halsell v. Kimberly-Clark Corp., 683 F.2d 285 (8th Cir. 1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 1205 (1983)

2-99

Hamberger v. Eastman, 106 N.H. 107, 206 A.2d 239 (1964)

12-10

Hamerman v. Kolt, 210 A.D.2d 454, 621 N.Y.S.2d 97 (2d Dep’t 1994)

9-55

Hamilton v. Crown Life Ins. Co., 246 Or. 1, 423 P.2d 771 (1967)

12-67

Hamilton v. Hammons, 792 So. 2d 956 (Miss. 2001)

2-4, 4-49, 4-51

Hamilton v. Lumbermen’s Mut. Cas. Co., 82 So. 2d 61 (La. Ct. App. 1955)

12-22

Hamilton v. Prewett, 860 N.E.2d 1234 (Ind. Ct. App. 2007)

2-61, 5-113, 16-20

Hammer v. City of Osage Beach, 318 F.3d 832 (8th Cir. 2003)

4-31, 4-49, 4-51, 4-63

Hammer v. Slater, 20 F.3d 1137, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2233 (11th Cir. 1994)

9-45, 13-58

Hammerhead Enters., Inc. v. Brezenoff, 551 F. Supp. 1360 (S.D.N.Y. 1982), aff’d, 707 F.2d 33 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 464 U.S. 892 (1983)

6-17

Hammerstein v. Lindsay, 440 Pa. Super. 350, 655 A.2d 597 (1995)

10-67

Hampton v. Dispatch Printing Co., 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2093 (Ohio Ct. App. 1988)

2-122, 2-133

====== TOC-124 ======

Han Ye Lee v. Colo. Times, Inc., 222 P.3d 957, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1054 (Colo. Ct. App. 2009)

2-127

Hanberry v. Hearst Corp., 276 Cal. App. 2d 680, 81 Cal. Rptr. 519 (1969)

13-65

Hancock v. Variyam, 345 S.E.3d 157 (Tex. App. 2011)

2-132

Handelman v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 469 F. Supp. 1048 (S.D.N.Y. 1978)

2-73, 2-137, 15-52

Handelsman v. S.F. Chronicle, 11 Cal. App. 3d 381, 90 Cal. Rptr. 188 (1970)

7-40

Handley v. May, 588 S.W.2d 772 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1979)

10-37

Handlin v. Burkhart, 220 A.D.2d 559, 632 N.Y.S.2d 608 (2d Dep’t 1995)

8-59

Hanenberg v. Borough of Bath, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10161 (E.D. Pa. 1994)

13-46, 16-5

Hanish v. Westinghouse Broad. Co., 487 F. Supp. 397, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1383 (E.D. Pa. 1980)

7-26

Hanley v. Tribune Publ’g Co., 527 F.2d 68 (9th Cir. 1975)

15-51, 15-52

Hannah v. Belger, 436 F.2d 96 (5th Cir. 1971)

13-66

Hannon v. Timberline Publ’g, Inc., 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1244 (Colo. Dist. 1991)

13-41

Hanrahan v. Horn, 232 Kan. 531, 657 P.2d 561, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1216 (1983)

5-43, 13-46, 13-52

Hansen v. Berger, Lehman Assocs., P.C., 1994 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2608 (Conn. Super. Ct. 1994)

2-100

Hansen v. Kohler, 550 P.2d 186 (Utah 1976)

13-25

Hansen v. Stoll, 130 Ariz. 454, 636 P.2d 1236, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1204 (Ct. App. 1981)

10-24

====== TOC-125 ======

Hanson v. Globe Newspaper Co., 159 Mass. 293, 34 N.E. 462, 20 L.R.A. 856 (1893)

2-143

Hanzimanolis v. City of New York, 88 Misc. 2d 681, 388 N.Y.S.2d 826 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1976)

8-41

Hardin v. Santa Fe Reporter, Inc., 745 F.2d 1323, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1323 (10th Cir. 1984)

16-62

Harley-Davidson Motorsports, Inc. v. Markley, 279 Or. 361, 568 P.2d 1359 (1977)

3-28, 6-23

Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800 (1982)

8-34, 8-64

Harman v. Belk, 165 N.C. App. 819, 600 S.E.2d 43 (2004)

8-7, 8-10

Harmon v. Orlando Fla. Sentinel, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2195 (M.D. Fla. 1991)

13-68

Harms v. Miami Daily News, Inc., 127 So. 2d 715 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1961)

12-57, 12-67

Harnish v. Herald-Mail Co., 264 Md. 326, 286 A.2d 146 (1972)

12-56

Harper v. Walters, 822 F. Supp. 817, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1673 (D.D.C. 1993), aff’d, 74 F.3d 1296, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1332 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 519 U.S. 809 (1996)

7-24, 7-25, 7-26, 7-30

Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. v. Nation Enters., Inc., 471 U.S. 539, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1969 (1985)

3-9

Harper House, Inc. v. Thomas Nelson, Inc., 889 F.2d 197 (9th Cir. 1989)

13-32

Harrel v. Dillards Dep’t Stores, Inc., 268 Ill. App. 3d 537, 644 N.E.2d 448, 205 Ill. Dec. 892 (1994)

9-4, 9-40, 9-46

Harris v. Hirsh, 161 A.D.2d 452, 555 N.Y.S.2d 735 (1st Dep’t 1990)

9-37

====== TOC-126 ======

Harris v. Hirsh, 86 N.Y.2d 207, 654 N.E.2d 975, 630 N.Y.S.2d 701 (1995)

8-56

Harris v. Horton, 341 S.W.3d 264 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2009)

12-36

Harris v. Jones, 281 Md. 560, 380 A.2d 611 (1977)

13-46

Harris v. News-Sun, 269 Ill. App. 3d 648, 646 N.E.2d 8, 206 Ill. Dec. 876 (1995)

8-47

Harris v. Quadracci, 856 F. Supp. 513, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2147 (E.D. Wis. 1994), aff’d, 48 F.3d 247, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1296 (7th Cir. 1995)

5-21, 5-23, 5-62, 5-63, 5-69, 5-107, 5-108

Harris v. Sch. Annual Publ’g Co., 466 So. 2d 963 (Ala. 1985)

2-17

Harris v. Tomczak, 94 F.R.D. 687, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2145 (E.D. Cal. 1982)

1-33, 5-20, 5-21, 5-25, 5-36

Harrison v. Bush, 119 Eng. Rep. 509 [1855]

9-25

Harrison v. Chi. Sun-Times, Inc., 341 Ill. App. 3d 555, 793 N.E.2d 760, 276 Ill. Dec. 1, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1371 (2003)

2-42, 3-20

Harstad v. Whiteman, 338 S.W.3d 804 (Ky. Ct. App. 2011)

9-28

Hart v. Bennet, 2003 WI App. 231, 672 N.W.2d 306 (Ct. App. 2003)

7-3

Hart v. Elec. Arts, Inc., 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 101254 (D.N.J. 2011)

12-90

Hart v. Playboy Enters., Inc., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1616 (D. Kan. 1978)

14-16

Hart v. Playboy Enters., Inc., 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1811 (D. Kan. 1979)

5-8

====== TOC-127 ======

Harte-Hanks Commc’ns, Inc. v. Connaughton, 491 U.S. 657, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1881 (1989)

1-27, 1-47, 1-48, 3-14, 5-4, 5-73, 5-75, 5-80, 5-84, 5-87, 5-89, 5-92, 5-97, 5-100, 5-107, 5-111, 5-129, 7-48, 10-31, 16-54, 16-55, 16-56, 16-58, 16-62, 16-63, 16-66, 16-67

Harte-Hanks Commc’ns, Inc. v. Connaughton, 842 F.2d 825, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2209 (6th Cir. 1988)

1-48

Hartman v. Buerger, 71 Wis. 2d 393, 238 N.W.2d 505 (1976)

8-36, 8-40

Hartman v. Keri, 883 N.E.2d 774 (Ind. 2008)

8-38

Hartman v. Shell Oil Co., 68 Cal. App. 3d 240, 137 Cal. Rptr. 244 (1977)

10-32

Hartmann v. Am. News Co., 171 F.2d 581 (7th Cir. 1948), cert. denied, 337 U.S. 907 (1949)

7-9

Hartmann v. Boston Herald-Traveler Corp., 323 Mass. 56, 80 N.E.2d 16 (1948)

4-71

Hartmann v. Time, Inc., 166 F.2d 127 (3d Cir. 1947), cert. denied, 334 U.S. 838 (1948)

9-56, 15-49

Harwood Pharmacal Co. v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 9 N.Y.2d 460, 174 N.E.2d 602, 214 N.Y.S.2d 725 (1961)

2-159

Hashemi v. Campaigner Publ’ns, Inc., 572 F. Supp. 331, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2588 (N.D. Ga. 1983), aff’d on other grounds, 737 F.2d 1538, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2256 (11th Cir. 1984)

2-111

Hatfill v. Foster, 401 F. Supp. 2d 320, 34 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1005 (S.D.N.Y. 2005), overruled on other grounds, 415 F. Supp. 2d 353 (S.D.N.Y. 2006)

3-24, 15-48, 15-50, 15-57

Hatfill v. N.Y. Times Co., 416 F.3d 320, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2057 (4th Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 547 U.S. 1040 (2006)

2-34, 2-66, 16-6

====== TOC-128 ======

Hatfill v. N.Y. Times Co., 416 F.3d 320, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2057 (4th Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 1619 (2006)

2-129, 13-53

Hatfill v. N.Y. Times Co., 427 F.3d 253 (4th Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 547 U.S. 1040 (2006)

2-5, 16-4, 16-5, 16-6, 16-32

Hatfill v. N.Y. Times Co., 427 F.3d 253 (4th Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 1619 (2006)

13-53

Hatfill v. N.Y. Times Co., 532 F.3d 312 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 765 (U.S. 2008)

5-23, 5-25, 5-33, 5-82, 13-59, 14-33

Hatjioannou v. Tribune Co., 3 Fla. Supp. 2d 143, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2637 (Cir. Ct. 1982)

7-34

Haueter v. Cowles Publ’g Co., 61 Wash. App. 572, 811 P.2d 231, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2107 (1991)

2-17, 2-165, 4-19, 9-24, 9-40, 16-42

Hauptman v. Edwards, Inc., 170 Mont. 310, 553 P.2d 975 (1976)

13-25

Hauser v. Urchisin, 231 So. 2d 6 (Fla. 1970)

7-22

Havalunch, Inc. v. Mazza, 294 S.E.2d 70 (W. Va. 1981)

4-11, 6-5

Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. v. Norris, 512 U.S. 246 (1994)

8-56

Hawkins v. Harris, 141 N.J. 207, 661 A.2d 284 (1995)

8-2, 8-3, 8-5, 8-6, 8-12, 8-22

Hawkins v. Mercy Health Servs., Inc., 30 Mich. App. 315, 583 N.W.2d 725 (1998)

2-35

Hawkins v. Multimedia, Inc., 288 S.C. 569, 344 S.E.2d 145, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1878, cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1012 (1986)

12-49, 12-57

====== TOC-129 ======

Hawley v. Atl. Cellular Tel. Corp., 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13056 (D. Me. 1994), aff’d, 1995 U.S. App. LEXIS 7750 (1st Cir. 1995)

12-38, 13-58

Hay v. Indep. Newspapers, Inc., 450 So. 2d 293, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1928 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1984)

2-31

Hayes v. Booth Newspapers, Inc., 97 Mich. App. 758, 295 N.W.2d 858, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2319 (1980)

5-44

Hayes v. Press Co., 127 Pa. 642, 18 A. 331 (1889)

2-41

Hayes v. Rodgers, 447 S.W.2d (Ky. 1969)

8-24

Hayes v. Smith, 832 P.2d 1022 (Colo. Ct. App. 1981)

2-33

Hayford v. ForresterPaton, 1927 Sess. Cas. 740 (Scot.)

9-44

Hayhurst v. Timberlake, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18428 (D.N.H. 1994)

10-28, 10-39

Haynes v. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 8 F.3d 1222, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2161 (7th Cir. 1993)

1-50, 2-84, 3-17, 3-19, 3-22, 4-22, 4-23, 4-34, 4-40, 12-46, 12-50, 12-56, 12-64, 12-71, 12-77, 12-78

Haynes v. Lemann, 1996 U.S. App. LEXIS 1492 (9th Cir. 1996)

2-89

Hayward v. Watsonville Register-Pajaronian & Sun, 265 Cal. App. 2d 255, 71 Cal. Rptr. 295 (1968)

3-19, 7-28

HBO v. Harrison, 983 S.W.2d 31 (Tex. Ct. App. 1998)

5-12, 5-69, 16-25

H.E. Crawford Co. v. Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., 241 F.2d 387 (4th Cir. 1957)

10-24

Healey v. New England Newspapers, Inc., 520 A.2d 147, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2148 (R.I. 1987)

4-11

Healey v. New England Newspapers, Inc., 555 A.2d 321, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1753 (R.I.), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 814 (1989)

2-6, 4-48

Heard v. Johnson, 810 A.2d 871 (D.C. 2002)

4-75

====== TOC-130 ======

Hearings Concerning Canon 35 of the Canons of Judicial Ethics, In re, 132 Colo. 591, 296 P.2d 465 (1956)

12-54

Hearings on Immunity for Ethics Complainants, In re, 96 N.J. 669, 477 A.2d 339 (1984)

8-42

Hearst Corp. v. Hoppe, 90 Wash. 2d 123, 580 P.2d 246, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2399 (1978)

12-62

Hearst Corp. v. Hughes, 297 Md. 112, 466 A.2d 486, 9 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2504 (1983)

2-78

Hearst Corp. v. Skeen, 159 S.W.3d 633, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1434 (Tex. 2005)

5-85, 5-98

Hebrew Acad. of San Francisco v. Goldman, 42 Cal. 4th 883, 70 Cal. Rptr. 3d 1, 173 P.3d 1004, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1149 (2007)

2-107, 7-5

Hecht v. Levin, 66 Ohio St. 3d 458, 613 N.E.2d 585 (1993)

8-7, 8-36

Hedgepeth v. Coleman, 183 N.C. 309, 111 S.E. 517, 24 A.L.R. 232 (1922)

2-94

Heeb v. Smith, 613 N.E.2d 416, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1558 (Ind. Ct. App. 1993)

16-30

Heerey v. Berke, 188 Ill. App. 3d 527, 544 N.E.2d 1037, 136 Ill. Dec. 262 (1989)

10-8

Hein v. Lacy, 228 Kan. 249, 616 P.2d 277, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1662 (1980)

2-42

Heishman, Inc. v. Fox Television Stations, Inc., 217 F. Supp. 2d 690, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2213 (E.D. Va. 2002)

6-5

Held v. Pokorny, 583 F. Supp. 1038, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1974 (S.D.N.Y. 1984)

2-17, 2-45

====== TOC-131 ======

Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S.A. v. Hall, 466 U.S. 408 (1984)

15-16, 15-17

Hellar v. Bianco, 111 Cal. App. 2d 424, 244 P.2d 757 (1952)

2-91, 12-39

Helmicks v. Stevlingson, 212 Wis. 614, 250 N.W. 402, 91 A.L.R. 1158 (1933)

2-142

Helton v. United Press Int’l, 303 So. 2d 650 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1974)

15-58

Helton v. United States, 191 F. Supp. 2d 179 (D.D.C. 2002)

12-92

Henderson v. Times Mirror Co., 669 F. Supp. 356, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1659 (D. Colo. 1987), aff’d, 876 F.2d 108 (10th Cir. 1989)

2-49, 4-9, 4-52, 12-5, 13-15, 13-21, 13-39, 13-41

Henderson v. Walled Lake Consol. Sch., 469 F.3d 479 (6th Cir. 2006)

2-168

Hendry v. Conner, 303 Minn. 317, 226 N.W.2d 921 (1975)

12-38

Henrichs v. Pivarnik, 588 N.E.2d 537, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1787 (Ind. Ct. App. 1992)

10-26, 16-26

Henry v. Collins, 380 U.S. 356 (1965)

5-11, 5-97

Henry v. Del. Law Sch., 1998 Del. Ch. LEXIS 7 (Del. Ch. 1998)

9-28

Henry v. Halliburton, 690 S.W.2d 775, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2185 (Mo. 1985)

4-9, 4-10

Henry v. Nat’l Ass’n of Air Traffic Specialists, Inc., 836 F. Supp. 1204 (D. Md. 1993), aff’d, 1994 U.S. App. LEXIS 20293 (4th Cir. 1994)

4-19, 5-36, 5-52

Hensley v. Armstrong World Indus., Inc., 798 F. Supp. 653 (W.D. Okla. 1992)

2-94

Henson v. Veatch, 1 Blackf. 369 (Ind. 1825)

3-13

====== TOC-132 ======

Hepps v. Phila. Newspapers, 506 Pa. 304, 485 A.2d 374, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1841 (1984), rev’d on other grounds, 475 U.S. 767, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1977 (1986)

6-4

Herbert v. Lando, 441 U.S. 153, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2575 (1979)

1-7, 1-29, 1-38, 2-132, 3-6, 5-2, 5-74, 5-75, 5-86, 10-31, 14-2, 14-3, 14-11, 14-20, 14-21, 16-39

Herbert v. Lando, 781 F.2d 298, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1593 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 476 U.S. 1182 (1986)

2-34, 2-83, 2-85, 5-72, 5-76, 5-80, 5-84, 5-101

Herlihy v. Metro. Museum of Art, 214 A.D.2d 250, 633 N.Y.S.2d 106 (1st Dep’t 1995)

2-47, 2-62, 2-116, 9-25, 13-57

Herman v. Labor Coop. Educ. & Publ’g Soc’y, 139 F. Supp. 35 (D.D.C. 1956)

4-69, 4-72

Herman Miller, Inc. v. Palazzetti Imps. & Exps., Inc., 270 F.3d 298 (6th Cir. 2001)

12-88

Hernandez v. Hayes, 1996 Tex. App. LEXIS 3223 (Tex. Ct. App. 1996)

8-39

Herring v. Citizens Bank & Trust Co., 21 Md. App. 517, 321 A.2d 182, 87 A.L.R.3d 527 (1974)

8-23

Herrmann v. Newark Morning Ledger Co., 48 N.J. Super. 420, A.2d 61 (1958)

3-18, 3-19, 3-21

Herron v. King Broad. Co., 108 Wash. 2d 162, 736 P.2d 249, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1097 (1987)

2-6, 3-19, 5-81, 16-24

Hersh v. Ringwalt, 3 Yeates 508 (Pa. 1803)

7-3

Hibdon v. Grabowski, 195 S.W.3d 48 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2005)

5-35, 15-37

Hickey v. Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1378 (D. Or. 1991)

2-55

Hickey v. Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1980 (D. Or. 1992)

2-48, 4-52, 16-30, 16-46

====== TOC-133 ======

Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495 (1947)

14-2

Hickson Corp. v. N. Crossarm Co., 357 F.3d 1256 (11th Cir. 2002)

3-13

Highfields Capital Mgmt. v. Doe, 385 F. Supp. 2d 969 (N.D. Cal. 2005)

14-38, 14-39

Hiles v. Episcopal Diocese of Mass., 437 Mass. 505, 773 N.E.2d 929 (2002)

2-88, 4-75

Hill v. Allan, 259 Cal. App. 2d 470, 66 Cal. Rptr. 676 (1968)

13-4, 13-6, 13-22, 13-23, 13-24, 13-26, 13-27

Hill v. Lakeland Ledger Publ’g Corp., 231 So. 2d 254 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1970)

3-19

Hill v. MCI Worldcom Commc’ns, Inc., 141 F. Supp. 2d 1205 (S.D. Iowa 2001)

12-39

Hill v. Nat’l Collegiate Athletic Ass’n, 7 Cal. 4th 1, 865 P.2d 633, 26 Cal. Rptr. 2d 834 (1994)

12-91

Hill v. Petrotech Res. Corp., 325 S.W.3d 302, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2580 (Ky. 2010)

10-58, 10-61

Hillman v. Star Publ’g Co., 64 Wash. 691, 117 P. 594 (1911)

2-142

Hilton v. Guyot, 159 U.S. 113 (1895)

15-64

Hilton v. Hallmark Cards, 580 F.3d 874, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1753 (9th Cir. 2009)

16-9

Hilton v. Hallmark Cards, 599 F.3d 894, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1753 (9th Cir. 2010)

16-8

Himango v. Prime Time Broad., Inc., 37 Wash. App. 259, 680 P.2d 432, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1724 (1984)

2-78, 5-18, 10-45

Hinerman v. Daily Gazette Co., 188 W. Va. 157, 423 S.E.2d 560, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2169 (1992), cert. denied, 507 U.S. 960 (1993)

3-16, 4-34, 5-75, 5-89, 5-110, 10-28, 11-3

Hines v. Ark. La. Gas Co., 613 So. 2d 646 (La. Ct. App. 1993)

9-19

====== TOC-134 ======

Hinish v. Meier & Frank Co., 166 Or. 482, 113 P.2d 438 (1941)

12-9, 12-22

Hinsdale v. Orange Cnty. Publ’ns, Inc., 17 N.Y.2d 284, 217 N.E.2d 650, 270 N.Y.S.2d 592 (1966)

2-29, 2-135, 2-138

Hirman v. Rogers, 257 N.W.2d 563 (Minn. 1977)

5-53

Hirschfeld v. Institutional Investor, Inc., 208 A.D.2d 380, 617 N.Y.S.2d 11 (1st Dep’t 1994)

2-90

H.O. Merren & Co. v. A.H. Belo Corp., 228 F. Supp. 515 (N.D. Tex. 1964), aff’d, 346 F.2d 568 (5th Cir. 1965)

2-19, 2-22

Hobbs v. Lopez, 96 Ohio App. 3d 670, 617 N.E.2d 1261 (1994)

12-37

Hobson v. Coastal Corp., 962 F. Supp. 1407 (D. Kan. 1997)

2-104

Hoch v. Prokop, 244 Neb. 443, 507 N.W.2d 626 (1993)

3-15

Hoch v. Rissman, Weisberg, Barrett, Hurt, Donahue & McLain, P.A., 742 So. 2d 451 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1999)

2-92, 2-115

Hodgdon v. Mt. Mansfield Co., 624 A.2d 1122 (Vt. 1992)

12-12

Hodges v. Okla. Journal Publ’g Co., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2492 (Okla. Ct. App. 1979), 617 P.2d 191, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1750 (Okla. 1980), 617 P.2d 191, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1750 (Okla. 1980)

2-41, 5-8, 5-14, 5-77

Hodgins v. Times Herald Co., 169 Mich. App. 245, 425 N.W.2d 522, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1777 (1988)

4-10

Hoechst Celanese Corp. v. Nylon Eng’g Resins, Inc., 896 F. Supp. 1190 (M.D. Fla. 1995)

15-25, 15-30, 15-31

Hoeflicker v. Higginsville Advance, Inc., 818 S.W.2d 650, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1286 (Mo. Ct. App. 1991)

7-26, 7-35

Hoepker v. Kruger, 200 F. Supp. 2d 340, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1737 (S.D.N.Y. 2002)

12-85, 12-87

====== TOC-135 ======

Hoeppner v. Dunkirk Printing Co., 254 N.Y. 95, 172 N.E. 139, 72 A.L.R. 913 (1930)

4-73

Hoffman v. Wash. Post Co., 433 F. Supp. 600, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1143 (D.D.C. 1977), aff’d without opinion, 578 F.2d 442, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2546 (D.C. Cir. 1978)

4-9, 5-35, 5-110

Hofmann Co. v. E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co., 202 Cal. App. 3d 390, 248 Cal. Rptr. 384 (1988)

4-8, 5-37, 13-16, 13-41

Hogan v. Hearst Corp., 945 S.W.2d 246, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2134 (Tex. Ct. App. 1997)

12-44, 13-61

Hogan v. Herald Co., 84 A.D.2d 470, 446 N.Y.S.2d 836, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1137 (4th Dep’t), aff’d on opinion below, 58 N.Y.2d 630, 444 N.E.2d 1002, 458 N.Y.S.2d 538, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2567 (1982)

7-22, 7-50

Hogan v. N.Y. Times Co., 211 F. Supp. 99 (D. Conn. 1962), aff’d, 313 F.2d 354 (2d Cir. 1963)

9-54, 10-11, 10-25, 10-31, 11-6

Hoke v. Paul, 65 Haw. 478, 653 P.2d 1155 (1982)

2-104, 7-5

Holbrook v. Casazza, 204 Conn. 336, 528 A.2d 774 (1987), cert. denied, 484 U.S. 1006 (1988)

5-13, 5-53, 5-110, 10-26, 10-27, 10-40, 10-41

Holbrook v. Harman Auto., Inc., 58 F.3d 222 (6th Cir. 1995)

2-170, 5-109, 5-134

Holden v. Clary, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1829 (E.D. Va. 1992)

16-47

Holden v. Pioneer Broad. Co., 228 Or. 405, 365 P.2d 845 (1961)

11-13

Holewinski v. Children’s Hosp. of Pittsburgh, 437 Pa. Super. 174, 649 A.2d 712 (1994)

2-59

====== TOC-136 ======

Holley v. WBNS 10TV, Inc., 149 Ohio App. 3d 22, 775 N.E.2d 579, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2339 (2002)

2-11

Holloway v. Butler, 662 S.W.2d 688, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1068 (Tex. Ct. App. 1983)

2-103

Holt v. Cox Enters., 590 F. Supp. 408, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1695 (N.D. Ga. 1984)

2-45

Holter v. WLCY T.V., Inc., 366 So. 2d 445, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2281 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1978), cert. denied, 373 So. 2d 462 (Fla. 1979)

5-107

Holtzscheiter v. Thomson Newspapers, Inc., 306 S.C. 297, 411 S.E.2d 664, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1717 (1991), overruled on other grounds, Holtzscheiter v. Thomson Newspapers, Inc., 332 S.C. 502, 506 S.E.2d 497, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2537 (1998)

2-77, 2-121, 2-122, 2-131, 13-46

Holy Spirit Ass’n v. Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 101 Misc. 2d 30, 420 N.Y.S.2d 56, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2144 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1979)

4-74

Holy Spirit Ass’n v. N.Y. Times Co., 49 N.Y.2d 63, 399 N.E.2d 1185, 424 N.Y.S.2d 165, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2219 (1979)

7-36

Holy Spirit Ass’n v. Sequoia Elsevier Publ’g Co., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1744 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1978)

5-28

Holy Spirit Ass’n v. Sequoia Elsevier Publ’g Co., 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2311 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1979)

4-62, 4-66

Holy Spirit Ass’n for the Unification of World Christianity v. N.Y. State Congress of Parents & Teachers, Inc., 95 Misc. 2d 548, 408 N.Y.S.2d 261 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1978)

13-45

Homan v. Goyal, 711 A.2d 812 (D.C. 1998)

13-48

====== TOC-137 ======

Honda Motor Co. v. Oberg, 512 U.S. 415 (1994)

10-17

Hooper v. Pitney Bowes, Inc., 895 S.W.2d 773 (Tex. Ct. App. 1995)

8-58, 13-58

Hoover v. Van Stone, 540 F. Supp. 1118 (D. Del. 1982)

8-12

Hope v. Hearst Consol. Publ’ns, Inc., 294 F.2d 681, 95 A.L.R.2d 213 (2d Cir. 1961), cert. denied, 368 U.S. 956 (1962)

2-148, 10-40

Hopewell v. Midcontinent Broad. Corp., 538 N.W.2d 780 (S.D. 1995), cert. denied, 519 U.S. 817 (1996)

14-16

Hopewell v. Vitullo, 299 Ill. App. 3d 513, 701 N.E.2d 99, 233 Ill. Dec. 456 (1998)

4-23, 4-56

Hopkins v. Keith, 348 So. 2d 999 (La. Ct. App.), cert. denied, 350 So. 2d 893 (La. 1977)

3-18

Hopkins v. O’Connor, 282 Conn. 821, 925 A.2d 1030 (2007)

8-23, 8-51

Hoppe v. Hearst Corp., 53 Wash. App. 668, 770 P.2d 203, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2076 (1989)

4-32, 5-117, 12-10

Hornberger v. Am. Broad. Cos., 351 N.J. Super. 577, 799 A.2d 566 (2002)

12-92

Horne v. Matthews, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14518 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

2-28, 2-29

Horne v. Patton, 291 Ala. 701, 287 So. 2d 824 (1973)

12-58, 12-66

Horne v. Radiological Health Servs., P.C., 83 Misc. 2d 446, 371 N.Y.S.2d 948 (Suffolk Cnty. 1975), aff’d, 51 A.D.2d 544, 379 N.Y.S.2d (2d Dep’t 1976)

10-59

Horning v. Hardy, 36 Md. App. 419, 373 A.2d 1273 (Ct. Spec. App. 1977)

13-2, 13-5, 13-26, 13-27

Horowitz v. Baker, 168 Ill. App. 3d 603, 119 Ill. Dec. 711, 523 N.E.2d 179, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1824 (1988)

2-49, 2-52

====== TOC-138 ======

Horsley v. Feldt, 304 F.3d 1125, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2389 (11th Cir. 2002)

4-52, 16-4

Horsley v. Rivera, 292 F.3d 695, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1847 (11th Cir. 2002)

4-52

Hoskins v. Howard, 132 Idaho 311, 971 P.2d 1135 (1998)

12-8

Horwitz v. Bd. of Educ. of Avoca Sch. Dist. No. 37, 260 F.3d 602 (7th Cir. 2001)

8-47

Hoschler v. YWCA, 1995 Neb. App. LEXIS 130 (Neb. Ct. App. 1995)

2-25

Hoskins v. Howard, 132 Idaho 311, 971 P.2d 1135 (1998)

12-8

Hotchner v. Castillo-Puche, 404 F. Supp. 1041 (S.D.N.Y. 1975), rev’d on other grounds, 551 F.2d 910, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1545 (2d Cir.),cert. denied, 434 U.S. 834, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1128 (1977)

2-57, 3-22, 4-7, 4-49, 4-51, 5-99, 5-101, 5-102, 5-105, 5-124, 10-30

Houbigant, Inc., In re, 182 Bankr. 958 (S.D.N.Y. 1995), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds, 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13424 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

2-144, 2-149

House of Sight & Sound, Inc. v. Faulkner, 912 P.2d 357 (Okla. Ct. App. 1995)

10-58

House of Wheat v. Wright, Montgomery App. No. 8614 (1985)

7-57

Household Fin. Corp. v. Bridge, 252 Md. 531, 250 A.2d 878 (1969)

12-9

Houston v. N.Y. Post Co., 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19705 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

2-126, 5-91, 10-36

Houston Chronicle Publ’g Co. v. Wegner, 182 S.W. 45 (Tex. Civ. App. 1915)

7-2, 7-3, 7-60

Hovey v. Iowa State Daily Publ’n Bd., Inc., 372 N.W.2d 253, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1035 (Iowa 1985)

3-20

====== TOC-139 ======

Howard v. Antilla, 294 F.3d 244, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1936 (1st Cir. 2002)

4-41, 5-78, 7-62, 12-7, 12-10, 12-19, 12-32, 12-34

Howard v. Covenant Apostolic Church, Inc., 1997 Ohio App. LEXIS 4180 (1997)

2-171

Howard v. Des Moines Register & Tribune Co., 283 N.W.2d 289, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1667 (Iowa 1979), cert. denied, 445 U.S. 904 (1980)

12-46, 12-49, 12-50, 12-55, 12-59, 12-69, 12-72, 16-46

Howard v. Lyons, 360 U.S. 593 (1959)

8-33

Howard v. Pope, 282 Ga. App. 137, 637 S.E.2d 854 (2006)

5-53

Howard v. S. Cal. Associated Newspapers, 95 Cal. App. 2d 580, 213 P.2d 399 (Cal. App. 1950)

11-8

Howard v. Suskie, 26 F.3d 84 (10th Cir. 1994)

8-34, 8-65, 16-69

Howard Univ. v. Best, 484 A.2d 958 (D.C. Ct. App. 1984)

2-17

Howarth v. Ostergaard, 30 Utah 2d 183, 515 P.2d 442 (1973)

13-16

Howe v. Detroit Free Press, Inc., 219 Mich. App. 150, 555 N.W.2d 738, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1602 (1996), aff’d, 457 Mich. 870, 5861 N.W.2d 85, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1928 (1998)

5-106, 7-13

Howell v. Enter. Publ’g Co., 455 Mass. 641, 920 N.E.2d 1, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1141 (2010)

7-19, 7-33, 7-41, 7-42

Howell v. Hecht, 821 S.W.2d 627 (Tex. Ct. App. 1991)

9-38

Howell v. N.Y. Post Co., 81 N.Y.2d 115, 12 N.E.2d 699, 596 N.Y.S.2d 350, 621 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1273 (1993)

12-99, 12-100, 13-51

Howell v. Tribune Entm’t Co., 106 F.3d 215 (7th Cir. 1997)

12-72

====== TOC-140 ======

Hruby v. Kalina, 228 Neb. 713, 424 N.W.2d 130, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1559 (1988)

2-115

Hubbard v. Journal Publ’g Co., 69 N.M. 473, 368 P.2d 147 (1962)

12-9, 12-55, 12-60

Huckabee v. Time Warner Entm’t Co., 19 S.W.3d 413, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2158 (Tex. 2000)

2-37, 3-24, 5-100, 5-102, 16-24

Huckle v. Money, 2 Wils. 205, 95 Eng. Rep. 768 (K.B. 1763)

10-14

Hudak v. Times Publ’g Co., 534 F. Supp. 2d 546 (W.D. Pa. 2008)

7-40

Hudson v. Guy Gannett Broad. Co., 521 A.2d 714, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2189 (Me. 1987)

6-3, 16-37

Huegerich v. IBP, Inc., 547 N.W.2d 216 (Iowa 1996)

2-59

Huff v. Jennings, 319 S.C. 142, 459 S.E.2d 886 (Ct. App. 1995)

13-4

Hugel v. McNell, 866 F.2d 1 (1st Cir. 1989)

15-29

Huggins v. Moore, 94 N.Y.2d 296, 726 N.E.2d 456, 704 N.Y.S.2d 904, 28 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1601 (1999)

6-14, 6-15, 6-18, 6-19

Hughes v. Hughes, 122 Cal. App. 4th 931, 19 Cal. Rptr. 3d 247 (2004)

3-20

Hughes v. New England Newspaper Publ’g Co., 312 Mass. 178, 43 N.E.2d 657 (1942)

2-165

Hultman v. Blumenthal, 67 Conn. App. 613, 787 A.2d 666 (2002)

8-44

Hulton & Co. v. Jones, 2 K.B. 44 (1909), aff’d, A.C. 20 (1910)

2-159

Hunckel v. Voneiff, 69 Md. 179, 14 A. 500 (1888)

8-18

====== TOC-141 ======

Hunger v. Grand Cent. Sanitation, 447 Pa. Super. 575, 670 A.2d 173 (1996)

13-61

Hunt v. Liberty Lobby, 720 F.2d 631, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1097 (11th Cir. 1983)

5-74, 5-82, 5-85, 5-109, 10-51

Hunt v. Univ. of Minn., 465 N.W.2d 88 (Minn. Ct. App. 1991)

4-16, 4-17

Huntemann v. City of Yonkers, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12714 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

9-14

Hunter v. Bryant, 502 U.S. 224 (1991)

8-34, 8-65, 16-69

Hunter v. Hartman, 545 N.W.2d 699, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2004 (Minn. Ct. App. 1996)

3-13, 4-25, 4-34, 4-39, 5-38

Hunyadi, In re, 112 Misc. 2d 484, 447 N.Y.S. 226 (Sup. Ct. Wyo. Cnty. 1982)

8-35

Hupp v. Sasser, 200 W. Va. 791, 490 S.E.2d 880 (1997)

2-20

Hurlbut v. Gulf Atl. Life Ins. Co., 749 S.W.2d 762 (Tex. 1987)

8-2, 9-45, 13-11, 13-21, 13-24, 13-26

Hurley v. Nw. Publ’ns, Inc., 273 F. Supp. 967 (D. Minn. 1967), aff’d, 398 F.2d 346 (8th Cir. 1968)

5-98, 12-55

Hurst v. Capital Cities Media, Inc., 323 Ill. App. 3d 812, 754 N.E.2d 429, 257 Ill. Dec. 771 (2001)

7-31, 12-19

Hurvitz v. Hoefflin, 84 Cal. App. 4th 1232, 101 Cal. Rptr. 2d 558, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1215 (2000)

12-74

Hurwitz v. United States, 884 F.2d 684 (2d Cir. 1989), cert. denied, 493 U.S. 1056 (1990)

12-100

Huskey v. Nat’l Broad. Co., 632 F. Supp. 1282, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2105 (N.D. Ill. 1986)

12-8, 12-92

====== TOC-142 ======

Hustler Magazine, Inc. v. Falwell, 485 U.S. 46, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2281 (1988), rev’d in part on other grounds, 194 F.3d 505 (4th Cir. 1999)

1-14, 1-23, 1-24, 2-44, 4-13, 4-43, 4-52, 5-21, 5-28

Hutchinson v. Proxmire, 443 U.S. 111, 5 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1279 (1979)

1-35, 1-37, 5-4, 5-6, 5-12, 5-20, 5-21, 5-44, 5-46, 5-51, 5-59, 5-69, 6-20, 8-24, 8-25, 8-26, 8-29, 8-30, 16-37, 16-39, 16-40, 16-43

Hyde v. City of Columbia, 637 S.W.2d 251 (Mo. Ct. App. 1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 1226 (1983)

12-52, 12-70

Hyde v. Hibernia Nat’l Bank, 861 F.2d 446 (5th Cir. 1988)

7-7, 7-19

Hylsky v. Globe Democrat Publ’g Co., 348 Mo. 83, 152 S.W.2d 119 (1941)

2-42

I

Iacco v. Bohannon, 70 Mich. App. 463, 245 N.W.2d 791 (1976)

9-26, 9-41

Iannone v. Frederic R. Harris, Inc., 941 F. Supp. 403 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

10-20

IBP Confidential Bus. Documents Litig., In re, 797 F.2d 632, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1113 (8th Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1088 (1987)

5-44

Ikani v. Bennett, 284 Ark. 409, 682 S.W.2d 747 (1985)

9-20

Ilsley v. Sentinel Co., 133 Wis. 20, 113 N.W. 425 (1907)

7-22

Ilusorio v. Ilusorio-Bildner, 103 F. Supp. 2d 672 (S.D.N.Y. 2000), aff’d, 2001 U.S. App. LEXIS 17157 (2d Cir. 2001)

15-40

Imbler v. Pachtman, 424 U.S. 409 (1976)

8-8, 8-11

====== TOC-143 ======

Imbrogno v. Chamberlin, 89 F.3d 87 (2d Cir. 1996)

10-46

I.M.L. v. State, 61 P.3d 1038 (Utah 2002)

3-4, 3-5

Immuno A.G. v. Moor-Jankowski, 74 N.Y.2d 548, 549 N.E.2d 129, 549 N.Y.S.2d 938, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1161 (1989)

4-7, 4-9, 4-11

Immuno A.G. v. Moor-Jankowski, 77 N.Y.2d 235, 567 N.E.2d 1270, 566 N.Y.S.2d 906, 18 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1625, cert. denied, 500 U.S. 954 (1991)

4-26, 4-33, 7-3, 16-31, 16-48

Imo Indus., Inc. v. Kiekert AG, 155 F.3d 254 (3d Cir. 1998)

15-20

Imperial v. Drapeau, 351 Md. 38, 716 A.2d 244 (1998)

8-37

Imperial Apparel, Ltd. v. Cosmo’s Designer Direct, Inc., 227 Ill. 2d 381, 882 N.E.2d 1011, 317 Ill. Dec. 855, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1335 (2008)

4-23, 4-24, 6-23

Imperial Apparel, Ltd. v. Cosmo’s Designer Direct, Inc., 67 Ill. App. 3d 48, 853 N.E.2d 770, 304 Ill. Dec. 693, appeal granted, 2006 Ill. LEXIS 1685 (2006)

13-8, 13-27

In re Anonymous Online Speakers, 661 F.3d 1169 (9th Cir. 2011)

14-41, 14-42

In re Baxter, 2001 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26001, 2001 WL 34806203 (W.D. La. Dec. 20, 2001)

14-39

In re Cable News Network, 106 F. Supp. 2d 1000 (N.D. Cal. 2000)

11-10

In re CNN & Time Magazine “Operation Tailwind” Litig., 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31732 (N.D. Cal. 2006)

11-10

In re Consumers Union of United States, Inc., 495 F. Supp. 582, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1681 (S.D.N.Y. 1980)

14-11

====== TOC-144 ======

In re Elerbee, 177 B.R. 731 (N.D. Ga. 1995)

10-66

In re Farber, 78 N.J. 259, A.2d 330, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1360, cert. denied, 439 U.S. 997, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1864 (1978)

14-7, 14-30

In re Hearings Concerning Canon 35 of the Canons of Judicial Ethics, 132 Colo. 591, 296 P.2d 465 (1956)

12-54

In re Hearings on Immunity for Ethics Complainants, 96 N.J. 669, 477 A.2d 339 (1984)

8-42

In re Houbigant, Inc., 182 Bankr. 958 (S.D.N.Y. 1995), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds, 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13424 (S.D.N.Y. 1996)

2-144, 2-149, 2-152

In re Hunyadi, 112 Misc. 2d 484, 447 N.Y.S. 226 (Sup. Ct. Wyo. Cnty. 1982)

8-35

In re IBP Confidential Bus. Documents Litig., 797 F.2d 632, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1113 (8th Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1088 (1987) (8th Cir. 1986)

3-12, 5-44, 5-57, 8-25

In re Kennedy, 249 F.3d 576 (6th Cir. 2001)

10-66

In re Pan Am Corp., 16 F.3d 513 (2d Cir. 1994)

8-65

In re Petroleum Prods. Antitrust Litig., 680 F.2d 5, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1525 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 909 (1982)

14-15

In re Providence Journal Co., 820 F.2d 1342 (1st Cir. 1986), modified, 820 F.2d 1354 (1st Cir. 1987), cert. dismissed, 485 U.S. 693 (1988)

10-62

In re Spikes, 881 A.2d 1118 (D.C. 2005)

8-10, 8-42, 9-9, 10-70

====== TOC-145 ======

In re Standard Jury Instructions, 575 So. 2d 194, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2249 (Fla. 1991)

3-15

In re Subpoena to Donovan Slack, 768 F. Supp. 2d 189, 39 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1867 (D.D.C. 2011)

14-11

In re United Press Int’l, 106 B.R. 323, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2401 (D.D.C. 1989)

3-15, 7-55

In re Venezia, 191 N.J. 259, 922 A.2d 1263 (2007)

14-30

In re Westfall, 808 S.W.2d 829 (Mo. 1991), cert. denied, 502 U.S. 1009 (1991)

4-17

In re Yagman, 796 F.2d 1165, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1545 (9th Cir. 1986)

15-55, 16-60

Indep. Living Aids, Inc. v. Maxi-Aids, Inc., 981 F. Supp. 124 (E.D.N.Y. 1997)

4-36

Indep. Newspapers, Inc. v. Brodie, 407 Md. 415, 966 A.2d 432, 37 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1425 (2009)

14-36

Ind. Area Found. of the United Methodist Church, Inc. v. Snyder, 953 N.E.2d 1174 (Ind. Ct. App. 2011)

4-75

Indianapolis Newspapers, Inc. v. Fields, 254 Ind. 219, 259 N.E.2d 651, cert. denied, 400 U.S. 930 (1970)

2-76, 5-81

Indus. Found. of the S. v. Tex. Indus. Accident Bd., 540 S.W.2d 668 (Tex. 1976), cert. denied, 430 U.S. 931 (1977)

12-37, 12-63

Info. Control Corp. v. Genesis One Computer Corp., 611 F.2d 781 (9th Cir. 1980)

4-12

Ingalls v. Hastings & Sons Publ’g Co., 304 Mass. 31, 22 N.E.2d 657 (1939)

2-26

Ingenere v. Am. Broad. Cos., 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1227 (D. Mass. 1984)

7-32

====== TOC-146 ======

Ingle v. Glamore Motor Sales, Inc., 73 N.Y.2d 183, 535 N.E.2d 1311, 583 N.Y.S.2d 771 (1989)

2-60

Ingram v. Flippo, 74 Cal. App. 4th 1280, 89 Cal. Rptr. 2d 60 (1999)

8-50

Inman v. City of Katy, 900 S.W.2d 871 (Tex. Ct. App. 1995)

8-61

Innes v. Howell Corp., 76 F.3d 702 (6th Cir. 1996)

2-166

Inset Sys., Inc. v. Instruction Set, Inc., 937 F. Supp. 161 (D. Conn. 1996)

15-35

Inside Radio, Inc. v. Clear Channel Commc’ns, Inc., 209 F. Supp. 2d 302 (S.D.N.Y. 2002)

14-43

Installation Servs., Inc. v. Elecs. Research, Inc., 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 29832 (N.D. Ill. 2005)

2-105

Inst. of Athletic Motivation v. Univ. of Ill., 114 Cal. App. 3d 1, 170 Cal. Rptr. 411 (1980)

4-68

Insull v. N.Y. World-Telegram Corp., 172 F. Supp. 615 (N.D. Ill.), aff’d, 273 F.2d 166 (7th Cir. 1959), cert. denied, 362 U.S. 942 (1960)

15-6

Integrated Healthcare Holdings, Inc. v. Fitzgibbons, 140 Cal. App. 4th 515, 44 Cal. Rptr. 3d 517 (2006)

16-11

Intellect Art Multimedia, Inc. v. Milewski, 24 Misc. 3d 1248(A), 899 N.Y.S.2d 60 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 2009)

15-12

Intercity Maint. Co. v. Local 254, Serv. Emps. Int’l Union, 241 F.3d 82 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 534 U.S. 818 (2001)

2-80, 5-134

Int’l Bhd. of Police Officers v. Mem’l Press, Inc., 31 Mass. App. 138, 575 N.E.2d 376, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1222 (1991)

10-32

Int’l Prods. Co. v. Erie R.R., 244 N.Y. 331, 155 N.E. 662, cert. denied, 275 U.S. 527 (1927)

13-62, 13-63

Int’l Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310 (1945)

15-2, 15-13, 15-17

Internet Doorway, Inc. v. Parks, 138 F. Supp. 2d 773 (S.D. Miss. 2001)

15-32

====== TOC-147 ======

Internet Solutions Corp. v. Marshall, 611 F.3d 1368, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2438 (11th Cir. 2010)

15-11

Iqbal v. Hasty, 490 F.3d 143 (2d Cir. 2007), rev’d and remanded on other grounds, 129 S. Ct. 1937 (2009)

8-4

Ireland v. Edwards, 230 Mich. App. 607, 584 N.W.2d 632, 1998 Mich. App. LEXIS 202 (1998)

2-74, 16-30

Irvine v. Akron Beacon Journal, 2002 Ohio App. LEXIS 39, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1225, aff’d in relevant part on reh’g, 147 Ohio App. 3d 428, 770 N.E.2d 1105, 30 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1993 (2002)

12-92

Ishmael v. Andrew, 137 P.3d 1271 (Okla. Ct. App. 2006)

2-100

Iskowitz v. Marciano, No. BC384493 (Cal. Super. Ct. Aug. 27, 2009)

17-2

Israel Travel Advisory Serv., Inc. v. Israel Identity Tours, Inc., 61 F.3d 1250 (7th Cir. 1995)

2-19, 10-36, 10-38

Isuzu Motors Ltd. v. Consumers Union of United States, Inc., 12 F. Supp. 2d 1035 (C.D. Cal. 1998)

2-159, 13-23

Ithaca Coll. v. Yale Daily News Publ’g Co., 105 Misc. 2d 793, 433 N.Y.S.2d 530, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2180, aff’d on other grounds, 85 A.D.2d 817, 445 N.Y.S.2d 621, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2510 (3d Dep’t 1981)

5-28, 16-49

Ivey v. State, 821 So. 2d 937 (Ala. 2001), overruled on other grounds by Ex parte Bell, 978 So. 2d 33 (Ala. 2007)

3-5, 5-3

J

Jackson v. City of Columbus, 117 Ohio St. 3d 328, 883 N.E.2d 1060 (2008)

5-128

====== TOC-148 ======

Jackson v. Hartig, 274 Va. 219, 645 S.E.2d 303, 35 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1944 (2007)

5-85, 5-99

Jackson v. Longcope, 394 Mass. 577, 476 N.E.2d 617, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2282, 50 A.L.R.4th 1249 (1985)

2-82, 10-7

Jackson v. Paramount Pictures Corp., 68 Cal. App. 4th 10, 80 Cal. Rptr. 2d 1 (1998)

3-23, 7-44

Jacob v. Bezzant, 212 P.3d 535 (Utah 2009)

2-75, 16-20

Jacobellis v. Ohio, 378 U.S. 184 (1964)

2-18, 5-19

Jacobs v. Frank, 60 Ohio St. 3d 111, 573 N.E.2d 609 (1991)

9-39, 9-44

Jacobs v. Shaw, 219 Ga. App. 425, 465 S.E.2d 460 (1995)

2-108

Jacobs v. Underwood, 484 S.W.2d 855 (Ky. Ct. App. 1972)

8-44

Jacobson v. Deutsche Bank, A.G., 206 F. Supp. 2d 590 (S.D.N.Y. 2002)

2-92

Jacobson v. Schwarzenegger, 357 F. Supp. 2d 1198 (C.D. Cal. 2004)

2-65

Jacron Sales Co. v. Sindorf, 276 Md. 580, 350 A.2d 688 (1976)

6-3, 6-6, 6-8, 6-21, 6-25, 9-51

Jadwin v. Minneapolis Star & Tribune Co., 367 N.W.2d 476, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1905 (Minn. 1985)

2-20, 5-45, 5-46, 5-48, 6-4, 6-8

Jaillet v. Cashman, 235 N.Y. 511, 139 N.E. 714 (1923)

13-63

Jaillett v. Ga. Television Co., 238 Ga. App. 885, 520 S.E.2d 721 (1999)

4-58

Jaindl v. Mohr, 432 Pa. Super. 220, 637 A.2d 1353 (1994), aff’d, 541 Pa. 163, 661 A.2d 1362 (1995)

2-92

Jaisinghani v. Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., 973 F. Supp. 1450, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1888 (S.D. Fla. 1997)

15-51, 15-59

Jalou II, Inc. v. Liner, 43 So. 3d 1023 (La. Ct. App. 2010)

9-56

====== TOC-149 ======

Jameel v. Wall St. J. Europe Sprl, [2006] UKHL 44, [2007] 1 AC 359

15-62

Jamerson v. Anderson Newspapers, Inc., 469 N.E.2d 1243 (Ind. Ct. App. 1984)

4-10, 14-34

James v. Bd. of Educ., 37 N.Y.2d 891, 340 N.E.2d 735, 378 N.Y.S.2d 371 (1975)

2-60

James v. Brown, 637 S.W.2d 914 (Tex. 1982)

8-5

James v. Gannett Co., 40 N.Y.2d 415, 353 N.E.2d 834, 386 N.Y.S.2d 871 (1976)

2-20, 2-76, 2-127, 5-32, 16-43

James v. Powel, 154 Va. 96, S.E. 539 (1930)

3-27

James v. San Jose Mercury News, Inc., 17 Cal. App. 4th 1, 20 Cal. Rptr. 2d 890, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1624 (1993)

2-25, 5-15

James v. Screen Gems, Inc., 174 Cal. App. 2d 650, 344 P.2d 799 (1959)

12-24

J&C, Inc. v. Combined Commc’ns Corp., 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2162 (Ky. Ct. App. 1987)

12-29

J&J Constr. Co. v. Bricklayers Local 1, 468 Mich. 722, 664 N.W.2d 728 (2003)

9-36

J&J Sheet Metal Works, Inc. v. Picarazzi, 793 F. Supp. 1104 (N.D.N.Y. 1992)

6-17

Janklow v. Keller, 90 S.D. 322, 241 N.W.2d 364 (1976)

8-21

Janklow v. Newsweek, Inc., 788 F.2d 1300, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1961 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 883 (1986)

1-40, 1-41, 2-37, 4-12, 4-16, 5-93

Janklow v. Viking Press, 378 N.W.2d 875, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1539 (S.D. 1985)

7-14, 7-15, 7-49

Janklow v. Viking Press, 459 N.W.2d 415, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2220 (S.D. 1990)

4-20, 16-41

Jankovic v. Int’l Crisis Grp., 429 F. Supp. 2d 165 (D.D.C. 2006)

2-157, 7-7, 13-57

====== TOC-150 ======

Jankovic v. Int’l Crisis Grp., 494 F.3d 1080 (D.C. Cir. 2007)

2-107, 2-143, 2-158, 7-4, 12-27

Jankovic v. Int’l Crisis Grp., 593 F.3d 22, 38 Media L. Rep. 1399 (BNA) (D.C. Cir. 2010)

4-65, 13-40

Jaszai v. Christie’s, 279 A.D.2d 186, 719 N.Y.S.2d 235 (1st Dep’t 2001)

4-59

Jaworsky v. Padfield, 211 So. 2d 122 (La. Ct. App. 1968)

5-81

J.C. v. WALA-TV, Inc., 675 So. 2d 360 (Ala. 1996)

12-5, 12-46

J.D. Constr. Corp. v. Isaacs, 51 N.J. 263, 239 A.2d 657 (1968)

8-38

Jeanes v. Milner, 428 F.2d 598 (8th Cir. 1970), aff’d in part, remanded in part, 978 F.2d 1065, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1925 (8th Cir. 1992)

16-33

Jee v. N.Y. Post Co., 176 Misc. 2d 253, 671 N.Y.S.2d 920, 26 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2066 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1998), aff’d, 260 A.D.2d 215, 688 N.Y.S.2d 49, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2024 (1st Dep’t 1999)

5-9

Jefferson v. Winnebago Cnty., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2425, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1641 (N.D. Ill. 1995), aff’d, 90 F.3d 1291 (7th Cir. 1996)

2-72

Jefferson Cnty. Sch. Dist. No. R-1 v. Moody’s Investors Servs., Inc., 175 F.3d 848, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1737 (10th Cir. 1999)

4-19, 13-12, 13-15, 13-42

Jeffries v. Metro-Mark, Inc., 45 F.3d 258 (8th Cir.)

3-12

Jenkins v. Bolla, 411 Pa. Super. 119, 600 A.2d 1293, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2059 (1992)

12-65

Jenkins v. CitiFinancial, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 124744 (D.N.J. 2010)

12-19

====== TOC-151 ======

Jenkins v. Dell Publ’g Co., 251 F.2d 447 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 357 U.S. 921 (1958)

12-53, 12-58

Jenkins v. KYW, Div. of Grp. W, Westinghouse Broad. & Cable, Inc., 829 F.2d 403, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1718 (3d Cir. 1987)

4-10

Jenkins v. Liberty Newspapers Ltd. P’ship, 89 Haw. 254, 971 P.2d 1089, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1513 (1999)

2-78, 5-111, 10-39, 10-47, 13-60

Jenkins v. Trinity Lutheran Church, 356 Ill. App. 3d 504, 825 N.E.2d 1206, 292 Ill. Dec. 195 (2005)

4-75

Jennings v. Telegram-Tribune Co., 16 Cal. App. 3d 119, 210 Cal. Rptr. 485, 11 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1419 (1985)

7-36

Jenoff v. Hearst Corp., 453 F. Supp. 541, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1911 (D. Md. 1978)

14-28

Jenoff v. Hearst Corp., 453 F. Supp. 541, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1023 (D. Md. 1978), aff’d, 644 F.2d 1004, 7 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1081 (4th Cir. 1981)

5-15, 5-41, 16-38

Jensen v. Hewlett-Packard Co., 14 Cal. App. 4th 958, 18 Cal. Rptr. 2d 83 (1993)

2-25, 9-18

Jensen v. Sawyers, 2005 UT 81, ¶ 47, 130 P.3d 325, 33 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2578 (Utah 2005)

3-17, 12-27, 12-33

Jet Asphalt Corp. v. N.Y. Post Corp., 63 A.D.2d 890, 405 N.Y.S.2d 1014, 4 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1156 (1st Dep’t 1978)

2-16, 5-15

Jetco Elec. Indus., Inc. v. Gardiner, 325 F. Supp. 80 (S.D. Tex. 1971)

13-8

Jewell v. NYP Holdings, Inc., 23 F. Supp. 2d 348 (S.D.N.Y. 1998)

2-56, 2-81, 2-83, 2-134, 3-17, 4-19, 4-33, 7-13

====== TOC-152 ======

Jews for Jesus, Inc. v. Rapp, 997 So. 2d 1098, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2540 (Fla. 2008)

2-26, 2-34, 12-8, 12-11, 12-14, 12-15, 12-19, 12-21

J.H. Desnick, M.D., Eye Servs., Ltd. v. Am. Broad. Cos., 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1689, 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 972 (N.D. Ill. 1999)

5-74, 5-75, 5-94, 5-98, 10-56, 12-90

J.H. Desnick, M.D., Eye Servs., Ltd. v. Am. Broad. Cos., 44 F.3d 1345, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1161 (7th Cir. 1995)

2-72, 2-84, 12-29, 12-90, 12-95, 12-97, 13-12

J.H. Desnick, M.D., Eye Servs., Ltd. v. Capital Cities/ABC, Inc., 851 F. Supp. 303, 22 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1937 (N.D. Ill. 1994), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds sub nom. J.H. Desnick, M.D., Eye Servs., Ltd. v. Am. Broad. Cos., 44 F.3d 1345, 23 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1161 (7th Cir. 1995)

12-29

Jianguang Wang v. Tang, 260 S.W.3d 149, 36 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1769 (Tex. Ct. App. 2008), cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 1379 (2009)

16-37

Joe Dickerson & Assoc., LLC v. Dittmar, 34 P.3d 995, 29 Media L. Rep. 2618 (Colo. 2001)

12-82, 12-85

Joffe v. Vaughn, 873 P.2d 299 (Okla. Ct. App. 1993)

13-41, 13-58

John v. Journal Commc’ns, Inc., 801 F. Supp. 199, 20 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1425 (E.D. Wis. 1992)

3-32

John v. Tribune Co., 24 Ill. 2d 437, 181 N.E.2d 105, cert. denied, 371 U.S. 877 (1962)

2-70

Johnsen v. Carhart, 353 So. 2d 874 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1977)

8-46

Johnson v. Arden, 614 F.3d 785 (8th Cir. 2010)

15-35, 15-39

====== TOC-153 ======

Johnson v. Baptist Med. Ctr., 97 F.3d 1070 (8th Cir. 1996)

8-59

Johnson v. Bradstreet Co., 77 Ga. 172 (1886)

9-22

Johnson v. Capital City Press, 346 So. 2d 819, 2 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2255 (La. Ct. App.), cert. denied, 350 So. 2d 677 (La. 1977)

5-12, 5-17

Johnson v. Clark, 484 F. Supp. 2d 1242 (M.D. Fla. 2007), aff’d mem., 294 F. App’x 502 (11th Cir. 2008)

10-45

Johnson v. Columbia Broad. Sys., Inc., 10 F. Supp. 2d 1071, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1148 (D. Minn. 1998)

2-39, 5-78

Johnson v. Cmty. Nursing Servs., 985 F. Supp. 1321 (D. Utah 1997)

2-115, 4-19, 9-19

Johnson v. Delchamps, Inc., 715 F. Supp. 1345 (M.D. La. 1989), aff’d, 897 F.2d 808 (5th Cir. 1990)

2-99

Johnson v. Delta-Democrat Publ’g Co., 531 So. 2d 811, 15 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2117 (Miss. 1988)

2-52, 16-41

Johnson v. Dirkswager, 315 N.W.2d 215 (Minn. 1982)

8-44

Johnson v. Evening Star Newspaper Co., 344 F.2d 507 (D.C. Cir.), cert. denied, 382 U.S. 910 (1965)

12-54, 12-60, 12-67

Johnson v. Johnson, 654 A.2d 1212 (R.I. 1995)

2-24, 2-52, 3-10, 10-25

Johnson v. Johnson Publ’g Co., 271 A.2d 696 (D.C. 1970)

2-18

Johnson v. KTBS, Inc., 889 So. 2d 329, 32 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2582 (2004)

2-157

Johnson v. Lanoix, 847 So. 2d 1283 (La. Ct. App. 2003)

10-44

Johnson v. Nickerson, 542 N.W.2d 506 (Iowa 1996)

2-9, 2-120, 10-39

Johnson v. Piper Jaffray, Inc., 530 N.W.2d 790 (Minn. 1995)

10-68

Johnson v. Robbinsdale Indep. Sch. Dist. 281, 827 F. Supp. 1439 (D. Minn. 1993)

5-9, 5-52

====== TOC-154 ======

Johnson v. St. Louis Dispatch Co., 65 Mo. 539 (1877)

7-3

Johnson v. Sawyer, 4 F.3d 369 (5th Cir. 1993)

12-37

Johnson v. Sw. Newspapers Corp., 855 S.W.2d 182, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1746 (Tex. Ct. App. 1993)

5-17

Johnson v. State, 37 N.Y.2d 378, 372 N.Y.S.2d 638, 334 N.E.2d 590 (1975)

13-59

Johnson v. Ward, 4 N.Y.3d 516, 829 N.E.2d 1201, 797 N.Y.S.2d 33 (2005)

15-12

Johnson & Johnson v. Carter-Wallace, Inc., 631 F.2d 186 (2d Cir. 1980)

13-31, 13-32

Johnson Publ’g Co. v. Davis, 271 Ala. 474, 124 So. 2d 441 (1960)

9-44

Johnston v. Corinthian Television Corp., 583 P.2d 1101, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2518 (Okla. 1978)

5-7, 5-16

Jolly v. Fossum, 59 Wash. 2d 20, 365 P.2d 780 (1961)

3-2

Jolly v. Valley Publ’g Co., 63 Wash. 2d 537, 388 P.2d 139 (1964)

9-34, 9-40

Jonap v. Silver, 1 Conn. App. 550, 474 A.2d 800 (1984)

12-19

Jones v. Britt Airways, Inc., 622 F. Supp. 389 (N.D. Ill. 1985)

2-100

Jones v. Dirty World Entm’t Recordings, LLC, 766 F. Supp. 2d 828 (E.D. Ky. 2011)

15-33

Jones v. E. Hulton & Co., [1909] 2 K.B. 444, aff’d, [1910] A.C. 20

2-143, 5-2

Jones v. Garner, 250 S.C. 479, 158 S.E.2d 909, 32 A.L.R.3d 1417 (1968)

2-42

Jones v. Globe Int’l, 1995 WL 819177 (D. Conn. 1995)

2-81

Jones v. Golden Spike Corp., 97 Nev. 24, 623 P.2d 970 (1981)

2-99

====== TOC-155 ======

Jones v. Johnson & Johnson, 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13453 (E.D. Pa. 1995)

2-59

Jones v. Monico, 276 Minn. 371, 150 N.W.2d 213 (1967)

8-43

Jones v. Neighbor Newspapers, Inc., 142 Ga. App. 365, 236 S.E.2d 23, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1149 (1977)

3-18, 11-5

Jones v. Palmer Commc’ns, Inc., 440 N.W.2d 884, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2137 (Iowa 1989)

3-18, 4-11, 4-29, 5-16, 6-3, 7-3, 7-57, 11-14, 12-31, 16-30

Jones v. Pinkerton’s, Inc., 700 S.W.2d 456 (Mo. Ct. App. 1985)

2-104

Jones v. Pulitzer Publ’g Co., 195 S.W. 80 (Mo. Ct. App. 1917)

2-41

Jones v. Sun Publ’g Co., 278 S.C. 12, 292 S.E.2d 23, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1388 (1982), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 944 (1983)

6-4

Jones v. Taibbi, 400 Mass. 786, 512 N.E.2d 260, 14 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1844 (1987)

5-42, 7-28, 12-11, 12-54

Jones v. Trump, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7324 (S.D.N.Y. 1997)

2-81

Jones v. W. & S. Life Ins. Co., 91 F.3d 1032 (7th Cir. 1996)

9-4, 10-9, 10-10

Jordan v. Fox, Rothschild, O’Brien & Frankel, 20 F.3d 1250 (3d Cir. 1994)

2-165

Jordan v. Kollman, 269 Va. 569, 612 S.E.2d 203 (2005)

2-4, 3-19, 5-13

Jorg v. Cincinnati Black United Front, 153 Ohio App. 3d 258, 792 N.E.2d 781 (2003)

4-32

Joseph v. Collins, 272 Ill. App. 3d 200, 649 N.E.2d 964, 208 Ill. Dec. 604 (1995)

2-169, 8-31

Joseph v. Scranton Times L.P., 2008 PA Super. 217, 959 A.2d 322 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2008)

6-8, 6-9, 10-37

====== TOC-156 ======

Joseph v. Siegel, 200 Misc. 214, 105 N.Y.S.2d 690 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty.), aff’d, 279 A.D. 574, 107 N.Y.S.2d 553 (1st Dep’t 1951), aff’d, 304 N.Y. 553, 106 N.E.2d 613 (1952)

13-5

Journal-Gazette Co. v. Bandido’s, Inc., 712 N.E.2d 446, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2089 (Ind.), cert. denied, 528 U.S. 1005 (1999)

2-15, 2-25, 2-32, 2-43, 2-74, 5-77, 5-111, 6-11, 6-12

Journal Publ’g Co. v. McCullough, 743 So. 2d 352 (Miss. 1999)

2-35

Jovanovic v. U.S.-Algeria Bus. Council, 561 F. Supp. 2d 103 (D.D.C. 2008), aff’d, 2009 U.S. App. LEXIS 8668 (D.C. Cir. 2009)

2-65, 2-108, 13-59

Julian v. Am. Bus. Consultants, Inc., 2 N.Y.2d 1, 137 N.E.2d 1, 155 N.Y.S.2d 1 (1956)

2-20, 2-141, 4-5, 4-42, 4-43, 4-53, 4-69, 4-70, 4-71, 4-73

J.V. Peters & Co. v. Knight-Ridder Co., 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1576 (Ohio Ct. App. 1984)

2-122, 7-56, 7-57

K

K Corp. v. Stewart, 247 Neb. 290, 526 N.W.2d 429 (1995)

2-122, 4-17

Kaelin v. Globe Commc’ns Corp., 162 F.3d 1036, 27 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1142 (9th Cir. 1998)

2-19, 2-44, 5-86

Kahn v. Bower, 232 Cal. App. 3d 1599, 284 Cal. Rptr. 244, 19 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1236 (1991)

2-76, 3-12, 4-20, 4-64, 5-12, 9-32, 13-56

Kalika v. Stern, 911 F. Supp. 594 (E.D.N.Y. 1995)

9-26

====== TOC-157 ======

Kamelgard v. Macura, 585 F.3d 334 (7th Cir. 2009)

15-47, 15-52

Kamfar v. New World Rest. Grp., Inc., 347 F. Supp. 2d 38 (S.D.N.Y. 2004)

6-17, 6-18

Kaminske v. Wis. Cent. Ltd., 102 F. Supp. 2d 1066 (E.D. Wis. 2000)

4-40

Kaminski v. Roadway Express, Inc., 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2475 (N.D. Ill. 1995)

8-42

Kamsler v. Chi. Am. Publ’g Co., 82 Ill. App. 2d 86, 225 N.E.2d 434 (1967)

2-49

Kanaga v. Gannett Co., 687 A.2d 173, 25 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1684 (Del. 1996), aff’d in part on other grounds, rev’d in part on other grounds, 750 A.2d 1174, 29 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1697 (Del. 2000)

2-120, 4-49, 4-51, 6-23

Kanarek v. Bugliosi, 108 Cal. App. 3d 327, 166 Cal. Rptr. 526 (1980)

2-89

Kan. Bankers Sur. Co. v. Bahr, 69 F. Supp. 2d 1004 (E.D. Tenn. 1999)

13-7, 13-32, 13-34, 13-35

Kapellas v. Kofman, 1 Cal. 3d 20, 459 P.2d 912, 81 Cal. Rptr. 360 (1969)

11-5, 11-12, 12-15, 12-35, 12-47, 12-53, 12-59, 12-60

Kapiloff v. Dunn, 27 Md. App. 514, 343 A.2d 251 (1975), cert. denied, 426 U.S. 907 (1976)

4-10, 4-68, 5-9

Karaduman v. Newsday, Inc., 51 N.Y.2d 531, 416 N.E.2d 557, 435 N.Y.S.2d 556, 6 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2345 (1980)

2-111, 2-170, 6-16, 6-18, 16-31, 16-48

Karch v. BayBank FSB&A, 147 N.H. 525, 794 A.2d 763 (2002)

12-37, 12-39

Karelas v. Baldwin, 237 App. Div. 265, 261 N.Y.S. 518 (2d Dep’t 1932)

8-7

====== TOC-158 ======

Karem v. Priest, 744 F. Supp. 136, 17 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2113 (W.D. Tex. 1990)

14-7

KARK-TV v. Simon, 280 Ark. 228, 656 S.W.2d 702, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1049 (1983)

3-18, 6-7

Karl v. Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette Sec. Corp., 78 F. Supp. 2d 393 (E.D. Pa. 1999)

2-61, 16-3

Karp v. Hill Knowlton, Inc., 631 F. Supp. 360, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2092 (S.D.N.Y. 1986)

7-34

Karp v. Miami Herald Publ’g Co., 45 Fla. Supp. 183 (Cir. Ct. 1977), aff’d, 359 So. 2d 580, 3 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2581 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App.), dismissed without opinion, 365 So. 2d 712 (1978)

5-104, 15-58, 16-46

Kass v. Great Coastal Express, Inc., 291 N.J. Super. 10, 676 A.2d 1099 (App. Div. 1996), aff’d, 152 N.J. 353, 704 A.2d 1293 (1998)

9-15, 9-39, 9-45, 9-54

Kassel v. Gannett Co., 875 F.2d 935, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1814 (1st Cir. 1989)

2-168, 5-7, 5-16, 6-7, 10-38, 10-51

Katz v. Odin, Feldman & Pittleman, 332 F. Supp. 2d 909 (E.D. Va. 2004)

2-88, 8-42

Kauffman Racing Equip. v. Roberts, 126 Ohio St. 3d 81, 930 N.E.2d 784, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2071 (2010)

15-11, 15-35, 15-36

Kaufman v. Fid. Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass’n, 140 Cal. App. 3d 913, 189 Cal. Rptr. 818 (1983)

5-37

Kaufman v. Rubinton, Coleman & Ostrow, N.Y.L.J., July 25, 1963, col. 6 (Sup. Ct. N.Y. Cnty. 1963)

2-48

Kawaauhau v. Geiger, 523 U.S. 57 (1998)

10-66

Keane v. Gannett Co., 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2252 (D. Haw. 1986)

5-103

====== TOC-159 ======

Keddie v. Pa. State Univ., 412 F. Supp. 1264 (M.D. Pa. 1976)

2-99

Keenan v. Computer Assocs. Int’l, 13 F.3d 1266 (8th Cir. 1994)

9-5, 9-8, 9-19, 9-38, 9-41, 9-55, 10-41, 16-50

Keeton v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 131 N.H. 6, 549 A.2d 1187, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1077 (1988)

1-45, 7-4, 15-18, 15-23, 15-25, 15-33, 15-59

Keeton v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 465 U.S. 770, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1405 (1984)

1-44, 7-5

Keeton v. Hustler Magazine, Inc., 682 F.2d 33, 8 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1748 (1st Cir. 1982), rev’d, 465 U.S. 770, 10 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1405 (1984)

1-45

Kefgen v. Davidson, 241 Mich. App. 611, 617 N.W.2d 351 (2000)

5-9, 8-42

Kehoe v. N.Y. Tribune, Inc., 229 A.D. 220, 241 N.Y.S. 676 (1st Dep’t 1930)

11-2

Keller v. Miami Herald Publ’g Co., 778 F.2d 711, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1561 (11th Cir. 1985)

2-57, 4-7, 4-10, 4-34

Keller v. Elec. Arts, Inc., 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10719, 38 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1353 (N.D. Cal. 2010)

12-90

Keller v. Safeway Stores, Inc., 111 Mont. 28, 108 P.2d 605 (1940)

2-22, 2-28, 2-71

Kelley v. Bonney, 221 Conn. 549, 606 A.2d 693 (1992)

2-4, 5-16, 5-53, 8-12, 8-17, 8-38, 8-39

Kelley v. Dillon, 5 Ind. 426 (1854)

7-60

Kelley v. Rinkle, 532 S.W.2d 947 (Tex. 1976)

2-106

Kelley v. Tanoos, 865 N.E.2d 593 (Ind. 2007)

2-121, 9-33

Kelly v. Arrington, 624 So. 2d 546, 21 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 2217 (Ala. 1993)

2-22, 2-27, 2-74, 2-76, 2-125

====== TOC-160 ======

Kelly v. Gen. Tel. Co., 136 Cal. App. 3d 278, 186 Cal. Rptr. 184 (1982)

2-100

Kelly v. Greene, 1994 Ohio App. LEXIS 4553 (1994)

2-166

Kelly v. Hoffman, 9 N.J. Super. 422, 74 A.2d 922 (1950)

10-10

Kelly v. Johnson Publ’g Co., 160 Cal. App. 2d 718, 325 P.2d 659 (1958)

2-165, 12-24

Kelly v. Loew’s, Inc., 76 F. Supp. 473 (D. Mass. 1948)

2-78

Kelly v. Perry, 111 Ariz. 382, 531 P.2d 139 (1975)

13-25

Kelly v. Schmidberger, 12 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1297 (S.D.N.Y. 1985), aff’d in part, rev’d in part on other grounds, 806 F.2d 44, 13 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1700 (2d Cir. 1986)

2-66, 2-74, 13-50, 13-52, 15-8

Kelson v. Spin Publ’ns, 16 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1130 (D. Md. 1988)

13-50, 13-52

Kendrick v. Fox Television, 659 A.2d 814, 24 Media L. Rep. (BNA) 1065 (D.C. 1995)

5-106, 6-8, 6-9, 7-13, 8-50, 16-45

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