TreatiseTreatise

Sinclair on Federal Civil Practice (5th Edition)

 by Kent Sinclair
 
 Copyright: 2008-2013
 Last Updated: September 2013

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Product Details

  • ISBN Number: 1402405375
  • Page Count: 1406
  • Number of Volumes: 2
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“[Sinclair on Federal Civil Practice is] complete and authoritative.”
—James R. Hawkins II, Robinson & Cole, Stamford, CT


PLI’s Sinclair on Federal Civil Practice offers you comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of the principal rules and tactical considerations guiding lawsuits in the federal courts, focusing on the meaning and consequences of the statutes, court rules, and leading decisions. These two volumes explain the rationale of the rules, cite the key interpretive cases, and offer you experienced practice tips that can make the difference in court.

Sinclair features full coverage of the Supreme Court’s recently ”restyled rules” of civil procedure and a new Compendium of Recent Authorities.

Sinclair shows you how the rules’ new outline format simplifies and modernizes expression, clarifies subordinate subprovisions and exceptions, and makes the rules easier to understand and apply. The Compendium offers a chronological, circuit-by-circuit listing of recent complete discussions by the federal courts of appeal, organized to correspond section by section with the treatise itself, which makes it easier for you to locate the cases in the circuits in which you are practicing.

Updated at least once a year, Sinclair on Federal Civil Practice is an essential tool for every attorney involved in civil practice.

  Table of Contents
  How to Use This Book
Chapter 1: The Federal Judicial System
  • § 1:1 : Structure of the United States Courts1-3
    • § 1:1.1 : Constitutional and Legislative Provisions1-3
    • § 1:1.2 : Judicial Branch Generally1-3
    • § 1:1.3 : Judicial Circuits and Districts1-5
    • § 1:1.4 : United States District Courts1-5
    • § 1:1.5 : United States Courts of Appeals1-5
    • § 1:1.6 : “Three-Judge Courts”1-6
    • § 1:1.7 : United States Court of Federal Claims1-6
    • § 1:1.8 : Court of International Trade1-8
    • § 1:1.9 : United States Tax Court1-9
    • § 1:1.10 : Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit1-9
    • § 1:1.11 : Bankruptcy Courts1-10
    • § 1:1.12 : Temporary and Emergency Courts1-11
    • § 1:1.13 : Supreme Court of the United States1-12
  • § 1:2 : Statutes and Rules Governing Civil Practice1-12
    • § 1:2.1 : Judicial Code of the United States1-13
    • § 1:2.2 : Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; Forms1-14
    • § 1:2.3 : Federal Rules of Evidence1-17
    • § 1:2.4 : Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure1-17
    • § 1:2.5 : Rules of the Supreme Court1-17
    • § 1:2.6 : Local Rules1-17
  • § 1:3 : Claims and Remedies Recognized1-21
    • § 1:3.1 : Claims Based on Federal Law1-21
    • § 1:3.2 : Claims Between Citizens of Different States1-22
    • § 1:3.3 : Actions Involving Federal Governmental Parties1-22
    • § 1:3.4 : Minimum Dollar Value of Claim1-22
  • § 1:4 : Statutes of Limitation1-23
    • § 1:4.1 : State or Federal Period1-23
    • § 1:4.2 : Discovery Versus Injury Test1-24
    • § 1:4.3 : Computation of Time1-25
      • [A] : Tolling or Extension of the Statute1-25
      • [B] : Absence1-25
      • [C] : Secrecy1-25
      • [D] : Service of Process1-25
      • [E] : Borrowing Statutes1-26
    • § 1:4.4 : Waiver of Statute1-26
  • § 1:5 : Remedies1-26
    • § 1:5.1 : One Form of Action for All Relief1-26
    • § 1:5.2 : Damages1-27
    • § 1:5.3 : Equitable Remedies1-27
  • § 1:6 : Problems in Federal-State Relations1-27
    • § 1:6.1 : Exclusive Federal Jurisdiction1-27
      • [A] : Patents1-28
      • [B] : Trademarks1-28
      • [C] : Copyright1-28
      • [D] : Internal Revenue1-29
      • [E] : Customs1-29
      • [F] : Postal Disputes1-29
      • [G] : Admiralty1-29
      • [H] : Bankruptcy1-29
      • [I] : Diplomatic Cases1-29
      • [J] : Fine and Forfeiture Cases1-29
      • [K] : Alien Tort Statute1-29
    • § 1:6.2 : Exclusive State Court Jurisdiction1-30
      • [A] : Probate1-30
      • [B] : Domestic Relations1-30
    • § 1:6.3 : Concurrent Jurisdiction1-31
    • § 1:6.4 : Injunctions Against State Proceedings1-31
    • § 1:6.5 : Doctrine of Federal Abstention1-32
    • § 1:6.6 : State Law Applied in Federal Litigation1-35
      • [A] : The “Erie Problem”1-35
  • § 1:7 : Judicial Officers and Agencies1-38
    • § 1:7.1 : Chief Justice1-39
    • § 1:7.2 : Chief Judges1-39
    • § 1:7.3 : Active and Senior Judges1-40
    • § 1:7.4 : United States Magistrate Judges1-41
      • [A] : Assignment of Authority1-42
      • [B] : Local Rules1-44
      • [C] : Matters Subject to Final Determination1-45
      • [D] : Matters for Recommended Disposition1-46
      • [E] : Trials by Consent and As Special Master1-50
      • [F] : Other Powers1-52
    • § 1:7.5 : Bankruptcy Judges1-54
    • § 1:7.6 : Masters1-55
    • § 1:7.7 : Clerk of Court1-55
      • [A] : District Court1-55
      • [B] : Court of Appeals1-56
    • § 1:7.8 : Judicial Conference of the United States1-57
    • § 1:7.9 : Circuit Judicial Councils1-58
    • § 1:7.10 : Circuit Executives1-58
    • § 1:7.11 : Circuit Judicial Conferences1-59
    • § 1:7.12 : Administrative Office of the United States Courts1-59
    • § 1:7.13 : Federal Judicial Center1-60
      • [A] : Research1-60
      • [B] : Innovations and Systems Development1-60
      • [C] : Continuing Education and Training1-61
      • [D] : Inter-Judicial Affairs and Information Services1-61
    • § 1:7.14 : Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation1-61
  • § 1:8 : Ancillary Agencies and Personnel1-62
    • § 1:8.1 : United States Attorneys1-62
    • § 1:8.2 : United States Marshals1-62
    • § 1:8.3 : Federal Bureau of Investigation1-63
Chapter 2: Jurisdiction
  • § 2:1 : Subject Matter and Jurisdiction: Constitutional and Other Criteria2-4
    • § 2:1.1 : Case or Controversy Requirement2-4
    • § 2:1.2 : Noncollusive Disputes2-6
    • § 2:1.3 : Standing2-7
      • [A] : Constitutional Standing2-7
      • [B] : Prudential Standing2-8
      • [C] : Statutory Standing2-11
    • § 2:1.4 : Political Questions2-12
    • § 2:1.5 : Administrative Questions2-13
    • § 2:1.6 : Mootness2-14
    • § 2:1.7 : Advisory or Hypothetical Questions2-17
    • § 2:1.8 : Local Actions2-18
    • § 2:1.9 : Res Judicata2-18
    • § 2:1.10 : Collateral Estoppel2-20
  • § 2:2 : Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Federal Question Cases2-21
    • § 2:2.1 : Extent of Jurisdiction2-21
    • § 2:2.2 : Question Must Appear on Face of Complaint2-22
    • § 2:2.3 : Specific Statutes Conferring Federal Jurisdiction2-24
  • § 2:3 : Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Diversity Cases2-25
    • § 2:3.1 : Jurisdictional Amount of Claim2-25
    • § 2:3.2 : Diverse Citizenship Required2-25
    • § 2:3.3 : Meaning of Citizenship2-26
    • § 2:3.4 : Corporate Citizenship2-27
      • [A] : State of Incorporation2-27
      • [B] : Principal Place of Business2-28
    • § 2:3.5 : Unincorporated Associations2-29
    • § 2:3.6 : Requirement of Complete Diversity2-29
    • § 2:3.7 : Diversity Determined As of Date Suit Begun2-30
    • § 2:3.8 : Parties Considered for Determining Diversity2-30
    • § 2:3.9 : Shareholder Derivative Suits2-31
    • § 2:3.10 : Direct Action Suits2-32
    • § 2:3.11 : Realignment of Parties2-32
    • § 2:3.12 : Exceptions to Diversity Jurisdiction2-33
      • [A] : Domestic Relations2-33
      • [B] : Probate Matters2-34
    • § 2:3.13 : Devices to Create Diversity2-35
      • [A] : In General2-35
      • [B] : Selection of Parties2-35
      • [C] : Change of Citizenship2-36
      • [D] : Assignment to Nonresident2-36
      • [E] : Appointment of Nonresident Representatives2-36
    • § 2:3.14 : Devices to Defeat Diversity2-37
      • [A] : Elimination of Dispensable Parties2-37
      • [B] : Impleader2-37
      • [C] : Intervention2-37
      • [D] : Representative Suits2-38
      • [E] : Doe Defendants2-39
  • § 2:4 : Jurisdictional Amount2-39
    • § 2:4.1 : Cases Requiring Minimum Claim2-39
    • § 2:4.2 : Good-Faith Allegations Required2-40
    • § 2:4.3 : Aggregation of Claims2-40
      • [A] : By One Plaintiff Allowed2-40
      • [B] : By Multiple Plaintiffs Disallowed2-41
    • § 2:4.4 : Interest and Costs Not Included2-41
    • § 2:4.5 : Consideration of Counterclaims, Crossclaims, and Third-Party Claims2-42
    • § 2:4.6 : Specific Statutes Eliminating the Minimum Amount2-43
  • § 2:5 : Removal Jurisdiction2-44
    • § 2:5.1 : Applies to Cases Brought in State Court2-44
    • § 2:5.2 : Applies to Cases That Could Have Been Brought in Federal Court2-48
    • § 2:5.3 : Removability Tested by Complaint, Other Pleadings2-49
    • § 2:5.4 : Separable Claims or Causes of Action2-49
    • § 2:5.5 : Time Limit2-50
    • § 2:5.6 : Removal Papers2-52
      • [A] : Generally2-52
      • [B] : Notice of Removal2-53
    • § 2:5.7 : Procedure for Removal2-53
    • § 2:5.8 : Procedure After Removal2-53
      • [A] : Date for Answer in Federal Court2-54
      • [B] : Demand for Jury Trial2-54
      • [C] : Completion of Service in Federal Mode2-54
      • [D] : Continuation of State Provisional Remedies2-54
    • § 2:5.9 : Remand2-55
      • [A] : Only Means to Challenge Removal2-55
      • [B] : Available at Any Time Before Judgment2-56
      • [C] : Remand Appealable Only in Civil Rights Cases2-56
  • § 2:6 : Supplemental Jurisdiction2-57
    • § 2:6.1 : Pendent and Ancillary Jurisdiction2-57
    • § 2:6.2 : Discretionary Supplemental Claims2-59
    • § 2:6.3 : Joinder of Additional Parties2-60
    • § 2:6.4 : Tolling Supplemental Claims2-61
  • § 2:7 : Personal Jurisdiction: Service of Process Requirements2-61
    • § 2:7.1 : Commencement of Service by Summons2-61
      • [A] : Form of Summons2-61
      • [B] : Issuance of Summons2-62
      • [C] : By Whom Service May Be Made2-62
    • § 2:7.2 : Waiver of Service2-63
      • [A] : Background and Theory2-63
      • [B] : How, When, and Who of Waiver2-66
      • [C] : Expense Shift2-67
      • [D] : Tactical Considerations2-68
      • [E] : Ethical Considerations2-69
      • [F] : May Waiver Be Attempted More Than Once?2-69
    • § 2:7.3 : Methods of Service2-70
      • [A] : Individuals2-70
      • [B] : Infants and Incompetents2-71
      • [C] : Corporations, Partnerships, and Associations2-71
      • [D] : United States and Its Agencies, Corporations, and Officers2-71
      • [E] : Foreign, State, or Local Government2-73
      • [F] : Borrowing State Methods of Service2-73
      • [G] : Proof of Service2-73
      • [H] : Time Limit2-73
      • [I] : Personal Service and Request for Waiver Attempted Contemporaneously2-74
      • [J] : In Rem and Quasi in Rem Jurisdiction2-74
      • [K] : Limits of Effective Service2-75
    • § 2:7.4 : International Service of Process2-75
      • [A] : Background2-75
      • [B] : Service Upon Defendant Located in Foreign Country2-75
      • [C] : Nationwide Contacts2-76
      • [D] : Supplemental Jurisdiction2-79
      • [E] : Exception to the Cost Shift2-79
    • § 2:7.5 : Service of Subsequent Pleading2-80
    • § 2:7.6 : Filing Summons and Later Pleadings with the Court2-81
    • § 2:7.7 : Immunity from Service of Process2-82
  • § 2:8 : Personal Jurisdiction: Due Process Requirements2-83
    • § 2:8.1 : In Personam Tests2-83
      • [A] : Pennoyer v. Neff2-83
      • [B] : Presence2-83
      • [C] : Consent2-84
      • [D] : Contacts2-85
    • § 2:8.2 : In Rem and Quasi in Rem Jurisdiction2-89
      • [A] : Presence of Property2-89
      • [B] : Presence of Defendant’s Debtor2-89
      • [C] : Status2-90
  • § 2:9 : Effect of Defects in Jurisdiction2-91
    • § 2:9.1 : Dismissal2-91
    • § 2:9.2 : Subject Matter Jurisdiction Not Waivable2-91
    • § 2:9.3 : Personal Jurisdiction Defects Waivable2-92
  • § 2:10 : Appearance in Person or by Counsel2-92
    • § 2:10.1 : How Made2-92
    • § 2:10.2 : Objections to Jurisdiction2-93
  • § 2:11 : Additional Resources2-94
Chapter 3: Venue and Transfer
  • § 3:1 : General Venue Principles3-3
    • § 3:1.1 : Goals of Convenience and Fairness3-3
    • § 3:1.2 : Statutory Scheme3-6
    • § 3:1.3 : Meaning of “Residence”3-7
    • § 3:1.4 : Local Actions3-7
    • § 3:1.5 : Where a Substantial Part of the Claim Arose3-8
    • § 3:1.6 : Aliens3-10
    • § 3:1.7 : Tactics in Venue Choice3-10
    • § 3:1.8 : Objection to Venue3-11
      • [A] : Motion3-11
      • [B] : Hearing3-11
    • § 3:1.9 : Party Agreement on Venue3-11
    • § 3:1.10 : Waiver of Improper Venue3-12
  • § 3:2 : General Venue Principles3-12
  • § 3:3 : Venue in Federal Question Cases3-14
  • § 3:4 : Corporations and Associations3-15
    • § 3:4.1 : Where Incorporated or Licensed to Do Business3-15
    • § 3:4.2 : Where Doing Business3-16
    • § 3:4.3 : Where Subject to a Long-Arm Statute3-17
    • § 3:4.4 : Acts by Corporate Affiliates3-17
    • § 3:4.5 : Multiple Districts in Any State3-17
    • § 3:4.6 : Unincorporated Associations3-17
    • § 3:4.7 : Corporate Plaintiffs3-18
  • § 3:5 : Suits Involving the United States3-18
    • § 3:5.1 : Government Employees3-18
    • § 3:5.2 : Specific Cases3-20
    • § 3:5.3 : Federal Officers or Agencies3-20
  • § 3:6 : Suits Against a Foreign State3-21
  • § 3:7 : Venue in Certain Specified Cases3-21
    • § 3:7.1 : Patents3-21
    • § 3:7.2 : Copyrights and Mask Works3-22
    • § 3:7.3 : Trademarks and Unfair Competition3-22
    • § 3:7.4 : Stockholder Derivative Suits3-23
    • § 3:7.5 : Actions on a Bond3-23
    • § 3:7.6 : Interpleader Actions3-24
  • § 3:8 : Transfers for Convenience3-24
    • § 3:8.1 : Common-Law Doctrine of Forum Non Conveniens3-25
    • § 3:8.2 : Factors Affecting Convenience3-27
    • § 3:8.3 : Interest of Justice3-29
    • § 3:8.4 : Transfer to a District Where Action Could Have Been Brought3-30
    • § 3:8.5 : Motion Required3-30
    • § 3:8.6 : Mechanics of Transfer3-31
  • § 3:9 : Transfers for Improper Venue3-31
    • § 3:9.1 : Transfer Preferred to Dismissal3-31
    • § 3:9.2 : Transferor Court Must Have Jurisdiction over Subject Matter3-32
    • § 3:9.3 : Defendant Must Be Servable in Transferee District3-32
    • § 3:9.4 : Law Applied upon Transfer3-32
    • § 3:9.5 : Dismissal for Improper Venue3-33
  • § 3:10 : Review of Venue Decisions3-33
    • § 3:10.1 : Dismissals3-33
    • § 3:10.2 : Transfers and Denials of Transfer3-34
    • § 3:10.3 : Review by Extraordinary Writ3-34
  • § 3:11 : Multidistrict Litigation3-35
    • § 3:11.1 : Origins of Section 14073-35
    • § 3:11.2 : Actions Suitable for Transfer3-37
    • § 3:11.3 : Practice Before the Panel3-37
    • § 3:11.4 : Standards for Transfer3-38
      • [A] : Civil Actions3-39
      • [B] : Common Questions of Fact3-39
      • [C] : Pending in Different Districts3-40
      • [D] : Convenience of Parties and Witnesses3-40
      • [E] : Just and Efficient Conduct of the Actions3-42
      • [F] : Arguments to Avoid Transfer3-43
    • § 3:11.5 : Selection of Transferee Forum3-44
      • [A] : Specific Factors3-45
      • [B] : Mass Torts3-46
    • § 3:11.6 : Tag-Along Actions3-46
    • § 3:11.7 : Organizing Complex Consolidated Litigation3-47
    • § 3:11.8 : Use of the Manual for Complex Litigation3-48
      • [A] : Initial Pretrial Conference3-48
      • [B] : Subsequent Pretrial Conferences3-50
      • [C] : Final Pretrial Conference3-52
    • § 3:11.9 : Termination and Remand3-52
  • § 3:12 : Additional Resources3-54
Chapter 4: Pleading
  • § 4:1 : Introduction—Notice Pleading4-2
  • § 4:2 : Pleadings Allowed4-2
    • § 4:2.1 : Complaint4-3
    • § 4:2.2 : Answer4-5
    • § 4:2.3 : Reply to a Counterclaim and Answer to a Crossclaim4-7
    • § 4:2.4 : Pleadings in Third-Party Practice4-8
    • § 4:2.5 : Motions and Other Papers4-8
    • § 4:2.6 : Demurrers, Pleas, Etc., Abolished4-9
    • § 4:2.7 : Service of Pleadings4-9
    • § 4:2.8 : Filing Requirements4-12
  • § 4:3 : Time4-13
    • § 4:3.1 : Computation4-13
    • § 4:3.2 : Extending Time4-14
    • § 4:3.3 : For Motions, Affidavits4-14
    • § 4:3.4 : Additional Time After Service by Mail4-15
  • § 4:4 : General Rules of Pleading4-16
    • § 4:4.1 : Claims for Relief4-16
    • § 4:4.2 : Defenses4-17
    • § 4:4.3 : Form of Denials4-17
    • § 4:4.4 : Affirmative Defenses4-18
    • § 4:4.5 : Effect of Failure to Deny4-18
    • § 4:4.6 : Pleading to Be Concise and Direct4-19
    • § 4:4.7 : Consistency4-19
    • § 4:4.8 : Construction of Pleadings4-19
    • § 4:4.9 : Pro Se Pleadings4-19
  • § 4:5 : Pleading Special Matters4-20
    • § 4:5.1 : Capacity4-20
    • § 4:5.2 : Fraud4-20
      • [A] : Securities Cases4-20
      • [B] : Section 1983 Claims4-21
      • [C] : RICO Cases4-21
    • § 4:5.3 : Mistake4-21
    • § 4:5.4 : Condition of Mind4-21
    • § 4:5.5 : Conditions Precedent4-21
    • § 4:5.6 : Official Document or Act4-21
    • § 4:5.7 : Judgment4-22
    • § 4:5.8 : Time and Place4-22
    • § 4:5.9 : Special Damage4-22
    • § 4:5.10 : Admiralty and Maritime Claims4-22
  • § 4:6 : Raising Defenses and Objections4-23
    • § 4:6.1 : Time to Serve a Responsive Pleading4-24
    • § 4:6.2 : How to Present Defenses4-24
    • § 4:6.3 : Hearing Before Trial4-26
    • § 4:6.4 : Joining Motions4-26
    • § 4:6.5 : Waiving and Preserving Certain Defenses4-27
  • § 4:7 : Amendment of Pleadings4-28
    • § 4:7.1 : In General4-29
      • [A] : Granting or Denying Leave to Amend4-30
        • [A][1] : Futile or Frivolous Claims4-30
        • [A][2] : Delay4-30
      • [B] : Response to Amended Pleadings4-30
    • § 4:7.2 : Amendments During and After Trial4-31
    • § 4:7.3 : Relation Back to Time of Original Pleading4-31
    • § 4:7.4 : Service of Amended Pleading4-34
    • § 4:7.5 : Supplemental Pleadings4-34
  • § 4:8 : Local Rules4-34
  • § 4:9 : Form of Pleadings4-35
    • § 4:9.1 : Caption4-35
    • § 4:9.2 : Names of Parties4-36
    • § 4:9.3 : Paragraphs4-36
    • § 4:9.4 : Separate Statements4-36
    • § 4:9.5 : Adoption by Reference4-36
    • § 4:9.6 : Exhibits4-36
    • § 4:9.7 : Signing Pleadings Sanctions4-37
    • § 4:9.8 : Official Forms4-40
  • § 4:10 : Additional Resources4-41
Chapter 5: Joinder of Claims and Parties
  • § 5:1 : Introduction5-3
  • § 5:2 : Joinder of Claims and Remedies: General Principles5-3
  • § 5:3 : Counterclaims, Crossclaims, and Replies5-5
    • § 5:3.1 : Compulsory Counterclaims5-5
    • § 5:3.2 : Permissive Counterclaims5-8
    • § 5:3.3 : Counterclaim Exceeding Opposing Claim5-9
    • § 5:3.4 : Counterclaims Against the United States5-9
    • § 5:3.5 : Counterclaims Maturing or Acquired After Pleading5-11
    • § 5:3.6 : Omitted Counterclaims5-12
    • § 5:3.7 : Crossclaims Against Coparties5-14
    • § 5:3.8 : Joinder of Additional Parties5-15
    • § 5:3.9 : Separate Trials5-17
    • § 5:3.10 : Separate Judgments5-17
  • § 5:4 : Capacity of Parties5-17
    • § 5:4.1 : Real Party in Interest5-18
    • § 5:4.2 : Capacity to Sue and Be Sued5-21
    • § 5:4.3 : Minor or Incompetent Person5-24
  • § 5:5 : Compulsory Joinder of Parties5-25
    • § 5:5.1 : Persons Required to Be Joined If Feasible5-26
    • § 5:5.2 : Court Determination When Joinder Is Not Feasible5-29
    • § 5:5.3 : Pleading Reasons for Nonjoinder5-31
    • § 5:5.4 : Exception for Class Actions5-32
  • § 5:6 : Permissive Joinder of Parties5-33
    • § 5:6.1 : Joinder Test5-34
    • § 5:6.2 : Separate Trials5-36
  • § 5:7 : Remedies for Misjoinder and Nonjoinder of Parties5-37
  • § 5:8 : Third-Party Practice5-38
    • § 5:8.1 : When a Defending Party May Bring in a Third Party5-39
    • § 5:8.2 : When a Plaintiff May Bring in a Third Party5-44
    • § 5:8.3 : Admiralty or Maritime Claims5-44
  • § 5:9 : Interpleader5-46
  • § 5:10 : Class Actions5-51
    • § 5:10.1 : Prerequisites5-51
    • § 5:10.2 : Class Actions Maintainable5-57
      • [A] : Rule 23(b)(1) Actions5-58
      • [B] : Rule 23(b)(2) Actions5-59
      • [C] : Rule 23(b)(3) Actions5-61
    • § 5:10.3 : Determination by Order on Motion5-63
    • § 5:10.4 : Notice5-66
    • § 5:10.5 : Judgment5-69
    • § 5:10.6 : Partial Class Actions5-70
    • § 5:10.7 : Conducting the Class Action5-71
    • § 5:10.8 : Dismissal or Compromise5-74
    • § 5:10.9 : Class Counsel5-76
    • § 5:10.10 : Attorney Fees5-77
    • § 5:10.11 : Class Action Fairness Act (CAFA)5-77
      • [A] : Overview5-77
      • [B] : Limitations on Settlements5-81
        • [B][1] : Coupon Settlements5-81
        • [B][2] : Protection Against Loss by Class Members5-81
        • [B][3] : Protection Against Discrimination Based on Geographic Location5-82
        • [B][4] : Notice to Appropriate Federal and State Officials5-82
      • [C] : Jurisdictional Provisions5-84
        • [C][1] : Interstate Class Actions5-84
        • [C][2] : Mass Actions5-86
        • [C][3] : Limitations on Federal Court Jurisdiction5-87
        • [C][4] : Removal5-88
      • [D] : Appeal of Remand Rulings5-88
      • [E] : Report on Class Action Settlements5-89
      • [F] : Rulemaking Authority of the Supreme Court5-89
      • [G] : Outlook and Considerations5-89
    • § 5:10.12 : Class Actions and the Anti-Injunction Act5-90
  • § 5:11 : Other Forms of Multiparty Litigation5-92
    • § 5:11.1 : Derivative Actions by Shareholders5-92
    • § 5:11.2 : Actions Relating to Unincorporated Associations5-96
  • § 5:12 : Intervention and Substitution5-97
    • § 5:12.1 : Intervention5-97
      • [A] : Intervention of Right5-98
      • [B] : Permissive Intervention5-100
      • [C] : Procedure5-102
    • § 5:12.2 : Substitution of Parties5-103
      • [A] : Death5-103
      • [B] : Incompetency5-105
      • [C] : Transfer of Interest5-105
      • [D] : Public Officers5-106
  • § 5:13 : Additional Resources5-107
Chapter 6: Provisional Remedies
  • § 6:1 : Temporary Restraining Orders6-2
    • § 6:1.1 : Notice6-2
    • § 6:1.2 : Complaint6-3
    • § 6:1.3 : Supporting Facts6-3
    • § 6:1.4 : Hearing6-3
    • § 6:1.5 : Expiration6-4
    • § 6:1.6 : Security6-4
    • § 6:1.7 : Contents and Scope6-5
    • § 6:1.8 : Vacation and Modification6-5
  • § 6:2 : Preliminary Injunction6-6
    • § 6:2.1 : Factors6-6
    • § 6:2.2 : Notice6-10
    • § 6:2.3 : Complaint6-10
    • § 6:2.4 : Evidence6-10
    • § 6:2.5 : Consolidation with Hearing on Merits6-11
    • § 6:2.6 : Security6-12
    • § 6:2.7 : Contents and Scope6-12
    • § 6:2.8 : Employer-Employee Relationships6-12
    • § 6:2.9 : Interpleader6-13
    • § 6:2.10 : Constitutional Cases6-14
  • § 6:3 : Seizing a Person or Property6-15
    • § 6:3.1 : Attachment6-16
    • § 6:3.2 : Garnishment6-17
    • § 6:3.3 : Replevin6-17
    • § 6:3.4 : Sequestration6-17
    • § 6:3.5 : Arrest6-18
  • § 6:4 : Receivers Appointed by Federal Courts6-18
    • § 6:4.1 : Grounds for Appointment6-19
    • § 6:4.2 : Procedure6-20
    • § 6:4.3 : Powers and Duties6-20
  • § 6:5 : Related Procedures6-21
    • § 6:5.1 : Deposit of Property in Court6-21
    • § 6:5.2 : Offer of Judgment6-22
Chapter 7: Pretrial Procedure
  • § 7:1 : Pretrial Procedure Generally7-2
    • § 7:1.1 : Role of the Pretrial Conference7-2
    • § 7:1.2 : Judicial Calendar Control7-8
      • [A] : Need for Supervision7-8
      • [B] : Judicial Calendar Systems7-9
        • [B][1] : Master Calendar System7-9
        • [B][2] : Individual Calendar System7-9
        • [B][3] : Combined Calendar System7-10
      • [C] : Dormant Actions7-10
    • § 7:1.3 : Objectives of the Pretrial Conference7-10
    • § 7:1.4 : Mandatory Scheduling Order7-12
    • § 7:1.5 : Conduct of Pretrial Conferences Under Rule 167-16
      • [A] : Attorney Authorization and Preparation7-16
      • [B] : Specification of Issues in the Case7-17
      • [C] : Amendment of Pleadings7-18
      • [D] : Evidence Issues7-19
      • [E] : Discovery Issues7-21
      • [F] : Pretrial Briefs7-22
      • [G] : Scheduling Future Conferences7-22
      • [H] : Reference to Master or Magistrate Judge7-23
      • [I] : Settlement; ADR7-24
      • [J] : Pending Motions7-25
      • [K] : Special Case-Management Procedures7-25
      • [L] : Other Issues7-26
    • § 7:1.6 : Final Pretrial Conference and Final Pretrial Order7-27
    • § 7:1.7 : Pretrial Orders Other Than the Final Order7-32
    • § 7:1.8 : Sanctions in the Pretrial Process7-34
    • § 7:1.9 : Trial Scheduling7-37
      • [A] : General Procedures7-37
      • [B] : Continuances7-38
  • § 7:2 : Dismissal of Actions Before Trial7-38
    • § 7:2.1 : Voluntary Dismissal of Actions7-38
      • [A] : By Plaintiff’s Notice7-38
      • [B] : By Stipulation7-40
      • [C] : By Court Order7-41
      • [D] : Effect of Voluntary Dismissal7-42
    • § 7:2.2 : Involuntary Dismissals7-43
      • [A] : Grounds for Involuntary Dismissal7-43
      • [B] : Failure to Prosecute7-43
      • [C] : Failure to Comply with Rules or Order7-44
      • [D] : Effect of Involuntary Dismissal7-44
    • § 7:2.3 : Dismissal of Counterclaims, Crossclaims, and Third-Party Claims7-44
    • § 7:2.4 : Costs of Previously Dismissed Action7-45
  • § 7:3 : Additional Resources7-45
Chapter 8: Motion Practice
  • § 8:1 : Motion Practice Generally8-2
    • § 8:1.1 : Importance of Motion Practice8-2
    • § 8:1.2 : Form of Motions and Supporting Papers8-3
    • § 8:1.3 : Time of Filing of Motions and Opposition8-4
    • § 8:1.4 : Selection of the Return Date8-4
    • § 8:1.5 : Ex Parte Motions8-5
    • § 8:1.6 : Orders to Show Cause8-5
    • § 8:1.7 : Service of Motion Papers8-6
    • § 8:1.8 : Cross Motions8-7
  • § 8:2 : Motions Available8-7
    • § 8:2.1 : Motion for More Definite Statement8-7
    • § 8:2.2 : Motion for Default Judgment8-9
    • § 8:2.3 : Motion to Strike8-9
    • § 8:2.4 : Motion to Dismiss8-10
      • [A] : Grounds8-11
      • [B] : When Available8-14
      • [C] : Supporting Proof8-14
      • [D] : Waiver of Objections8-15
      • [E] : Single Motion Rule8-17
    • § 8:2.5 : Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings8-18
    • § 8:2.6 : Motion for Summary Judgment8-19
      • [A] : Nature and Implications8-19
      • [B] : Timing8-24
      • [C] : Standard for Decision8-24
      • [D] : Supporting the Motion8-29
      • [E] : Opposing the Motion8-33
      • [F] : Local Rules8-36
      • [G] : Argument of the Motion8-37
      • [H] : Partial Summary Judgment8-38
      • [I] : Specification of Undisputed Facts for Trial8-38
      • [J] : Appeal of Denied Summary Judgment Motions8-39
    • § 8:2.7 : Motions Re Discovery Matters8-40
  • § 8:3 : Continuances8-41
  • § 8:4 : Written Materials8-41
    • § 8:4.1 : Generally8-41
    • § 8:4.2 : Notice of Motion8-42
    • § 8:4.3 : Affidavits and Declarations8-42
    • § 8:4.4 : Memorandum of Law8-43
    • § 8:4.5 : Exhibits8-44
    • § 8:4.6 : Form of Order8-44
  • § 8:5 : Waivers of Motion Rights8-45
  • § 8:6 : Impact of Local Rules8-45
    • § 8:6.1 : Generally8-45
    • § 8:6.2 : Timing8-45
    • § 8:6.3 : Prerequisites to Motion8-46
    • § 8:6.4 : Briefing Requirements8-46
    • § 8:6.5 : Oral Argument8-46
    • § 8:6.6 : Other Common Local Rules8-46
  • § 8:7 : Additional Resources8-46
  Compendium of Recent Cases: Volume 1
Chapter 9: Discovery: Purpose, Procedures, Scope, and Sanctions
  • § 9:1 : Organization and Philosophy of the Rules9-3
    • § 9:1.1 : “Mandatory” Initial Disclosures9-4
    • § 9:1.2 : Discovery’s Primary Purpose: Ascertaining the Facts9-5
    • § 9:1.3 : Encouraging Settlement9-6
    • § 9:1.4 : Emphasizing Issues9-7
    • § 9:1.5 : Preserving Evidence9-7
    • § 9:1.6 : Pinning the Witness Down9-8
    • § 9:1.7 : Sizing up Witnesses and Counsel9-8
    • § 9:1.8 : Undesirable Uses of Discovery9-8
    • § 9:1.9 : Planning Discovery9-9
  • § 9:2 : Survey of Discovery Devices9-10
    • § 9:2.1 : Depositions9-10
    • § 9:2.2 : Interrogatories to Parties9-12
    • § 9:2.3 : Requests for Production and Inspection9-13
    • § 9:2.4 : Physical and Mental Examinations9-14
    • § 9:2.5 : Requests for Admissions9-14
  • § 9:3 : Availability of Discovery9-15
    • § 9:3.1 : Type of Action9-15
      • [A] : Cases Exempt from Initial Disclosure Provisions9-16
    • § 9:3.2 : Persons Subject to Discovery9-16
    • § 9:3.3 : Rule 26 Balancing of Discovery Requests9-17
      • [A] : Duty to Disclose9-19
      • [B] : Balancing Process9-20
      • [C] : Discovery Plan9-21
      • [D] : Certification of Legitimacy9-21
      • [E] : Sanctions9-25
  • § 9:4 : Planning for Discovery9-26
    • § 9:4.1 : General Considerations9-26
    • § 9:4.2 : Choosing Among Discovery Devices9-27
    • § 9:4.3 : Discovery Planning Meeting9-28
  • § 9:5 : Scope of Discoverable Information9-29
    • § 9:5.1 : Relevance to Subject Matter9-29
    • § 9:5.2 : Claims or Defenses of a Party9-30
    • § 9:5.3 : Existence or Location of Tangible Things9-32
    • § 9:5.4 : Information Known by Examining Party9-32
    • § 9:5.5 : Impeachment Evidence9-32
    • § 9:5.6 : Insurance9-32
  • § 9:6 : Trial Preparation Materials9-34
    • § 9:6.1 : Codification of Work-Product Doctrine9-34
    • § 9:6.2 : Mental Impressions, Conclusions, and Legal Theories9-36
    • § 9:6.3 : Statement of a Party9-37
    • § 9:6.4 : Statement of a Nonparty Witness9-38
    • § 9:6.5 : Expert Witnesses9-38
      • [A] : Expert Expected to Testify9-39
        • [A][1] : Disclosure of Expert Testimony9-39
        • [A][2] : Deposition of Expert Witnesses9-39
      • [B] : Nontestifying Experts Retained for the Case9-40
      • [C] : Experts Informally Consulted9-40
      • [D] : Experts with Prior Personal Knowledge9-40
      • [E] : Compensation of Experts9-40
      • [F] : Work-Product Protection of Expert Drafts, Notes, and Communications9-41
    • § 9:6.6 : Privileged Communications9-44
  • § 9:7 : Sequence and Priority of Discovery9-45
    • § 9:7.1 : Mandate of the Rules9-45
    • § 9:7.2 : Tactical Considerations9-46
  • § 9:8 : Stipulations Regarding Discovery Procedures9-46
    • § 9:8.1 : Basic Freedom9-46
    • § 9:8.2 : Depositions9-47
    • § 9:8.3 : Other Discovery9-47
    • § 9:8.4 : Court Control9-47
  • § 9:9 : Duty to Supplement Disclosure9-48
  • § 9:10 : Protective Orders9-49
    • § 9:10.1 : General Provisions9-49
    • § 9:10.2 : “Good Cause” and the Listed Grounds9-50
      • [A] : Meeting the Test9-51
      • [B] : Personal Knowledge9-51
      • [C] : Motions9-52
  • § 9:11 : Sanctions9-53
    • § 9:11.1 : Role of Rule 379-53
    • § 9:11.2 : Motions to Compel9-54
    • § 9:11.3 : Violation of Court Order9-54
    • § 9:11.4 : Failure to Disclose9-55
    • § 9:11.5 : Failure to Admit9-56
    • § 9:11.6 : Failure to Appear or Respond9-56
    • § 9:11.7 : Planning9-57
    • § 9:11.8 : Hearing9-57
    • § 9:11.9 : Magistrate Judge’s Power9-57
  • § 9:12 : Costs9-58
    • § 9:12.1 : Payment As Expenses Accrue9-58
    • § 9:12.2 : Sanction Costs9-59
    • § 9:12.3 : Taxation of Costs9-59
  • § 9:13 : Appellate Review of Discovery Orders9-60
  • § 9:14 : Use of Discovered Matter at Trial9-61
    • § 9:14.1 : Depositions9-62
    • § 9:14.2 : Interrogatories9-63
    • § 9:14.3 : Production and Inspection9-63
    • § 9:14.4 : Physical and Mental Examinations9-63
    • § 9:14.5 : Requests for Admissions9-63
  • § 9:15 : Additional Resources9-64
  • Appendix 9A : Form 35: Report of Parties’ Planning MeetingApp. 9A-1
Chapter 10: Depositions
  • § 10:1 : Nature and Purpose of Depositions10-3
  • § 10:2 : Procedure for Oral Depositions10-4
    • § 10:2.1 : Before Whom They May Be Taken10-4
    • § 10:2.2 : Special Supervision10-6
    • § 10:2.3 : Persons Subject to Examination10-7
    • § 10:2.4 : Timing and Priority10-9
    • § 10:2.5 : Number and Length of Depositions10-11
    • § 10:2.6 : When Leave of Court Is Required10-11
    • § 10:2.7 : Deposition Before Action or Pending Appeal10-13
    • § 10:2.8 : Notice of Examination10-14
    • § 10:2.9 : Compelling Attendance of Witnesses10-16
    • § 10:2.10 : Compelling Production of Documents or Things10-16
    • § 10:2.11 : Date and Place of Examination10-19
    • § 10:2.12 : Protective Orders10-21
    • § 10:2.13 : Examination and Cross-Examination10-23
    • § 10:2.14 : Objections and Rulings10-24
    • § 10:2.15 : Recording and Transcribing the Testimony10-27
    • § 10:2.16 : Signing and Filing the Transcript; Corrections10-29
    • § 10:2.17 : Stipulations and Waiver10-30
    • § 10:2.18 : Failure to Attend Deposition or to Subpoena Witness10-31
  • § 10:3 : Preparation for Oral Depositions10-32
    • § 10:3.1 : Preliminary Review10-32
    • § 10:3.2 : Outline for Questioning10-33
    • § 10:3.3 : Preparation of the Witness10-33
      • [A] : Description of the Process10-34
      • [B] : Factual Review10-34
      • [C] : Counsel’s Instructions10-34
      • [D] : Witness’s Own Objections10-34
      • [E] : Consulting Counsel10-34
      • [F] : Telling the Truth10-35
      • [G] : Avoiding Inappropriate Concessions10-35
      • [H] : Memory and Knowledge10-35
      • [I] : Suggesting Leads10-36
      • [J] : Avoiding Volunteering10-36
      • [K] : Factual Answers10-36
      • [L] : Maintaining Composure10-37
      • [M] : Humor10-37
      • [N] : Informal Colloquies10-37
    • § 10:3.4 : Production of Documents10-38
    • § 10:3.5 : Summary10-38
  • § 10:4 : Tactics and Technique in Oral Depositions10-38
    • § 10:4.1 : Friendly Depositions10-38
      • [A] : Detailed Questions10-39
      • [B] : Danger of Repetitious Questioning10-40
      • [C] : Uncontroverted Matter10-40
    • § 10:4.2 : Adversary Depositions10-41
      • [A] : Choosing a Basic Approach10-41
      • [B] : Atmosphere10-42
      • [C] : Client’s Attendance10-42
      • [D] : Questioner’s Reaction10-43
      • [E] : The Talkative Witness10-43
      • [F] : Use of Outline10-43
      • [G] : Scope of the Questioning10-44
      • [H] : Timing of Questions10-44
      • [I] : Strategy of Cross-Examination10-45
  • § 10:5 : Depositions by Written Questions10-46
    • § 10:5.1 : Relation to Other Discovery Devices10-46
    • § 10:5.2 : Cost-Effective Discovery in Certain Situations10-46
      • [A] : Compelling Attendance of the Witness10-47
      • [B] : Unknown Deponents10-48
    • § 10:5.3 : Serving Direct Questions10-48
      • [A] : Limitations and Timing Issues10-48
      • [B] : Service of Notice and Questions10-49
      • [C] : Content of Notice10-49
    • § 10:5.4 : Cross Questions, Redirect, and Recross Questions10-49
    • § 10:5.5 : Drafting Questions10-50
      • [A] : Leading Questions10-50
      • [B] : Oral Cross-Examination10-50
      • [C] : Breadth and Scope10-50
    • § 10:5.6 : Time and Place of Examination10-51
    • § 10:5.7 : Who May Attend10-51
    • § 10:5.8 : Role of the Presiding Officer10-51
    • § 10:5.9 : Objections10-52
      • [A] : Objections to Notice10-52
      • [B] : Objections to Form of Questions10-52
      • [C] : Nonparty Deponents10-52
    • § 10:5.10 : Reporting, Transcribing, and Filing of Answers10-53
      • [A] : Reporting and Transcribing10-53
      • [B] : Filing10-53
    • § 10:5.11 : Preparation of the Witness10-53
      • [A] : Disclosure of Questions Before the Deposition10-53
      • [B] : Party Deponents10-54
      • [C] : Nonparty Deponents10-54
    • § 10:5.12 : Protective Orders10-55
  • § 10:6 : Use of Depositions in Court10-55
    • § 10:6.1 : Limitations10-55
    • § 10:6.2 : Objections10-57
    • § 10:6.3 : Use in Other Cases10-58
    • § 10:6.4 : Form of Presentation10-59
  • § 10:7 : Additional Resources10-59
Chapter 11: Interrogatories
  • § 11:1 : Interrogatories in Perspective11-2
    • § 11:1.1 : Highlights of Rule 3311-2
    • § 11:1.2 : Typical Uses of Interrogatories11-3
      • [A] : Gain Early Advantage11-3
      • [B] : Guide Further Discovery11-3
      • [C] : Inquire into Merits of Case11-3
      • [D] : Obtain a Corporate Rather Than an Individual Answer11-4
      • [E] : Obtain Specific Types of Information11-4
  • § 11:2 : Parties Subject to Interrogatories11-5
  • § 11:3 : Time for Service and Answer11-5
  • § 11:4 : Scope of Interrogatories11-6
  • § 11:5 : Number and Form11-6
    • § 11:5.1 : Number Limits11-6
    • § 11:5.2 : Drafting Suggestions11-7
    • § 11:5.3 : Sample Definitions of Terms Used in Interrogatories11-8
  • § 11:6 : Answers11-9
    • § 11:6.1 : Responder’s Duties11-9
    • § 11:6.2 : Business Records11-9
    • § 11:6.3 : Interpretation Issues11-11
    • § 11:6.4 : Answering Versus Objecting11-11
    • § 11:6.5 : Duty to Supplement11-12
  • § 11:7 : Objections11-13
  • § 11:8 : Contention, Opinion, and Expert Interrogatories11-14
    • § 11:8.1 : Contentions11-14
    • § 11:8.2 : Opinions11-16
    • § 11:8.3 : Experts11-16
  • § 11:9 : Protective Orders11-18
  • § 11:10 : Sanctions11-18
    • § 11:10.1 : Motion Under Rule 37(a) (Objections)11-18
    • § 11:10.2 : Motion Under Rule 37(a)(4) (Evasive Answers)11-19
    • § 11:10.3 : Liability for Expenses Under Rule 37(a)(5)11-19
  • § 11:11 : Use and Effect at Trial11-20
  • § 11:12 : Additional Resources11-20
Chapter 12: Requests for Production and Inspection
  • § 12:1 : Nature and Value of Production12-2
    • § 12:1.1 : Outline of the Procedure12-3
    • § 12:1.2 : Actions in Which Available12-4
  • § 12:2 : Scope of Discovery Under Rule 3412-4
    • § 12:2.1 : Good Cause12-4
    • § 12:2.2 : Typical Items Producible12-5
    • § 12:2.3 : Admissibility12-5
    • § 12:2.4 : Privileged Matter12-6
    • § 12:2.5 : Possession, Custody, or Control12-6
    • § 12:2.6 : Trial Preparation Materials12-6
    • § 12:2.7 : Items Outside Court’s Jurisdiction12-6
    • § 12:2.8 : Matters Known to the Requesting Party12-7
    • § 12:2.9 : Contractual Limitations12-7
    • § 12:2.10 : Computer Data12-7
  • § 12:3 : Request Procedure12-9
    • § 12:3.1 : Service on All Parties12-9
    • § 12:3.2 : Time of Service12-10
    • § 12:3.3 : Form of Requests12-10
    • § 12:3.4 : Number of Items Requested; Number of Requests12-12
  • § 12:4 : Responses and Objections; Supplementation12-12
    • § 12:4.1 : Time for Response12-12
    • § 12:4.2 : Content12-12
    • § 12:4.3 : Grounds for Objection12-13
    • § 12:4.4 : Supplementation12-14
  • § 12:5 : Court Orders12-14
    • § 12:5.1 : Form of Motion12-15
    • § 12:5.2 : Burden on Application12-15
    • § 12:5.3 : Form of Order12-15
  • § 12:6 : Persons and Materials Subject to Requests12-16
    • § 12:6.1 : Discovery from Parties12-16
    • § 12:6.2 : Discovery from Nonparties12-16
    • § 12:6.3 : Obtaining Information on Which to Base Requests12-17
    • § 12:6.4 : Existence, Possession, Custody, and Control of Items Sought12-18
      • [A] : Existence12-19
      • [B] : Possession12-19
      • [C] : Custody12-19
      • [D] : Control12-19
      • [E] : Effect of Denial12-20
  • § 12:7 : Identification of Items Sought12-20
    • § 12:7.1 : Particularity Burden12-21
    • § 12:7.2 : Designation by Categories12-21
    • § 12:7.3 : Responding Party’s Terminology12-22
    • § 12:7.4 : Inability to Describe12-22
  • § 12:8 : Mechanics of Inspection and Copying12-22
    • § 12:8.1 : Organization of Production12-23
    • § 12:8.2 : Agreement on Procedures12-24
    • § 12:8.3 : Time and Place of Examination12-24
    • § 12:8.4 : Cost12-24
    • § 12:8.5 : Techniques12-25
    • § 12:8.6 : Business Objects, Records, or Land12-25
    • § 12:8.7 : Translations12-25
  • § 12:9 : Sanctions12-25
    • § 12:9.1 : Failure to Respond12-26
    • § 12:9.2 : Unsatisfactory Response or Action12-26
    • § 12:9.3 : Violation of Court Order12-27
  • § 12:10 : Role of Production in Litigation12-28
    • § 12:10.1 : Relation to Pretrial Conference12-28
    • § 12:10.2 : Use of Produced Matter at Trial12-28
Chapter 13: Physical and Mental Examinations
  • § 13:1 : Introduction13-1
  • § 13:2 : Persons Subject to Examination13-2
  • § 13:3 : Requirements13-2
    • § 13:3.1 : Good Cause13-2
    • § 13:3.2 : Condition in Controversy13-3
  • § 13:4 : Motion for Examination13-5
  • § 13:5 : Time, Place, Form, and Number of Examinations13-5
  • § 13:6 : Qualifications of the Examiner13-6
  • § 13:7 : Exchange of Reports13-7
  • § 13:8 : Automatic Waiver of Privilege13-8
  • § 13:9 : Stipulations13-8
Chapter 14: Requests for Admissions
  • § 14:1 : Overview14-2
    • § 14:1.1 : Outline of Procedure14-2
    • § 14:1.2 : Scope14-4
    • § 14:1.3 : Matters Known to Requesting Party14-5
    • § 14:1.4 : Matters Known or Accessible to Responder14-5
    • § 14:1.5 : Opinions and Conclusions14-6
    • § 14:1.6 : Documents14-8
    • § 14:1.7 : Disputed Facts14-9
  • § 14:2 : Form and Number of Requests14-10
    • § 14:2.1 : Official Form14-10
    • § 14:2.2 : Drafting Suggestions14-11
    • § 14:2.3 : Propounder’s Source of Information14-12
    • § 14:2.4 : Number of Requests14-12
  • § 14:3 : Service of Requests and Responses14-12
    • § 14:3.1 : Service14-13
    • § 14:3.2 : Additional Time14-13
    • § 14:3.3 : Governmental Parties14-13
  • § 14:4 : Responses14-14
    • § 14:4.1 : General Strategy in Responding14-14
    • § 14:4.2 : Admissions14-15
    • § 14:4.3 : Denials14-15
    • § 14:4.4 : Inability to Admit or Deny14-16
    • § 14:4.5 : Objections14-17
    • § 14:4.6 : Form of Responses14-18
  • § 14:5 : Sufficiency of Response14-19
    • § 14:5.1 : Motion Required to Test14-19
    • § 14:5.2 : Testing Objections14-19
    • § 14:5.3 : Testing Sufficiency of Other Responses14-19
  • § 14:6 : Use and Effect of Admissions14-21
    • § 14:6.1 : On Motion or at Trial14-21
    • § 14:6.2 : Judicial Versus Evidentiary Admissions14-22
    • § 14:6.3 : Use in Motion Practice14-23
    • § 14:6.4 : Denial in Pleadings14-24
    • § 14:6.5 : Withdrawal or Amendment of Admissions14-24
  • § 14:7 : Sanctions14-25
    • § 14:7.1 : Failure to Respond14-25
    • § 14:7.2 : Inadequate Response14-25
    • § 14:7.3 : Failure to Admit14-26
  • § 14:8 : Examples14-26
Chapter 15: Trial
  • § 15:1 : Jury Trial of Right15-3
    • § 15:1.1 : Right Preserved15-3
    • § 15:1.2 : Demand15-4
    • § 15:1.3 : Specification of Issues15-5
    • § 15:1.4 : Waiver15-6
  • § 15:2 : Trial by Jury or by the Court15-7
    • § 15:2.1 : By Jury15-7
    • § 15:2.2 : By the Court15-7
    • § 15:2.3 : Advisory Jury and Trial by Consent15-7
  • § 15:3 : Scheduling of Cases for Trial15-8
  • § 15:4 : Consolidation or Bifurcation of Cases15-8
  • § 15:5 : Subpoenas15-9
    • § 15:5.1 : Form and Issuance15-10
    • § 15:5.2 : Service15-14
    • § 15:5.3 : For Attendance of Witness15-16
    • § 15:5.4 : For Production of Documents and Things15-17
    • § 15:5.5 : For Inspection of Premises15-18
    • § 15:5.6 : Motion to Quash or Modify15-19
    • § 15:5.7 : Contempt15-21
  • § 15:6 : Trial Briefs15-21
  • § 15:7 : Motions at Beginning of Trial15-22
  • § 15:8 : Jury Selection and Management15-23
    • § 15:8.1 : Selection Process15-23
    • § 15:8.2 : Excuse from Jury Duty15-25
    • § 15:8.3 : Examination of Jurors15-25
    • § 15:8.4 : Size and Unanimity15-26
    • § 15:8.5 : Alternate Jurors15-27
    • § 15:8.6 : Peremptory Challenges15-27
    • § 15:8.7 : Jury Management15-28
  • § 15:9 : Opening Statements15-29
  • § 15:10 : Federal Rules of Evidence15-30
    • § 15:10.1 : General Provisions15-31
      • [A] : Ruling on Evidence15-31
      • [B] : Preliminary Questions15-33
      • [C] : Admissibility Is Favored15-34
      • [D] : Related Writings15-34
    • § 15:10.2 : Judicial Notice15-35
    • § 15:10.3 : Presumptions15-36
    • § 15:10.4 : Relevancy and its Limits15-37
      • [A] : Federal Rule of Evidence 40315-37
      • [B] : Character15-37
      • [C] : Policy Decisions on Relevance15-39
      • [D] : Habit15-41
    • § 15:10.5 : Privileges15-41
    • § 15:10.6 : Witnesses15-42
      • [A] : Competency15-42
      • [B] : Impeachment15-43
      • [C] : Conduct of Examination15-45
    • § 15:10.7 : Opinions and Expert Testimony15-47
      • [A] : Lay Opinion15-47
      • [B] : Expert Opinion15-48
    • § 15:10.8 : Hearsay15-49
      • [A] : Definition15-49
      • [B] : Exceptions15-51
    • § 15:10.9 : Authentication15-57
    • § 15:10.10 : Best Evidence15-60
  • § 15:11 : Use of Deposition Transcripts15-62
    • § 15:11.1 : Background and General Principles15-62
    • § 15:11.2 : Applicable Evidentiary Rules15-63
    • § 15:11.3 : Use for Impeachment or Contradiction15-63
    • § 15:11.4 : Use of Adverse Party’s Deposition15-64
    • § 15:11.5 : Use of Nonparty Witness’s Deposition15-64
    • § 15:11.6 : Deposition of Replaced Parties15-65
    • § 15:11.7 : Effect of Defects in the Deposition15-65
    • § 15:11.8 : Using Part of a Deposition15-66
    • § 15:11.9 : Objection to Use of All or Part15-67
  • § 15:12 : Use of Other Discovery Fruits15-67
    • § 15:12.1 : Use of Interrogatory Answers15-67
    • § 15:12.2 : Use of Rule 36 Admissions15-68
    • § 15:12.3 : Use of Documents Produced in Discovery15-68
  • § 15:13 : Closing Argument15-69
  • § 15:14 : Inability of a Judge to Proceed15-70
  • § 15:15 : Motion for Judgment As a Matter of Law15-71
  • § 15:16 : Form of Verdict15-74
    • § 15:16.1 : Special Verdicts15-74
    • § 15:16.2 : General Verdict Accompanied by Answer to Interrogatories15-75
  • § 15:17 : Instructions to the Jury; Objection15-76
  • § 15:18 : Findings and Conclusions of the Court15-79
    • § 15:18.1 : Judgment on Partial Findings15-80
    • § 15:18.2 : Proposed Findings15-82
  • § 15:19 : Trial Before Magistrate Judge15-83
  • § 15:20 : Masters15-83
    • § 15:20.1 : Appointment and Compensation15-83
    • § 15:20.2 : Powers15-84
    • § 15:20.3 : Report15-85
  • § 15:21 : Additional Resources15-86
Chapter 16: Special Proceedings
  • § 16:1 : Introduction16-1
  • § 16:2 : Admiralty and Maritime Actions16-1
  • § 16:3 : Bankruptcy Actions16-9
  • § 16:4 : Prison Litigation16-10
  • § 16:5 : Three-Judge Court Actions16-11
  • § 16:6 : Habeas Corpus Proceedings16-11
  • § 16:7 : Condemnation16-12
  • § 16:8 : Removal16-13
  • Appendix 16A : Habeas Corpus PetitionApp. 16A-1
Chapter 17: Judgments
  • § 17:1 : Introduction17-2
  • § 17:2 : Form and Content of Judgment17-2
    • § 17:2.1 : Document17-2
    • § 17:2.2 : Official Forms17-3
    • § 17:2.3 : Responsibility for Preparation17-6
  • § 17:3 : Entry of Judgment17-6
    • § 17:3.1 : Entry by the Clerk17-6
    • § 17:3.2 : Separate Document Problem17-7
    • § 17:3.3 : Approval by the Court17-9
    • § 17:3.4 : Multiple Claims17-11
    • § 17:3.5 : Recovery of Costs17-11
    • § 17:3.6 : Notice of Entry17-12
  • § 17:4 : Declaratory Judgments17-13
  • § 17:5 : Default Judgments17-15
    • § 17:5.1 : Entry by the Clerk17-15
    • § 17:5.2 : Entry by the Court17-16
    • § 17:5.3 : Relief from Default17-16
  • § 17:6 : Enforcement of Judgments17-17
    • § 17:6.1 : Writ of Execution17-17
    • § 17:6.2 : Enforcement in Other States17-18
    • § 17:6.3 : Stay of Execution17-18
    • § 17:6.4 : Applicability of State Procedures17-19
    • § 17:6.5 : Discovery17-20
    • § 17:6.6 : Judgments Against the United States17-21
    • § 17:6.7 : Judgments Against Nonparties17-22
    • § 17:6.8 : Specific Relief17-23
  • § 17:7 : Additional Resources17-25
Chapter 18: Post-Trial Proceedings
  • § 18:1 : Renewed Motion for Judgment As a Matter of Law18-2
    • § 18:1.1 : Procedure18-2
    • § 18:1.2 : Time for Making18-3
    • § 18:1.3 : Necessity of Motion18-3
    • § 18:1.4 : Options for the Court18-3
    • § 18:1.5 : Relation to New Trial Motion18-4
  • § 18:2 : Motion for a New Trial18-4
    • § 18:2.1 : Grounds18-5
    • § 18:2.2 : Time for Making18-7
    • § 18:2.3 : Procedure18-7
    • § 18:2.4 : New Trial on Initiative of Court18-7
    • § 18:2.5 : Partial New Trial18-8
  • § 18:3 : Motion to Recover Attorney Fees18-8
  • § 18:4 : Motion for Relief from Judgment or Order18-10
    • § 18:4.1 : Grounds18-11
      • [A] : Mistake, Inadvertence, Surprise, or Excusable Neglect18-11
      • [B] : Newly Discovered Evidence18-11
      • [C] : Fraud, Misrepresentation, or Other Misconduct by an Opposing Party18-12
      • [D] : Judgment Is Void18-12
      • [E] : Judgment Has Been Satisfied, Etc.18-12
      • [F] : Any Other Reason Justifying Relief18-13
    • § 18:4.2 : Procedure18-13
      • [A] : Motion18-13
      • [B] : Other Methods of Relief18-14
    • § 18:4.3 : Motion to Amend Judgment18-15
    • § 18:4.4 : Relief from Clerical Mistakes18-16
      • [A] : Generally18-16
      • [B] : Relief Pending Appeal18-16
    • § 18:4.5 : Harmless Error18-16
  • § 18:5 : Additional Resources18-17
Chapter 19: Appeal; and Appendix 19A
  • § 19:1 : Introduction19-2
    • § 19:1.1 : Governing Rules19-2
    • § 19:1.2 : Steps in Appeal19-3
  • § 19:2 : Appealability of the Order or Judgment Below19-3
    • § 19:2.1 : Final Judgment Rule19-4
    • § 19:2.2 : Exempt Interlocutory Orders19-9
    • § 19:2.3 : Appealable Collateral Orders19-10
    • § 19:2.4 : Appeal Midstream: Section 1292(b)19-13
    • § 19:2.5 : Discovery Orders19-15
    • § 19:2.6 : Multiple Claims or Parties: Rule 54(b)19-16
  • § 19:3 : Mandamus19-21
    • § 19:3.1 : In General19-21
    • § 19:3.2 : Relationship to Section 1292(b)19-23
    • § 19:3.3 : Procedure19-24
    • § 19:3.4 : Mandamus and Discovery Orders19-24
    • § 19:3.5 : Other Examples19-25
  • § 19:4 : Notice of Appeal19-27
    • § 19:4.1 : Content and Filing19-27
    • § 19:4.2 : Time19-29
  • § 19:5 : Bond on Appeal19-36
  • § 19:6 : Motions and Emergency Relief19-36
    • § 19:6.1 : Typical Motions19-36
    • § 19:6.2 : Stays Pending Appeal19-38
  • § 19:7 : Expedited Appeals19-39
    • § 19:7.1 : Initial Steps19-39
    • § 19:7.2 : Application for Accelerated Hearing19-41
    • § 19:7.3 : Availability of Oral Argument19-41
  • § 19:8 : Record on Appeal19-41
    • § 19:8.1 : Contents and Time to File19-42
      • [A] : Statement in Lieu of Transcript19-44
    • § 19:8.2 : Agreed Statements19-44
    • § 19:8.3 : Correction of Record19-45
    • § 19:8.4 : Transmission to Court of Appeals19-46
    • § 19:8.5 : Retention in District Court19-48
    • § 19:8.6 : Docketing in Court of Appeals19-49
  • § 19:9 : Admission to Practice Before Court of Appeals19-50
  • § 19:10 : Fees and Expenses19-51
  • § 19:11 : Joint Appeals19-52
  • § 19:12 : Briefing19-52
    • § 19:12.1 : Contents19-54
    • § 19:12.2 : Timing19-55
    • § 19:12.3 : Names of Parties19-56
    • § 19:12.4 : Briefs Involving Multiple Appellants or Appellees19-56
    • § 19:12.5 : Copies Filed19-57
    • § 19:12.6 : Appendix19-57
      • [A] : Contents and Filing19-57
      • [B] : Agreement of Parties19-58
      • [C] : Cost of Preparation19-58
      • [D] : Deferral19-58
      • [E] : Original Record in Lieu of Appendix19-59
  • § 19:13 : Argument and Decision19-59
    • § 19:13.1 : Screening19-59
    • § 19:13.2 : Calendaring of Argument19-60
    • § 19:13.3 : Oral Argument19-60
    • § 19:13.4 : Deliberation19-61
    • § 19:13.5 : Opinion and Judgment19-62
    • § 19:13.6 : Rehearing19-63
      • [A] : General Procedure19-63
      • [B] : En Banc19-65
    • § 19:13.7 : Issuance of Mandate19-66
    • § 19:13.8 : Costs and Fees19-67
    • § 19:13.9 : Sanctions and Frivolous Appeals19-67
  • § 19:14 : Additional Resources19-68
  • Appendix 19A : Civil Appeals ChecklistApp. 19A-1
  Compendium of Recent Cases: Volume 2
  Index

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