TreatiseTreatise

Patent Claim Construction and Markman Hearings

 by Thomas L Creel
 
 Copyright: 2013

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Product Details

  • ISBN Number: 9781402418471
  • Page Count: 594
  • Number of Volumes: 1
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Determining the proper construction of patent claims is the necessary prelude to any determination of whether those claims have been infringed, and this construction takes place in “a litigation system that is unique to patent cases.” Patent Claim Construction and Markman Hearings is a succinct guide to both claim construction and the special procedures that have evolved to accomplish such construction.

Since the decisions of the Federal Circuit and the Supreme Court in Markman v. Westview Instruments, it has been clear that patent claim construction is a question of law exclusively for the court, not something to be submitted to the jury. Patent Claim Construction and Markman Hearings explains the guiding principles that the courts use, the intrinsic and extrinsic evidence they consider, and the effect of prior constructions of the same claim. Since “rules” of construction are hard to come by, the book provides insight into the process by fully discussing how judges have decided upon particular claim constructions.

The law as it has developed after Markman makes it clear that there is no mandated or standard procedure to accomplish claim construction. The book explains the differing approaches among the courts, including the local rules in force in some courts, and how they affect case-management conferences, briefing, discovery, and the timing of the Markman hearing itself.

Then, to give you practical guidance as you prepare for the hearing, Patent Claim Construction and Markman Hearings helps you assess the evidence in support of the construction you seek, work with expert witnesses, and prepare claim charts and other materials that will aid and convince the court.

Patent Claim Construction and Markman Hearings should be on every patent litigator’s desk.

  Preface Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  Table of Contents Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Chapter 1: Overview Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 1:1 : Introduction1-1
  • § 1:2 : The Markman Decisions1-3
  • § 1:3 : Summary of Post-Markman Law1-5
    • § 1:3.1 : Certainty Versus Uncertainty1-5
    • § 1:3.2 : Indefiniteness1-7
    • § 1:3.3 : Timing1-8
    • § 1:3.4 : Types of Presentations1-8
    • § 1:3.5 : Use of Extrinsic Evidence1-9
    • § 1:3.6 : Finality of Claim Construction1-9
    • § 1:3.7 : Consideration of Alleged Infringements1-10
    • § 1:3.8 : Appeals1-10
    • § 1:3.9 : Local Court Claim Construction Rules1-12
Chapter 2: Selecting Claims and Claim Elements for Construction Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 2:1 : General Considerations2-3
  • § 2:2 : Intrinsic Evidence2-6
    • § 2:2.1 : The Patent2-7
      • [A] : All Elements Rule2-7
        • [A][1] : The Doctrine of Equivalents2-7
        • [A][2] : What Is an Element of a Claim?2-10
        • [A][3] : The Preamble As a Limitation2-11
        • [A][4] : Joint Infringement2-12
      • [B] : Construction Is Based on Entirety of the Specification2-14
        • [B][1] : Claim Terms Are Usually Given Their Ordinary and Customary Meanings2-14
          • [B][1][a] : Terms of Art in Patent Law2-16
          • [B][1][b] : “Comprising,” “Consisting of,” and “Consisting Essentially of”2-17
          • [B][1][c] : “Whereby” Clauses2-17
        • [B][2] : Construction Should Not Normally Read Limitations into Claims2-18
        • [B][3] : Construction Should Not Usually Be Limited to Specific Disclosed Embodiments2-22
        • [B][4] : Claims Should Normally Be Construed to Include the Preferred Embodiments2-22
        • [B][5] : Title Is Usually Irrelevant2-23
        • [B][6] : Definitions2-23
        • [B][7] : Effect of Other Claims2-24
          • [B][7][a] : Dependent Claims2-25
          • [B][7][b] : Other Independent Claims2-26
      • [C] : Specialized Types of Claims2-28
        • [C][1] : Means-Plus-Function Claim2-28
        • [C][2] : Computer and Business Method Claims2-30
        • [C][3] : Jepson-type Claims2-32
        • [C][4] : Markush Claims2-32
        • [C][5] : Product-by-Process Claims2-32
      • [D] : Suspect Doctrines2-33
        • [D][1] : Claim Differentiation2-33
        • [D][2] : Construction Should Preserve Validity2-34
    • § 2:2.2 : File History2-35
      • [A] : Use for Interpretation2-35
      • [B] : Estoppels and Disclaimers2-37
      • [C] : Patent and Trademark Office Uses a Different Standard of the Broadest Reasonable Interpretation2-38
    • § 2:2.3 : Cited Prior Art2-41
      • [A] : Information Disclosure Statements2-41
      • [B] : Incorporation by Reference in the Specification2-43
    • § 2:2.4 : Related Patents and Applications2-44
      • [A] : U.S. Applications and Patents2-44
      • [B] : Foreign Applications and Patents2-45
  • § 2:3 : Extrinsic Evidence2-46
  • § 2:4 : Related Doctrines2-48
    • § 2:4.1 : Section 1122-48
      • [A] : Indefiniteness2-49
        • [A][1] : Supreme Court Case Law2-49
        • [A][2] : Federal Circuit Case Law2-52
          • [A][2][a] : Relatively Clear Cut Indefiniteness2-53
          • [A][2][b] : Terms of Approximation and Terms of Degree2-55
          • [A][2][c] : Multiple Plausible Meanings and Facially Nonsensical Claim Language2-57
          • [A][2][d] : Multiple Standards for Measurement of an Essential Claim Limitation2-58
      • [B] : Enablement2-60
      • [C] : Written Description2-62
      • [D] : Best Mode2-63
      • [E] : Inequitable Conduct2-64
    • § 2:4.2 : Section 101: Patent-Eligible Subject Matter2-65
  • § 2:5 : Design Patents2-70
  • § 2:6 : Plant Patents2-73
  • § 2:7 : Litigation Considerations, Sanctions, and Penalties2-74
    • § 2:7.1 : Alternative Positions and Possible Preclusion2-75
    • § 2:7.2 : Deviations from Common Litigation Procedures for Claim Construction2-76
    • § 2:7.3 : Pre-Trial Sanctions and Procedures2-77
    • § 2:7.4 : Post-Trial Sanctions and Procedures2-78
    • § 2:7.5 : Contempt2-80
Chapter 3: Prior Claim Construction Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 3:1 : Introduction3-1
  • § 3:2 : Law of the Case3-3
  • § 3:3 : Stare Decisis3-5
  • § 3:4 : Estoppel3-10
    • § 3:4.1 : Collateral Estoppel (Issue Preclusion)3-10
    • § 3:4.2 : Judicial Estoppel3-14
  • § 3:5 : Res Judicata (Claim Preclusion)3-15
  • § 3:6 : Persuasive Effect3-15
  • § 3:7 : Summary3-15
Chapter 4: Timing for Construction Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 4:1 : General Considerations4-1
  • § 4:2 : Construction Before or Early in Discovery4-2
    • § 4:2.1 : Stay of Discovery4-6
  • § 4:3 : Construction Before Close of Discovery4-6
  • § 4:4 : Construction After Discovery4-7
  • § 4:5 : Construction in Jury Instructions4-9
Chapter 5: Local Court Claim Construction Rules Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 5:1 : Overview5-10
  • § 5:2 : Northern District of California Patent Local Rules5-11
    • § 5:2.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Rule 4-3)5-12
    • § 5:2.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-12
      • [A] : Initial Case Management Conference (Rule 2-1)5-12
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rule 3-1)5-13
      • [C] : Invalidity Contentions (Rule 3-3)5-13
      • [D] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-2 and 3-4)5-14
      • [E] : Exchange of Proposed Terms for Construction (Rule 4-1)5-14
      • [F] : Exchange of Preliminary Claim Construction and Extrinsic Evidence (Rule 4-2)5-14
    • § 5:2.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rule 4-4)5-15
    • § 5:2.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4-5)5-15
    • § 5:2.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4-6)5-15
  • § 5:3 : Southern District of California Patent Local Rules5-16
    • § 5:3.1 : Joint Claim Construction Chart, Worksheet and Hearing Statement (Rule 4.2)5-16
    • § 5:3.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction Chart, Worksheet and Hearing Statement5-17
      • [A] : Early Neutral Evaluation Conference and Initial Case Management Conference (Rule 2.1)5-17
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.1 and 3.3)5-18
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 3.1 and 3.6)5-18
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Preliminary Invalidity Contentions (Rule 3.3)5-18
        • [B][3] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.2 and 3.4)5-19
        • [B][4] : Exchange of Proposed Terms for Construction (Rule 4.1.a and c)5-19
        • [B][5] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4.1.b and d)5-20
        • [B][6] : Meet and Confer (Rule 4.1.e)5-20
    • § 5:3.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rule 4.3)5-20
    • § 5:3.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4.4)5-20
    • § 5:3.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4.5)5-21
    • § 5:3.6 : Evidentiary and Procedural Issues5-21
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2.2)5-21
      • [B] : Certification (Rule 2.3)5-21
      • [C] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Federal Rules of Evidence (Rules 2.4 and 2.5)5-22
  • § 5:4 : Northern District of Georgia Patent Local Rules5-22
    • § 5:4.1 : Joint Claim Construction Statement (Rule 6.3)5-22
    • § 5:4.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction Statement5-23
      • [A] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 4.1, 4.2, 4.4 and 4.5)5-23
      • [B] : Invalidity Contentions (Rules 4.3, 4.4 and 4.5)5-24
      • [C] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 4.1 and 4.3)5-24
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms of Construction (Rules 6.1 and 6.2)5-25
      • [E] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 6.2)5-25
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 6.2(c))5-25
    • § 5:4.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rule 6.4)5-25
    • § 5:4.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 6.5)5-26
    • § 5:4.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 6.6)5-26
    • § 5:4.6 : Evidentiary and Procedural Issues5-26
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rules 2.1 and 2.2)5-26
      • [B] : Modifications (Rule 1.2)5-26
      • [C] : Relationship to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Rule 3.1)5-26
  • § 5:5 : Northern District of Illinois Patent Local Rules5-27
    • § 5:5.1 : Preliminaries to Submission of Claim Terms to Be Construed to the Court5-28
      • [A] : Contentions of All Parties As to Infringement, Validity and Enforceability (Rules 2 and 3)5-28
        • [A][1] : Initial Contentions (Rule 2)5-28
        • [A][2] : Final Contentions (Rule 3)5-29
      • [B] : Document Production (Rules 2.1, 2.4, and 3.3)5-29
        • [B][1] : Documents Produced with the Initial Disclosures (Rule 2.1)5-29
        • [B][2] : Documents Produced with the Initial Contentions (Rule 2.4)5-30
          • [B][2][a] : Documents Produced with the Initial Invalidity Contentions (Rule 2.4)5-30
          • [B][2][b] : Documents Produced with the Final Invalidity Contentions (Rule 3.3)5-30
      • [C] : Exchange of Proposed Terms of Construction (Rule 4.1)5-31
    • § 5:5.2 : Discovery (Rule 1.3)5-31
    • § 5:5.3 : Submissions of Terms and Phrases for Construction (Rule 4.2)5-31
    • § 5:5.4 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4.3)5-32
    • § 5:5.5 : Confidentiality (Rule 1.4)5-32
    • § 5:5.6 : Certification (Rule 1.5)5-33
    • § 5:5.7 : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Evidence (Rules 1.1, 1.7, 2.1, 3.4 and 6.1)5-33
  • § 5:6 : Southern District of Indiana Patent Case Management Plans5-33
    • § 5:6.1 : Instructions for Preparing Case Management Plan in Patent Cases (Tracks 1 and 2) (Utility Patents Pre-Markman)5-34
    • § 5:6.2 : Joint Claim Construction Statement (Pre-Markman Case Management Plan III K and L)5-34
    • § 5:6.3 : Preliminaries to Joint Claim Construction Statement5-35
      • [A] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement Contentions (Pre-Markman Case Management Plan III C and D)5-35
        • [A][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement Contentions (Pre-Markman Patent Case Management Plan III C)5-35
        • [A][2] : Disclosure of Preliminary Invalidity Contentions (Pre-Markman Patent Case Management Plan III D)5-35
      • [B] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Pre-Markman Case Management Plan III C(6) and D)5-36
      • [C] : Exchange of Claim Terms to Be Construed (Pre-Markman Case Management Plan III E, F, G and H)5-36
      • [D] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Pre-Markman Case Management Plan 3G and I)5-37
    • § 5:6.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Pre-Markman Patent Case Management Plan III M)5-37
    • § 5:6.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Pre-Markman Patent Case Management Plan III N)5-37
    • § 5:6.6 : Post-Markman Hearing Procedures (Post-Markman (Phase II) Case Management Plan in Patent Cases (Tracks 1 and 2))5-38
      • [A] : Post-Markman Case Management Plan Conference (Post-Markman Patent Case Management Plan II A)5-38
      • [B] : Final Infringement Contentions (Post-Markman Patent Case Management Plan II C)5-38
      • [C] : Discovery (Post-Markman Patent Case Management Plan II H)5-38
    • § 5:6.7 : Evidentiary and Procedural Issues5-38
      • [A] : Testifying Experts (Post-Markman Patent Case Management Plan V)5-38
      • [B] : Trial (Post-Markman Patent Case Management Plan V)5-39
    • § 5:6.8 : Design Patent Case Management Procedures and for the Judge Beyond (Track 3)5-39
  • § 5:7 : District of Massachusetts Scheduling and Procedures in Patent Infringement Cases5-39
    • § 5:7.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Paragraph A(4))5-40
    • § 5:7.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-40
      • [A] : Initial Rule 26 Conference (Local Rule 16.6)5-40
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Paragraphs A and D)5-41
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Paragraph A(1))5-41
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Preliminary Invalidity Contentions (Paragraph B(2))5-41
        • [B][3] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Paragraph A)5-42
        • [B][4] : Exchange of Proposed Terms of Construction (Paragraph B)5-42
    • § 5:7.3 : Discovery (Rule 16.6(A)(3)(b) and Paragraph D(2))5-42
    • § 5:7.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Paragraph (B)(2) and (3))5-42
    • § 5:7.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (a.k.a. “Markman Hearing”) (Paragraph C)5-43
  • § 5:8 : District of Minnesota Patent Procedures5-43
    • § 5:8.1 : Joint Claim Construction Statement (Report, Para. (e)(5))5-43
    • § 5:8.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction Statement5-44
      • [A] : Disclosure of Asserted Terms and Infringement Contentions (Report, Para. (e)(1) and (2))5-44
      • [B] : Disclosure of Proposed Terms for Construction (Report, Para. (e)(3))5-44
      • [C] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Report, Para. (e)(3))5-44
      • [D] : Tutorials (Report, Para. (n))5-45
    • § 5:8.3 : Claim Construction Hearing (Report, Para. (e)(4) and (6))5-45
  • § 5:9 : Local Patent Rules for the District of New Jersey5-45
    • § 5:9.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Rule 4.3)5-46
    • § 5:9.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-47
      • [A] : Initial Scheduling Conference (Rules 2.1 and 3.7)5-47
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Terms and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.1, 3.2A, 3.3, 3.4A, 3.5 and 3.7)5-47
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 3.1, 3.2A and 3.7)5-47
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.3, 3.4A and 3.5)5-48
      • [C] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.2 and 3.4)5-49
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms for Construction (Rules 4.1 and 4.2)5-49
      • [E] : Exchange of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4.2 and 4.2(a))5-50
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 4.2(e))5-50
    • § 5:9.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rules 4.4 and 4.5(b))5-50
    • § 5:9.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4.5)5-50
    • § 5:9.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4.6)5-51
    • § 5:9.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-51
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2.2)5-51
      • [B] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Rules 2.3 and 2.4)5-51
    • § 5:9.7 : Design Patents5-51
    • § 5:9.8 : Hatch-Waxman Litigation5-52
  • § 5:10 : Eastern District of North Carolina Patent Rules5-52
    • § 5:10.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Rule 4.3)5-53
    • § 5:10.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-53
      • [A] : Initial Attorneys’ Conference (Rule 2.1)5-53
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.1 and 3.3)5-54
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rule 3.1)5-54
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rule 3.3)5-54
      • [C] : Document Production Accompany Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.2 and 3.4)5-55
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms of Construction (Rules 4.1 and 4.2)5-55
      • [E] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4.2)5-55
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 4.2(C))5-56
    • § 5:10.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rule 4.4)5-56
    • § 5:10.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4.5)5-56
    • § 5:10.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4.6)5-56
    • § 5:10.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-57
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2.2)5-57
      • [B] : Certification of Initial Disclosures (Rule 2.3)5-57
      • [C] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Local Rules (Rules 1.2, 2.4, 2.5, 3.2, 3.5 and 3.6)5-57
    • § 5:10.7 : Design Patents (Rule 1.2)5-58
  • § 5:11 : Local Patent Rules for the Northern District of Ohio5-59
    • § 5:11.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Rule 4.5)5-59
    • § 5:11.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-60
      • [A] : Case Management Conference (Rules 1.5 and 2.1)5-60
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.1, 3.3, 3.5, 3.7 and 3.10)5-61
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 3.1, 3.3 and 3.10)5-61
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity and Unenforceability Contentions (Rules 3.5, 3.7 and 3.10)5-62
      • [C] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.2, 3.4, 3.6, 3.7 and 3.10)5-63
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms and Constructions (Rules 4.1 and 4.2)5-64
      • [E] : Exchange of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4.2)5-64
    • § 5:11.3 : Discovery (Rules 1.3, 4.3, 4.7 and 5.1)5-65
    • § 5:11.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4.4)5-65
    • § 5:11.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4.6)5-65
    • § 5:11.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-66
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2.2)5-66
      • [B] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules (Rules 1.5, 2.3, 3.2, 3.8 and 5.3)5-66
    • § 5:11.7 : Hatch-Waxman Litigation5-67
  • § 5:12 : Local Patent Rules for the Southern District of Ohio5-67
    • § 5:12.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Rule 105.2)5-68
    • § 5:12.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-68
      • [A] : Initial Scheduling Conference (Rule 102.1)5-68
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 103.1, 103.2 and 103.4)5-69
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 103.1 and 103.2)5-69
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rule 103.4)5-70
      • [C] : Document Production Relating to the Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 103.1, 103.3 and 103.4)5-70
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms and Constructions (Rules 105.1 and 105.2)5-71
      • [E] : Exchange of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 105.2)5-71
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 105.2)5-72
    • § 5:12.3 : Discovery (Rules 103.8, 105.3, 106.1 and 106.2)5-72
    • § 5:12.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 105.4)5-72
    • § 5:12.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 105.5)5-73
    • § 5:12.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-73
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 102.2)5-73
      • [B] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules (Rules 101.2, 102.3, 102.4, 103.6, 103.7, 108.1, 108.1.5, 108.2.3, 108.3.2, 108.3.8 and 108.5.3)5-73
  • § 5:13 : The Western District of Pennsylvania Local Patent Rules5-74
    • § 5:13.1 : Joint Disputed Claim Terms Chart (Rule 4.2)5-75
    • § 5:13.2 : Preliminaries to the Claim Construction Hearing5-75
      • [A] : Initial Scheduling Conference (Rule 2.1)5-75
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.2 and 3.4)5-76
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 3.2 and 3.4)5-76
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rule 3.4)5-76
      • [C] : Document Production Relating to the Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3.1, 3.3, 3.5 and 4.3)5-77
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms Requiring Construction (Rule 4.1)5-78
      • [E] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4.3)5-78
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 4.2)5-78
    • § 5:13.3 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4.3)5-79
    • § 5:13.4 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rules 4.3 and 4.4)5-79
    • § 5:13.5 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-79
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2.2)5-79
      • [B] : Certification (Rule 2.3)5-80
      • [C] : Relationship to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules (Rules 1.3, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.6, 3.7, 5.1 and 5.2)5-80
    • § 5:13.6 : Special Master (Rule 4.5)5-81
  • § 5:14 : The Eastern District of Texas Local Patent Rules5-81
    • § 5:14.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement and Claim Construction Chart (Rules 4-3 and 4-5)5-82
    • § 5:14.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-83
      • [A] : Initial Scheduling Conference (Rule 2-1)5-83
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-1, 3-3 and 3-6)5-84
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 3-1 and 3-6)5-84
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-3 and 3-6)5-85
      • [C] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-2 and 3-4)5-85
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms for Construction (Rule 4-1)5-86
      • [E] : Exchange of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4-2)5-86
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 4-2)5-87
    • § 5:14.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rule 4-4)5-87
    • § 5:14.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4-5)5-87
    • § 5:14.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4-6)5-87
    • § 5:14.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-87
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2-2)5-87
      • [B] : Certification (Rule 2-3)5-88
      • [C] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Rules 1-2, 2-1, 3-2 and 3-5)5-88
    • § 5:14.7 : Hatch-Waxman Litigation (Rule 3-8)5-88
  • § 5:15 : Local Patent Procedures for the Dallas Division of the Northern District of Texas5-89
    • § 5:15.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement and Joint Claim Construction Chart (Paragraphs 4-3 and 4-5)5-90
    • § 5:15.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-91
      • [A] : Initial Scheduling Conference (Paragraph 2-1)5-91
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Paragraphs 3-1, 3-3, 3-6 and 3-7)5-91
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Preliminary Infringement Contentions (Paragraphs 3-1, 3-6 and 3-7)5-91
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Preliminary Invalidity Contentions (Paragraphs 3-3, 3-6 and 3-7)5-92
      • [C] : Document Production Accompanying Preliminary Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Paragraphs 3-2 and 3-4)5-93
      • [D] : Exchange for Proposed Terms for Construction (Paragraphs 4-1 and 4-2)5-94
      • [E] : Exchange of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Paragraph 4-2)5-94
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Paragraph 4-2)5-94
    • § 5:15.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Paragraph 4-4)5-95
    • § 5:15.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Paragraph 4-5)5-95
    • § 5:15.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Paragraph 4-6)5-95
    • § 5:15.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-95
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Paragraph 2-2)5-95
      • [B] : Certification (Rule 2-3)5-95
      • [C] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Paragraphs 1-2, 2-4, 2-5, 3-2 and 3-5)5-96
  • § 5:16 : The Southern District of Texas Local Patent Rules5-97
    • § 5:16.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement and Joint Claim Construction Chart (Rules 4-3 and 4-5)5-98
    • § 5:16.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-99
      • [A] : Initial Scheduling Conference (Rule 2-1)5-99
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-1, 3-3, 3-6 and 3-7)5-100
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 3-1, 3-6 and 3-7)5-100
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-3, 3-6 and 3-7)5-101
      • [C] : Document Production Accompanying Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 3-2, 3-4 and 4-3)5-102
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms for Construction (Rules 4-1 and 4-2)5-102
      • [E] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 4-2)5-103
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 4-2)5-103
      • [G] : Other Possible Procedures Suggested in the Scheduling Order Template Which Are Not Specifically Covered in the Local Patent Rules5-103
    • § 5:16.3 : Claim Construction Discovery (Rule 4-4)5-104
    • § 5:16.4 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 4-5)5-105
    • § 5:16.5 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 4-6)5-105
    • § 5:16.6 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-105
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 2-2)5-105
      • [B] : Certification (Rule 2-3)5-106
      • [C] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Rules of Evidence (Rules 1-2, 2-4, 2-5, 3-2 and 3-5)5-106
  • § 5:17 : The Western District of Washington Local Patent Rules5-107
    • § 5:17.1 : Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement (Rule 132)5-108
    • § 5:17.2 : Preliminaries to the Joint Claim Construction and Prehearing Statement5-109
      • [A] : Joint Status Report (Rule 110)5-109
      • [B] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement, Non-Infringement, and Invalidity Contentions (Rules 120, 121, 124 and 125)5-110
        • [B][1] : Disclosure of Asserted Claims and Infringement Contentions (Rules 120, 124 and 125)5-110
        • [B][2] : Disclosure of Invalidity Contentions (Rules 121, 124 and 125)5-111
      • [C] : Document Production Relating to the Infringement, Non-Infringement and Invalidity Contentions (Rule 122)5-112
      • [D] : Exchange of Proposed Terms and Constructions (Rules 130 and 131)5-112
      • [E] : Exchange of Extrinsic Evidence in Support of Claim Construction (Rule 131)5-112
      • [F] : Meet and Confer (Rule 131)5-113
      • [G] : Discovery (Rule 133)5-113
    • § 5:17.3 : Claim Construction Briefs (Rule 134)5-113
    • § 5:17.4 : Claim Construction Hearing (Rule 135)5-113
    • § 5:17.5 : Evidentiary and Procedure Issues5-114
      • [A] : Confidentiality (Rule 111)5-114
      • [B] : Relationship to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Local Rules (Rules 101, 112 and 123)5-114
Chapter 6: Preparing for the Hearing Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 6:1 : General Considerations6-2
  • § 6:2 : Determining the Judge’s Approach6-3
  • § 6:3 : Claim Charts6-6
    • § 6:3.1 : Claim Element Column6-8
    • § 6:3.2 : Construction Column6-10
    • § 6:3.3 : Construction Basis Column6-10
    • § 6:3.4 : Patent Support/Issue Column6-11
    • § 6:3.5 : File History Support/Issue Column6-12
    • § 6:3.6 : Cited Prior Art Support Column6-12
    • § 6:3.7 : Extrinsic Written Evidence Column6-12
    • § 6:3.8 : Witness Testimony Column6-13
  • § 6:4 : Selecting Claims and Claim Elements for Construction6-13
    • § 6:4.1 : Limiting Elements to Consider6-13
    • § 6:4.2 : Sanctions6-14
    • § 6:4.3 : Considering Claim Constructions Made in Other Litigations6-17
  • § 6:5 : Discovery6-17
    • § 6:5.1 : Stay of Discovery6-19
  • § 6:6 : Considering Whether to Include Alleged Infringing Information6-22
  • § 6:7 : Developing a Theme6-23
  • § 6:8 : Selecting Material to Be Presented6-24
    • § 6:8.1 : Intrinsic Evidence6-25
    • § 6:8.2 : Extrinsic Evidence6-27
      • [A] : Hierarchy of Extrinsic Evidence6-27
      • [B] : Dictionaries6-27
      • [C] : Noncited Art6-28
      • [D] : Selecting and Preparing Witnesses6-28
        • [D][1] : Person of Ordinary Skill in the Pertinent Art6-28
          • [D][1][a] : Whether and How to Use a Technical Expert6-29
          • [D][1][b] : Selecting an Expert6-31
          • [D][1][c] : Preparing Expert Submissions6-33
        • [D][2] : Using Patent Law Experts6-33
        • [D][3] : Using Inventors6-34
      • [E] : Other Types of Extrinsic Evidence6-35
    • § 6:8.3 : Aids for the Court6-37
      • [A] : Preparing Claim Charts6-37
      • [B] : Preparing Visual Aids6-38
      • [C] : Considering and Preparing Tutorials6-38
      • [D] : Considering and Preparing a Dictionary of Terms6-40
      • [E] : Selecting Physical Examples6-40
      • [F] : Providing Desk Books for the Court6-41
  • § 6:9 : Coordination with Other Parties6-42
    • § 6:9.1 : Coordination with Opposing Parties6-42
    • § 6:9.2 : Coordination with Co-Parties6-43
Chapter 7: Use of a Special Master, Expert Witness, Technical Advisor, or Magistrate Judge Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 7:1 : General Considerations7-2
  • § 7:2 : Legal Authority7-2
  • § 7:3 : Special Masters7-3
    • § 7:3.1 : Rule 53 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure7-3
    • § 7:3.2 : Consent of the Parties7-5
    • § 7:3.3 : Timing of Appointment7-6
    • § 7:3.4 : The Appointment Process7-6
    • § 7:3.5 : Assistance to the Special Master7-7
    • § 7:3.6 : Conflicts of Interest7-8
    • § 7:3.7 : Scope of Duties7-9
    • § 7:3.8 : Order Appointing a Special Master7-13
    • § 7:3.9 : Liability of a Special Master7-16
    • § 7:3.10 : Compensation7-16
    • § 7:3.11 : Appointment of Special Masters to Hold Trial Proceedings and Make or Recommend Findings of Fact7-17
    • § 7:3.12 : Conclusion7-19
  • § 7:4 : Expert Witness Appointed by the Court7-20
  • § 7:5 : Technical Advisors7-20
  • § 7:6 : Magistrate Judges7-20
Chapter 8: Conducting the Hearing Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 8:1 : General Considerations8-1
  • § 8:2 : Theme8-2
  • § 8:3 : Presenting the Proposed Construction8-3
    • § 8:3.1 : Strategic and Tactical Considerations8-3
    • § 8:3.2 : Written Materials8-3
    • § 8:3.3 : Oral Argument8-5
    • § 8:3.4 : Witnesses8-6
  • § 8:4 : Creating the Record8-7
    • § 8:4.1 : Admissibility of Evidence8-7
    • § 8:4.2 : Status of Court Aids8-8
Chapter 9: Form and Use of the Claim Construction Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 9:1 : General Considerations9-1
  • § 9:2 : Form of Construction9-1
    • § 9:2.1 : Order That Provides Reasons for Construction9-1
    • § 9:2.2 : Order That Does Not Provide Reasons for Construction9-2
    • § 9:2.3 : Preliminary Rulings9-2
  • § 9:3 : Use at Trial9-2
    • § 9:3.1 : Jury Instructions9-2
    • § 9:3.2 : Improper Uses9-4
    • § 9:3.3 : Modifications9-4
Chapter 10: Construing Claims Outside of Markman Hearings Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 10:1 : General Considerations10-1
  • § 10:2 : Motions for Preliminary Injunction10-2
  • § 10:3 : Motions for Summary Judgment10-6
  • § 10:4 : PTO Reexamination or Reissue10-9
Chapter 11: Appealing Claim Constructions Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  • § 11:1 : General Considerations11-1
  • § 11:2 : Standard of Review11-2
  • § 11:3 : No Interlocutory Appeals11-2
  • § 11:4 : Tactics to Obtain Speedy Appeal11-3
  Appendices Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix A: Checklist: Preparing for a Claim Construction Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix B: Proposed Patent Case—Scheduling Order Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix C: AIPLA’s Model Patent Jury Instructions Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix D: Dashwire Case Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix E: Claim Construction Visuals for a Mechanical Patent (No. 7,154,718) Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix F: Claim Construction Visuals for a Mechanical Patent (No. 7,173,799) Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix G: Claim Construction Visuals for an Electrical Patent (No. 7,283,340) Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
Appendix H: Sample Tutorial Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  Table of Authorities Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC
  Index Thomas L. Creel ~ Law Office of Thomas L Creel PC

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