TreatiseTreatise

How to Write a Patent Application (2nd Edition)

 by Jeffrey G. Sheldon
 
 Copyright: 2009-2015
 Last Updated: March 2015

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Product Details

  • ISBN Number: 9781402412950
  • Page Count: 1086
  • Number of Volumes: 1
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“[How to Write a Patent Application is] highly recommended.”
—National Council of Intellectual Property Law Association Newsletter

”[How to Write a Patent Application is] one of the most thorough treatments of the subject.”
—The Licensing Journal

Stocked with drafting checklists and sample drafting language, documents and drawings, the second edition of How to Write a Patent Application walks you step-by-step through the entire process of preparing patent applications.

This hands-on resource helps you:

  • Get from an inventor all the information needed to prepare an effective application
  • Claim an invention with sufficient breadth
  • Claim an invention so that the elements that render the invention nonobvious are clearly set forth in the claims
  • Claim an invention whose validity will be sustained by the courts 
  • Avoid damaging drafting mistakes such as faulty transitions, inconsistent terminology, incorrect verb forms, and deficient functional language

Completely up-to-date, How to Write a Patent Application analyzes developments under the America Invents Act, the latest USPTO initiatives, and key decisions of the federal courts, and provides the author’s practical suggestions and commentary.

  Table of Contents
  Table of Exhibits
Chapter 1: Introduction, When to File and Where to Prepare the Application
Chapter 2: Parts of a Patent Application (Including Obtaining Expedited Examination); and Exhibits 2-1A to 2-21
  • § 2:1 : Introduction2-3
  • § 2:2 : Parts of a Patent Application2-3
    • § 2:2.1 : What Is Needed to Obtain a Filing Date2-3
    • § 2:2.2 : Papers Filed in a “Typical” Application2-4
  • § 2:3 : Formal Papers2-5
    • § 2:3.1 : Oath or Declaration2-5
    • § 2:3.2 : Power of Attorney2-7
    • § 2:3.3 : Assignment2-8
    • § 2:3.4 : Small Entity and Micro Entity Claims2-11
    • § 2:1.4 : Application Data Sheet2-15
    • § 2:1.5 : Nonpublication Request2-16
  • § 2:6 : Drawings2-16
  • § 2:7 : Specification2-17
    • § 2:7.1 : Title of the Invention2-19
    • § 2:7.2 : Cross-References to Related Applications2-20
    • § 2:7.3 : Statement As to Invention Rights Under Federally Sponsored Research2-20
    • § 2:7.4 : Miscellaneous Statements2-21
    • § 2:7.5 : Compact Disc References2-21
    • § 2:7.6 : Background2-21
    • § 2:7.7 : Summary2-22
    • § 2:7.8 : Description of the Drawings2-22
    • § 2:7.9 : Description2-22
    • § 2:7.10 : Claims2-23
    • § 2:7.11 : Abstract2-24
  • § 2:8 : Preliminary Amendments2-24
  • § 2:9 : Information Disclosure Statement2-25
  • § 2:10 : Claiming Foreign Priority2-26
  • § 2:11 : Petition to Make Special2-28
    • § 2:11.1 : Introduction2-28
    • § 2:11.2 : Grounds for Requesting a Petition to Make Special2-28
    • § 2:11.3 : Procedure2-32
    • § 2:11.4 : Potential Advantages of a Petition to Make Special2-35
    • § 2:11.5 : Potential Disadvantages of a Petition to Make Special2-35
  • § 2:12 : Missing Parts Pilot Program2-36
  • § 2:13 : First Action Interview Program2-37
  • § 2:14 : Filing the Application2-37
    • § 2:14.1 : Cover Sheet and Filing Fees2-37
    • § 2:14.2 : Postcard and Mailing2-39
    • § 2:14.3 : Checklist2-40
  • § 2:15 : S-Signatures2-40
  • Exhibit 2-1A : Declaration (37 C.F.R. § 1.63) for Utility or Design Application Using an Application Data Sheet (37 C.F.R. § 1.76)2EX-1
  • Exhibit 2-1B : Substitute Statement in Lieu of an Oath or Declaration for Utility or Design Patent Application (35 U.S.C. § 115(d) and 37 C.F.R. § 1.64)2EX-3
  • Exhibit 2-2A : Transmittal for Power of Attorney to One or More Registered Practitioners2EX-5
  • Exhibit 2-2B : Power of Attorney to Prosecute Applications Before the USPTO2EX-9
  • Exhibit 2-2C : Power of Attorney to One or More of the Joint Inventors and Change of Correspondence Address2EX-11
  • Exhibit 2-3A : Assignment2EX-13
  • Exhibit 2-3B : Combination Inventor’s Declaration and Assignment2EX-15
  • Exhibit 2-4 : Assignment of Application2EX-19
  • Exhibit 2-5 : Recordation Form Cover Sheet2EX-21
  • Exhibit 2-6A : Definition of Small Entity Status2EX-23
  • Exhibit 2-6B : Micro Entity Status2EX-25
  • Exhibit 2-7 : Verified Statement Claiming Small Entity Status—Independent Inventor2EX-27
  • Exhibit 2-8 : Verified Statement Claiming Small Entity Status—Small Business Concern2EX-29
  • Exhibit 2-9 : Verified Statement Claiming Small Entity Status—Nonprofit Organization2EX-31
  • Exhibit 2-10 : Sample Patent2EX-33
  • Exhibit 2-11 : Information Disclosure Statement by Applicant2EX-39
  • Exhibit 2-12 : Utility Patent Application Transmittal2EX-43
  • Exhibit 2-13 : Patent Application Fee Determination Record2EX-45
  • Exhibit 2-14 : Postcard2EX-47
  • Exhibit 2-15 : Express Mail Certificate2EX-49
  • Exhibit 2-16 : Application Data Sheet2EX-51
  • Exhibit 2-17 : Checklist for Filing Patent Applications2EX-57
  • Exhibit 2-18 : Certification and Request for Extended Missing Parts Pilot Program2EX-59
  • Exhibit 2-19 : Nonpublication Request Under 35 U.S.C. § 122(b)(2)(B)(i)2EX-61
  • Exhibit 2-20 : Rescission of Previous Nonpublication Request (35 U.S.C. § 122(b)(2)(B)(ii)) and, If Applicable, Notice of Foreign Filing (35 U.S.C. § 122(b)(2)(B)(iii))2EX-63
  • Exhibit 2-21 : Certification of Micro Entity Status (Gross Income Basis)2EX-65
Chapter 3: Electronic Filing in the Patent Office; and Exhibit 3-1
Chapter 4: Working with the Inventor; and Exhibits 4-1 to 4-2
Chapter 5: The Patentability Search; and Exhibits 5-1 to 5-5
Chapter 6: Drawings; and Exhibits 6-1 to 6-23
Chapter 6A: Patentable Subject Matter
  • § 6A:1 : Introduction6A-2
  • § 6A:2 : Legislative Exceptions6A-3
  • § 6A:3 : Judicial Exceptions: The General Approach6A-3
  • § 6A:4 : The “Abstract” Exception6A-5
    • § 6A:4.1 : What Is “Abstract”?6A-5
    • § 6A:4.2 : What Is “Significantly More”?6A-7
    • § 6A:4.3 : Bilski Machine-or-Transformation Test6A-8
    • § 6A:4.4 : Patent Office Guidelines6A-10
      • [A] : Current Guidelines6A-11
      • [B] : Prior Guidelines6A-14
    • § 6A:4.5 : Case Law Post-Bilski6A-18
    • § 6A:4.6 : Recommendations for Drafting Claims to Avoid Abstractness6A-19
    • § 6A:4.7 : Pre-Bilski and Pre-Alice Decisions6A-22
    • § 6A:4.8 : Pre-Bilski Approved Claims for Computer/Software Inventions6A-24
      • [A] : Exclude Algorithms from the Claims6A-24
      • [B] : Include Tangible Elements6A-27
      • [C] : Transform Something Physical6A-30
      • [D] : Include Post-Solution Activity6A-33
      • [E] : Produce a Useful, Concrete, Tangible Result6A-33
  • § 6A:5 : Laws of Nature and Natural Phenomena6A-35
    • § 6A:5.1 : Introduction6A-35
    • § 6A:5.2 : Recent Supreme Court Cases6A-36
    • § 6A:5.3 : Federal Circuit Authority6A-36
    • § 6A:5.4 : The Patent Office Position6A-38
    • § 6A:5.5 : Recommendation for Drafting Claims Not Directed Merely to Laws of Nature and Naturally Occurring Substances6A-40
Chapter 7: Preparing the Claims; and Exhibits 7-1 to 7-16
  • § 7:1 : Introduction7-4
    • § 7:1.1 : Purpose of the Claims7-4
    • § 7:1.2 : Basic Principles of Claim Drafting7-5
    • § 7:1.3 : Start with the Claims7-5
  • § 7:2 : Statutory Requirements for the Claims7-6
    • § 7:2.1 : 35 U.S.C. § 1127-7
    • § 7:2.2 : 35 U.S.C. §§ 102 and 1037-11
    • § 7:2.3 : 35 U.S.C. § 1017-16
      • [A] : Exclusions from Patentable Subject Matter7-18
  • § 7:3 : Claim Form and Language7-19
    • § 7:3.1 : Claims Are Placed After the Specification7-19
    • § 7:3.2 : Single Sentence7-19
    • § 7:3.3 : Preamble7-20
      • [A] : Purpose and Form of Preamble7-20
      • [B] : Does the Preamble Limit the Claim Scope?7-22
    • § 7:3.4 : Transitions: From Preamble to the Body and from Elements to Subelements7-26
      • [A] : “Comprising” and Equivalents7-27
      • [B] : “Consisting of”7-28
      • [C] : “Consisting Essentially of”7-29
      • [D] : “Composed of” and “Having”7-29
      • [E] : Nonuse of “Step of” in the Transition7-30
      • [F] : Examples of Use of Transitions7-30
    • § 7:3.5 : Body of Claim7-31
      • [A] : Defining the Elements7-32
        • [A][1] : Introducing the Elements7-32
        • [A][2] : Single Clause7-33
        • [A][3] : Structural Definitions7-34
        • [A][4] : Functional Definitions7-36
          • [A][4][a] : “Means for” and “Step for” Clauses7-36
          • [A][4][b] : Functional Language7-42
          • [A][4][c] : “Whereby” Clauses7-43
      • [B] : Order of the Elements7-45
      • [C] : Cooperation7-46
        • [C][1] : Structural Cooperation7-48
        • [C][2] : Functional Cooperation7-49
        • [C][3] : Order of Steps7-50
      • [D] : Claim Format7-51
      • [E] : Reference Numbers7-52
      • [F] : Method Steps7-52
      • [G] : Use of “First” and “Second”7-52
    • § 7:3.6 : Arranging and Numbering the Claims7-53
  • § 7:4 : Types of Claims7-54
    • § 7:4.1 : Dependent Claims7-55
      • [A] : Form of Dependent Claims7-55
      • [B] : Content of Dependent Claims7-56
      • [C] : Use of Dependent Claims7-56
    • § 7:4.2 : Multiple Dependent Claims7-58
    • § 7:4.3 : Jepson Claims7-59
    • § 7:4.4 : Markush Groups7-61
      • [A] : Form of Markush Claims7-61
      • [B] : Relationship Between the Alternatives7-62
      • [C] : Uses of Markush Claims7-63
      • [D] : Recommendations re Markush Claims7-64
    • § 7:4.5 : Product-by-Process Claims7-66
    • § 7:4.6 : New-Use Claims7-67
  • § 7:5 : Strategy of Claim Drafting7-68
    • § 7:5.1 : Obtaining Broad Coverage7-68
    • § 7:5.2 : Drafting the Picture Claim7-70
    • § 7:5.3 : Writing the Broadest Claim or Claims7-70
      • [A] : Defining the Novel and Nonobvious Element or Elements7-72
      • [B] : Avoid Unnecessary Limitations and Elements7-72
        • [B][1] : In the Preamble7-72
        • [B][2] : In the Transition7-73
        • [B][3] : In the Body7-73
      • [C] : Defining Elements by Their Function7-74
        • [C][1] : Using Means Clauses7-74
        • [C][2] : Using Functional Language7-78
      • [D] : Comparing the Broadest Claim Against the Prior Art7-79
      • [E] : Verifying Claim Structure with a Diagram7-80
    • § 7:5.4 : Include Different Statutory Classes of Claims7-80
    • § 7:5.5 : Converting Process Claims to Apparatus Claims7-83
    • § 7:5.6 : Adding Limitations to a Claim Without Narrowing the Claim7-83
    • § 7:5.7 : Claim the Environment of the Invention7-84
    • § 7:5.8 : Using Dependent Claims7-84
      • [A] : Strategic Use of Dependent Claims7-84
      • [B] : Strategic Use of Multiple Dependent Claims7-88
    • § 7:5.9 : Using Independent Claims of Intermediate Scope7-89
    • § 7:5.10 : Using Kit Claims7-89
    • § 7:5.11 : Claim What Is Sold7-90
    • § 7:5.12 : Controlling the Number of Claims7-91
    • § 7:5.13 : Use of “About” and Other Terms of Approximation7-92
    • § 7:5.14 : Use of Numerical Limitations7-94
      • [A] : Avoid Precise Numbers7-94
      • [B] : Use Functional Language in Lieu of Numerical Limits7-94
      • [C] : Numerical Limitations Can Require Criticality7-95
    • § 7:5.15 : Avoid the Doctrines of Patent Exhaustion and Implied License7-95
    • § 7:5.16 : Carefully Use “a,” “an,” and “One”7-96
    • § 7:5.17 : void 35 U.S.C. § 287(c)7-97
    • § 7:5.18 : Beware of “Including”7-97
    • § 7:5.19 : Claim All Disclosed Embodiments7-98
    • § 7:5.20 : Include Ambiguous Claims7-99
    • § 7:5.21 : Claim to Avoid Festo7-100
    • § 7:5.22 : Do Not Include Theory in the Claims7-101
    • § 7:5.23 : Carefully Use Alternative Language7-101
    • § 7:5.24 : Use a Dictionary When Drafting Claims7-102
    • § 7:5.25 : Avoid Divided and Distributed Claims7-102
    • § 7:5.26 : Drafting Claims with Consideration of a Restriction Requirement7-104
    • § 7:5.27 : Carefully Use “and” and “or”7-106
  • § 7:6 : Claim Deficiencies—What Not to Do7-107
    • § 7:6.1 : Use of Inconsistent Terminology7-107
    • § 7:6.2 : Wrong Verb Form7-107
    • § 7:6.3 : Lack of Antecedent Basis, Support, or Both7-108
      • [A] : Antecedent Basis in the Claim7-108
      • [B] : Antecedent Basis in the Specification7-109
      • [C] : Antecedent Basis in the Drawings7-110
    • § 7:6.4 : Indefiniteness7-110
      • [A] : Words of Degree and Relational Terms7-112
      • [B] : Indefinite References to Antecedent Elements7-114
      • [C] : Alternative Expressions7-115
    • § 7:6.5 : Deficient Functional Language7-116
      • [A] : Meaningless Means Clauses7-117
      • [B] : Overly Broad7-117
      • [C] : Nonexistent Novelty and Nonobviousness7-119
    • § 7:6.6 : Surplusage7-119
    • § 7:6.7 : Tainted Trademarks7-120
    • § 7:6.8 : Incomplete Claims7-121
    • § 7:6.9 : Negative Limitations7-121
    • § 7:6.10 : Nonexistent Operability7-123
    • § 7:6.11 : Overbroad Ranges7-123
    • § 7:6.12 : Avoid Having Claims with Priority Before and After March 16, 20137-123
  • § 7:7 : Improving Claim Quality7-124
  • Exhibit 7-1 : Broad Claim for Shaking Apparatus of Exhibits 7-11 and 7-137EX-1
  • Exhibit 7-2 : Broad Claim for Strand-Collecting Apparatus7EX-3
  • Exhibit 7-3 : Proper and Improper Cooperation Among Elements of a Claim7EX-5
  • Exhibit 7-4 : Dependent Claim Sequences7EX-7
  • Exhibit 7-5 : Improper Multiple Dependent Claim Sequence7EX-9
  • Exhibit 7-6 : Jepson Apparatus Claim7EX-11
  • Exhibit 7-7 : Jepson Method Claim7EX-13
  • Exhibit 7-8 : Jepson Composition-of-Matter Claim7EX-15
  • Exhibit 7-9 : Markush Claim7EX-17
  • Exhibit 7-10 : Product-by-Process Claim7EX-19
  • Exhibit 7-11 : Drawings of Shaking Apparatus7EX-21
  • Exhibit 7-12 : Picture Claim of Shaking Apparatus of Exhibits 7-11 and 7-137EX-23
  • Exhibit 7-13 : Schematic of Broad Claim of Exhibit 7-17EX-25
  • Exhibit 7-14 : Checklist of Possible Claim Deficiencies7EX-27
  • Exhibit 7-15 : Example of Poor Claim Drafting: Suction Cleaner7EX-29
  • Exhibit 7-16 : Example of Poor Claim Drafting: Steam and Dry Iron7EX-35
Chapter 8: Writing the Specification; and Exhibits 8-1 to 8-3
  • § 8:1 : Introduction: The Requirements of 35 U.S.C. § 112 and the Utility Requirement8-4
    • § 8:1.1 : 35 U.S.C. § 1128-4
    • § 8:1.2 : Utility8-5
  • § 8:2 : Satisfying the Description Requirement of § 1128-9
  • § 8:3 : Satisfying the Enablement Requirement of § 1128-16
    • § 8:3.1 : What Is the Enablement Requirement?8-16
    • § 8:3.2 : Guidelines for Satisfying the Enablement Requirement8-17
      • [A] : The Enablement Requirement Applies Only to Claimed Subject Matter8-17
      • [B] : The Specification Need Be Enabling Only to Someone Skilled in the Relevant Art8-18
      • [C] : The “Skill of the Art” Is Determined As of the Date of Filing8-20
      • [D] : The Specification Need Not Explain How or Why the Invention Works8-20
      • [E] : Undue Experimentation Must Not Be Required to Reproduce the Invention8-21
      • [F] : The Claimed Matter Must Not Be Unduly Broad in Relation to the Disclosure8-23
      • [G] : The Specification Must Teach How to Make and Use Each Member of a Markush Group8-25
      • [H] : Working and Prophetic Examples Can Be Used to Satisfy the Enablement Requirement8-26
      • [I] : The Enablement Requirement Does Not Extend to Technology That Arises After the Time of Filing8-26
      • [J] : How-To-Use Aspect of Enablement Requirement Requires Satisfaction of Utility Requirement8-27
      • [K] : The Most Optimized Configuration of the Invention Does Not Need to Be Enabled8-27
      • [L] : Testing in Animals Can Enable Use in Humans8-27
  • § 8:4 : Satisfying the “Best Mode” Requirement of § 1128-27
    • § 8:4.1 : What Is the “Best Mode” Requirement?8-27
    • § 8:4.2 : Guidelines for Satisfying the “Best Mode” Requirement8-28
      • [A] : The “Best Mode” Requirement Applies Only to Claimed Subject Matter and Unclaimed Elements Necessary for Operation of the Invention8-29
      • [B] : Only the Best Mode As of the Filing Date Need Be Disclosed8-31
      • [C] : The Best Mode Is Not Necessarily the Eventual Commercial Method8-31
      • [D] : The Specification Need Only Disclose What the Inventor Subjectively Believes to Be the Best Mode8-32
      • [E] : Violation of the “Best Mode” Standard Can Be Accidental8-32
      • [F] : The Best Mode Must Be Disclosed Even If the Applicant Did Not Invent It8-32
      • [G] : The Description of the Best Mode Has to Be Objectively Enabling8-33
      • [H] : The Use of Trademarks to Satisfy the Best Mode Requirement8-35
      • [I] : The Disclosure of the Best Mode Cannot Rely on Prior Art That Is Nonconventional or Not Widely Known8-35
      • [J] : The Best Mode Need Not Be Identified As Such, But It Should Not Be Hidden8-36
      • [K] : The Public Cannot Be Misled As to the Best Mode8-37
      • [L] : A Working Example Is an Effective Way to Disclose the Best Mode8-38
      • [M] : Trade Secrets and the Best Mode Are Incompatible8-38
      • [N] : The Best Mode Requirement Does Not Include Unclaimed Uses of the Invention8-39
  • § 8:5 : Writing the Specification8-40
    • § 8:5.1 : Introduction8-40
    • § 8:5.2 : Parts of the Application8-42
    • § 8:5.3 : Title8-43
    • § 8:5.4 : Identification of Inventors8-44
    • § 8:5.5 : Cross-References and Priority Claims8-45
      • [A] : Types of Applications8-47
    • § 8:5.6 : Government Rights8-49
    • § 8:5.7 : Reference to CDs8-49
    • § 8:5.8 : Background8-49
      • [A] : Heading8-49
      • [B] : What the Background Section Should Not Include8-49
      • [C] : What the Background Section Should Include8-52
    • § 8:5.9 : Summary Section8-54
      • [A] : Heading8-54
      • [B] : Opening8-54
      • [C] : Contents8-54
      • [D] : Closing8-56
    • § 8:5.10 : Drawings8-57
      • [A] : Transitional Clause8-57
      • [B] : Refer to “Version” of the Invention8-57
      • [C] : Use of Suffixes for Similar Drawings8-58
      • [D] : Cross-Reference the Drawings8-58
      • [E] : Refer to Different “Versions” of the Invention8-58
    • § 8:5.11 : Description8-58
      • [A] : Caption8-58
      • [B] : Purpose of the Description8-59
      • [C] : Outline of a Typical Description8-59
        • [C][1] : The Opening8-59
        • [C][2] : Definitions8-61
        • [C][3] : Overview8-62
        • [C][4] : Detailed Description of the Elements (Including Means-Plus-Function Elements)8-63
        • [C][5] : How the Invention Is Used8-67
        • [C][6] : Advantages of the Invention8-67
        • [C][7] : Specific Embodiments and Examples8-69
        • [C][8] : Alternatives and the Closing8-71
      • [D] : Use of Prior Art Patents8-72
      • [E] : Ranges and Preferences8-73
      • [F] : Use of Trademarks8-75
      • [G] : Incorporation by Reference8-76
      • [H] : Reference Numbers8-79
        • [H][1] : The Description Is Written As If No Reference Numbers Are Used8-79
        • [H][2] : The Reference Numbers Should Be Kept Sequential8-80
        • [H][3] : Numbers Higher Than Drawing Numbers Should Be Used8-80
        • [H][4] : Chart the Reference Numbers8-80
        • [H][5] : Skip the Reference Numbers8-80
        • [H][6] : Use the Reference Numbers Consistently8-81
        • [H][7] : Use Suffixes to Distinguish Similar Elements8-81
        • [H][8] : Use Series of Numbers for Clarity8-81
      • [I] : Antecedent8-81
      • [J] : Use of Spatial Directions8-81
      • [K] : Avoid Absolutes8-82
      • [L] : Use Present Tense8-82
      • [M] : Avoid “etc.” and Carefully Use “i.e.”8-82
      • [N] : Copyright or Mask Work Notice8-83
      • [O] : Line Numbers and Docket Numbers8-83
      • [P] : Tabular Data8-84
      • [Q] : Use of “Optional,” “Preferable,” and Other Equivocal Terms8-84
      • [R] : Use of “Present Invention”8-85
      • [S] : Support for Negative Limitations8-85
      • [T] : Improving Patent Quality8-85
    • § 8:5.12 : Abstract8-86
  • § 8:6 : Strategic Writing of the Specification for Broad Claim Interpretation8-88
  • § Exhibit 8-1 : Exhibit 8-18EX-1
  • Exhibit 8-1 : Terminology8EX-1
  • Exhibit 8-2 : Chart of Numbered Elements (Partial)8EX-11
  • Exhibit 8-3 : Tree Diagram of Numbered Elements8EX-13
Chapter 9: Information Disclosure Statement; and Exhibit 9-1
  • § 9:1 : Introduction9-1
  • § 9:2 : What Information Must Be Disclosed9-3
    • § 9:2.1 : The Current Materiality Standard9-3
    • § 9:2.2 : The Pre-1992 Standard9-3
    • § 9:2.3 : The Current Patent Office Standard9-4
    • § 9:2.4 : Ethical Considerations9-5
    • § 9:2.5 : Recommendations9-5
      • [A] : Checklist of Material Information9-8
  • § 9:3 : When Should the Information Disclosure Statement Be Filed?9-11
  • § 9:4 : Content of Information Disclosure Statement9-13
  • § 9:5 : Submission of Listed Documents9-15
  • § 9:6 : Electronic Filing of an Information Disclosure Statement9-16
  • § 9:7 : Example9-17
  • Exhibit 9-1 : Sample Information Disclosure Statement9EX-1
Chapter 10: Design Patent Applications; and Exhibits 10-1 to 10-10
Chapter 11: Provisional Patent Applications; and Exhibits 11-1 to 11-3
Chapter 12: Plant Patent Applications; and Exhibits 12-1 to 12-7
Chapter 13: Electrical Patent Applications; and Exhibits 13-1 to 13-10
Chapter 14: Patent Applications for Software and Methods of Doing Business; and Exhibits 14-1 to 14-4
Chapter 15: Patent Applications for the Chemical Invention; and Exhibit 15-1
Chapter 16: Biotechnology Patent Applications
  • § 16:1 : Introduction16-2
    • § 16:1.1 : Scope of This Chapter16-2
    • § 16:1.2 : What Is Biotechnology?16-2
    • § 16:1.3 : Alternative Forms of Protection16-3
    • § 16:1.4 : Does a Patent Application Make Economic Sense?16-4
  • § 16:2 : Identifying the Invention16-5
  • § 16:3 : Patentability of Biotechnology Inventions16-8
    • § 16:3.1 : Patentable Subject Matter16-9
    • § 16:3.2 : Utility16-9
      • [A] : General Principles16-9
      • [B] : Utility Problems for Biotechnology Inventions16-10
    • § 16:3.3 : Novelty16-14
    • § 16:3.4 : Obviousness16-15
  • § 16:4 : Satisfying the Requirements of 35 U.S.C. § 11216-19
    • § 16:4.1 : The Requirements of 35 U.S.C. § 11216-19
    • § 16:4.2 : Written Description16-20
    • § 16:4.3 : Enablement16-25
    • § 16:4.4 : Best Mode16-29
    • § 16:4.5 : Deposits16-30
    • § 16:4.6 : Presentation of Nucleotide or Amino Acid Sequence Data or Both16-32
  • § 16:5 : Claims16-35
    • § 16:5.1 : Claim-Breadth Problems16-35
    • § 16:5.2 : Restriction Requirements16-37
    • § 16:5.3 : Claim Format16-37
    • § 16:5.4 : Claim Definiteness16-39
    • § 16:5.5 : Use of Method Claims16-39
    • § 16:5.6 : Exemplary Biotechnology Claims16-40
    • § 16:5.7 : Claim Strategies for Biotechnology Inventions16-47
      • [A] : Nucleic Acids16-47
      • [B] : Promoter Sequences16-49
      • [C] : Vectors and Transfected Cells16-50
      • [D] : Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs)16-50
      • [E] : Antisense Nucleic Acids16-50
      • [F] : Transgenic Animals16-52
      • [G] : Genetic Therapy16-53
      • [H] : Polypeptides16-54
      • [I] : Vaccines16-56
      • [J] : Antibodies and Hybridomas16-56
      • [K] : DNA Chips (Microarrays) and Their Use16-58
      • [L] : Combinatorial Libraries16-58
      • [M] : Assays for Biological Compounds16-59
      • [N] : New Uses of Known Biological Molecules16-61
      • [O] : Metabolites16-62
      • [P] : Drugs16-63
Chapter 17: Preparing Foreign Patent Applications Based on a U.S. Application; and Exhibits 17-1 to 17-3
Chapter 18: Reissue Patent Applications; and Exhibits 18-1 to 18-3
  • § 18:1 : Procedure for Correcting an Issued Patent18-1
  • § 18:2 : Introduction to Reissue Patents18-2
    • § 18:2.1 : What Can Be Accomplished with a Reissue Patent18-3
    • § 18:2.2 : What Cannot Be Accomplished with a Reissue Application18-4
    • § 18:2.3 : Intervening Rights18-5
  • § 18:3 : Procedural Aspects of the Reissue Application18-5
    • § 18:3.1 : Diligence18-5
    • § 18:3.2 : Who Can Apply18-6
  • § 18:4 : Contents of the Reissue Application18-6
    • § 18:4.1 : Overview of the Contents18-6
    • § 18:4.2 : Revised Specification and Drawings18-6
    • § 18:4.3 : Reissue Claims18-7
    • § 18:4.4 : Reissue Oath18-8
    • § 18:4.5 : Claim for Priority18-8
    • § 18:4.6 : Petition to Make Special18-8
    • § 18:4.7 : Information Disclosure Statement18-9
    • § 18:4.8 : Other Papers18-9
  • § 18:5 : Tactical Considerations18-9
  • Exhibit 18-1 : Reissue Application Declaration18EX-1
  • Exhibit 18-2 : Contingent Request for Transfer of Drawings to Reissue File18EX-3
  • Exhibit 18-3 : Consent for Reissue18EX-5
Appendix A: Selected Provisions of Title 35 United States Code: Patents
Appendix B: Selected Provisions of Title 37 Code of Federal Regulations: Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights
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