TreatiseTreatise

How to Write a Patent Application (2nd Edition)

 by Jeffrey G. Sheldon
 
 Copyright: 2009-2014
 Last Updated: April 2014

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Product Details

  • ISBN Number: 9781402412950
  • Page Count: 1086
  • Number of Volumes: 1
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“[How to Write a Patent Application is] highly recommended.”
—National Council of Intellectual Property Law Association Newsletter

”[How to Write a Patent Application is] one of the most thorough treatments of the subject.”
—The Licensing Journal

Stocked with drafting checklists and sample drafting language, documents and drawings, PLI’s new Second Edition of How to Write a Patent Application helps you to get all the information from an inventor that is needed to prepare a solid patent application · claim an invention with sufficient breadth · claim an invention so that those elements that render the invention “nonobvious” are clearly set forth in the claims · and claim an invention so that the PTO will issue a patent and its validity will be sustained by the courts.

The new Second Edition discusses the Federal Circuit’s In re Bilski, which provides its latest test for patentable subject matter of a process, and suggests how to satisfy the Bilski test · the courts’ application of the “ordinary observer” test in cases involving infringement of a design patent · and biotechnology inventions, with the focus on the steps involved in satisfying the written description requirement for a claimed genus.

Updated at least once a year, the Second Edition of How to Write a Patent Application is a crucial, hands-on resource for patent lawyers and for other intellectual property attorneys and a useful basic reference for general practitioners.

  Table of Exhibits
  Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction, When to File and Where to Prepare the Application
  • § 1:1 : Need for This Book1-1
  • § 1:2 : How to Use This Book1-4
  • § 1:3 : Organization of This Book1-5
  • § 1:4 : Terminology Used in This Book1-5
  • § 1:5 : How Quickly Should the Application Be Filed?1-6
    • § 1:5.1 : Reasons for Filing Promptly1-6
    • § 1:5.2 : Reasons for Not Filing Promptly1-7
    • § 1:5.3 : Techniques for Speeding Up the Filing Process1-7
  • § 1:6 : Where to Prepare the Application1-9
  • § 1:7 : Conclusion1-10
Chapter 2: Parts of a Patent Application (Including Obtaining Expedited Examination); and Exhibits 2-1A to 2-21
  • § 2:1 : Introduction2-3
  • § 2:2 : Parts of a Patent Application2-3
    • § 2:2.1 : What Is Needed to Obtain a Filing Date2-3
    • § 2:2.2 : Papers Filed in a “Typical” Application2-4
  • § 2:3 : Formal Papers2-5
    • § 2:3.1 : Oath or Declaration2-5
    • § 2:3.2 : Power of Attorney2-7
    • § 2:3.3 : Assignment2-8
    • § 2:3.4 : Small Entity and Micro Entity Claims2-11
    • § 2:3.5 : Application Data Sheet2-14
    • § 2:3.6 : Nonpublication Request2-15
  • § 2:4 : Drawings2-15
  • § 2:5 : Specification2-16
    • § 2:5.1 : Title of the Invention2-19
    • § 2:5.2 : Cross-References to Related Applications2-19
    • § 2:5.3 : Statement As to Invention Rights Under Federally Sponsored Research2-20
    • § 2:5.4 : Miscellaneous Statements2-20
    • § 2:5.5 : Compact Disc References2-20
    • § 2:5.6 : Background2-20
    • § 2:5.7 : Summary2-21
    • § 2:5.8 : Description of the Drawings2-21
    • § 2:5.9 : Description2-21
    • § 2:5.10 : Claims2-22
    • § 2:5.11 : Abstract2-23
  • § 2:6 : Preliminary Amendments2-23
  • § 2:7 : Information Disclosure Statement2-24
  • § 2:8 : Claiming Foreign Priority2-25
  • § 2:9 : Petition to Make Special2-27
    • § 2:9.1 : Introduction2-27
    • § 2:9.2 : Grounds for Requesting a Petition to Make Special2-27
    • § 2:9.3 : Procedure2-30
    • § 2:9.4 : Potential Advantages of a Petition to Make Special2-33
    • § 2:9.5 : Potential Disadvantages of a Petition to Make Special2-34
  • § 2:10 : Missing Parts Pilot Program2-34
  • § 2:11 : First Action Interview Program2-35
  • § 2:12 : Filing the Application2-35
    • § 2:12.1 : Cover Sheet and Filing Fees2-35
    • § 2:12.2 : Postcard and Mailing2-37
    • § 2:12.3 : Checklist2-39
  • § 2:13 : S-Signatures2-39
  • Exhibit 2-1A : Declaration (37 C.F.R. § 1.63) for Utility or Design Application Using an Application Data Sheet (37 C.F.R. § 1.76)2EX-1
  • Exhibit 2-1B : Substitute Statement in Lieu of an Oath or Declaration for Utility or Design Patent Application (35 U.S.C. § 115(d) and 37 C.F.R. § 1.64)2EX-3
  • Exhibit 2-2A : Transmittal for Power of Attorney to One or More Registered Practitioners2EX-5
  • Exhibit 2-2B : Power of Attorney to Prosecute Applications Before the USPTO2EX-9
  • Exhibit 2-2C : Power of Attorney to One or More of the Joint Inventors and Change of Correspondence Address2EX-11
  • Exhibit 2-3A : Assignment2EX-13
  • Exhibit 2-3B : Combination Inventor’s Declaration and Assignment2EX-15
  • Exhibit 2-4 : Assignment of Application2EX-19
  • Exhibit 2-5 : Recordation Form Cover Sheet2EX-21
  • Exhibit 2-6A : Definition of Small Entity Status2EX-23
  • Exhibit 2-6B : Micro Entity Status2EX-25
  • Exhibit 2-7 : Verified Statement Claiming Small Entity Status—Independent Inventor2EX-27
  • Exhibit 2-8 : Verified Statement Claiming Small Entity Status—Small Business Concern2EX-29
  • Exhibit 2-9 : Verified Statement Claiming Small Entity Status—Nonprofit Organization2EX-31
  • Exhibit 2-10 : Sample Patent2EX-33
  • Exhibit 2-11 : Information Disclosure Statement by Applicant2EX-39
  • Exhibit 2-12 : Utility Patent Application Transmittal2EX-43
  • Exhibit 2-13 : Patent Application Fee Determination Record2EX-45
  • Exhibit 2-14 : Postcard2EX-47
  • Exhibit 2-15 : Express Mail Certificate2EX-49
  • Exhibit 2-16 : Application Data Sheet2EX-51
  • Exhibit 2-17 : Checklist for Filling Patent Applications2EX-57
  • Exhibit 2-18 : Certification and Request for Extended Missing Parts Pilot Program2EX-59
  • Exhibit 2-19 : Nonpublication Request Under 35 U.S.C. § 122(b)(2)(B)(i)2EX-61
  • Exhibit 2-20 : Rescission of Previous Nonpublication Request (35 U.S.C. § 122(b)(2)(B)(ii)) and, If Applicable, Notice of Foreign Filing (35 U.S.C. § 122(b)(2)(B)(iii))2EX-63
  • Exhibit 2-21 : Certification of Micro Entity Status (Gross Income Basis)2EX-65
Chapter 3: Electronic Filing in the Patent Office; and Exhibit 3-1
  • § 3:1 : Introduction3-1
  • § 3:2 : Overview of Electronic Filing3-3
  • § 3:3 : Who Can Electronically File3-3
  • § 3:4 : What Can Be Electronically Filed3-3
  • § 3:5 : Hardware and Software Required3-3
  • § 3:6 : Obtaining a Digital Certificate3-4
  • § 3:7 : Preparing the Application for Electronic Filing3-5
  • § 3:8 : Preparing the Drawings for Electronic Filing3-7
  • § 3:9 : Preparing Additional Parts3-8
  • § 3:10 : Filing the Application3-8
  • § 3:11 : Using USPTO Fillable Forms3-10
  • § 3:12 : Preparing Electronic Information Disclosure Statements3-11
  • § 3:13 : Electronic Filing of Assignments3-11
  • § 3:14 : EFS Signatures3-11
  • § 3:15 : Useful Contact Information and Help Sources3-12
  • § 3:16 : Conclusion3-12
  • Exhibit 3-1 : Electronic Acknowledgement Receipt3EX-1
Chapter 4: Working with the Inventor; and Exhibits 4-1 to 4-2
  • § 4:1 : Introduction4-1
  • § 4:2 : Investigating Whether an Application Should Be Filed4-2
  • § 4:3 : Identifying the Inventor or Inventors4-2
  • § 4:4 : Preparing for the Initial Interview4-11
  • § 4:5 : Initial Interview4-11
    • § 4:5.1 : Let the Inventor Tell the Story4-11
    • § 4:5.2 : Obtain an Enabling Disclosure4-11
    • § 4:5.3 : Do Not Become an Inventor4-13
    • § 4:5.4 : Avoiding Inequitable Conduct4-13
  • § 4:6 : Sending the Draft Application to the Inventor4-14
  • § 4:7 : Getting the Application Executed4-14
  • Exhibit 4-1 : Checklist for Patent Protection Evaluation4EX-1
  • Exhibit 4-2 : Checklist for Patent Protection Evaluation (Annotated)4EX-3
  • Exhibit 4-3 : Inventor Prior Art Information Disclosure4EX-5
  • Exhibit 4-4 : Client Checklist for Patent Protection Evaluation (Annotated)4EX-7
Chapter 5: The Patentability Search; and Exhibits 5-1 to 5-5
  • § 5:1 : Introduction5-1
  • § 5:2 : What Is a Patentability Search?5-2
  • § 5:3 : Why Order a Patentability Search?5-3
    • § 5:3.1 : Economics5-3
    • § 5:3.2 : A Better Application Can Be Prepared5-3
    • § 5:3.3 : Commercial Reasons for Conducting a Patentability Search5-4
    • § 5:3.4 : Avoid Festo5-4
    • § 5:3.5 : Foreign Filing Decisions5-5
  • § 5:4 : Why Not to Order a Patentability Search5-5
  • § 5:5 : Procedure for Ordering a Patentability Search5-6
    • § 5:5.1 : Selecting the Searcher5-7
    • § 5:5.2 : Information to Include in the Search Request5-7
    • § 5:5.3 : Scope of the Search5-7
    • § 5:5.4 : Cost of the Search5-8
    • § 5:5.5 : Example of a Search Request Letter5-8
  • § 5:6 : Limitations of a Patentability Search5-9
  • § 5:7 : Reporting the Results of the Patentability Search5-9
  • Exhibit 5-1 : Letter Ordering Patentability Search5EX-1
  • Exhibit 5-2 : Notice to Clients Regarding Patentability Searches5EX-3
  • Exhibit 5-3 : Letter Reporting Patentability Study Results (Favorable)5EX-5
  • Exhibit 5-4 : Letter Reporting Patentability Study Results (Negative)5EX-9
  • Exhibit 5-5 : Letter Reporting Patentability Study Results (Neutral)5EX-13
Chapter 6: Drawings; and Exhibits 6-1 to 6-23
  • § 6:1 : Introduction6-2
    • § 6:1.1 : When Drawings Are Required6-3
    • § 6:1.2 : When to Order Drawings6-5
    • § 6:1.3 : Informal Versus Formal Drawings6-6
  • § 6:2 : Contents of the Drawings6-6
    • § 6:2.1 : What Should Be Included in the Drawings6-6
    • § 6:2.2 : What Can Be Excluded from the Drawings6-7
    • § 6:2.3 : Example of Drawings Showing Claimed Features6-8
  • § 6:3 : Drawing the Invention6-9
    • § 6:3.1 : Perspective Views6-11
    • § 6:3.2 : Front, Side, and Top Views6-11
    • § 6:3.3 : Sectional Views6-12
    • § 6:3.4 : Exploded Views6-13
    • § 6:3.5 : Graphs and Charts6-14
    • § 6:3.6 : Flowcharts and Schematics6-14
    • § 6:3.7 : Complex Chemical Structures6-14
    • § 6:3.8 : Illustrating the Use of the Invention6-15
  • § 6:4 : Formal Requirements6-15
    • § 6:4.1 : Paper Type, Size, and Margins6-16
    • § 6:4.2 : Drawing Ink and Erasure6-16
    • § 6:4.3 : Scale6-17
    • § 6:4.4 : Arrangement of Views6-17
    • § 6:4.5 : Lines, Letters, and Reference Numerals6-18
    • § 6:4.6 : Identification of Drawings6-19
  • § 6:5 : Illustrative Styles and Symbols6-19
    • § 6:5.1 : Types and Forms of Lines6-19
      • [A] : Object Line6-20
      • [B] : Cutting Plane Line6-20
      • [C] : Projection Line6-20
      • [D] : Hidden Line6-20
      • [E] : Lead Line6-21
      • [F] : Center Line6-21
    • § 6:5.2 : Shading6-21
    • § 6:5.3 : Hatching Patterns6-22
    • § 6:5.4 : Mechanical Components6-22
    • § 6:5.5 : Illustrative Symbols and Labeled Representations6-23
  • § 6:6 : Special Forms of Illustration6-24
    • § 6:6.1 : Black-and-White Photographs6-24
    • § 6:6.2 : Colored Drawings and Photographs6-25
    • § 6:6.3 : Computer Programming Lists6-25
  • § 6:7 : Mailing6-25
  • Exhibit 6-1 : Front Views of a Grill Cleaner6EX-1
  • Exhibit 6-2 : Device for Lifting and Inverting Cylindrical Containers6EX-3
  • Exhibit 6-3 : Partially Broken Away Front Perspective View6EX-5
  • Exhibit 6-4 : Three Partial Sectional Views6EX-7
  • Exhibit 6-5 : Exploded Views6EX-9
  • Exhibit 6-6 : Plot of Unreacted Carbon6EX-11
  • Exhibit 6-7 : Flowchart (Catalytic Production of Hydrogen from Low Heating Value Gases)6EX-13
  • Exhibit 6-8 : Flowchart (Decompiler for Industrial Controllers)6EX-15
  • Exhibit 6-9 : Schematic: Procedure for the Metered Addition of Copper Ions in Cheese Production6EX-17
  • Exhibit 6-10 : Schematic: Engine Spark Control Apparatus6EX-19
  • Exhibit 6-11 : Complex Chemical Structures6EX-21
  • Exhibit 6-12 : Use of an Invention6EX-23
  • Exhibit 6-13 : Types of Lines6EX-25
  • Exhibit 6-14 : Use of Lines6EX-27
  • Exhibit 6-15 : Circular Shading Lines6EX-29
  • Exhibit 6-16 : Oblique Shading Lines6EX-31
  • Exhibit 6-17 : Shading Lines for Inclined Surfaces Versus Flat Surfaces6EX-33
  • Exhibit 6-18 : Sanctioned Hatching Patterns6EX-35
  • Exhibit 6-19 : Threads—Conventional Methods6EX-37
  • Exhibit 6-20 : Gears6EX-39
  • Exhibit 6-21 : Worm Gear in Mesh6EX-41
  • Exhibit 6-22 : Symbols for Conventional Electrical and Mechanical Elements6EX-43
  • Exhibit 6-23 : Transmission Electron Micrograph of Fibrous Carbon Chain6EX-47
Chapter 6A: Patentable Subject Matter
  • § 6A:1 : Introduction6A-1
  • § 6A:2 : Legislative Exceptions6A-3
  • § 6A:3 : The “Abstract” Exception6A-3
    • § 6A:3.1 : What Is “Abstract”?6A-3
    • § 6A:3.2 : Bilski Machine-or-Transformation Test6A-4
    • § 6A:3.3 : Patent Office Guidelines6A-7
    • § 6A:3.4 : Case Law Post-Bilski6A-11
    • § 6A:3.5 : Recommendations for Drafting Claims to Avoid Abstractness6A-13
    • § 6A:3.6 : Pre-Bilski Decisions6A-15
    • § 6A:3.7 : Pre-Bilski Approved Claims for Computer/Software Inventions6A-17
      • [A] : Exclude Algorithms from the Claims6A-17
      • [B] : Include Tangible Elements6A-20
      • [C] : Transform Something Physical6A-23
      • [D] : Include Post-Solution Activity6A-26
      • [E] : Produce a Useful, Concrete, Tangible Result6A-27
  • § 6A:4 : Laws of Nature and Natural Phenomena6A-28
    • § 6A:4.1 : Introduction6A-28
    • § 6A:4.2 : Recent Supreme Court Cases6A-29
    • § 6A:4.3 : Federal Circuit Authority6A-30
    • § 6A:4.4 : The Patent Office Position6A-31
    • § 6A:4.5 : Recommendation for Drafting Claims Not Directed Merely to Laws of Nature and Naturally Occurring Substances6A-33
Chapter 7: Preparing the Claims; and Exhibits 7-1 to 7-16
  • § 7:1 : Introduction7-4
    • § 7:1.1 : Purpose of the Claims7-4
    • § 7:1.2 : Basic Principles of Claim Drafting7-4
    • § 7:1.3 : Start with the Claims7-5
  • § 7:2 : Statutory Requirements for the Claims7-6
    • § 7:2.1 : 35 U.S.C. § 1127-6
    • § 7:2.2 : 35 U.S.C. §§ 102 and 1037-11
    • § 7:2.3 : 35 U.S.C. § 1017-16
      • [A] : Exclusions from Patentable Subject Matter7-18
  • § 7:3 : Claim Form and Language7-18
    • § 7:3.1 : Claims Are Placed After the Specification7-19
    • § 7:3.2 : Single Sentence7-19
    • § 7:3.3 : Preamble7-20
      • [A] : Purpose and Form of Preamble7-20
      • [B] : Does the Preamble Limit the Claim Scope?7-22
    • § 7:3.4 : Transitions: From Preamble to the Body and from Elements to Subelements7-26
      • [A] : “Comprising” and Equivalents7-27
      • [B] : “Consisting of”7-28
      • [C] : “Consisting Essentially of”7-28
      • [D] : “Composed of” and “Having”7-29
      • [E] : Nonuse of “Step of” in the Transition7-30
      • [F] : Examples of Use of Transitions7-30
    • § 7:3.5 : Body of Claim7-31
      • [A] : Defining the Elements7-32
        • [A][1] : Introducing the Elements7-32
        • [A][2] : Single Clause7-33
        • [A][3] : Structural Definitions7-34
        • [A][4] : Functional Definitions7-35
          • [A][4][a] : “Means for” and “Step for” Clauses7-36
          • [A][4][b] : Functional Language7-42
          • [A][4][c] : “Whereby” Clauses7-42
      • [B] : Order of the Elements7-44
      • [C] : Cooperation7-45
        • [C][1] : Structural Cooperation7-48
        • [C][2] : Functional Cooperation7-49
        • [C][3] : Order of Steps7-50
      • [D] : Claim Format7-50
      • [E] : Reference Numbers7-51
      • [F] : Method Steps7-51
      • [G] : Use of “First” and “Second”7-52
    • § 7:3.6 : Arranging and Numbering the Claims7-52
  • § 7:4 : Types of Claims7-53
    • § 7:4.1 : Dependent Claims7-54
      • [A] : Form of Dependent Claims7-54
      • [B] : Content of Dependent Claims7-55
      • [C] : Use of Dependent Claims7-56
    • § 7:4.2 : Multiple Dependent Claims7-57
    • § 7:4.3 : Jepson Claims7-58
    • § 7:4.4 : Markush Groups7-60
      • [A] : Form of Markush Claims7-60
      • [B] : Relationship Between the Alternatives7-61
      • [C] : Uses of Markush Claims7-62
      • [D] : Recommendations re Markush Claims7-63
    • § 7:4.5 : Product-by-Process Claims7-65
    • § 7:4.6 : New-Use Claims7-66
  • § 7:5 : Strategy of Claim Drafting7-67
    • § 7:5.1 : Obtaining Broad Coverage7-68
    • § 7:5.2 : Drafting the Picture Claim7-69
    • § 7:5.3 : Writing the Broadest Claim or Claims7-70
      • [A] : Defining the Novel and Nonobvious Element or Elements7-71
      • [B] : Avoid Unnecessary Limitations and Elements7-71
        • [B][1] : In the Preamble7-71
        • [B][2] : In the Transition7-72
        • [B][3] : In the Body7-72
      • [C] : Defining Elements by Their Function7-73
        • [C][1] : Using Means Clauses7-73
        • [C][2] : Using Functional Language7-77
      • [D] : Comparing the Broadest Claim Against the Prior Art7-79
      • [E] : Verifying Claim Structure with a Diagram7-79
    • § 7:5.4 : Include Different Statutory Classes of Claims7-79
    • § 7:5.5 : Converting Process Claims to Apparatus Claims7-82
    • § 7:5.6 : Adding Limitations to a Claim Without Narrowing the Claim7-82
    • § 7:5.7 : Claim the Environment of the Invention7-83
    • § 7:5.8 : Using Dependent Claims7-83
      • [A] : Strategic Use of Dependent Claims7-83
      • [B] : Strategic Use of Multiple Dependent Claims7-87
    • § 7:5.9 : Using Kit Claims7-88
    • § 7:5.10 : Claim What Is Sold7-89
    • § 7:5.11 : Controlling the Number of Claims7-89
    • § 7:5.12 : Use of “About” and Other Terms of Approximation7-90
    • § 7:5.13 : Use of Numerical Limitations7-92
      • [A] : Avoid Precise Numbers7-92
      • [B] : Use Functional Language in Lieu of Numerical Limits7-92
      • [C] : Numerical Limitations Can Require Criticality7-92
    • § 7:5.14 : Avoid the Doctrines of Patent Exhaustion and Implied License7-93
    • § 7:5.15 : Carefully Use “a,” “an,” and “One”7-94
    • § 7:5.16 : Avoid 35 U.S.C. § 287(c)7-95
    • § 7:5.17 : Beware of “Including”7-95
    • § 7:5.18 : Claim All Disclosed Embodiments7-95
    • § 7:5.19 : Include Ambiguous Claims7-96
    • § 7:5.20 : Claim to Avoid Festo7-97
    • § 7:5.21 : Do Not Include Theory in the Claims7-99
    • § 7:5.22 : Carefully Use Alternative Language7-99
    • § 7:5.23 : Use a Dictionary When Drafting Claims7-99
    • § 7:5.24 : Avoid Divided and Distributed Claims7-100
    • § 7:5.25 : Drafting Claims with Consideration of a Restriction Requirement7-102
  • § 7:6 : Claim Deficiencies—What Not to Do7-103
    • § 7:6.1 : Use of Inconsistent Terminology7-103
    • § 7:6.2 : Wrong Verb Form7-104
    • § 7:6.3 : Lack of Antecedent Basis, Support, or Both7-104
      • [A] : Antecedent Basis in the Claim7-104
      • [B] : Antecedent Basis in the Specification7-105
      • [C] : Antecedent Basis in the Drawings7-106
    • § 7:6.4 : Indefiniteness7-106
      • [A] : Words of Degree and Relational Terms7-109
      • [B] : Indefinite References to Antecedent Elements7-111
      • [C] : Alternative Expressions7-112
    • § 7:6.5 : Deficient Functional Language7-113
      • [A] : Meaningless Means Clauses7-113
      • [B] : Overly Broad7-114
      • [C] : Nonexistent Novelty and Nonobviousness7-115
    • § 7:6.6 : Surplusage7-115
    • § 7:6.7 : Tainted Trademarks7-116
    • § 7:6.8 : Incomplete Claims7-117
    • § 7:6.9 : Negative Limitations7-118
    • § 7:6.10 : Nonexistent Operability7-119
    • § 7:6.11 : Overbroad Ranges7-119
    • § 7:6.12 : Avoid Having Claims with Priority Before and After March 16, 20137-120
  • § 7:7 : Improving Claim Quality7-120
  • Exhibit 7-1 : Broad Claim for Shaking Apparatus of Exhibits 7-11 and 7-137EX-1
  • Exhibit 7-2 : Broad Claim for Strand-Collecting Apparatus7EX-3
  • Exhibit 7-3 : Proper and Improper Cooperation Among Elements of a Claim7EX-5
  • Exhibit 7-4 : Dependent Claim Sequences7EX-7
  • Exhibit 7-5 : Improper Multiple Dependent Claim Sequence7EX-9
  • Exhibit 7-6 : Jepson Apparatus Claim7EX-11
  • Exhibit 7-7 : Jepson Method Claim7EX-13
  • Exhibit 7-8 : Jepson Composition-of-Matter Claim7EX-15
  • Exhibit 7-9 : Markush Claim7EX-17
  • Exhibit 7-10 : Product-by-Process Claim7EX-19
  • Exhibit 7-11 : Drawings of Shaking Apparatus7EX-21
  • Exhibit 7-12 : Picture Claim of Shaking Apparatus of Exhibits 7-11 and 7-137EX-23
  • Exhibit 7-13 : Schematic of Broad Claim of Exhibit 7-17EX-25
  • Exhibit 7-14 : Checklist of Possible Claim Deficiencies7EX-27
  • Exhibit 7-15 : Example of Poor Claim Drafting: Suction Cleaner7EX-29
  • Exhibit 7-16 : Example of Poor Claim Drafting: Steam and Dry Iron7EX-35
Chapter 8: Writing the Specification; and Exhibits 8-1 to 8-3
  • § 8:1 : Introduction: The Requirements of 35 U.S.C. § 112 and the Utility Requirement8-4
    • § 8:1.1 : 35 U.S.C. § 1128-4
    • § 8:1.2 : Utility8-5
  • § 8:2 : Satisfying the Description Requirement of § 1128-9
  • § 8:3 : Satisfying the Enablement Requirement of § 1128-16
    • § 8:3.1 : What Is the Enablement Requirement?8-16
    • § 8:3.2 : Guidelines for Satisfying the Enablement Requirement8-17
      • [A] : The Enablement Requirement Applies Only to Claimed Subject Matter8-17
      • [B] : The Specification Need Be Enabling Only to Someone Skilled in the Relevant Art8-18
      • [C] : The “Skill of the Art” Is Determined As of the Date of Filing8-20
      • [D] : The Specification Need Not Explain How or Why the Invention Works8-20
      • [E] : Undue Experimentation Must Not Be Required to Reproduce the Invention8-21
      • [F] : The Claimed Matter Must Not Be Unduly Broad in Relation to the Disclosure8-23
      • [G] : The Specification Must Teach How to Make and Use Each Member of a Markush Group8-25
      • [H] : Working and Prophetic Examples Can Be Used to Satisfy the Enablement Requirement8-26
      • [I] : The Enablement Requirement Does Not Extend to Technology That Arises After the Time of Filing8-26
      • [J] : How-To-Use Aspect of Enablement Requirement Requires Satisfaction of Utility Requirement8-27
      • [K] : The Most Optimized Configuration of the Invention Does Not Need to Be Enabled8-27
      • [L] : Testing in Animals Can Enable Use in Humans8-27
  • § 8:4 : Satisfying the “Best Mode” Requirement of § 1128-27
    • § 8:4.1 : What Is the “Best Mode” Requirement?8-27
    • § 8:4.2 : Guidelines for Satisfying the “Best Mode” Requirement8-28
      • [A] : The “Best Mode” Requirement Applies Only to Claimed Subject Matter and Unclaimed Elements Necessary for Operation of the Invention8-29
      • [B] : Only the Best Mode As of the Filing Date Need Be Disclosed8-31
      • [C] : The Best Mode Is Not Necessarily the Eventual Commercial Method8-31
      • [D] : The Specification Need Only Disclose What the Inventor Subjectively Believes to Be the Best Mode8-32
      • [E] : Violation of the “Best Mode” Standard Can Be Accidental8-32
      • [F] : The Best Mode Must Be Disclosed Even If the Applicant Did Not Invent It8-32
      • [G] : The Description of the Best Mode Has to Be Objectively Enabling8-33
      • [H] : The Use of Trademarks to Satisfy the Best Mode Requirement8-35
      • [I] : The Disclosure of the Best Mode Cannot Rely on Prior Art That Is Nonconventional or Not Widely Known8-35
      • [J] : The Best Mode Need Not Be Identified As Such, But It Should Not Be Hidden8-36
      • [K] : The Public Cannot Be Misled As to the Best Mode8-37
      • [L] : A Working Example Is an Effective Way to Disclose the Best Mode8-38
      • [M] : Trade Secrets and the Best Mode Are Incompatible8-38
      • [N] : The Best Mode Requirement Does Not Include Unclaimed Uses of the Invention8-39
  • § 8:5 : Writing the Specification8-40
    • § 8:5.1 : Introduction8-40
    • § 8:5.2 : Parts of the Application8-42
    • § 8:5.3 : Title8-43
    • § 8:5.4 : Identification of Inventors8-44
    • § 8:5.5 : Cross-References and Priority Claims8-45
      • [A] : Types of Applications8-47
    • § 8:5.6 : Government Rights8-49
    • § 8:5.7 : Reference to CDs8-49
    • § 8:5.8 : Background8-49
      • [A] : Heading8-49
      • [B] : What the Background Section Should Not Include8-49
      • [C] : What the Background Section Should Include8-51
    • § 8:5.9 : Summary Section8-54
      • [A] : Heading8-54
      • [B] : Opening8-54
      • [C] : Contents8-54
      • [D] : Closing8-56
    • § 8:5.10 : Drawings8-57
      • [A] : Transitional Clause8-57
      • [B] : Refer to “Version” of the Invention8-57
      • [C] : Use of Suffixes for Similar Drawings8-58
      • [D] : Cross-Reference the Drawings8-58
      • [E] : Refer to Different “Versions” of the Invention8-58
    • § 8:5.11 : Description8-58
      • [A] : Caption8-58
      • [B] : Purpose of the Description8-59
      • [C] : Outline of a Typical Description8-59
        • [C][1] : The Opening8-59
        • [C][2] : Definitions8-61
        • [C][3] : Overview8-61
        • [C][4] : Detailed Description of the Elements (Including Means-Plus-Function Elements)8-63
        • [C][5] : How the Invention Is Used8-67
        • [C][6] : Advantages of the Invention8-67
        • [C][7] : Specific Embodiments and Examples8-68
        • [C][8] : Alternatives and the Closing8-70
      • [D] : Use of Prior Art Patents8-72
      • [E] : Ranges and Preferences8-72
      • [F] : Use of Trademarks8-74
      • [G] : Incorporation by Reference8-76
      • [H] : Reference Numbers8-79
        • [H][1] : The Description is Written As if No Reference Numbers are Used8-79
        • [H][2] : The Reference Numbers Should Be Kept Sequential8-79
        • [H][3] : Numbers Higher Than Drawing Numbers Should Be Used8-80
        • [H][4] : Chart the Reference Numbers8-80
        • [H][5] : Skip the Reference Numbers8-80
        • [H][6] : Use the Reference Numbers Consistently8-80
        • [H][7] : Use Suffixes to Distinguish Similar Elements8-81
        • [H][8] : Use Series of Numbers for Clarity8-81
      • [I] : Antecedent8-81
      • [J] : Use of Spatial Directions8-81
      • [K] : Avoid Absolutes8-82
      • [L] : Use Present Tense8-82
      • [M] : Avoid “etc.” and Carefully Use “i.e.”8-82
      • [N] : Copyright or Mask Work Notice8-83
      • [O] : Line Numbers and Docket Numbers8-83
      • [P] : Tabular Data8-84
      • [Q] : Use of “Optional,” “Preferable,” and Other Equivocal Terms8-84
      • [R] : Use of “Present Invention”8-84
      • [S] : Support for Negative Limitations8-85
      • [T] : Improving Patent Quality8-85
    • § 8:5.12 : Abstract8-86
  • § 8:6 : Strategic Writing of the Specification for Broad Claim Interpretation8-87
  • Exhibit 8-1 : Terminology8EX-1
  • Exhibit 8-2 : Chart of Numbered Elements (Partial)8EX-11
  • Exhibit 8-3 : Tree Diagram of Numbered Elements8EX-13
Chapter 9: Information Disclosure Statement; and Exhibit 9-1
  • § 9:1 : Introduction9-1
  • § 9:2 : What Information Must Be Disclosed9-3
    • § 9:2.1 : The Current Materiality Standard9-3
    • § 9:2.2 : The Pre-1992 Standard9-3
    • § 9:2.3 : The Current Patent Office Standard9-4
    • § 9:2.4 : Ethical Considerations9-4
    • § 9:2.5 : Recommendations9-5
      • [A] : Checklist of Material Information9-8
  • § 9:3 : When Should the Information Disclosure Statement Be Filed?9-11
  • § 9:4 : Content of Information Disclosure Statement9-13
  • § 9:5 : Submission of Listed Documents9-15
  • § 9:6 : Electronic Filing of an Information Disclosure Statement9-16
  • § 9:7 : Example9-16
  • Exhibit 9-1 : Sample Information Disclosure Statement9EX-1
Chapter 10: Design Patent Applications; and Exhibits 10-1 to 10-10
  • § 10:1 : Patentable Subject Matter10-2
    • § 10:1.1 : Patentable Designs10-2
    • § 10:1.2 : The Ornamentality Requirement10-3
    • § 10:1.3 : “Concealed During Normal Use” Limitation10-5
    • § 10:1.4 : Anticipation Test for Design Patents10-6
    • § 10:1.5 : Obviousness Test for Design Patents10-6
    • § 10:1.6 : Infringement Test for Design Patents10-6
    • § 10:1.7 : Relationship Between Design Patents, Copyright, and Trademark10-7
      • [A] : Overlap of Design Patent and Copyright10-7
      • [B] : Overlap of Design Patent and Trademark10-7
  • § 10:2 : Parts of the Application10-7
    • § 10:2.1 : Specification10-8
      • [A] : Preamble and Title10-8
      • [B] : Description10-10
      • [C] : Claim10-12
  • § 10:3 : Drawings10-12
    • § 10:3.1 : Unitary Design Concept10-12
    • § 10:3.2 : Requirements for Adequate Drawings10-13
    • § 10:3.3 : Drawing the Invention10-15
    • § 10:3.4 : Formal Requirements10-16
    • § 10:3.5 : Illustrative Styles and Symbols10-17
  • § 10:4 : Information Disclosure Statement10-18
    • § 10:4.1 : Novelty10-19
    • § 10:4.2 : Nonobviousness10-19
    • § 10:4.3 : Scope of Prior Art10-19
  • § 10:5 : Expedited Examination10-20
  • Exhibit 10-1 : Design Patent Application Transmittal10EX-1
  • Exhibit 10-2 : Assignment for Design Patent10EX-3
  • Exhibit 10-3 : Photograph Display Design Patent10EX-5
  • Exhibit 10-4 : Decorative Glass Panel Design Patent10EX-9
  • Exhibit 10-5 : Dial Top-Housing for Telephone Handset or Similar Article Design Patent10EX-11
  • Exhibit 10-6 : Handle for an Article of Flatware Design Patent10EX-15
  • Exhibit 10-7 : Font of Type Design Patent10EX-17
  • Exhibit 10-8 : Automobile Design Patent10EX-19
  • Exhibit 10-9 : Scarf Design Patent10EX-23
  • Exhibit 10-10 : Request for Expedited Examination of a Design Application (37 C.F.R. § 1.155)10EX-25
Chapter 11: Provisional Patent Applications; and Exhibits 11-1 to 11-3
  • § 11:1 : Introduction11-1
    • § 11:1.1 : The Nature of Provisional Applications11-1
    • § 11:1.2 : Conversion of Regular Applications11-4
    • § 11:1.3 : Secrecy11-5
    • § 11:1.4 : Inventorship11-5
    • § 11:1.5 : Section 102(e) Date of Provisional Application11-6
    • § 11:1.6 : Extended Missing Parts Program11-7
  • § 11:2 : Requirements for a Provisional Application11-7
  • § 11:3 : Advantages and Disadvantages of Filing a Provisional Application11-10
  • § 11:4 : The Claim(s)11-14
  • § 11:5 : Marking11-15
  • § 11:6 : Author’s Recommendations11-16
  • Exhibit 11-1 : Potential Disadvantages of Initially Filing a Provisional Patent Application11EX-1
  • Exhibit 11-2 : Notice Regarding Conversion to Provisional Patent Application11EX-3
  • Exhibit 11-3 : Provisional Application for Patent Cover Sheet11EX-5
Chapter 12: Plant Patent Applications; and Exhibits 12-1 to 12-7
  • § 12:1 : Introduction12-1
  • § 12:2 : Patentable Subject Matter12-2
    • § 12:2.1 : Types of Patentable Plants12-2
    • § 12:2.2 : Asexual Reproduction12-3
    • § 12:2.3 : Distinctiveness12-4
  • § 12:3 : Novelty12-5
  • § 12:4 : Inventorship12-5
  • § 12:5 : Parts of the Application12-6
    • § 12:5.1 : Oath or Declaration12-6
    • § 12:5.2 : Title and Variety Name12-7
    • § 12:5.3 : Specification12-7
    • § 12:5.4 : Claim12-9
    • § 12:5.5 : Drawings12-10
    • § 12:5.6 : Specimens12-10
  • Exhibit 12-1 : Plant Patent Application Transmittal12EX-1
  • Exhibit 12-2 : Assignment for Plant Patent12EX-3
  • Exhibit 12-3 : Plant Patent Application (35 U.S.C § 161) Declaration (37 C.F.R. § 1.63)12EX-5
  • Exhibit 12-4 : Plant Patent for Sprague Peach Bush12EX-7
  • Exhibit 12-5 : Plant Patent for Rose Plant Jaccart12EX-13
  • Exhibit 12-6 : Plant Patent for Cherry Tree (Aaron Gee)12EX-17
  • Exhibit 12-7 : Plant Patent for Chrysanthemum Plant Named Cartago12EX-21
Chapter 13: Electrical Patent Applications; and Exhibits 13-1 to 13-10
  • § 13:1 : Introduction13-1
    • § 13:1.1 : Scope of Patent Protection13-2
    • § 13:1.2 : Other Forms of Protection13-2
  • § 13:2 : Claims13-3
    • § 13:2.1 : Principles of Claims for Electrical Inventions13-3
      • [A] : Use of Functional Language13-3
      • [B] : Signal Claims13-6
      • [C] : Other Considerations13-6
    • § 13:2.2 : Practice13-7
  • § 13:3 : Drawings13-9
    • § 13:3.1 : Content of the Drawings13-9
    • § 13:3.2 : Format of the Drawings13-11
  • § 13:4 : Description13-12
    • § 13:4.1 : Content—Full Disclosure of Equivalents13-12
    • § 13:4.2 : Style13-15
  • Exhibit 13-1 : Figure with Legends Added13EX-1
  • Exhibit 13-2 : Timing Diagram13EX-3
  • Exhibit 13-3 : Block Diagram of Ground Fault Detector Circuit13EX-5
  • Exhibit 13-4 : Details of Ground Fault Detector Circuit13EX-7
  • Exhibit 13-5 : Schematic Block Diagram of a Control System13EX-9
  • Exhibit 13-6 : Simple Analog Closed Loop Position Control System13EX-11
  • Exhibit 13-7 : Selected Logic Symbols for Members of a Series of Integrated Circuits13EX-13
  • Exhibit 13-8 : Table of Component Types and Common Industrial Designations13EX-15
  • Exhibit 13-9 : Operational Amplifier Circuit13EX-17
  • Exhibit 13-10 : Operational Amplifier Block13EX-19
Chapter 14: Patent Applications for Software and Methods of Doing Business; and Exhibits 14-1 to 14-4
  • § 14:1 : Introduction14-2
    • § 14:1.1 : Background14-2
    • § 14:1.2 : Alternative Forms of Protection14-2
    • § 14:1.3 : Advantages of Utility Patents14-3
    • § 14:1.4 : Definitions14-3
  • § 14:2 : Patentable Subject Matter14-4
  • § 14:3 : Obviousness14-4
  • § 14:4 : Claims14-5
    • § 14:4.1 : Identifying the Prior Art14-6
    • § 14:4.2 : Types of Claims14-6
      • [A] : Apparatus Claims14-6
      • [B] : Method Claims14-10
      • [C] : Software Product Claims14-12
      • [D] : Signal Claims14-13
      • [E] : Beauregard Claims14-13
    • § 14:4.3 : Claim Drafting Considerations14-14
      • [A] : Draft the Claims to Catch Infringers14-14
      • [B] : Drafting Claims for a High Royalty Base14-16
      • [C] : Drafting Claims Directed to Statutory Subject Matter14-16
        • [C][1] : Exclude Algorithms from the Claims14-17
        • [C][2] : Include Tangible Elements14-20
        • [C][3] : Transform Something Physical14-23
        • [C][4] : Post-Solution Activity14-26
        • [C][5] : Produce a Useful, Concrete, Tangible Result14-26
  • § 14:5 : Disclosure14-28
    • § 14:5.1 : The Disclosure Must Satisfy 35 U.S.C. § 11214-28
    • § 14:5.2 : Sequence for the Description14-31
      • [A] : Computer System Context14-32
      • [B] : Major Component Overview14-32
      • [C] : Major Component Details14-33
      • [D] : Examples of Operation14-35
    • § 14:5.3 : Standard Terminology14-35
  • § 14:6 : Drawings and Computer Program Listings14-36
    • § 14:6.1 : Drawings14-36
    • § 14:6.2 : Computer Program Listings14-38
  • Exhibit 14-1 : Inference Engine, U.S. Patent No. 4,890,24014EX-1
  • Exhibit 14-2 : Set of Data Structures, U.S. Patent No. 4,890,24014EX-3
  • Exhibit 14-3 : Called Routine, U.S. Patent No. 4,890,24014EX-5
  • Exhibit 14-4 : Flow Diagram of the Overall Invention, U.S. Patent No. 4,890,24014EX-7
Chapter 15: Patent Applications for the Chemical Invention; and Exhibit 15-1
  • § 15:1 : Introduction15-2
  • § 15:2 : Obviousness15-2
  • § 15:3 : The Specification15-4
    • § 15:3.1 : The Written Description Requirement15-5
      • [A] : Paraphrase the Main Claim15-5
      • [B] : Describe Species and Subgenuses15-6
    • § 15:3.2 : The Enablement Requirement15-7
      • [A] : How to Make15-7
        • [A][1] : Starting Materials15-7
        • [A][2] : Reaction Conditions15-8
        • [A][3] : Working Examples15-8
      • [B] : Checklist for Enablement15-10
      • [C] : How to Use and Utility15-10
    • § 15:3.3 : The “Best Mode” Requirement15-11
    • § 15:3.4 : Indefiniteness in the Claims15-13
  • § 15:4 : Claiming the Chemical Invention15-13
    • § 15:4.1 : What to Claim15-13
    • § 15:4.2 : Markush Practice15-14
    • § 15:4.3 : Product-by-Process Claims15-15
    • § 15:4.4 : Use of Functional Expressions15-17
    • § 15:4.5 : Operability15-17
    • § 15:4.6 : Use of Broad Claim Language15-18
  • § 15:5 : Other Considerations15-19
  • Exhibit 15-1 : Checklist for Enablement in Chemical Applications15EX-1
Chapter 16: Biotechnology Patent Applications
  • § 16:1 : Introduction16-2
    • § 16:1.1 : Scope of This Chapter16-2
    • § 16:1.2 : What Is Biotechnology?16-2
    • § 16:1.3 : Alternative Forms of Protection16-3
    • § 16:1.4 : Does a Patent Application Make Economic Sense?16-4
  • § 16:2 : Identifying the Invention16-5
  • § 16:3 : Patentability of Biotechnology Inventions16-8
    • § 16:3.1 : Patentable Subject Matter16-9
    • § 16:3.2 : Utility16-9
      • [A] : General Principles16-9
      • [B] : Utility Problems for Biotechnology Inventions16-10
    • § 16:3.3 : Novelty16-14
    • § 16:3.4 : Obviousness16-15
  • § 16:4 : Satisfying the Requirements of 35 U.S.C. § 11216-19
    • § 16:4.1 : The Requirements of 35 U.S.C. § 11216-19
    • § 16:4.2 : Written Description16-20
    • § 16:4.3 : Enablement16-25
    • § 16:4.4 : Best Mode16-28
    • § 16:4.5 : Deposits16-30
    • § 16:4.6 : Presentation of Nucleotide or Amino Acid Sequence Data or Both16-32
  • § 16:5 : Claims16-34
    • § 16:5.1 : Claim-Breadth Problems16-34
    • § 16:5.2 : Restriction Requirements16-36
    • § 16:5.3 : Claim Format16-37
    • § 16:5.4 : Claim Definiteness16-38
    • § 16:5.5 : Use of Method Claims16-39
    • § 16:5.6 : Exemplary Biotechnology Claims16-40
    • § 16:5.7 : Claim Strategies for Biotechnology Inventions16-46
      • [A] : Nucleic Acids16-47
      • [B] : Promoter Sequences16-49
      • [C] : Vectors and Transfected Cells16-49
      • [D] : Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs)16-50
      • [E] : Antisense Nucleic Acids16-50
      • [F] : Transgenic Animals16-52
      • [G] : Genetic Therapy16-52
      • [H] : Polypeptides16-53
      • [I] : Vaccines16-55
      • [J] : Antibodies and Hybridomas16-56
      • [K] : DNA Chips (Microarrays) and Their Use16-57
      • [L] : Combinatorial Libraries16-58
      • [M] : Assays for Biological Compounds16-59
      • [N] : New Uses of Known Biological Molecules16-60
      • [O] : Metabolites16-62
      • [P] : Drugs16-62
Chapter 17: Preparing Foreign Patent Applications Based on a U.S. Application; and Exhibits 17-1 to 17-3
  • § 17:1 : Introduction17-3
    • § 17:1.1 : Scope of This Chapter17-3
    • § 17:1.2 : The Cost/Benefit Ratio of Foreign Filing17-3
    • § 17:1.3 : Should the U.S. Specification Be Revised for Foreign Filing?17-4
  • § 17:2 : The Basic Framework of Foreign Filing17-4
    • § 17:2.1 : Claiming Priority17-4
    • § 17:2.2 : National, Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and European Patent Convention (EPC) Filing Procedures17-5
      • [A] : Choosing Between Different Filings17-5
      • [B] : The European Patent Convention (EPC)17-5
      • [C] : Other Regional Treaties17-6
      • [D] : The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)17-6
      • [E] : Delayed Examination17-7
      • [F] : Duty of Disclosure17-8
      • [G] : Applicants17-8
      • [H] : Foreign Associates17-9
      • [I] : Translations17-9
      • [J] : Assignments17-9
  • § 17:3 : Revising the U.S. Application17-10
    • § 17:3.1 : General Considerations17-10
      • [A] : Brevity17-10
      • [B] : Clarity and Consistency, Especially with a View to Translation17-10
      • [C] : Foreign Filing License17-11
    • § 17:3.2 : Revising the Claims17-11
      • [A] : Reducing the Number of Claims17-11
      • [B] : Revising the Independent Claims17-12
        • [B][1] : Has the Invention Changed Since the U.S. Filing?17-12
        • [B][2] : Is the Same Prior Art Available Against the Foreign Applications As Against the U.S. Application?17-12
        • [B][3] : Does the U.S. Application Contain Independent Claims That Depend Upon Different Features for Novelty?17-13
        • [B][4] : Definitions in Independent Claims by Reference to Earlier Claims17-13
        • [B][5] : Can Further Independent Claims Be Added?17-14
        • [B][6] : Who Will Infringe the Claims, and How Will Infringement Be Proved?17-14
        • [B][7] : Construction of Claims17-14
        • [B][8] : Should the Claims Include Reference Numerals?17-14
        • [B][9] : How Many Independent Claims?17-14
        • [B][10] : Characterizing and Pre-Characterizing Clauses17-15
        • [B][11] : Issues of the 35 U.S.C. § 101 Type17-15
      • [C] : Drafting the Dependent Claims17-16
        • [C][1] : Does the Foreign Specification Include New Subject Matter or Claim Two U.S. Priorities?17-16
        • [C][2] : How Many Dependent Claims?17-16
    • § 17:3.3 : Drafting the Description, Drawings and Abstract17-17
      • [A] : Reference to the Prior Art17-17
      • [B] : Summary of the Invention17-17
      • [C] : Detailed Description of the Invention17-18
        • [C][1] : Basis for Features That May Be Needed to Limit the Claims17-18
        • [C][2] : Disclosure of Best Mode17-18
        • [C][3] : Adequacy of the Disclosure of the Invention17-19
        • [C][4] : Incorporation by Reference17-19
        • [C][5] : Non-Metric (Non-SI) Units17-19
        • [C][6] : Should the Description Include Headings?17-20
        • [C][7] : Drafting a PCT Application Which Is to Become a CIP Application in the United States17-20
      • [D] : Drawings17-20
      • [E] : Abstract17-20
    • § 17:3.4 : Different Specifications for Different Foreign Countries17-20
  • § 17:4 : Conclusion17-21
  • Exhibit 17-1 : Factors to Be Considered When Filing Foreign Patent Applications Based on a U.S. Application17EX-1
  • Exhibit 17-2 : Model Assignment for Use When a PCT Application Containing Added Subject Matter Has Been Filed17EX-3
  • Exhibit 17-3 : Checklist for E-Filing of PCT Patent Applications17EX-5
Chapter 18: Reissue Patent Applications; and Exhibits 18-1 to 18-3
  • § 18:1 : Procedure for Correcting an Issued Patent18-1
  • § 18:2 : Introduction to Reissue Patents18-2
    • § 18:2.1 : What Can Be Accomplished with a Reissue Patent18-3
    • § 18:2.2 : What Cannot Be Accomplished with a Reissue Application18-4
    • § 18:2.3 : Intervening Rights18-4
  • § 18:3 : Procedural Aspects of the Reissue Application18-5
    • § 18:3.1 : Diligence18-5
    • § 18:3.2 : Who Can Apply18-5
  • § 18:4 : Contents of the Reissue Application18-5
    • § 18:4.1 : Overview of the Contents18-5
    • § 18:4.2 : Revised Specification and Drawings18-6
    • § 18:4.3 : Reissue Claims18-6
    • § 18:4.4 : Reissue Oath18-8
    • § 18:4.5 : Claim for Priority18-8
    • § 18:4.6 : Petition to Make Special18-8
    • § 18:4.7 : Information Disclosure Statement18-8
    • § 18:4.8 : Other Papers18-9
  • § 18:5 : Tactical Considerations18-9
  • Exhibit 18-1 : Reissue Application Declaration18EX-1
  • Exhibit 18-2 : Contingent Request for Transfer of Drawings to Reissue File18EX-3
  • Exhibit 18-3 : Consent for Reissue18EX-5
Appendix A: Selected Provisions of Title 35 United States Code: Patents
Appendix B: Selected Provisions of Title 37 Code of Federal Regulations: Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights
  Table of Authorities
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